Muscle Synergists

75 cards

Muscle Synergists


 
  
Created Dec 9, 2011
by
cmrnwlls

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
Shoulder flexion synergists
 
Deltiod anterior fibersPectoralis major upper fibersBiceps brachiiCoracobrachialis
2
Should extension synergists
 
Deltoid (posterior fibers)Latissimus dorsiTeres majorInfrasomatisTeres minorPectoralis major...
3
Shoulder horizontal abduction synergists
 
Deltoid (posterior fibers)InfraspinatusTeres minor
4
Shoulder horizontal adduction synergists
 
Deltoid (anterior fibers)Pectoralis major (upper fibers) 
5
Shoulder abduction synergists
 
Deltiod (all fibers)Supraspinatus
6
Shoulder adduction synergists
 
Latissimus dorsiTeres majorInfraspinatusTeres minorPectoralis major (all fibers)Triceps brachii...
7
Shoulder lateral rotation(external rotation) synergists
 
Deltoid (anterior fibers)Latissimus dorsiTeres majorSubscapularisPectoralis major (all fibers)
8
Shoulder medial rotation(internal rotation) synergists
 
Deltoid (anterior fibers)Latisumus dorsiTeres majorSubscapularisPectoralis major (all fibers)
9
Scapula elevation synergists
 
Trapezius (upper fibers)Rhomboid majorRhomboid minorLevator scapula
10
Scapula depression synergists
 
Trapezius (lower fibers)Serratus anterior (with origin fixed)Pectoralis minor
11
Scapula adduction(retraction) synergist
 
Trapezius (middle fibers)Rhomboid majorRhomboid minor
12
Scapula abduction (protraction) synergists
 
Serrtatus anterior (with origin fixed)Pectoralis minor
13
Scapula upward rotation synergists
 
Trapezius (upper and lower fibers)
14
Scapula downward rotation synergists
 
Rhomboid majorRhomboid minorLevator scapula
15
Elbow flexion synergists
 
Biceps BrachiiBrachialisBrachioradialisFlexor carpi radialisFlexor carpi ulnaris (assists)Palmaris...
16
Elbow extension synergists
 
Triceps brachii Anconeus
17
Forearm supination synergists
 
Biceps brachiiSupinatorBrachioradialis (assists)
18
Forearm pronation synergists
 
Pronator teresPronator quadratusBrachioradialis (assists)
19
Wrist extension synergists
 
Extensor carpi radialis longusExtensor carpi radialis brevisExtensor carpi ulnarisExtensor...
20
Wrist flexion synergists
 
Flexor carpi radialisFlexor carpi ulnarisPalmaris longusFlexor digitorum superficialisFlexor...
21
Wrist abduction(radial deviation) synergists
 
Extensor carpi radialis longusExtensor carpi radialis brevisFlexor carpi radialis
22
Wrist adduction(ulnar deviation) synergists
 
Extensor carpi ulnarisFlexor carpi ulnaris
23
Flexion of the second through fifth fingers
 
Flexor digitorum superficialisFlexor digitorum profundusFlexor digiti minimi brevis (5th)LumbricalsDorsal...
24
Extension of the second through fifth fingers
 
Extensor digitorumExtensor indicis (2nd)LumbricalsDorsal interossei (2nd-4th) (assists) Palmar...
25
Abduction of the second through fifth fingers
 
Dorsal interossei (2nd-4th)Abductor digiti minimi (5th)
26
Adduction of the second through fifth fingers
 
Palmar interossei (3nf, 4th, 5th)Extensor indicis (2nd) (assists)
27
Opposition of the fifth finger
 
Opponens digiti minimiAbductor digiti minimi (assists)Flexor digiti minimi brevis (assists)Thum
28
Thumb flexoin synergists
 
Flexor pollicis longusFlexor pollicis brevisAdductor pollicis (assists)Palmar interossei (1st)...
29
Thumb extension synergists
 
Extensor pollicis longus Extensor pollicis brevisAbductor pollicis longusPalmar interossei...
30
Thumb abduction synergists
 
Abductor pollicis longusAbdcutor pollicis brevis
31
Thumb adduction synergists
 
Adductor pollicisPalmar interossei
32
Thumb opposition synergists
 
Opponens pollicisFlexor pollicis brevis (assists)Abdcutor pollicis brevis (assists)
33
Vertebral column flexion synergists
 
Rectus abdominisExternal oblique (bilaterally)Internal oblique ( bilaterally)
34
Vertebral column extension synergists
 
Spinalis (bilaterally)Longissimus (bilaterally)Illiocostalis (bilaterally)Multifidi (bilaterally)Rotatores...
35
Vertebral column rotation synergists
 
(all unilaterally)Multifide (to the opposite side)Rotatores (to the opposite side)External...
36
Vertebral column lateral flexion synergists
 
(unilaterally to the same side)SpinalisLongissimusIlliocostalisQuadratus lumborumExternal obliqueInternal...
37
Ribs/Thorax elevation/expansion synergists
 
