Muscle Synergists

75 cards

Muscle Synergists


 
  
Created Dec 9, 2011
by
cmrnwlls

 

 
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1

Shoulder flexion synergists

 

Deltiod anterior fibers

Pectoralis major upper fibers

Biceps brachii

Coracobrachialis

2
Should extension synergists
 

Deltoid (posterior fibers)

Latissimus dorsi

Teres major

Infrasomatis

Teres...

3
Shoulder horizontal abduction synergists
 

Deltoid (posterior fibers)

Infraspinatus

Teres minor

4
Shoulder horizontal adduction synergists
 

Deltoid (anterior fibers)

Pectoralis major (upper fibers)

 

5
Shoulder abduction synergists
 

Deltiod (all fibers)

Supraspinatus

6
Shoulder adduction synergists
 

Latissimus dorsi

Teres major

Infraspinatus

Teres minor

Pectoralis...

7

Shoulder lateral rotation

(external rotation) synergists

 

Deltoid (anterior fibers)

Latissimus dorsi

Teres major

Subscapularis

Pectoralis...

8

Shoulder medial rotation

(internal rotation) synergists

 

Deltoid (anterior fibers)

Latisumus dorsi

Teres major

Subscapularis

Pectoralis...

9
Scapula elevation synergists
 

Trapezius (upper fibers)

Rhomboid major

Rhomboid minor

Levator scapula

10
Scapula depression synergists
 

Trapezius (lower fibers)

Serratus anterior (with origin fixed)

Pectoralis minor...

11

Scapula adduction

(retraction) synergist

 

Trapezius (middle fibers)

Rhomboid major

Rhomboid minor

12

Scapula abduction

(protraction) synergists

 

Serrtatus anterior (with origin fixed)

Pectoralis minor

13
Scapula upward rotation synergists
 
Trapezius (upper and lower fibers)
14
Scapula downward rotation synergists
 

Rhomboid major

Rhomboid minor

Levator scapula

15
Elbow flexion synergists
 

Biceps Brachii

Brachialis

Brachioradialis

Flexor carpi radialis

Flexor...

16
Elbow extension synergists
 

Triceps brachii

Anconeus

17
Forearm supination synergists
 

Biceps brachii

Supinator

Brachioradialis (assists)

18
Forearm pronation synergists
 

Pronator teres

Pronator quadratus

Brachioradialis (assists)

19
Wrist extension synergists
 

Extensor carpi radialis longus

Extensor carpi radialis brevis

Extensor carpi...

20
Wrist flexion synergists
 

Flexor carpi radialis

Flexor carpi ulnaris

Palmaris longus

Flexor digitorum...

21

Wrist abduction

(radial deviation) synergists

 

Extensor carpi radialis longus

Extensor carpi radialis brevis

Flexor carpi radialis...

22

Wrist adduction

(ulnar deviation) synergists

 

Extensor carpi ulnaris

Flexor carpi ulnaris

23
Flexion of the second through fifth fingers
 

Flexor digitorum superficialis

Flexor digitorum profundus

Flexor digiti minimi...

24
Extension of the second through fifth fingers
 

Extensor digitorum

Extensor indicis (2nd)

Lumbricals

Dorsal interossei...

25
Abduction of the second through fifth fingers
 

Dorsal interossei (2nd-4th)

Abductor digiti minimi (5th)

26
Adduction of the second through fifth fingers
 

Palmar interossei (3nf, 4th, 5th)

Extensor indicis (2nd) (assists)

27
Opposition of the fifth finger
 

Opponens digiti minimi

Abductor digiti minimi (assists)

Flexor digiti minimi...

28
Thumb flexoin synergists
 

Flexor pollicis longus

Flexor pollicis brevis

Adductor pollicis (assists)

Palmar...

29
Thumb extension synergists
 

Extensor pollicis longus

Extensor pollicis brevis

Abductor pollicis longus

Palmar...

30
Thumb abduction synergists
 

Abductor pollicis longus

Abdcutor pollicis brevis

31
Thumb adduction synergists
 

Adductor pollicis

Palmar interossei

32
Thumb opposition synergists
 

Opponens pollicis

Flexor pollicis brevis (assists)

Abdcutor pollicis brevis...

33
Vertebral column flexion synergists
 

Rectus abdominis

External oblique (bilaterally)

Internal oblique ( bilaterally)

34
Vertebral column extension synergists
 

Spinalis (bilaterally)

Longissimus (bilaterally)

Illiocostalis (bilaterally)

Multifidi...

35
Vertebral column rotation synergists
 

(all unilaterally)

Multifide (to the opposite side)

Rotatores (to the opposite...

36
Vertebral column lateral flexion synergists
 

(unilaterally to the same side)

Spinalis

Longissimus

Illiocostalis

Quadratus...

37
Ribs/Thorax elevation/expansion synergists
 

Scalenes (all bilaterally)

Sternocleidomastoid (assists)

External intercostals...

