Unlearned Environment-Behavior Relationships

Unlearned Environment-Behavior Relationships Applied Behavior Analysis Terms
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What is a Reflex?
 
It is a simple relation between a specific STIMULUS and an INNATE INVOLUNTARY RESPONSE. aka UNCONDITIONED or UNLEARNED reflex.
In a reflex, a RESPONSE is
 
ELICITED by a stimulus
Reflexes are highly __________
 
Stereotypic
Reflexes are INVARIANT in :
 
FORM, FREQUENCY, STRENGTH, and TIME of appearance during DEVELOPMENT.
Reflexes are mediated by the ___________.
 
AUTONAMIC NERVOUS system (ANS)
Give Example of Reflex: Reflex related to loud sound
 
Loud sound produces a contraction of the tensor tympani and stapedius muscles, reducing the amplitude of ear vibration.
What is an UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS?
 
A stimulus which ELICITS and UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE without prior LEARNING; that is, due to an INNATE capacity to do so. Abbr. US
An UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS is the Stimulus part of __________.
 
A REFLEX
UNCONDITIONAL STIMULUS term is only used when speaking about stimuli that relate to reflexes and _______
 
RESPONDENT behavior
Give an Example of an UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS:
 
-Food is the US in the Salivation reflex -The puff of air is the US in the eye blink reflex -Rotten Food was the US that elicits vomiting.
An UNCONDITIONAL STIMULUS term is never used to refer to stimuli that relate to _____________
 
OPERANT behavior
What is an UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE?
 
It is a response which is ELICITED by an UNCONDITIONED stimulus without prior LEARNING; due to PHYLOGENIC provenance.
An UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE is the RESPONSE part of a ______
 
REFLEX
GIVE AN EXAMPLE OF AN UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE.
 
-Salivating is the UR in the Salivation Reflex -Eye blinking is the UR in the blink reflex.
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