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Side ASide B
a product of Max Werheimer who found it while riding in a train. He proposed that even...
the tendency of animals and humans to see familiar objects as having standard shape, size,...
Gestalt. Studied at Unviersity of Prague. In 1904 got his PhD from Unversity of Wurzburg with...
Gestalt. In 1909 got his PhD from University of Berlin with Stumpf. 1910 started associating...
Gestalt. 1909 got his PhD from University of Berlin with Stunpf. 1913-1920 stuck...
4 Gestalt principles of perception
1. We percieve wholes, not clusters of sensations.2. Perceptional organization...
Gestalt organizational principles
proximity, closure, similarity, figure/ground
Things that are close are going to be grouped together Dots that are grouped together...
We will creat figures even though they do not have a concrete figure. WWF panda
the faces or glass picture
Two meanings of Gestalt
Gestalt refers to both objects and to their characteristic forms.Gestalt psychologists include...
Kohler's premise of Productive Thinking in Humans
1. Thinking is done in terms of wholes.the learner regards the situation as a wholethe...
Why Gestalt was not accpeted quicly in the US
1. behaviorism was at its peak2. a language barrier (very hard to read and understand)3. ...
Gestalt. 1914 got his PhD at Univeristy of Berlin with Stumpf (coincidence?). studied...
all past present and future events that may affect a person. each prior event affects...
life space (aka psychological field)
i think its the same as field theory, all past present and future events that may affect a...
life space development
a product of the amount and type of experience accumulated
Lewin's definition of behavior
cycle of tension (need) states followed by activity and relief
The tendancy to reall uncompleted tasks more easliy than completed ones
group and its environment
result of the total field situation at a given time
Humanist. Weird childhood. Had a very strong friendship with Freud and helped spread...
Jung's Psychological Types
libido directly inward (introversion) or outard (extroversion).Psychological functions; thinking,...
relatively accesible repressions, surpressions, and forgotten.complexes of organized memories,...
contents and modes similar for everyone.archetype inherited evolved predisposition.persona...
archetype inherited evolved predisposition.
a role that a person assumes for public consumption
the residue of animal behavior
female personality types
male personality type
psychodynamically oriented theories but electic. had notable disagreement with U of Chicago...
client centered therapy ( or perosn-centered treatment)
evey person has the ability to be psychologicvally healthy and self actualized.
ingredients necessary for client centered therapy
1. accepting environment2. unconditional positive regard3. empathetic understanding4. congruence...
Humanist. Went to Univeristy of Wisconsin. Did fellowship with Thorndike and decided...
physiological, safety, love/belonging, esteem, self actualization.subjective individual experience...
The highest level of Maslow's needs heirarchy. It involves; morality, creativity, spontineity,...
Coginitive. Focused on questions of structure/function in a areal world, behavioral perspective....
being able to explore the world without having to explore it. Imagination allows for...
Cognitive. Studied biology. interested in psychoanalysis. Came up with child...
Piaget's cognitive development stages
sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage, formal operational stage....
Birth-2. Develop object permenance.
2-7. Animism (animal thinking), egocentrism (fixation on own perspective)
concrete operational stage
7-12. sense of conservation of quantity. example with the tall and short cup...
formal operational stage
12+. abstract thinking
the reuse of schemas to fit the new information
making the schema fit the individual situation
Cognitive. Best known for study of "The Magical Number Seven". Opened the first...
The Magical Number Seven
plus or minus two. its the number of things that someone could remember over a short...
Four major Themes of Cognitive Psychology
1. Prompted the schema as the basis of cognitive psychology.2. Advocated ecological...
Mental structures (schema) direct behavior and our experiences modify the mental representations
so that they generalize outside the labratory
Cognitive. He came up with the Turing test and interested in congnition and intelligence.
Had a person talk to computers and a person and try to figure out which was actually a person. ...
any science that has to do with the mind. cognition, perception, memory