Sociology 2

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Sociology 2

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Power relations amoung people or other social actors
The justifiable right to exercise power
Charismatic Authority
Authority that rests in the superhuman appeal of an individual leader
Traditional Authority
Authority based on appeals to past tradition
Legal Rational Authority
A system of authority based on legal impersonal rules; the rules rule
The clear rule-governed procedures used repeatedly for decision making
An ever-expanding process of ordering or organizing
A legal rational organization or mode of administration that governs with reference to rules and roles and which emphasizes meritocracy
Process of making work consist of specific delimited rules
Methods of labor management introduced by Fredrick Winslow Taylor to streamline the processes of mass production in which each worker repeatdly performs one specific task
Society that bases status and mobility on individual attributes ability and achievement
Milgram Experiment
Experiment devised in 1961 by Stanely Milgram a psychologist at Yale University to see how far ordinary people would go to obey a scientific authority figure
The ability to carry out ones own will despite resistance
Probablilty that a command with specific content will be obeyed by a given group of people
Weber " a human community claims the monopoly of the legitimate is of physical force within a given territory"
The use of force to get others to do what you want
Paradox of Authority
State's authority derives from the implicit threat of physical force resorting to coercion strips that state of all legitimate authority
International State System
A system in which each state is recognized as territorially sovereign by fellow states
Welfare State
System in which the state is responsible for the well being of its citizens
Citizenship Rights
Rights gaurenteed to each law-abiding citizen in a nation-state
Political rights
Rights gaurenteeing a citizens ability to participate in politics including th right to vote and the right to hold an elected office
Social Rights
Rights gaurenteed a citizens protection by the state
Soft Power
Power attained by/ through the use of cultural attractiveness rather than the threat of coercive action
(hard power)
System of government where in power theoritically lies with the people ; allowed to vote, speak freely, and participate as legal equals in social life
Form of government that restricts the right to political participation to a small group or even to a single individual
Game Theory
Study of strategic decisions under conditions of uncertainty and interdependence
Collective Action Problem
Difficulty in organizing large groups because of the tendency of some individuals to free load or slack off
Political Party
Organization that seeks to gain power in a government generally by backing canidates for office who suscribe to the organizations political ideas
Interest Group
Organization that seeks to gain power in government and influence policy without direct-election or appointment to office
Political Participation
Activity that has the intent of effect or influencing government action
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