sociology midterm exam

52 cards

soci midterm


 
  
Created Oct 3, 2009
by
johnsonbritt

 

 
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1
sociology
 
the study of human socitey 
2
sociological imagination
 
ability to connect the most basic intimate aspects of an individuals life to seemlinglu impersonal...
3
social institutions
 
group of social positions connected by social relations performing a social role any institution...
4
social idenity
 
individuals define themselves in relationsjop to groups wth which they affiliate
5
Comte
 
positivism arose out of need to make sense of the social order in a time of declining religous...
6
harriet martineau
 
transle comte to englishway we educate kidsto government
7
Karl Marx
 
marxist conflict theoryhistorical materialism: conflict between classes drove social change...
8
max weber
 
belief marx went 2 fare to coin it just a cause and affect-religon also laid the ground workverstehen:...
9
interpretive sociology
 
study of social meaning
10
durkheim
 
division of labor: degree to which jobs are specialized positivist sociology: strain within...
11
anomie
 
sense of aimlessness or despair that arises when we can no longer reasonably expect life to...
12
Jane adamsWEB Dubios
 
Adams: hull house link ideas of university to the poor through full service examsblack and...
13
functionalism 
 
various social instituation and processes in society exis to serve some important fuction to...
14
conflict theory
 
conflict promotes change
15
feminist theory
 
equality between men and women challenging conventional wisdom
16
symbolic interactionism
 
shared meanings, orientations, and assumptions form the basic motivation behind peoples actions
17
postmodernism
 
questioning of notion of progress and history and the replacement of narrative within pastiche...
18
social construction
 
instutionalized entity or artifact in system invented or constricted by participants in a paricular...
19
deconstruction
 
showing how certain social phenomena are arbitrary and devised by social actos with varying...
20
midrange theory
 
HOW CERTAIN SOCIAL INSTIUTIONS TEND TO FUNCTION
21
causulatiy
 
change in 1 facto results in a corresponding change in another
22
research method
 
approaches and methods that go with trying to find an answer to a question
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quantitave methodsqualititave
 
somethings that can be assigned a numeric value:eliminating al other possibilites through their...
24
deductive appach
 
starts with a theory forms  a hypothsis and tests
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inductive appraoch
 
obersvation and creates a theory
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correlation or association
 
simulanous varition in to variables
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natural experiment
 
event that affects is causing a certain outcome
28
time order
 
chrikigy or sequence of events
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alternative explaations
 
plausaible stories that could explain our data but doesn't fit with central hypothesis
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spurious
 
false or misleadering 
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reversw causality
 
A is not causing B, B is causing A 
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operationaliztion
 
assigning a precise methode for measuring a term being examined for use in a particular study
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Null hyptohsis
 
Ho: relationship propsed between two ariables does not exist 
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alternative hypothesis
 
it does exist
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moderating variables 
 
stuff that affects independent and dependent
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mediating variables
 
variable that is there but does not affect indp. or dep.
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validity
 
it is measuring wut should be measured
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reliability
 
consistant results each time
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generalbility
 
extent to which we can claim or findings inform us about a group large than the one we studies 
40
reflexvity
 
how much does tester have an affect on those being tested
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populationsample censue
 
entire grouprepresntive of pop. a sbsetsample that atempt to estimate the size of the entire...
42
case study
 
in-depth look a phenimenon that is happening in a social stting
43
feminist metholodology
 
treat omen experences as a legtimate emprical and theortical resourse that promote social science...
44
particpant observation
 
qualitivae reseach seeks to observe social actions in practice
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repeated cross sectinal survey
 
smaples new wave represenice group each survey
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panel survey
 
tracks sme respondents over time
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historical methods
 
collects data from written report newspaper, articles, jornals, diaries, artwork, and other...
48
compartive research
 
two entities similar...but 1 thing is different what makes it different
49
audit study
 
specific type of experimental method in which a pair of comparale ppl are observed in a specific...
50
content analusis
 
analysis of strutire of a communication mainifest:something that yo can seelatent: stuff u...
51
ethics of studies
 
do no harminformed consent voultary participationprotected populations: approval to st
52
public sociology
 
seek to engage a on academic audience for a normative productive end


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