Scalenes (all bilaterally)Sternocleidomastoid (assists)External intercostals (assists)Serratus...
38
Rib/Thorax depression/collapse synergists
 
Internal intercostals (assists)Serratus posterior inferior
39
Muscles of Inhalation
 
DiaphragmScalenes (all bilaterally)Sternocleidomastoid (assists)External intercostals (assists)Serratus...
40
Muscles of exhalation
 
Internal intercostals (assists)Serratus posterior inferior External oblique (compressing abdominal...
41
Cervical Spine flexion synergists
 
Sternocleidomastoid (bilaterally)Anterior scalene (bilaterally)Longus capitis (bilaterally)Longus...
42
Cervical Spine extension synergists 
 
Upper Trapezius (bilaterally)Levertor scapula (bilaterallySplenius capitis (bilaterally)Splenius...
43
Cervical Spine rotation synergists(unilaterally to the same side)
 
Levator scapulaSplenius capitisSplenius cervicisRectus capitis posterior majorOblique capitis...
44
Cervical Spine rotation synergists(unilaterally to the opposite side)
 
Upper TrapeziusSternocleidomastoidScalenes
45
Cervical Spine lateral flexion synergists  
 
(unilaterally to the same side)Upper TrapeziusLevator scapulaSplenius capitisSplenius cervicisSternocleidomastoidLongus...
46
Mandible elevation synergists
 
MasseterTemporalisMedial pterygoid
47
Mandible depression synergists
 
GeniohyoidMylohyoidStylohyoidDigastric (with hyoid bone fixed)Platysma (assists)
48
Mandible protraction synergists
 
Lateral pterygoid (bilaterally)Medical pterygoid (bilaterally)
49
Mandible retraction synergists
 
TemporalisDigastric
50
Mandible lateral deviation synergists
 
(unilaterally)Lateraly pterygoid (to opposite side)Medial pterygoid (to opposite side)
51
Pelvis anterior tilt (downward rotation) synergists
 
Latissimus dorsi (assists)
52
Pelvis posterior tilt(upward rotation) synergists
 
Biceps femorisSemitendinosusSemimembranosusPsoas minor
53
Pelvis Lateraly tilt (elevation) synergists
 
Quadratus lumborumLatissimus dorsi (assists)
54
Coxal flexion synergists
 
Rectus femorisGleteus medius (anterior fibers)Glute minimusAdductor magnus (assists)Adductor...
55
Coxal extension synergists
 
Biceps femorisSemitendinosusSemimembranosusGluteus maximusGluteus minimus (posterior fibers)Adducyot...
56
Coxal medial rotation (internal rotation) synergists
 
SemitendinosusSemimembranosusGluteus medius (anterior fibers)Gluteus minimusAdductor magnusAdductor...
57
Coxal lateral rotation(external rotation) synergists
 
Biceps femorisGluteus maximusGluteus medius (posterior fibers)SatoriusPiriformisQuadratus femorisObturator...
58
Coxal abduction synergists
 
Gluteus maximusGluteus mediusGluteus minimusTensor fasciae lataeSatoriusPiriformis (when hip...
59
Coxal adduction synergists
 
Adductor magnusAdductor longusAdductor brevisPectineusGracilisPsoas majorIlliacusGluteus maximus...
60
Knee flexion synergists
 
Biceps femorisSemitendinosusSemimembranosusGracilisSartoriusGastrocnemiusPopliteusPlantaris...
61
Knee extension synergists
 
Rectus femoris Vastus lateralisVastus medialisVastus intermedius
62
Knee medial rotation of flexed knee synergists
 
SemitendinosusSemimembranosusFracilisSartoriusPopliteus
63
Knee lateral rotation of flexed knee synergists
 
Biceps femoris
64
Ankle plantar flexion synergists
 
GastrocnemiusSoleusTibialis posteriorPeroneus longus (assists)Peroneus brevis (assists)Flexor...
65
Ankle dorsiflexion synergists
 
Tibialis anteriorExtensor digitorum longusExtensor hallucis longus
66
Foot/Toes inversion synergists
 
Tibialis anterorTibialis posteriorFlexor digitorum longusFlexor hallucis longusExtensor hallucis...
67
Foot/Toes eversion synergists
 
Peroneus longusPeroneus brevisExtensor digitorum longus
68
Flexion of second through fifth toes
 
Flexor digitorum longusFlexor digitorum brevisLumbricalsQuadratus plantae (assists)Dorsal interossei...
69
Extension of second through fifth toes
 
Extensor digitorum longusExtensor digitorum brevis (2nd - 4th)Lumbricals
70
Adduction of second through fifth toes
 
Plantar interossei (3rd - 5th)
71
Abduction of second through fifth toes
 
Dorsal interossei (2nd - 4th)Abductor digiti minimi (5th) (assists)
72
Flexion of first toe
 
Flexor hallucis longusFlexor hallucis brevisAbductor hallucis (assists)
73
Extension of first toe
 
Extensor hallucis longusExtensor hallucis brevis
74
Adduction of first toe
 
Adductor hallucis
75
Abduction of first toe
 
Abductor hallucis

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel