Sociology Chapter 1-5

This Flashcards Are To Aid In Learning Definitions From Chapter 1-5. They Will Aid In My First Midterm
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who coined the term “sociology” and believed that the field would synthesize other knowledge and allow sociologists to help improve society by focusing on moral progress.
AUGUSTE COMPTE (1798-1857)
who argued that democracy can either enhance or erode individual liberty and suggested that Americans needed to prevent the concentration of wealth and power, emphasize the free spirit of individuals, and employ many intermediate institutions in order to maintain individual liberty in our democracy.
who argued that class was the organizing principle of social life and encouraged social thinkers to focus on material concerns rather than idealist concerns. His major work examined the development of capitalism and how it was defined by inequality between capital and labor. He predicted that this inequality would lead to revolution.
KARL MARX(1818-1883)
who examined the social origins of seemingly individual behaviors (like suicide) and focused much of his work on examining the moral bonds (solidarity) that connect us to the social collectivity.
who advocated an interpretive and value-free sociology and whose work focused on rationality in the modern world and how it both benefits and traps us. He also examined the relationships between religion and economic activity as well as the social elements of class position, which he called status.
who studied the forms of social interaction (e.g., domination, competition) rather than their content in order to better understand how people are enabled to express their individuality.
who distinguished between the “I” (the inherent, biological part of the self) and the “me” (the self-conscious part of the self developed over time through social interactions).
George Herbert Mead

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