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Sociology Quiz 3


Sociology Flash Cards
  
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Division of society into layers whose occupants have unequal access to social opportunities and rewards
 
social stratification
ascribed status; no social mobility
 
caste
both birth and achievement; supports meritocracy
 
class
humans identify differences in people
 
differentiation
we rank people based on those identified differences
 
ranking
say some people are better or worse
 
evaluation
we give the "better" people rewards
 
differential rewards
gender, age, occupation, education, race, physical attractiveness
 
social hierarchies
wealth, income, power, prestige
 
class inequality
stratification in US - upper class
 
1%
stratification globally - richest 20%
 
80%
stratification globally - poorest 20%
 
1%
the higher the social class, the greater the life expectancy; insurance, nutritious food, safer environments, less stress
 
health
children of the upper class are more likely to attend college; finances, family educational history, poorer communities/schools
 
education
individuals with higher incomes are significantly more likely to vote and join political organizations; networking, economic stake in maintaining system
 
political behavior
working-class parents emphasize conformity, respect, and obedience to authority, while parents of higher social standing promote individuality and imagination among their children
 
values and attitudes
subordination vs. autonomy
 
occupational experience
compared behavior of two groups
 
saints and the roughnecks
can choose own race in census
 
self-identification
socially constructed category that attaches meaning to certain biological traits
 
race
a shared cultural heritage and characteristic
 
ethnicity
a category of people who are socially disadvantaged
 
minority
a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire group of people
 
prejudice
a behavior where certain people are treated unequally because they belong to a particular group
 
discrimination
a negative form of prejudice specific to race
 
racism
The Souls of Black Folk
 
W.E.B. Dubois
black americans experience "double consciousness"
 
the souls of black folk
asian-americans; successfully assimilated
 
model minority

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