United States History Chapter 24

To Help Me Study For My Upcoming Exam In History. 
  
Created Apr 5, 2010
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Side ASide B
Two of the most influential French thinkers of the Enlightenment were these men; one who was...
Voltaire and Rousseau
The three most influential thinkers of this time were the German philosophers this man and...
Immanuel Kant
This man was also a philosopher who introduced dialectic thinking.
G.W.F. Hegel
This theologian, a follower of Kant, is called the Father of Theological Liberalism. 
Frriedrich Schleiermacher
This british naturalist popularized the idea in 1859 when he published the Origin of Species
Charles Darwin
The man most responsible for the rise of modern socialism was this man; also known as the Father...
Karl Marx
He was President Wilson's secretary of state who also became well known for his work in settling...
William Jennings Bryan
Under the forceful leadership of this man, Germany was eager to flex its muscles, expand, and...
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Spiritually bankrupt Europe found an excuse for war on June 28, 1914, when this man, who was...
Archduke Francis Ferdinand
During the war, the federal government controlled the nation's railroads and placed them undert...
William G. McAdoo
The board was headed by ex-President and prominent lawyer Frank P. Walsh. 
William Howard Taft
A food administration was created under the leadership of this man, who a mining engineer,...
Herbert Hoover
Among those arrested under the terms of the Espionage Act was this man, and influential Socialist...
Eugene Debs
President Wislon appointed this general to be commander of the American troops in France, the...
John J. Pershing
By the end of the war, Americans could boast 22 "acres," the most famous of which was this...
Eddie Rickenbacker
General Pershing agreed to put all American troops under the temporary command of the this...
Marshal Foch
It was during this campaign that this Tennessean became a hero by singlehandedly killing 20...
Alvin C. York
This senator of Massachusetts, chairman of the influential Senate Foreign Relations Committee,...
Henry Cabot Lodge
What was a movement that attempted to apply unaided human reason to all areas of life to bring...
Enlightenment
What is the idea that man's reason is the sole critterion for truth?What is the theory that...
rationalism, empiricism, skepticism, deism
What is the desire t break loose from their established governments and rule themselves based...
revolutionary nationalism
What was first developed in German universities, became an icreasing challenge to Protestantism...
higher criticism 
Also known as religious liberalism, originated in German universities in the early 19th century...
modernism
Darwin proposed that all life on the earth, incuding man, evolved, or came into being, by means...
evolution
Charles Darwin published what came to be called as this. 
The Origin of Species
What reduces man to a complex machine whose personality is merely an interrelation of chemical...
materialism
What is the belief that all economic, political, and social life must be planned, controlled,...
socialism, communism
Before World War I, however, socialism was the more prominent threat. Socialist groups sprang...
social democratic party
The US Tried to alleviate these tensions and promote peace by taking part in two international...
the hague
On the one side was this consisting of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and ITaly. On the other side...
triple alliance, triple entente
World War I, known in its own day as this had begun. 
Great War
This power included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Turkey. This power included Great...
Central Powers, Allies
The German navy introduced a new weapon of war--the subarmine (Untersee-boot), commonly reffered...
U-Boat, unrestricted sumbarine warfare
Americans were shocked by the news that the Germands had sunk a large British luxury liner...
Lusitania
The German government made this pledge with one important stipulation: the US must persuade...
sussex Pledge
In June 1916, Congress passed this act which provided for an increase in the size of the regular...
National Defense Act
British agents intercepted and decoded a secret message which the German foreign secretary,...
Zimmermann Note
Congress passed this act which required all men from age 21 through age 30 to register with...
selective service act
Americans demonstrated their patriotism through their enthusiastic response to these four drives...
Victory LoansLiberty Loans
To coordinate these efforts, the federal government created this board to regulate all phases...
War Industries Board
Early in 1918, this board was created to act as a court of arbitration to settle labor disputes. 
National War Labor Board
This was created under the leadership of Herbert Hoover.
Food Administration
In August 1917, this was established to supervise the rationing of fuel in both factories and...
Fuel Administration
In order to help boost support for the war cause, the government created this which carefully...
Committee of Public Information
In June 1917, Congress adopted this act which provided stiff penalities for anyone who furnished...
Espionage Act 
At this battle, in the North Sea, the British had badly crippled the German fleet of destroyers,...
verdun, Battle of Jutland
American soldiers, often called this, served on European soil. 
doughboys
This made its deubt during World War I. American airmen compiled an admirable record in france....
air warfare, "aces"
In November 1917, this group of radical communists led by this man, had come to pwoer in Russia. 
Nikolai Lenin, Bolshevik Revolution
In March 1918, this made the peace between Russia and Germany official. 
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
The Germans used one of their famous long-range guns, to bombard Paris from 75 miles away. 
Big Bertha
America's First Division stormed the fortified position of this place. In june, her second...
Cantigny, Belleau Wood
To the northwest, another American force helped to make an attack against this line,  a...
Hindenburg Line, St. Mihiel, MeuseArgonne Campaign
In a speech to Congress on Jaunary 8, 1918, he listed these points as the only possible program...
Fourteen Points 
In the US, the name was changed from Armistice Day to this in 1954. 
Veterans Day
President Wilson, Prime Minister David Lloyd George of England, Premier Goerges Clemenceau...
Big Four
Convinced that the most crtical step in maintaining futrue world peace was the establishment...
League of Nations
What was a series of compromises, with Wilson's 14 points, including the covenant of the League...
Treaty of Versailles 
Austria-Hungary
the center of European rivalry 
The assassination of Archduke and his wife June 28, 1914
the incident that initiated World War I and the date it happened.
July 28, 1914
the date for the beginning of World War I 
Economic considerationsSubmarine warfaresussex pledge
the reasons why Americans were sympathetic with the Allies
unrestriscted submarine warfarezimmermann note
two events that helped bring the US into World War I. 
April 2, 1917
the date the US entered world War I
trenches, poison gas, machine guns, tanks
three new weapons were used in World War I 
Germany was to evacuate all occupied territory and withrdaw all of her tropps from west of...
the terms of the armistice ending World War I
November 11, 1918
the date for armistice Day 
German territorial lossesDemilitarization of GermanyReparation and admission of guilt
the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles 


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