Sociology: Social Class

48 cards

Chapter 4A - Social Inequalitites + lecture notes


 
  
Created Feb 13, 2009
by
sara_isaninja

 

 
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1
market basket approach
 
the necessities the average Canadian family needs for economic and social existence - people...
2
LICO's
 
low-income cut-offs: when 54.7% or more of ones gross income is spent of food/clothing/shelter...
3
welfare poor
 
when the social assistance received is below the LICO's
4
working poor
 
when you have paid employment but earn below the LICO's
5
why are women more likely to face poverty?
 
deserted, widowed, orphaned, single mothers, inequities in labour force, flaws in family law...
6
feminization poverty
 
women, regardless of age, have higher poverty rates than men
7
why are there more poor young adults?
 
not a lack of education, but a lack of job oppourtunities and unequal pay
8
disposability
 
the ease with which a person can be gotten rid of
9
exploitation
 
the consumption and use of a person's labour for profit - labourers are not paid in the case...
10
otherness
 
being "different" from the dominant group - the process of "othering," carried out by the dominant...
11
slavery
 
a social and economic relationship in which a person is controlled through violence or its...
12
3 main characteristics of slavery
 
1. control gained through violence - constant fear 2. loss of free will 3. used to exploit...
13
how is slavery different today than from in the past?
 
slaves are cheaper, the length of time that slaves are held has fallen, globalized
14
indentured slaves
 
poor servants who were the slaves of rich European land owners - this was their passage to...
15
a hierarchy is formed on...
 
1. power 2. property 3. prestige
16
people may become slaves due to...
 
1. debt 2. violation of law 3. war and conquest
17
who were the first slaves?
 
women - sex and labour: due to their vulnerability and ability to reproduce and the fact that...
18
what is the relationship between slavery and racism?
 
slavery lead to racism - a way of making an excuse to why these people were slaves
19
caste
 
your place in stratification determined by birth - lifelong
20
ascribed status
 
status you're born with - cannot change, control, or escape it
21
achieved status
 
the status you earn, this status cannot change your ascribed status
22
clan
 
every individual is liked to a large extended family network which holds great importance
23
class
 
categories of people who share similar economic wealth - social mobility (individuals can move...
24
4 categories of class in Marx's capitalist system
 
1. bourgeoisie 2. petty bourgeoisie 3. proletariat 4. lumpenproletariat
25
bourgeoisie
 
owners - own means of production
26
petty bourgeoisie
 
middle class, usually shop owners
27
proletariat
 
workers, only have labour to sell
28
lumpenproletariat
 
reserve army of labour - no rights/say
29
Weber's views on social class
 
social inequality is multidimensional and class is only one aspect
30
Weber's 3 ways to explain social inequality
 
1. property (class) 2. prestige ( status) 3. power (party)
31
who were the servants in the new world after the indentured servants escaped?
 
Aboriginals - knew the land too well and also managed to escape
32
who were the servants in the new world after the Aboriginals escaped?
 
Africans - had no way of getting home and didn't know the land or how to survive so they couldn't...
33
why are caste systems and clans diminishing?
 
urbanization and industrialization making people more anonymous
34
upper class: old money
 
inherited wealth
35
upper class: new money
 
developed own riches - recently acquired
36
upper middle class
 
high authority/independence on job, university education, high income
37
lower middle class
 
some post-secondary education, low level management
38
working class
 
unskilled, low paying jobs
39
working poor
 
just above poverty line jobs
40
under class
 
low levels of education, little or no connection to job markets
41
Porter's views on social class
 
capitalist system has changed since Marx - power is at the root of inequality now, not property...
42
5 types of elites
 
1. economic 2. political 3. bureaucratic 4. ideological 5. labour
43
economic elites
 
investors, own factories, most wealth, affect our employment
44
political elites
 
shape laws of land (prime minister, judges)
45
bureaucratic elites
 
deputy ministers and public servants -decide how many forms you fill out, backroom stuff
46
ideological elites
 
celebrities, journalists, give out ideas, change your opinions
47
labour elites
 
run unions, influence policies about labour
48
2 facts about elites
 
1. all elites are drawn from narrow sector or population 2. pattern of systematic interactio

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