Sociology Final On Chapters 11, 12, 15, And 16

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Trying To Pass My Final


 
  
Created May 4, 2010
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kelbots

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
The concept "race" refers to:
 
Race is a socially constructed category of people who share biologically transmitted...
2
What concept refers to a category of people, distinguishable by physical or cultural traits,...
 
A Minority is a category of people, distinguishable by physical or cultural traits,...
3
What are the characteristics of being a minority?
Are Minorities always disadvantaged?
 
The characteristics of being a minority are; a) the ability to distinguish them by a physical...
4
What term is used to describe a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire category...
 
Prejudice is a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire category of...
5
Based on Scapegoat Theory, you would conclude that prejudice is created by:
 
Scapegoat theory claims that prejudice results from frustration among people...
6
Conflict Theory states that prejudice is:
 
Conflict Theory states that prejudice is a tool used by the powerful to divide and control...
7
Institutional prejudice and discrimination refers to the fact that:
 
Institutional prejudice and discrimination refers to the fact that discrimination...
8
What is a state in which racial and ethnic minorities are distinct but have rough social equality?
 
Pluralism is a state in which racial and ethnic minorities are distinct but have rough...
9
Assimilation refers to a pattern by which:
 
Assimilation refers to a pattern by which minorities gradually adopt the patterns of...
10
What is the meaning of the term W.A.S.P.?
 
W.A.S.P. stands for White Angelo Saxon Protestants.
11
Which categories of Asian Americans have a median income above the national average?
 
Chinese and Japanese Americans have a median income above the national average.
12
What is the largest category of Asian Americans living in the U.S.?
 
Chinese Americans are the largest group of Asian Americans living in the U.S..
13
Most of todays immigrants come from which two regions?
 
Most of todays immigrants come from Latin America and Asia, with Mexicans, Asian Indians...
14
As a social institution, the economy does what?
 
The economy is a social institution through which society produces, distributes...
15
What concept refers to an economy based on service work and computer technology?
 
Post-Industrial Technology is a concept that refers to an economy based on service...
16
Turning metal into automobiles is work that falls within which sector of the economy?
 
The secondary sector transforms raw materials into manufactured goods, such as metal...
17
Socialism is an economic system in which there is:
 
Socialism is an economic system in which there is collective ownership of natural resources...
18
Compared to Socialist economic systems, Capitalist economic systems are typically what?
 
Capitalist economic systems typically offer greater productivity than Socialist economic...
19
What is a conglomerate?
 
A corporation consisting of several companies in different businesses....
20
The concept Oligopoly refers to what?
 
An Oligopoly is the domination of a market by few producers.
21
Which of Weber's types of authority rests on extraordinary personal abilities that inspire...
 
Charismatic Authority rests on extraordinary personal abilities that inspire devotion...
22
What is an Authoritarian political system?
 
An Authoritarian political system is any political system which denies the people...
23
A Totalitarian political system:
 
A Totalitarian political system concentrates all political power in one centralized leadership.
24
A Pluralist approach to the U.S. political system suggests:
 
A Pluralist approach to the U.S. political system suggests that power is spread widely...
25
What is the term used to define violence by government officials, often-times used against...
 
State Terrorism refers to violence by government officials, often-times used against...
26
The military-industrial complex refers to:
 
The military-industrial complex refers to the close association of the federal government,...
27
What is Demography?
 
Demography is the study of the human population.
28
Fertility refers to:
 
Fertility refers to the incidence of childbirth in a country's population.
29
The maximum possible childbearing for women is called what?
 
Fecundity is the maximum possible childbearing for women if they were to birth as many children...
30
In terms of migration within the United States, the region of the country most often left behind...
 
In terms of migration within the United States, the region of the country most often left behind...
31
Typically, the population in low-income nations grow mostly from _____(birth), whereas the...
 
