Theories Final    

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Theories Final 


 
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Created Dec 7, 2009
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phreshprinz

 

 
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1
Evidenced-based practices:a. are broadly designed to treat a wide variety of symptoms.b. are...
 
e. both (are tailored to address specific problems and symptoms) and (are founded onempirical...
2
A person experiencing persistent feelings of inadequacy has probably had difficulty attaining...
 
e. industry; school age
3
Which of the following is not typically a standard psychoanalytic technique?a. free associationb....
 
c. exploration of one's position in the family
4
Which of the following is not one of the five basic tasks Adler says we must master?a. acceptanceb....
 
c. intellectual development
5
All of the following are stages in Adlerian counseling except:a. reorientation.b. insight.c....
 
e. analysis of resistance.
6
Reorientation, the fourth phase of Adlerian therapy, involves:a. putting insights into action.b....
 
d. both (putting insights into action) and (helping clients see new alternatives)
7
The central issue in existential therapy is:a. freedom and responsibility.b. resistance.c....
 
a. freedom and responsibility.
8
The existential approach is particularly well-suited to clients who:a. are dealing with grief...
 
a. are dealing with grief and loss.
9
The person-centered view of human nature:a. views people as basically competitive.b. states...
 
c. affirms a person's capacity to direct his or her own life.
10
In a person-centered view, the actualizing tendency implies that humans:a. have an innate desire...
 
e. both (have an innate desire to move toward health and fulfillment) and (need a growthpromoting...
11
Which of the following personal characteristics of the therapist is most important, according...
 
c. genuineness
12
According to Natalie Rogers, external conditions that nurture creativity include:a. psychological...
 
d. all of these options
13
Which of the following is not considered one of the six methodological components of Gestalt...
 
a. assessment
14
Gestalt-therapy techniques are designed to help the client:a. expand awareness of the here-and-now.b....
 
e. both (expand awareness of the here-and-now) and (intensify feelings and experiences)
15
From a multicultural perspective, a limitation of Gestalt therapy is that:a. it does not specify...
 
e. both (it tends to produce high levels of intense feelings) and (it is highly focused ondirect...
16
Gestalt therapists say that clients resist contact by means of:a. retroflection.b. projection.c....
 
d. all of these options
17
Which of the following aspects of a client's use of language would a Gestalt therapist not...
 
e. semantics
18
A teenage girl is angry with her parents and cuts on her arm. In Gestalt terms, she is most...
 
c. retroflection.
19
Because of his need to be liked, Jose makes careful efforts to get along with everyone and...
 
d. confluence.
20
Which of the following is not one of the Gestalt group leader's roles?a. designing experiments...
 
b. evoking group catharsis.
21
Behavior therapy is suited for:a. individual therapy.b. group therapy.c. institutions and clinics.d....
 
e. all of these options
22
Who has done most of the work in the area of modeling?a. Joseph Wolpeb. Hans Eysenckc. E. Jacobsond....
 
e. Albert Bandura
23
Which of the following is not a characteristic of an effective self-management program?a. External...
 
a. External reinforcement is essential in maintaining behavioral changes.
24
What is not a part of the steps in a self-directed change program?a. exploration of one's family...
 
a. exploration of one's family constellation
25
Which of the following is true about "technical eclecticism" in multimodal therapy?a. It is...
 
b. It is encouraged.
26
Behavior therapists tend to:a. be active and directive.b. function as consultants.c. function...
 
d. all of these options
27
The main therapeutic goal of REBT is:a. to teach clients how to recognize which ego state they...
 
e. none of these options
28
An REBT therapist would contend that anxiety stems from:a. unresolved issues of the past.b....
 
c. the internal repetition of irrational sentences.
29
Which REBT technique involves having the client do the very thing they avoid because of "what...
 
d. shame-attacking exercises
30
In Meichenbaum's cognitive behavior modification, what is given primary importance?a. using...
 
d. inner speech
31
Beck's cognitive therapy has been most widely applied to the treatment of:a. stress symptoms.b....
 
d. depression.
32
In working with diverse clients, CBT therapists:a. are wise to refrain from disputing the client's...
 
d. both (are wise to refrain from disputing the client's beliefs until the therapists fullygrasps...
33
All of the following are key characteristics of contemporary reality therapy except for:a....
 
