THEA 200 Exam 2

Theatre Appre Ciation
Created Mar 30, 2010
by cherryanne91
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Silhouette
Shape/outline, can be used in terms of costume, light, props, etc.
Table work
1st couple of rehearsals where the actors, director, and designers talk about the expectations,...
Read-through
a part of the table work; a read through of the script in character
Design
the creation of forms; "By Design" means the design must be purposeful, even when it is designed...
Technical Director
sees that everything gets built and put together properly and complies with the conventions...
Set Designer
scene designer. -defines the space -works with the budget provided -helps set the tone and...
Wagon
anything on the stage with wheels
Revolve/turntable
special piece built into the stage to be able to rotate the floor; used to switch backgrounds...
Ground Plan
Bird's eye view; created with motion in mind
Gel
a sheet of plastic, kind of like celophane, that is put over a light to change colors
Gobo
a cutout that is inserted into a light to cast specific shadows
Light plot
drawing that shows where all the lights will go
Fourth wall
imaginary barrier between stage/actors and the front of house/audience
Dramaturg
person whose job is to research the background of the play, setting, plot, or culture
stage manager
coordinates all technical aspects of the production, runs rehearsals, and cues lights and sound
Front of house
auditorium where audience sits
mass
physical form of an object; can refer to actors, clothing, etc. (design term)
Composition
putting together an image; lots of things coming together to tell one story (design term)
Model
3D rendering of stage design
Rendering
sketch/drawing of sets, costumes, props, etc.
Set Dressing
putting together the elements of the set (background, props, lights, etc.)
cues
prearranged changes for lights or sounds
Master electrician
person in charge of making sure lights work and hangs them up
Scrim
thin, open-weave fabric which is nearly transparent when lit from behind and opaque when lit...
Production concept
the central idea in which all designers are working around
Aeschylus
first important Greek/western dramatist   -added the 2nd actor to theatre presentations...
Sophocles
second Greek dramatist   -built on the dramatic form of Aeschylus -raised the size...
Euripides
third Greek dramatist   -more of a rebel, most modern dramatist -introduced sympathetic...
Aristophanes
author of the only surviving 'Old comedies' of ancient Greece;  satirized prominent figures
Cyclorama
piece of fabric used to shine lights on; ALWAYS in the back of the stage
Functions of the Greek Chorus
told the audience about the setting, was very loud, created the mood, and modeled the perfect...
Conventions of Greek Theatre
-just male actors -actors wore masks -religious ceremonies for ALL people in honor of Dionysus -2-3...
Reasons for Greek Theatre
they were performed to honor the Greek god, Dionysus, and were to be viewed by all
Dionysus
Greek god honored by Greek theatre
City Dionysia/ Dionysian Festival
annual spring festival in Athens honoring Dionysus, incorporated tragic drama and comedy. ...
Satyr plays
one of the 3 types of classical Greek drama, usually a ribald takeoff on Greek mythology and...
Dithyramb
song and dance parties/orgies honoring Dionysus
Tragoidia
root of the word "tragedy", means "goat song" because they used to sacrifice goats for Dionysus
Thespis
First Greek actor; stepped out of the chorus and added acting to the Dithyramb
Ekkyklema
a cart used in Greek theatre to wheel stuff on stage, such as dead bodies  
Mechena
big crane in Greek theatre used to "fly" people in
Deus ex Machina
means "too contrived or artificial", translated as "God of the machine"
Parados
the scene in which the chorus enters; also the entranceway for the chorus in Greek theatre
Theatron
where the audience sat in Greek theatre; means "seeing place"
Orchestra
a circular playing space in ancient Greek theatres; in modern times, the ground-floor seating...
Periaktoi
pieces of scenery for Greeks that spin to change to different scenes
Skene
back stage house in Greek Theatre; building with a facade and columns
Hamartia
linked to the tragic flaw in Greek theatre; an archery term meaning "to miss the mark"
"building" costumes
to create a costume from scratch in a costume shop
Costume designer
the person responsible for the appearance of each performer onstage
Line
DEFINES form -straight, curved, spiral, etc. -real vs. suggested
Texture
TACTILE ASPECT of form -scale from rough to smooth -light reveals texture of form
Color
MODIFIES form -changes dimension -generates optical motion
Costume Designer's Objectives
-helps establish tone and style -indicates historical period and location -indicates nature...
Lighting Designer's Objectives
-Provide visibility -help establish time and place -help create mood -reinforce style of...
Elements of Stage Lighting
-Intensity -color -direction -form -movement
Sound designer
person responsible for arranging and orchestrating all aural (sound) effects
Fade
lights dim slowly, changing the scene from brighter to darker
Cross-fade
one set of lights comes down while another comes up
Blackout
all the lights are shut off at once
Raked Stage
when the stage of the theatre is slanted
Role of the Director
-casts the play -works with all the designers -makes sure the play is unified -works intensely...
Broadway House
1 of the 30 professional theatres in NYC with 500 seats or more
Off-Broadway
Between 100 and 499 seats
Off-off-Broadway
fewer than 100 seats
Lighting Designer
knows which elements or qualities of light will achieve the objectives of the play
Willing Suspension of Disbelief
audience puts aside all literal and practical considerations in order to enter into the world...
Given Circumstances
the specific aspects of the situation and setting of the play
Stage Picture
visual composition; how the entire scene will appear to the audience
Technical Rehearsal
rehearsal at which all the design and technical elements are brought together
Dress Rehearsal
rehearsal in which a play is performed as it will be for the public, including all the scenery,...
Run Through
rehearsal in which the cast goes through the entire text of the play in the order that it will...
Previews
special viewing of the play before the opening night
Producer
the person responsible for the business side of a production, including raising the necessary...
Property or Props
"prop" comes from the word "property"; referst to any object that will be used onstage but...
Trap door
hole in the stage that is hidden and used for quick exits by actors
Choregus
the equivalent of a modern day producer from classical Greek theatre


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