Sociology 4

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Sociology 4

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Collective Action 
 
Action that takes place in groups and diverges from the social norms of the situation 
Convergence Theory 
 
Theory of collective action stating that collective action happens when people with similar ideas and tendencies gather in the same place  ex: riots after football match 
Contagion Theory 
 
Theory of collective action claiming that collective action arises because of peoples tendency to conform to the behavior of others with whom they are in close contact 
Emergent Norm Theory 
 
Theory of collective action empasizing the influence of keynoters in promoting particular norms  key noters are leaders who suddenly emerge 
Social Movement 
 
Collective behavior that is purposeful, organized, and institutionalized but not ritualized. They dont happen every year 
Alternative Social Movements 
 
Social movements that seek the most limited societal change and often target a narrow group of people  ex: mothers against drunk driving 
Redemptive Social Movements 
 
Social movements that target specific groups but advocate for more radical change ex: Covenant House and how they try to change more than one thing and make you realize your life 
Reformative Social Movements 
 
Social movement that advocates for limited social change across an entire society 
Revoluntionary Social Movement 
 
Social Movements that advocate the radical reorganization of society ex: when a group tries to overthrow the higher power 
Classical Model 
 
Model of social movements based on a concept of structural weakness in society that results in the phschological disruption of individuals 
Resource-mobolization Theory 
 
model of social movement that emphasizes political contest and goals but also states that social movements are unlikely to emerge without the necessary resources 
Political process model 
 
Model of social movements that focuses on the structure of political opportunities. When these are favorbale to a particular challanger the chances are better for the success of a social movement led by this challenger
Emergence 
 
the first stage of a social movement occuring when the social problem being addressed is first identified
Caolescence
 
The second stage of a social movement in which resources are mobolized  around the problems outlined in the first stage 
Rountinization or Institutionalization
 
The final stage of a social movement in which it is institutionalized and a formal structure develops to promote the cause 
Social Movement Organization (SMO)
 
a group developed to recruit new memebers and coordinate participation in a particular social movement. They often raise money, clarify goals and structure participation in the movement 
Grassroots organization 
 
a type of social movement organization that relies on high levels of community based participation to promote social change. It lacks hierrachical structure and works through exisitng political structures