Sociology: Politics & Government

Sociology: Politics & Government Mr. Mullan's Sociology Class!
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authority
 
power that people perceive as ligitimate rather than coercive
traditional authority
 
power legitimized through respect for long established cultural patterns
political revolution
 
over throw of one political system in order to establish another
democracy
 
a type of political system in which gives power to the people as a whole
monarchy
 
a type of political system in which a single family rules from generation to generation
authoritarianism
 
a political system in which denies popular participation in government
politics
 
distributes power, sets society's agenda, and makes decisions
welfare state
 
a range of government agencies and programs that provides benefits to the population
socialism
 
econ. system in which natural resources and the means of producing goods and services are collectively owned
dictatorship
 
one man controls everything
rational/legal
 
government of laws
totalitarian
 
highly centralized political system that extensively regulates people's lives
fascist
 
totalitarian nationalist and corporatist ideology
theocracy
 
form of gov't in which God or a diety is being recognized a supreme civil ruler
lobby
 
interest groups: fight for rights on certain issues (NRA, MADD, etc.)
special interest groups
 
political alliance of people interested in some economic and social issue
PACs
 
organizations formed by special-interest groups, independent of political parties, to pursue political aims by raising and spending money
charismatic authority
 
government of men
bureaucracy
 
model designed to perform tasks efficiently
state terrorism
 
use of violence by government officials
coercion
 
the act of compelling by force of authority
power-elite
 
analysis of politics that sees power as concentrated among the rich
power
 
ability to achieve desired ends despite resistance from others
nuclear proliferation
 
everyone is getting nuclear weapons
causes of war
 
perceived threats, social problems, political objectives, moral objectives, absense of alternatives
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