Sociology Quiz 3

Sociology Flash Cards
  
Created Apr 11, 2011
by
lmd0012
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Side ASide B
Division of society into layers whose occupants have unequal access to social opportunities...
social stratification
ascribed status; no social mobility
caste
both birth and achievement; supports meritocracy
class
humans identify differences in people
differentiation
we rank people based on those identified differences
ranking
say some people are better or worse
evaluation
we give the "better" people rewards
differential rewards
gender, age, occupation, education, race, physical attractiveness
social hierarchies
wealth, income, power, prestige
class inequality
stratification in US - upper class
1%
stratification globally - richest 20%
80%
stratification globally - poorest 20%
1%
the higher the social class, the greater the life expectancy; insurance, nutritious food, safer...
health
children of the upper class are more likely to attend college; finances, family educational...
education
individuals with higher incomes are significantly more likely to vote and join political organizations;...
political behavior
working-class parents emphasize conformity, respect, and obedience to authority, while parents...
values and attitudes
subordination vs. autonomy
occupational experience
compared behavior of two groups
saints and the roughnecks
can choose own race in census
self-identification
socially constructed category that attaches meaning to certain biological traits
race
a shared cultural heritage and characteristic
ethnicity
a category of people who are socially disadvantaged
minority
a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire group of people
prejudice
a behavior where certain people are treated unequally because they belong to a particular group
discrimination
a negative form of prejudice specific to race
racism
The Souls of Black Folk
W.E.B. Dubois
black americans experience "double consciousness"
the souls of black folk
asian-americans; successfully assimilated
model minority


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