Typically, the population in low-income nations grow mostly from natural increase (birth),...
32
The demographic measure called "Sex ratio" refers to:
 
The demographic measure called "Sex Ratio" refers to the number of men for every 100 women.
33
If a country has a sex ratio of 110, it is likely that:
 
If a country has a sex ratio of 110, it is likely that they value men over women.
34
Thomas Robert Malthus believed that:
 
Thomas Robert Malthus believed that population increased geometrically, while food could only...
35
Thomas Robert Malthus argued that:
 
Thomas Robert Malthus argued that there were 3 checks that kept the population in check naturally;...
36
The basic idea behind demographic transition theory is that: (4 stages)
 
Demographic transition theory is a thesis linking population patterns to a society's level...
37
Describe Stage 1-
 
Stage 1: pre-industrial; high birthrates/ high death rates, outbreaks of disease keep the population...
38
Describe Stage 2-
 
Stage 2: onset of industrialization; high birth rates, lower death rates, greater food supplies...
39
Describe Stage 3-
 
Stage 3; industrial economy; declining birth rates, low death rates, mature industrial economy,...
40
Describe Stage 4-
 
Stage 4, Post-Industrial Economy; low birth rates, steady death rates, demographic transition...
41
Zero Population Growth refers to what?
 
Zero Population Growth refers to a population that maintains a steady level.
42
Many governments in high-income nations are concerned about population decline because:
 
Many governments in high-income countries are concerned about population decline because it...
43
What term refers to social patterns resulting from industrialization?
 
Modernity is the process of social change begun by industrialization and it has 4...
44
A term used to describe social patterns and characteristics of post-industrial societies is:
 
Post-modernity refers to social patterns and characteristics of postindustrial societies.
45
Demographic changes in the United States over the course of the past decade include what?
 
Smaller families, graying of the population, and migration within and between societies (from...
46
What type of social movement seeks a radical change, but only in some people?
 
Redemptive Social Movements seeks radical change, but only in some people.
47
Mass-Society theory predicts that social movements will involve what types of people?
 
Mass-Society theory predicts that social movements will involve people who are socially isolated...
48
Which theoretical approach states that social movements depend not just on material...
 
Cultural theory states that social movements depend not just on material resources but...
49
Ferdinand Tonnies described modernity as the loss of:
 
Ferdinand Tonnies described modernity as the loss of Gemeinschaft, or community.
50
Durkheim's concept of organic solidarity corresponds to Tonnies concept of what?
 
Durkheim's concept of organic solidarity corresponds to Tonnies concept of Gesselschaft.
51
Max Weber's view of modernity stressed what?
 
Max Weber's view of modernity stressed the dehumanizing effects of bureaucracy and...
52
Scholars who take a post-modernist approach claim that:
 
Scholars who take a post-modernist approach claim that;1)in important respects post-modernity...
53
What are some real trends suggesting that life in the United States is getting better?
 
Five real trends which suggest that life in the U.S. is getting better are;1)lower infant mortality,2)life...
54
Tonnies' Gemeinschaft is closely related to Durkheim's ____________. (traditional)
 
Tonnies' Gemeinschaft is closely related to Durkheim's Mechanical Solidarity.
55
Tonnies' Gesselschaft is closely related to Durkheim's _________.  (modernity/post-modernity)
 
Tonnies' Gesselschaft is closely related to Durkheim's Organic Sollidarity.
56
Immigration= migration INTO a society, whereas Emmigration =__________.
 
Immigration= migration INTO a society, whereas Emmigration =migration out of a society
57
Sir Thomas Malthus was:
 
Sir Thomas Malthus was an English clergyman, professor of literature, and economist.  He...
58
What is social change?
 
Social change is the transformation of cultural and social institutions over time.
59
Alterative Social Movements:
 
Alterative Social Movements seek limited change in a limited part of the population.
60
Revolutionary social movements:
 
Revolutionary social movements strive for major transformation of an entire society.
61
The primary sector is:
 
The primary sector is the part of the economy that draws raw materials from the natural environment.
62
The tertiary sector is:
 
The tertiary sector is the part of the economy that involves services, rather than goods.
63
Define Interlocking directorates:
 
Interlocking directorates are networks of people who serve as directors of many corporations....
64
Rational-Legal Authority is another term for what?
 
Rational-Legal Authority is another term for Bureaucratic Authority.
65
The U.S. government's second biggest expenditure is defense.  What is it's first?
 
The United States highest ranking expenditure is social security.
66
Racism is the belief that:
 
Racism is the belief that one racial category is superior or inferior to another.
67
De Jure Segregation is:
 
Dujour Segregation is  the purposeful separation of racial groups.
68
De facto Segregation is:
 
In-facto Segregation is when you draw up bizarre boundaries to keep racial groups apart.
69
What is Xenophobia?
 
Xenophobia is hostility toward foreigners.


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