United States History Chapter 24

68 cards

To help me study for my upcoming exam in history. 


 
  
Created Apr 5, 2010
by
netsrox1009

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Two of the most influential French thinkers of the Enlightenment were these men; one who was...
 
Voltaire and Rousseau
2
The three most influential thinkers of this time were the German philosophers this man and...
 
Immanuel Kant
3
This man was also a philosopher who introduced dialectic thinking.
 
G.W.F. Hegel
4
This theologian, a follower of Kant, is called the Father of Theological Liberalism. 
 
Frriedrich Schleiermacher
5
This british naturalist popularized the idea in 1859 when he published the Origin of Species
 
Charles Darwin
6
The man most responsible for the rise of modern socialism was this man; also known as the Father...
 
Karl Marx
7
He was President Wilson's secretary of state who also became well known for his work in settling...
 
William Jennings Bryan
8
Under the forceful leadership of this man, Germany was eager to flex its muscles, expand, and...
 
Kaiser Wilhelm II
9
Spiritually bankrupt Europe found an excuse for war on June 28, 1914, when this man, who was...
 
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
10
During the war, the federal government controlled the nation's railroads and placed them undert...
 
William G. McAdoo
11
The board was headed by ex-President and prominent lawyer Frank P. Walsh. 
 
William Howard Taft
12
A food administration was created under the leadership of this man, who a mining engineer,...
 
Herbert Hoover
13
Among those arrested under the terms of the Espionage Act was this man, and influential Socialist...
 
Eugene Debs
14
President Wislon appointed this general to be commander of the American troops in France, the...
 
John J. Pershing
15
By the end of the war, Americans could boast 22 "acres," the most famous of which was this...
 
Eddie Rickenbacker
16
General Pershing agreed to put all American troops under the temporary command of the this...
 
Marshal Foch
17
It was during this campaign that this Tennessean became a hero by singlehandedly killing 20...
 
Alvin C. York
18
This senator of Massachusetts, chairman of the influential Senate Foreign Relations Committee,...
 
Henry Cabot Lodge
19
What was a movement that attempted to apply unaided human reason to all areas of life to bring...
 
Enlightenment
20
What is the idea that man's reason is the sole critterion for truth?

What is the theory...
 
rationalism, empiricism, skepticism, deism
21
What is the desire t break loose from their established governments and rule themselves based...
 
revolutionary nationalism
22
What was first developed in German universities, became an icreasing challenge to Protestantism...
 
higher criticism 
23
Also known as religious liberalism, originated in German universities in the early 19th century...
 
modernism
24
Darwin proposed that all life on the earth, incuding man, evolved, or came into being, by means...
 
evolution
25
Charles Darwin published what came to be called as this. 
 
The Origin of Species
26
What reduces man to a complex machine whose personality is merely an interrelation of chemical...
 
materialism
27
What is the belief that all economic, political, and social life must be planned, controlled,...
 
socialism, communism
28
Before World War I, however, socialism was the more prominent threat. Socialist groups sprang...
 
social democratic party
29
The US Tried to alleviate these tensions and promote peace by taking part in two international...
 
the hague
30
On the one side was this consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and ITaly.


On...
 
triple alliance, triple entente
31
World War I, known in its own day as this had begun. 
 
Great War
32
This power included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey.


This power...
 
Central Powers, Allies
33
The German navy introduced a new weapon of war--the subarmine (Untersee-boot), commonly reffered...
 
U-Boat, unrestricted sumbarine warfare
34
Americans were shocked by the news that the Germands had sunk a large British luxury liner...
 
Lusitania
35
The German government made this pledge with one important stipulation: the US must persuade...
 
sussex Pledge
36
In June 1916, Congress passed this act which provided for an increase in the size of the regular...
 
National Defense Act
37
British agents intercepted and decoded a secret message which the German foreign secretary,...
 
Zimmermann Note
38
Congress passed this act which required all men from age 21 through age 30 to register with...
 
selective service act
39
Americans demonstrated their patriotism through their enthusiastic response to these four drives...
 
Victory Loans
Liberty Loans
40
To coordinate these efforts, the federal government created this board to regulate all phases...
 
War Industries Board
41
Early in 1918, this board was created to act as a court of arbitration to settle labor disputes. 
 
National War Labor Board
42
This was created under the leadership of Herbert Hoover.
 
Food Administration
43
In August 1917, this was established to supervise the rationing of fuel in both factories and...
 
Fuel Administration
44
In order to help boost support for the war cause, the government created this which carefully...
 
Committee of Public Information
45
In June 1917, Congress adopted this act which provided stiff penalities for anyone who furnished...
 
Espionage Act 
46
At this battle, in the North Sea, the British had badly crippled the German fleet of destroyers,...
 
verdun, Battle of Jutland
47
American soldiers, often called this, served on European soil. 
 
doughboys
48
This made its deubt during World War I. American airmen compiled an admirable record in france....
 
air warfare, "aces"
49
In November 1917, this group of radical communists led by this man, had come to pwoer in Russia. 
 
Nikolai Lenin, Bolshevik Revolution
50
In March 1918, this made the peace between Russia and Germany official. 
 
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
51
The Germans used one of their famous long-range guns, to bombard Paris from 75 miles away. 
 
Big Bertha
52
America's First Division stormed the fortified position of this place. In june, her second...
 
Cantigny, Belleau Wood
53
To the northwest, another American force helped to make an attack against this line,  a...
 
Hindenburg Line, St. Mihiel, MeuseArgonne Campaign
54
In a speech to Congress on Jaunary 8, 1918, he listed these points as the only possible program...
 
Fourteen Points 
55
In the US, the name was changed from Armistice Day to this in 1954. 
 
Veterans Day
56
President Wilson, Prime Minister David Lloyd George of England, Premier Goerges Clemenceau...
 
Big Four
57
Convinced that the most crtical step in maintaining futrue world peace was the establishment...
 
League of Nations
58
What was a series of compromises, with Wilson's 14 points, including the covenant of the League...
 
Treaty of Versailles 
59
Austria-Hungary
 
the center of European rivalry 
60
The assassination of Archduke and his wife

June 28, 1914
 
the incident that initiated World War I and the date it happened.
61
July 28, 1914
 
the date for the beginning of World War I 
62
Economic considerations
Submarine warfare
sussex pledge
 
the reasons why Americans were sympathetic with the Allies
63
unrestriscted submarine warfare
zimmermann note

 
two events that helped bring the US into World War I. 
64
April 2, 1917
 
the date the US entered world War I
65
trenches, poison gas, machine guns, tanks
 
three new weapons were used in World War I 
66
Germany was to evacuate all occupied territory and withrdaw all of her tropps from west of...
 
the terms of the armistice ending World War I
67
November 11, 1918
 
the date for armistice Day 
68
German territorial losses

Demilitarization of Germany

Reparation and admission...
 

the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles 

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