Sociology Set 3

Sociology Set 3 Fire Flash Ca Rds
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1. The organization Anti-Slavery International estimates that about how many men, women, and children live today in conditions that approximate slavery? · 200,000 · 2 million · 200 million · 2 billion
 
· 200 million
2. Following modernization theory, what might rich nations do to assist poor nations that seek economic development? · Help poor nations to control their population · Increase food production in poor nations · Introduce advanced technology to poor nations · All of the above
 
· All of the above
4. Poor countries are characterized by: · Limited energy resources and little advanced techonology · High levels of population increase · Cultures that discourage change · All of the above
 
· All of the above
5. With regard to the role of rich nations, dependency theory: · Agrees with modernization theory · Urges rich nations to invest in poor countries · Claims that rich nations are to blame for global poverty · Claims the rich nations prevent poor countries from “growing for export”
 
Claims that rich nations are to blame for global poverty
. Over the last century: · Living standards rose in most of the world · Rich nations gained wealth faster than poor nations · The world’s food production went up · All of the above
 
All of the above
8. Pornography is of concern to: · Conservatives who oppose it on moral grounds · Liberals who oppose it as demeaning to women · All people who seek to protect free speech and artistic expression · All of the above
 
All of the above
9. What share of married U.S. couples depend on two incomes? · Very few · More than half · All · None
 
· More than half
10. Friedrich Engels claimed that capitalism: · Reduced all forms of social inequality · Reduced men’s domination over women · Had little change on men’s domination of women · Increased men’s domination of women
 
Increased men’s domination of women
. Which of the following job categories has mostly women as workers? · Physicians · Corporate managers · Stone mason · Elementary school teachers
 
Elementary school teachers
12. Friedrich Engels claimed that expanding capitalism tends to turn women into: · Nurses and teachers · Capitalists · Consumers · The owners of surplus labor
 
Consumers
13. Read the following four statements. Which of the statements is NOT an example of institutional discrimination? · A mother wants her child to stay away from a child of a different race · A bank usually refuses loans to people of a certain race · A police dept promotes people of one race faster than those of another · A school district segregates schools
 
· A mother wants her child to stay away from a child of a different race
14. The existence of the "Negro leagues" in professional baseball in the United States during the 1930s and 1940s is an example of: · Assimilation · Segregation · Pluralism · Miscegenation
 
· Segregation
15. The term "white ethnics" refers to: · People of Hispanic ancestry who are light skinned · People of any ethnicity who are light skinned · Biracial or multiracial people · Non-WASPs of European ancestry
 
Non-WASPs of European ancestry
17. Based on scapegoat theory, you would conclude that prejudice is caused by: · Culture itself · High levels of immigration · Frustration among people who are themselves disadvantaged · People with rigid personalities
 
Frustration among people who are themselves disadvantaged
18. The rate of small business ownership is high among Asian Americans. This pattern reflects: · a history of facing little or no racial prejudice and discrimination · a lack of formal schooling · cultural values including achievement and self-reliance. · All of the above
 
cultural values including achievement and self-reliance
20. While being in the upper-upper class is usually the result of __________, being in the lower-upper class is more often a matter of __________. · Birth; achievement · Business success; birth · Making lots of money; who you know · High-income; having lots of schooling
 
Birth; achievement
21. Popular author J. K. Rowling, who was once poor, has earned a fortune with her books. Rowling is a member of which social class? · Upper-upper · Lower-upper · Upper-middle · Middle
 
· Lower-upper
22. In terms of race, two-thirds of all poor people in the United States are: · African-American · Asian-American · Hispanic · White
 
· Hispanic
23. Sociologist William Julius Wilson suggests the cause of poverty lies in: · A lower-class “culture of poverty” · Lack of government action · Too few available jobs · Jobs moving overseas
 
· Too few available jobs
24. In English history, the concept "primogeniture" refers to: · giving everyone in a family the same chance to own land. · passing land and other property from a father to the oldest son or other male relation. · ensuring that all children receive part of the parents' estate . · the fact that nobles are often the "best" people.
 
passing land and other property from a father to the oldest son or other male relation.
Durkheim's greatest concern about modern societies was the increase in: · anomie · personal choice · productive specialization · personal privacy
 
anomie
26. David Riesman described "tradition-directed social character" as · conformity to the latest fashions and fads · rigid conformity to traditional ways of life · being highly individualistic · all of the above
 
rigid conformity to traditional ways of life
. Max Weber claimed that modernization was evident in which of the following? · The rise of capitalism · The rise of science · The spread of bureaucracy · All of the above
 
· All of the above
29. Ralph Linton made the point that many familiar elements in today's way of life: · Came to us from other cultures · Were all invented by members of our own society · Were unknown even a few decades ago · Were discovered completely by accident
 
· Came to us from other cultures
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