Side ASide B
Division of society into layers whose occupants have unequal access to social opportunities...
ascribed status; no social mobility
both birth and achievement; supports meritocracy
humans identify differences in people
we rank people based on those identified differences
say some people are better or worse
we give the "better" people rewards
gender, age, occupation, education, race, physical attractiveness
wealth, income, power, prestige
stratification in US - upper class
stratification globally - richest 20%
stratification globally - poorest 20%
the higher the social class, the greater the life expectancy; insurance, nutritious food, safer...
children of the upper class are more likely to attend college; finances, family educational...
individuals with higher incomes are significantly more likely to vote and join political organizations;...
working-class parents emphasize conformity, respect, and obedience to authority, while parents...
values and attitudes
subordination vs. autonomy
compared behavior of two groups
saints and the roughnecks
can choose own race in census
socially constructed category that attaches meaning to certain biological traits
a shared cultural heritage and characteristic
a category of people who are socially disadvantaged
a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire group of people
a behavior where certain people are treated unequally because they belong to a particular group
a negative form of prejudice specific to race
The Souls of Black Folk
black americans experience "double consciousness"
the souls of black folk
asian-americans; successfully assimilated