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URINARY SYSTEM


URINARY SYSTE M
  
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KIDNEY
 
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FILTRATE
 
FLUID EXTRACTED BY THE EXCRETORY SYSTEM FROM THE BLOOD OR BODY CAVITY. THE EXCRETORY SYSTEM PRODUCES URINE FROM THE FILTRATE AFTER EXTRACTING VALUABLE SOLUTES FROM IT AND CONCENTRATING IT.
REFINING FILTRATE
 
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RENAL ARTERY
 
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RENAL VEIN
 
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URETER
 
A DUCT THAT CONVEYS URINE FROM THE KIDNEY TO THE URINARY BLADDER
URINARY BLADDER
 
POUCH WHERE URINE IS STORED PRIOR TO ELIMINATION
URETHRA
 
A DUCT THAT CONVEYS URINE FROM THE URINARY BLADDER TO THE OUTSIDE. IN MALE THE URETHRA ALSON CONVEYS SEMEN OUT OF THE BODY DURING EJACULATION.
RENAL CORTEX
 
THE OUTER PORTION OF THE VERTEBRATE KIDNEY
RENAL MEDULLA
 
THE INNER PORTION OF THE VERTEBRATE KIDNEY, BENETH THE RENAL CORTEX
NEPHRONS (CORTICAL AND JUZTAMEDUALLLRY)
 
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BOWMANS CAPSULE
 
A CUP SHAPED SWELLING ATH THE RECEIVING END OF A NEPHRON IN THE VERTEBRATE KIDNEY; COLLECTS THE FILTRATE FROM THE BLOOD
TUBULE ( PROXIMAL, LOOP OF HENLE (DESCENDING AND ASCENDING), DISTAL )
 
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COLLECTING DUCT
 
A TUBE IN THE VERTEBRATE KIDNEY THAT CONCENTRATES URINE WHILE CONVEYING IT TO THE RENAL PELVIS
GLOMERULUS
 
IN THE VERTEBRATE KIDNEY, THE PART OF THE NEPHRON CONSISTING OF THE CAPILLARIES THAT ARE SURROUNDED BY BOWMANS CAPSULE; TOGETHER A GLOMERULUS AND BOWMANS CAPSULE PRODUCE THE FILTRATE FROM THE BLOOD.
FILTRATION
 
IN THE VERTEBRATE KIDNEY, THE EXTRACTION OF WATER AND SMALL SOLUTES, INCLUDING METABOLIC WASTES, FROM THE BLOOD BY THE NEPHRONS.
REABSORPTION
 
IN THE VERTEBRATE KIDNEY , THE RECLAIMING OF WATER AND VALUABLE SOLUTES FROM THE FILTRATE.
SECRETION
 
1) THE DISCHARGE OF MOLECULES SYNTHESIZED BY A CELL, 2) IN THE VERTEBRATE KIDNEY, THE DISCHARGE OF WASTES FROM THE BLOOD INTO THE FILTRATE FROM THE NEPHRON TUBULES.
EXCRETION
 
THE DISPOSAL OF NITROGEN- CONTAINING METABOLIC WASTES.
ANTIDIURETIC HORMONE (ADH)
 
A HORMONE MADE BY THE HYPOTHALMUS AND SECRETED BY THE POSTERIOR PITUITARY THAT PROMOTES WATER RETENTION BY THE KIDNEYS
DIALYSIS
 
SEPARATION AND DISPOSAL OF METABOLIC WASTES FROM THE BLOOD BY MECHANICAL MEANS; AN ARTIFICIAL METHOD OF PERFORMING THE FUNCTIONS OF THE KIDNEYS.

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