Sociology Ch. 13, 14, 15 Vocab.

34 cards

Vocabulary of Ch. 13, Education. 14, Religion. 15, Medicine.


 
  
Created Apr 20, 2010
by
bekahmae20

 

 
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1
credentialism
 
the view that academic degrees indicate the holders' qualifications to perform certain jobs...
2
Educational Inflation
 
the situation in which the credentials required to obtain a job increase while the skills necessary...
3
white flight
 
an upsurge in white families moving to suburban neighborhoods to avoid mandatory busing
4
tracking
 
assigning students to dfferent educational programs on the basis of their abilities or interests
5
magnet schools
 
schools that offer specialized programs or intensive studies in certain subject areas to draw...
6
homeschooling
 
when children acquire education in their own homes, taught by their parents or other adults
7
hidden curriculum
 
lessons taught in school that do not appear as part of the formal lesson plans and learning...
8
self-fulfilling prophecy
 
Process whereby an authority figure's expectations and assumptions cause behaviors that fulfills...
9
Sacred
 
those things that have supernatural significance and qualities
10
Profane
 
those things that are regarded as part of ordinary life
11
Ritual
 
commonly routinized behaviors that express and reinforce religious faith
12
church
 
a formal religious organization that is well established and well integrated into its society
13
ecclesia
 
a church that is a state's official religion
14
denomination
 
a religion that maintains friendly relations with the government and with other religions but...
15
sect
 
a loosely organized, nonbureaucratic religious organization with nonprofessional leadership...
16
cult
 
a religious organization that has little or nothing to do with conventional relgious traditions...
17
monotheism
 
belief in the worship of one god
18
polytheism
 
belief in the worship of more than one god
19
ethcialist
 
a belief system that emphasizes living a "good" life rather than worshipping a deity
20
secularization
 
the declinng influence of religion in life combined with an increasing influence of science
21
civil religion
 
quasi-religious beliefs that link people to society and country
22
megachurch
 
a large religious congregation in which the church becomes a life center around which people...
23
epidemic
 
a widespread outbreak of a contagious disease
24
pandemic
 
an outbreak of contagious disease over a very large area or worldwide
25
disease
 
a pathology that disrupts the usual functions of the body
26
health
 
the capacity to satisfy role requirements
27
Health Maintenance Organization
 
An insurance plan combined wth a physical facility for delivering health care
28
medicare
 
a federal health insurance program for the elderly, fnanced by taxes of working people and...
29
medicaid
 
a federal health insurance program adminstered at the state level targeted to the poor and...
30
medicalization of society
 
the expansion and taking over of areas of lfe by medicine that were formerly part of another...
31
malingering
 
pretending to be sick to achieve some personal or social gain
32
sick role
 
a social role developed by socety for the sick, who, if they play the role correctly, are released...
33
preventative medicine
 
medical treatments and nformaton that am to prevent disease and maintain health
34
cultural competence
 
the ability of the health care system to provide care talored to the specific cultural needs...

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