Sociology Exam Review - Chapters 11, 12, 13

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Religious experience
 
Sudden awarness of god or coming into contact with him
credential society
 
jobs = diplomas, used as a sorting system
ecclasia
 
combination of church and state
moral community
 
a groups beliefs & practices come together
mainstreaming
 
incorporate everyone, ex: programs for the disabled
gatekeeping
 
teachers determine kids outcome in kintergarden, open/close doors
social promotion
 
passing students on to the next level regardless of comprehension -- leads to functional illiteracy
functional illiteracy
 
read but cant comprehend
sect
 
emphasizes personal salvation, loosly organized, get some money
difference between a church and a cult
 
relationship with god is less personal in a church, church is more organized, less personal salvation
peter berger & legitamite power
 
make people do things against their will. Example US government, obey the law out of fear of punishment
political gender gap
 
men (rep) and women (demo) vote for different parties
global village
 
nations linked by communication and trade
charasmatic leader
 
uses personality to connect with the people
rational legal leader
 
based on written rules (law)
traditional leader
 
based on customs
critisism against socialism
 
stifles productivity
voter apathy
 
dont see the effects of the president so why vote
universal citizenship
 
you have a set of rights just for being born in a country
agricultural society
 
created trade & surplus which lead to social inequality
critisism of capitalism
 
social inequality
totalitarian goverment
 
total government control, one leader, rule by force
hunting and gathering societies
 
created substinance
terrorism
 
used in smaller groups to gain power
convergence theory
 
capitalism & socialism coming together
socialism
 
no competition, control by state
democratic socialism
 
state & individual produce and distribute goods
partillineal decent
 
fathers side
serial fatherhood
 
father stays around for about a year then leaves kids to for kids w/new wife
social class and culture
 
family variable in diversity
marriage trends in US
 
married at an older age
polygamy
 
man w/multiple wives
who says that family is universal
 
functionalist
most likely to commit incest
 
uncle
blended family
 
divorce families coming together
father of what race is more likely to spend time with kids
 
latino
family of orientation
 
family you grew up in
family of procreation
 
once a couple has a kid
family trends
 
# of kids desired has gone down
social class & child rearing
 
poor focus of following rules rich focus on intellect
grade inflation
 
curving the grade scale
ritual
 
ceremony or repetitive practice used in religion
who said religion is the opium of the people
 
Marx
what is the biggest determining factor of who will attend college
 
social class
goals of education
 
skills & knowledge, integration, culture & tracking
dysfunction of religion
 
war and persecution
most likely to drop out of school
 
underclass
hidden curriculum
 
obedience, things you learn at school that isnt school work
conflict perspective & schooling
 
school creates inequality
how does religion create social change
 
civil rights movement led by religious leaders
largest religion in US
 
baptist
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