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Side ASide B
Contents of the Bible
OT, Nt, apocrypha
Definition of sacred scripture
Ot, NT, varying definitions
prophets helped shape and form Israel's faith. Proclaimed monotheism, social justice, look to God, watch for punishment.
Albright, Wright, Bright
Believed archeology supported the readings of the OT, real acts could be reconstructured with aid of research, people were real, aka Abraham.
Skeptical about moses, concerned with the law giving and occupation of Israel, found core of pentateuch, believed in solomonic enlightenment.
idea that around the time of King Solomon in the 10 th century, the traditions of Israel began being written down.
13th Century BC in which pharoah Merneptah declared Israel conquered, is the earliest known reference to Israel.
Defeated Saul, captured Jerusalem, brought Jerusalem the ark of the covenant, Jesus' great ancestor as a king of Israel
High priest during the time of David.
reformed Judaisism, helped form OT through deuteronomistic movement
Jewish scribe who led Israelite exiles back to Israel and reinstuted Jewish practice with an emphasis on the law
5 feaurtes of Jewish religion
belief in God, belief in Israel as chosen nation, belief in God's laws as revealed to Moses, belief in recreation of heavens and earth.
books which were "hidden away." writeen in Greek / Hebrew / aramaic but now only exist in Greek.
Codex vaticanus, Alexandrius, Sinaiticus.
Greek books made during the time of Constantine.
1, 2, esdras, wisdom, sirach, additions to esther, judith, tobit, baruch, epistle of Jerimiah, additions to DAniel, 1, 2, prayer of maccabees
Language of the NT
Greek, letters of paul
texts contained in 4th century
may contain some readings not currently in NT, OT was not fully formed, ect
Roman leader who legalized Christianity, became political tool for him, formed the Nicene creed.
Criteria for adding books
General and long use of a work in communities, written by an apostle or close associate, had to harmonize with Christian beliefs and other readings.
matthew (human, Mark (lion), Luke (ox), John (Eagle)
6 components of tiberian mazoretic tradition
consonantal text of Hebrew bible, indications of divisions in paragraphs, accent signs, vocalizations, notes n the text, masoretic treatsies
authorized edition of judaism, basis of Hebrew University Bible. taken from Palestine burn down synagogue in 1941
Complete text of the Bibler, used for Biblia Hebraica. Leningrad bible, oldest of Hebrew text
collection of 200,000 + Jewish manuscripts.
Dead Sea Scrolls
group of scrolls that were written between 150 bce and 70 ce, oldest set of scrolls. mention david and israel
Samaritan versio nof the Torah
Alexandrian-Greek (sinacticus, alexandrius, vaticanus) oldest western-beza found, middle byzantine--Erasmus, mistakes, newest
first side by side versions of different language text, 1450s
study of handwriting, means of dating manuscripts
combined gospels into one in 150 ce, shorter narrative, fixes problems
Chester Beatty papayri
group of early papytrus manuscripts of original texts. validates text of NT
16th Century translators into the bible
tyndale, coverdale, rogers
group of roman catholics living in exile, wanted English people to have a bible accurate of Jerome's translations
King James version, first bible
Commission to translate Bible from vulgate into British English for common man, Catholics
JB phillips and CS Lewis
Phillips translated bible into spoken English (modern) without biblical background, lewis wrote preface for it.
Jerusalem Bible / New Jerusalem bible
Roman catholic translations, new one fixed errors
Catholic Study bible
RC biblical scholarship
Corrected the English of the Jerusalem bible
Christianity supercedses Judaism, OT > NT, must read both to realize it.
OT figures were role models but we do not need to keep Jewish tradition
OT is essential because they have prophetic books about Jesus and had a number of qualifications that the OT highlights
a gnostic, OT god is evil, everything physical is a trap and Jesus came to help liberate our bodies, NT is ideal
Iraneus of Lyons
Humans grow in relationship to God, doctrines become more sophisticated, wrote "adverseus Hereseus"
Origen of Alexandria
Wrote hexapla, bible: narrative, you eventually get to the soul of it by reading and get the inner meaning, can't take it literally
Theodore of Mopsuestia
wanted to know about the history of bible verses, historical reconstruction, non christian in background
Jerome. translated bible into vulgate. Egyptican monk, 4 senses of scripture: history, allegory, moral, anagoge (life in heaven deals with God and Angels)
pagans create various stories with Gods, sometimes to explain things like the seasons
Critical explanation of the bible
Biblical interpretations of religion, law, and literature