Sociology Set 3

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Sociology Set 3

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  1. The organization Anti-Slavery International estimates that about how many men, women, and children live today in conditions that approximate slavery? ·         200,000 ·         2 million ·         200 million ·         2 billion
 
·         200 million
2. Following modernization theory, what might rich nations do to assist poor nations that seek economic development? ·         Help poor nations to control their population ·         Increase food production in poor nations ·         Introduce advanced technology to poor nations ·         All of the above
 
·         All of the above
4. Poor countries are characterized by: ·         Limited energy resources and little advanced techonology ·         High levels of population increase ·         Cultures that discourage change ·         All of the above
 
·         All of the above
  5. With regard to the role of rich nations, dependency theory: ·         Agrees with modernization theory ·         Urges rich nations to invest in poor countries ·         Claims that rich nations are to blame for global poverty ·         Claims the rich nations prevent poor countries from “growing for export”
 
Claims that rich nations are to blame for global poverty
. Over the last century: ·         Living standards rose in most of the world ·         Rich nations gained wealth faster than poor nations ·         The world’s food production went up ·         All of the above
 
      All of the above
8. Pornography is of concern to: ·         Conservatives who oppose it on moral grounds ·         Liberals who oppose it as demeaning to women ·         All people who seek to protect free speech and artistic expression ·         All of the above
 
      All of the above
9. What share of married U.S. couples depend on two incomes? ·         Very few ·         More than half ·         All ·         None
 
·         More than half
10. Friedrich Engels claimed that capitalism: ·         Reduced all forms of social inequality ·         Reduced men’s domination over women ·         Had little change on men’s domination of women ·         Increased men’s domination of women
 
 Increased men’s domination of women
. Which of the following job categories has mostly women as workers? ·         Physicians ·         Corporate managers ·         Stone mason        ·      Elementary school teachers
 
Elementary school teachers
12. Friedrich Engels claimed that expanding capitalism tends to turn women into: ·         Nurses and teachers ·         Capitalists ·         Consumers ·         The owners of surplus labor
 
         Consumers
13. Read the following four statements. Which of the statements is NOT an example of institutional discrimination? ·         A mother wants her child to stay away from a child of a different race ·         A bank usually refuses loans to people of a certain race ·         A police dept promotes people of one race faster than those of another ·         A school district segregates schools
 
·         A mother wants her child to stay away from a child of a different race
  14. The existence of the "Negro leagues" in professional baseball in the United States during the 1930s and 1940s is an example of: ·         Assimilation ·         Segregation ·         Pluralism ·         Miscegenation
 
·         Segregation
15. The term "white ethnics" refers to: ·         People of Hispanic ancestry who are light skinned ·         People of any ethnicity who are light skinned ·         Biracial or multiracial people ·         Non-WASPs of European ancestry
 
Non-WASPs of European ancestry
  17. Based on scapegoat theory, you would conclude that prejudice is caused by: ·         Culture itself ·         High levels of immigration ·         Frustration among people who are themselves disadvantaged ·         People with rigid personalities  
 
Frustration among people who are themselves disadvantaged
18. The rate of small business ownership is high among Asian Americans. This pattern reflects: ·         a history of facing little or no racial prejudice and discrimination ·         a lack of formal schooling ·         cultural values including achievement and self-reliance. ·         All of the above
 
cultural values including achievement and self-reliance
20. While being in the upper-upper class is usually the result of __________, being in the lower-upper class is more often a matter of __________. ·         Birth; achievement ·         Business success; birth ·         Making lots of money; who you know ·         High-income; having lots of schooling
 
 Birth; achievement
21. Popular author J. K. Rowling, who was once poor, has earned a fortune with her books. Rowling is a member of which social class? ·         Upper-upper ·         Lower-upper ·         Upper-middle ·         Middle
 
·         Lower-upper
22. In terms of race, two-thirds of all poor people in the United States are: ·         African-American ·         Asian-American ·         Hispanic ·         White
 
·         Hispanic
23. Sociologist William Julius Wilson suggests the cause of poverty lies in: ·         A lower-class “culture of poverty” ·         Lack of government action ·         Too few available jobs ·         Jobs moving overseas
 
·         Too few available jobs
24. In English history, the concept "primogeniture" refers to: ·         giving everyone in a family the same chance to own land. ·         passing land and other property from a father to the oldest son or other male relation. ·         ensuring that all children receive part of the parents' estate . ·         the fact that nobles are often the "best" people.
 
passing land and other property from a father to the oldest son or other male relation.
Durkheim's greatest concern about modern societies was the increase in: ·         anomie ·         personal choice ·         productive specialization ·         personal privacy
 
   anomie
26. David Riesman described "tradition-directed social character" as ·         conformity to the latest fashions and fads ·         rigid conformity to traditional ways of life ·         being highly individualistic ·         all of the above
 
rigid conformity to traditional ways of life
. Max Weber claimed that modernization was evident in which of the following? ·         The rise of capitalism ·         The rise of science ·         The spread of bureaucracy ·         All of the above
 
·         All of the above
29. Ralph Linton made the point that many familiar elements in today's way of life: ·         Came to us from other cultures ·         Were all invented by members of our own society ·         Were unknown even a few decades ago ·         Were discovered completely by accident
 
·         Came to us from other cultures
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