Sociology 2

30 cards


 
  
Created Dec 7, 2012
by
agalloway

 

 
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1
Politics
 
Power relations amoung people or other social actors
2
Authority 
 
The justifiable right to exercise power 
3
Charismatic Authority
 
Authority that rests in the superhuman appeal of an individual leader
4
Traditional Authority 
 
Authority based on appeals to past tradition 
5
Legal Rational Authority 
 
A system of authority based on legal impersonal rules; the rules rule 
6
Routinization
 
The clear rule-governed procedures used repeatedly for decision making 
7
Rationalization 
 
An ever-expanding process of ordering or organizing
8
Bureacracy 
 
A legal rational organization or mode of administration that governs with reference to rules...
9
Specialization 
 
Process of making work consist of specific delimited rules 
10
Taylorism 
 
Methods of labor management introduced by Fredrick Winslow Taylor to streamline the processes...
11
Meritocracy
 
Society that bases status and mobility on individual attributes ability and achievement 
12
Milgram Experiment 
 
Experiment devised in 1961 by Stanely Milgram a psychologist at Yale University to see how...
13
Power 
 
The ability to carry out ones own will despite resistance
14
Domination 
 
Probablilty that a command with specific content will be obeyed by a given group of people 
15
State
 
Weber " a human community claims the monopoly of the legitimate is of physical force within...
16
Coercion 
 
The use of force to get others to do what you want 
17
Paradox of Authority 
 
State's authority derives from the implicit threat of physical force resorting to coercion...
18
International State System 
 
A system in which each state is recognized as territorially sovereign by fellow states 
19
Welfare State 
 
System in which the state is responsible for the well being of its citizens 
20
Citizenship Rights 
 
Rights gaurenteed to each law-abiding citizen in a nation-state
21
Political rights 
 
Rights gaurenteeing a citizens ability to participate in politics including th right to vote...
22
Social Rights 
 
Rights gaurenteed a citizens protection by the state
23
Soft Power
 
Power attained by/ through the use of cultural attractiveness rather than the threat of coercive...
24
Democracy 
 
System of government where in power theoritically lies with the people ; allowed to vote, speak...
25
Dictatorship 
 
Form of government that restricts the right to political participation to a small group or...
26
Game Theory 
 
Study of strategic decisions under conditions of uncertainty and interdependence 
27
Collective Action Problem 
 
Difficulty in organizing large groups because of the tendency of some individuals to free load...
28
Political Party 
 
Organization that seeks to gain power in a government generally by backing canidates for...
29
Interest Group
 
Organization that seeks to gain power in government and influence  policy without direct-election...
30
Political Participation 
 
Activity that has the intent of effect or influencing government action 

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