a. There is a focus on talking about symptoms that bring a client into therapy.
34
Which of the following feminist principles recognizes the importance of working against oppression...
 
e. All types of oppression are recognized.
35
Which of the following themes would clients in feminist therapy be least likely to explore?a....
 
d. transference reactions toward their therapist
36
All of the following are reasons many feminist therapists do not use diagnostic labels, or...
 
c. Diagnostic labels focus on the social factors that cause dysfunctional behavior.
37
A defining theme in the practice of feminist therapy is:a. the inclusion of the client in the...
 
e. both (the inclusion of the client in the assessment process) and (the inclusion of theclient...
38
Feminist therapists take issue with the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder due to...
 
e. both (tendency to be given to female victims of domestic abuse) and (tendency to blamethe...
39
The constructs of feminist theory, in contrast to traditional theories, include all of the...
 
a. intrapsychic orientation
40
Which of the following principles of feminist psychology is most aimed at advancing a transformation...
 
b. Commitment to social change.
41
Feminist therapists reject:a. the interactionist view.b. the androcentric view.c. the life-span...
 
b. the androcentric view.
42
All of the following are ways narrative therapy differs from traditional therapy except for:a....
 
c. accepting the premise that diagnosis is a basic prerequisite for effective treatment.
43
A limitation of the postmodern approaches is:a. therapists require extensive training in providing...
 
b. inexperienced therapists may over rely on techniques and appear mechanistic.
44
A major contribution of Bowen's theory is the notion of:a. birth order as a determinant of...
 
b. differentiation of the self.
45
A couple directs the focus of their energy toward a problematic son as a way to avoid facing...
 
d. triangulation.
46
Structural family therapy includes all of the following goals except for bringing about structural...
 
e. the therapist taking a not-knowing stance with a family.
47
A limitation of person-centered therapy is:a. the possible danger of the therapist remaining...
 
a. the possible danger of the therapist remaining passive and inactive.
48
What technique(s) from behavior therapy might help Stan with his fear of women?a. systematic...
 
e. all of these options
49
According to rational emotive behavior therapy, what will bring about actual changes in Stan's...
 
e. all of these options
50
Stan's reality therapist would:a. explore Stan's quality world.b. ask him to engage in the...
 
e. both (explore Stan's quality world) and (ask him to engage in the process ofself-evaluation...
51
Freud postulated the concepts of both life instincts and death instincts.
 
True
52
Freud postulated the theory of infantile sexuality.
 
True
53
The major developmental task of the anal stage is acquiring a sense of trust.
 
False
54
Brief psychodynamic therapists tend to assume an active role in the therapy process.
 
True
55
Psychodynamic group leaders do not interpret their client's transferences.
 
False
56
"Fictional finalism" is a term that Adlerians use to describe our attitude in dealing with...
 
False
57
According to existential thinking, effective therapy does not stop with awareness, for clients...
 
True
58
The existential vacuum represents a place of reflection and solace.
 
True
59
Therapists are encouraged to use positive regard for clients only as a means of shaping their...
 
False
60
Both contact and withdrawal are necessary and important to healthy functioning.
 
True
61
Gestalt therapy relies mainly on psychoanalytic techniques.
 
False
62
In Gestalt therapy, a client's resistance is welcomed and used to deepen their therapeutic...
 
True
63
In Gestalt terms, awareness refers to our connectedness to out external an internal worlds.
 
True
64
Both Linehan and Lazurus emphasize the importance of the therapeutic relationship in behavioral...
 
True
65
There is little empirical support for ACT.
 
False
66
Part of Ellis's motivation for developing REBT was to deal with his own problems
 
True
67
Reality therapy is not well-suited to group counseling.
 
False
68
Reality therapy is often used in treating drug and alcohol abusers.
 
True
69
Feminist therapists do not tend to engage in self-disclosure because of their concern over...
 
False
70
While most feminist therapists believe that gender is always an important factor, they realize...
 
True
71
Solution-oriented therapy differs from both strategic and traditional models by eschewing the...
 
True
72
The narrative approach is part of the social construction model.
 
True
73
Because Bowen's multigenerational approach looks at families from a three-generational perspective,...
 
False
74
Strategic therapists do not rely on therapy techniques to bring about change but instead give...
 
False
75
Assessment is not considered useful in the family systems perspective.
 
False

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