Sociology 4

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Collective Action
Action that takes place in groups and diverges from the social norms of the situation
Convergence Theory
Theory of collective action stating that collective action happens when people with similar ideas and tendencies gather in the same place ex: riots after football match
Contagion Theory
Theory of collective action claiming that collective action arises because of peoples tendency to conform to the behavior of others with whom they are in close contact
Emergent Norm Theory
Theory of collective action empasizing the influence of keynoters in promoting particular norms key noters are leaders who suddenly emerge
Social Movement
Collective behavior that is purposeful, organized, and institutionalized but not ritualized. They dont happen every year
Alternative Social Movements
Social movements that seek the most limited societal change and often target a narrow group of people ex: mothers against drunk driving
Redemptive Social Movements
Social movements that target specific groups but advocate for more radical change ex: Covenant House and how they try to change more than one thing and make you realize your life
Reformative Social Movements
Social movement that advocates for limited social change across an entire society
Revoluntionary Social Movement
Social Movements that advocate the radical reorganization of society ex: when a group tries to overthrow the higher power
Classical Model
Model of social movements based on a concept of structural weakness in society that results in the phschological disruption of individuals
Resource-mobolization Theory
model of social movement that emphasizes political contest and goals but also states that social movements are unlikely to emerge without the necessary resources
Political process model
Model of social movements that focuses on the structure of political opportunities. When these are favorbale to a particular challanger the chances are better for the success of a social movement led by this challenger
the first stage of a social movement occuring when the social problem being addressed is first identified
The second stage of a social movement in which resources are mobolized around the problems outlined in the first stage
Rountinization or Institutionalization
The final stage of a social movement in which it is institutionalized and a formal structure develops to promote the cause
Social Movement Organization (SMO)
a group developed to recruit new memebers and coordinate participation in a particular social movement. They often raise money, clarify goals and structure participation in the movement
Grassroots organization
a type of social movement organization that relies on high levels of community based participation to promote social change. It lacks hierrachical structure and works through exisitng political structures

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