Sociology Final

50 cards

Studyin For The Final. Dont Fail Aaaaa


 
  
Created May 7, 2012
by
meatbawl

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Global inequality is 
 
the systematic differences in wealth and power between countries
2
Which of the following best describes the health conditions in high-and low income countries?
 
High Income countries are generally those that were the first to industrialize. Low Income...
3
As world hunger has grown, global food proudction
 
has produced in high income countries
4
Why did economies of East Asia experience greater growth between 1980 and 1999 than other parts...
 
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5
___, a view now commonly held by Western economists, is based on __ theory, which promotes...
 
Neoliberism, Modernization
6
Which theory promotes the adoption of Western capitalist economic systems and values as the...
 
Market-Oriented theory
7
Which theory draws primary attention to the exploitation of poor countries by rich ones?
 
Dependency theory
8
Which of the following theories of global inequality minimizes the significance of...
 
World Systems theory
9
Natural resources flow from the ___ to the __, according to world-systems theory
 
Peripherery countries, core countries 
10
Which approach points out that successful NIEs such as Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan have...
 
State-Centered theories 
11
Child Labor
 
Still exists in many poor countries today?
12
In what way could you personally help to reduce child labor in the world today?
 
Check the label and boycott that manufacturer, or join a campaign  
13
Sweatshops are
 
small factories that have numerous violations of wage, health, and safety laws
14
Which of the following is one explanation for the persistence of global economic inequality?
 
pg232
15
What is the difference between "sex" and "gender?"
 
Sex - is biological and anatomical differences.Gender - social expectations about behavior...
16
Overall sociologists conclude that:
 
culture is at the root of all gender differences. 
17
___ refers to any difference in status, power, and prestige between men and women in groups,...
 
Gender inequality 
18
When sociologists refer to a patriarchal society, they are describing a society: 
 
Where men are dominant over women
19
Although the past 30 years the pay gap between men and women has ____, on average ____.
 
decreased, men
20
___ is a policy that pays employees based on worth of their work rather than the personal characteristics...
 
Comparable worth
21
An organization with a promotion barrier that prevents a woman's upward mobility is said to...
 
Glass ceiling
22
Men in traditionally female occupations often experience a ___, according to a 1992 study by...
 
"Glass Escalator"
23
In what way do teachers show a bias against girls in the classroom?
 
Boys receive more attention, boys are more demanding than girls. Girls get reprimanded when...
24
Which of the following statements accurately describes the political status of women in the...
 
Local politics can thus be good "womens work" offering low pay, part-time employment, flexible...
25
Which of the following is an accurate assessment of rape? 
 
The forcing of non consensual vaginal, oral or anal intercourse
26
Why are women so often the targets of sexual violence?
 
Some men are socialized to regard women as sex objects, to feel a sense of sexual entitlement,...
27
According to the functionalist sociologist Talcott Parsons, the family is the most efficient...
 
Expressive roles, instrumental roles
28
Which of the following assumptions do all perspectives on feminist thought share?
 
Gender Inequality 
29
As a sociological concept, race refers to:
 
differences in human physical characteristics used to categorize large numbers of individuals 
30
As a sociological concept, ethnicity refers to:
 
cultural practices and outlooks of a given community that emerged historically and tend to...
31
Racism that includes not simply the opinions of a small segment of the population, but systematically...
 
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32
Preconceived opinions or attitudes held by members of one group toward another are defined...
 
Prejudice
33
Behavior that disqualifies members of one group from opportunities available to others is:
 
Discrimination 
34
Why is the term "minority group" potentially ambiguous and confusing, particularly for sociologists?
 
because the term refers to political power and is not simply a numerical distinction. 
35
Why has racism flourished?
 
rise of modern racism lies in the exploitative relations that Europeans established...
36
the systematic, planned destruction of a racial, political, or cultural group is called:
 
genocide
37
____ is the physical separation of a racial or ethnic group from other groups.
 
segregation
38
when ethnic groups have achieved a distinct but equal status, the society is said to exhibit:
 
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39
What supreme court decision established the foundation for the civil rights struggles of the...
 
brown vs board of ED
40
What did the 1964 civil rights act do?
 
banned discrimination in public facilities, education, employment, and any agency receiving government funds. 
41
which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between race and educational...
 
whites-blacks, better than latinos 
42
douglas massey
 
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43
what is the term for a group of people directly linked by kin connections, the adult members...
 
family
44
a socially acknowledged and approved sexual union between two adult individuals is called:
 
marriage
45
two adults living in a household with their own or adopted children is called:
 
family of orientation
46
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47
some would argue that the key to a good marriage is a successful transferring from...
 
orientation, independent household. 
48
according to functionalists, the husband in the "conventional family" is the breadwinner and...
 
instrumental, expressive
49
which of the following issues is NOT embedded within a feminist analysis of the family?
 
pg 305 - 306 Men-home
50
which perspective has been most concerned with the domestic division of labor, unequal power relationships and...
 
feminist 

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