Test 4 History And Systems Of Psychology

Last Test Of The Year
Created Apr 19, 2011
by chrisfry91
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phi phenomenon
a product of Max Werheimer who found it while riding in a train.  He proposed that even...
perceptual constancy
the tendency of animals and humans to see familiar objects as having standard shape, size,...
Max Wertheimer
Gestalt. Studied at Unviersity of Prague. In 1904 got his PhD from Unversity of Wurzburg with...
Kurt Koffka
Gestalt. In 1909 got his PhD from University of Berlin with Stumpf. 1910 started associating...
Wolfgand Kohler
Gestalt.  1909 got his PhD from University of Berlin with Stunpf.  1913-1920 stuck...
4 Gestalt principles of perception
1.  We percieve wholes, not clusters of sensations.2.  Perceptional organization...
Gestalt organizational principles
proximity, closure, similarity, figure/ground
proximity
Things that are close are going to be grouped together Dots that are grouped together...
Closure
We will creat figures even though they do not have a concrete figure. WWF panda
Figure/Ground
the faces or glass picture
Two meanings of Gestalt
Gestalt refers to both objects and to their characteristic forms.Gestalt psychologists include...
Kohler's premise of Productive Thinking in Humans
1.  Thinking is done in terms of wholes.the learner regards the situation as a wholethe...
Why Gestalt was not accpeted quicly in the US
1.  behaviorism was at its peak2.  a language barrier (very hard to read and understand)3. ...
Kurt Lewin
Gestalt.  1914 got his PhD at Univeristy of Berlin with Stumpf (coincidence?).  studied...
Field Theory
all past present and future events that may affect a person.  each prior event affects...
life space (aka psychological field)
i think its the same as field theory, all past present and future events that may affect a...
life space development
a product of the amount and type of experience accumulated
Lewin's definition of behavior
cycle of tension (need) states followed by activity and relief
Zeigarnik Effect
The tendancy to reall uncompleted tasks more easliy than completed ones
social field
group and its environment
Group behavior
result of the total field situation at a given time
Carl Jung
Humanist. Weird childhood.  Had a very strong friendship with Freud and helped spread...
Jung's Psychological Types
libido directly inward (introversion) or outard (extroversion).Psychological functions; thinking,...
Personal Unconsciousness
relatively accesible repressions, surpressions, and forgotten.complexes of organized memories,...
Collective Unconsciosness
contents and modes similar for everyone.archetype inherited evolved predisposition.persona...
archetype
archetype inherited evolved predisposition.
persona
a role that a person assumes for public consumption
shadow
the residue of animal behavior
anima
female personality types
animus
male personality type
Carl Rogers
psychodynamically oriented theories but electic.  had notable disagreement with U of Chicago...
client centered therapy ( or perosn-centered treatment)
evey person has the ability to be psychologicvally healthy and self actualized.  
ingredients necessary for client centered therapy
1. accepting environment2. unconditional positive regard3. empathetic understanding4. congruence...
Abraham Maslow
Humanist.  Went to Univeristy of Wisconsin.  Did fellowship with Thorndike and decided...
Needs Heirarchy
physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, self actualization.subjective individual experience...
Self Actualization
The highest level of Maslow's needs heirarchy.  It involves; morality, creativity, spontineity,...
Lev Vygotsky
Coginitive.  Focused on questions of structure/function in a areal world, behavioral perspective....
play behavior
being able to explore the world without having to explore it.  Imagination allows for...
Jean Piaget
Cognitive.  Studied biology.  interested in psychoanalysis.  Came up with child...
Piaget's cognitive development stages
sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage, formal operational stage....
Sensorimotor stage
Birth-2.  Develop object permenance. 
preoperational stage
2-7.  Animism (animal thinking), egocentrism (fixation on own perspective)
concrete operational stage
7-12.  sense of conservation of quantity. example with the tall and short cup...
formal operational stage
12+.  abstract thinking
assimilation
the reuse of schemas to fit the new information
accomodation
making the schema fit the individual situation
George Miller
Cognitive.  Best known for study of "The Magical Number Seven".  Opened the first...
The Magical Number Seven
plus or minus two.  its the number of things that someone could remember over a short...
Four major Themes of Cognitive Psychology
1.  Prompted the schema as the basis of cognitive psychology.2.  Advocated ecological...
Perceptual cycle
Mental structures (schema) direct behavior and our experiences modify the mental representations
ecological validity
so that they generalize outside the labratory
Alan Turing
Cognitive.  He came up with the Turing test and interested in congnition and intelligence.
Turing Test
Had a person talk to computers and a person and try to figure out which was actually a person. ...
Cognitive Sciences
any science that has to do with the mind.  cognition, perception, memory 

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