Sociology Ch. 13, 14, 15 Vocab.

Sociology Ch. 13, 14, 15 Vocab. Vocabulary Of Ch. 13, Education. 14, Religion. 15, Medicine.
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credentialism
 
the view that academic degrees indicate the holders' qualifications to perform certain jobs or roles.
Educational Inflation
 
the situation in which the credentials required to obtain a job increase while the skills necessary to perform the job remain the same
white flight
 
an upsurge in white families moving to suburban neighborhoods to avoid mandatory busing
tracking
 
assigning students to dfferent educational programs on the basis of their abilities or interests
magnet schools
 
schools that offer specialized programs or intensive studies in certain subject areas to draw students from all residential areas of the community
homeschooling
 
when children acquire education in their own homes, taught by their parents or other adults
hidden curriculum
 
lessons taught in school that do not appear as part of the formal lesson plans and learning obectives
self-fulfilling prophecy
 
Process whereby an authority figure's expectations and assumptions cause behaviors that fulfills those expectations and assumptions
Sacred
 
those things that have supernatural significance and qualities
Profane
 
those things that are regarded as part of ordinary life
Ritual
 
commonly routinized behaviors that express and reinforce religious faith
church
 
a formal religious organization that is well established and well integrated into its society
ecclesia
 
a church that is a state's official religion
denomination
 
a religion that maintains friendly relations with the government and with other religions but that does not claim to be the nation's only legitimate faith
sect
 
a loosely organized, nonbureaucratic religious organization with nonprofessional leadership that actively rejects the social environment in which is exists.
cult
 
a religious organization that has little or nothing to do with conventional relgious traditions and believes that society is degenerate and that the members of the organization must withdraw together from normal life and live apart in group quarters or a commune.
monotheism
 
belief in the worship of one god
polytheism
 
belief in the worship of more than one god
ethcialist
 
a belief system that emphasizes living a "good" life rather than worshipping a deity
secularization
 
the declinng influence of religion in life combined with an increasing influence of science
civil religion
 
quasi-religious beliefs that link people to society and country
megachurch
 
a large religious congregation in which the church becomes a life center around which people organize their activities and provides its members wth many montraditional services and facilities
epidemic
 
a widespread outbreak of a contagious disease
pandemic
 
an outbreak of contagious disease over a very large area or worldwide
disease
 
a pathology that disrupts the usual functions of the body
health
 
the capacity to satisfy role requirements
Health Maintenance Organization
 
An insurance plan combined wth a physical facility for delivering health care
medicare
 
a federal health insurance program for the elderly, fnanced by taxes of working people and on their employers and by a monthly fee for those enrolled in the program
medicaid
 
a federal health insurance program adminstered at the state level targeted to the poor and the disabled
medicalization of society
 
the expansion and taking over of areas of lfe by medicine that were formerly part of another social institution
malingering
 
pretending to be sick to achieve some personal or social gain
sick role
 
a social role developed by socety for the sick, who, if they play the role correctly, are released form life's normal obligations for the duration of the illness
preventative medicine
 
medical treatments and nformaton that am to prevent disease and maintain health
cultural competence
 
the ability of the health care system to provide care talored to the specific cultural needs of patients wth diverse values, beliefs, and behaviors
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