38
Rib/Thorax depression/collapse synergists
 

Internal intercostals (assists)

Serratus posterior inferior

39
Muscles of Inhalation
 

Diaphragm

Scalenes (all bilaterally)

Sternocleidomastoid (assists)

External...

40
Muscles of exhalation
 

Internal intercostals (assists)

Serratus posterior inferior

External oblique...

41
Cervical Spine flexion synergists
 

Sternocleidomastoid (bilaterally)

Anterior scalene (bilaterally)

Longus capitis...

42
Cervical Spine extension synergists 
 

Upper Trapezius (bilaterally)

Levertor scapula (bilaterally

Splenius capitis...

43

Cervical Spine rotation synergists

(unilaterally to the same side)

 

Levator scapula

Splenius capitis

Splenius cervicis

Rectus capitis posterior...

44

Cervical Spine rotation synergists

(unilaterally to the opposite side)

 

Upper Trapezius

Sternocleidomastoid

Scalenes

45

Cervical Spine lateral flexion synergists

 

 

(unilaterally to the same side)

Upper Trapezius

Levator scapula

Splenius...

46
Mandible elevation synergists
 

Masseter

Temporalis

Medial pterygoid

47
Mandible depression synergists
 

Geniohyoid

Mylohyoid

Stylohyoid

Digastric (with hyoid bone fixed)

Platysma...

48
Mandible protraction synergists
 

Lateral pterygoid (bilaterally)

Medical pterygoid (bilaterally)

49
Mandible retraction synergists
 

Temporalis

Digastric

50
Mandible lateral deviation synergists
 

(unilaterally)

Lateraly pterygoid (to opposite side)

Medial pterygoid (to opposite...

51

Pelvis anterior tilt

(downward rotation) synergists

 
Latissimus dorsi (assists)
52

Pelvis posterior tilt

(upward rotation) synergists

 

Biceps femoris

Semitendinosus

Semimembranosus

Psoas minor

53

Pelvis Lateraly tilt

(elevation) synergists

 

Quadratus lumborum

Latissimus dorsi (assists)

54
Coxal flexion synergists
 

Rectus femoris

Gleteus medius (anterior fibers)

Glute minimus

Adductor...

55
Coxal extension synergists
 

Biceps femoris

Semitendinosus

Semimembranosus

Gluteus maximus

Gluteus...

56

Coxal medial rotation

(internal rotation) synergists

 

Semitendinosus

Semimembranosus

Gluteus medius (anterior fibers)

Gluteus...

57

Coxal lateral rotation

(external rotation) synergists

 

Biceps femoris

Gluteus maximus

Gluteus medius (posterior fibers)

Satorius

Piriformis

Quadratus...

58
Coxal abduction synergists
 

Gluteus maximus

Gluteus medius

Gluteus minimus

Tensor fasciae latae

Satorius

Piriformis...

59
Coxal adduction synergists
 

Adductor magnus

Adductor longus

Adductor brevis

Pectineus

Gracilis

Psoas...

60
Knee flexion synergists
 

Biceps femoris

Semitendinosus

Semimembranosus

Gracilis

Sartorius

Gastrocnemius

Popliteus

Plantaris...

61
Knee extension synergists
 

Rectus femoris

Vastus lateralis

Vastus medialis

Vastus intermedius

62
Knee medial rotation of flexed knee synergists
 

Semitendinosus

Semimembranosus

Fracilis

Sartorius

Popliteus

63
Knee lateral rotation of flexed knee synergists
 
Biceps femoris
64
Ankle plantar flexion synergists
 

Gastrocnemius

Soleus

Tibialis posterior

Peroneus longus (assists)

Peroneus...

65
Ankle dorsiflexion synergists
 

Tibialis anterior

Extensor digitorum longus

Extensor hallucis longus

66
Foot/Toes inversion synergists
 

Tibialis anteror

Tibialis posterior

Flexor digitorum longus

Flexor hallucis...

67
Foot/Toes eversion synergists
 

Peroneus longus

Peroneus brevis

Extensor digitorum longus

68
Flexion of second through fifth toes
 

Flexor digitorum longus

Flexor digitorum brevis

Lumbricals

Quadratus plantae...

69
Extension of second through fifth toes
 

Extensor digitorum longus

Extensor digitorum brevis (2nd - 4th)

Lumbricals

70
Adduction of second through fifth toes
 
Plantar interossei (3rd - 5th)
71
Abduction of second through fifth toes
 

Dorsal interossei (2nd - 4th)

Abductor digiti minimi (5th) (assists)

72
Flexion of first toe
 

Flexor hallucis longus

Flexor hallucis brevis

Abductor hallucis (assists)

73
Extension of first toe
 

Extensor hallucis longus

Extensor hallucis brevis

74
Adduction of first toe
 
Adductor hallucis
75
Abduction of first toe
 
Abductor hallucis

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