Sociology Exam # 1 (Chapters 1-4)

41 cards

Chapters 1-4


 
  
Created Feb 1, 2011
by
meadowshl

 

 
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1
Sociology
 
the scientific study of society and human behavior
2
Sociological Perspective
 
opens a window into unfamiliar worlds and offers a fresh look at familiar ones
3
Sociological Mindfulness

aka?
 
("sociological imagination") Opening the mind to new and different ideas
4
Psychoscerlosis
 
mental condition that prevents deprives people the ability to accept new ideas
5
Global Purpose for Sociology
 
changes that incorporate us into a global network
6
Auguste Comte

Why sociology founded?
 
founder of sociology

french revolution
7
Herbert Spencer

social reform?
 
Second founder, coined phrase "survival of the fittest"

no social reform
8
Karl Marx

reform?
 
said the root of human misery is social class

should reform
9
Emile Durkheim

(social integration)
 
human behavior studied by group interaction- suicide rates higher among people with weak community...
10
Max Weber

(versenth)
 
religion is the central force in social change

"grasp by insight"- best interpreter...
11
Jane Adams
 
founded the Hull House- one of first women studying sociology
wanted social reform
12
WEB Dubois
 
first black man to get pHD from Harvard

founded NAACP
13
Harriet Martineau
 
hid writings under sewing when she had visitors, mainly known for converting Comte's ideas...
14
C. Wright Mills
 
encouraged social reform (encouraged people to get back to it)
15
Culture
 
patterns of thinking, feeling and behaving- also includes material objects passed down from...
16
Instinct
 
genetically inherited- appear among members of the same species
17
Reflexes
 
simple biological reactions to physical stimuli

(humans)
18
Drives
 
impulse to reduce discomfort
(ie- eating, sleeping patterns etc)
19
SHEPARD
 
"reflexes and drives don't determine how humans behave- culture does"
20
Language
 
set of symbols (our guide to reality) words and their rules
21
Linguistic Relativity
 
our perception of reality is at the mercy of words and the grammatical rules of our language
22
Values
 
those things considered good, desirable and beautiful by people who share a culture
23
GERHARD LINKSI
 
"technology has great power to shape a society"
24
Symbols
 
things that stand for something else (ie- applause)
25
Dimensions of Culture
 
normative
cognitive
material
26
Norms

3 aspects of normative dimension?
 
rules defining appropriate behavior

folkways, mores, laws
27
Folkways
 
customary ways of behaving, thinking, feeling
(ie- patterns of sleep, eating habits)
Violation...
28
Mores
 
have great moral significance- vital to the well being of society
(ie- killing, respect...
29
Laws
 
formally defined and enforced

violation- sanctions enforced
30
Cognitive Dimension
 
how we think about and perceive things/situations- comes from who or what you are surrounded...
31
Material Dimension
 
material objects of a society- including some passed down for generations
32
Cultural Universals
 
a value, norm or other cultural trait that appears in every culture
33
Cultural Differences
 
type of involvement with cultural universals
34
Social Catagories
 
men, women, young, old, race, religion etc.
35
Subculture
 
cultural patterns that set apart a societys population
36
Counterculture
 
cultural patterns that oppose those that are widely held
37
ethnocentrism
 
judging another culture based on your own
38
Global Economy
 
flow of goods, information and people
39
Socialization
 
process by which people learn to participate in group life.
40
Gardners Study
 
thin dwarf children began to grow when adopted
41
Coley's looking glass self
 
self concept is based on our perception of what we think others judgements of us are


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