Social Work Test Prep

68 cards

Pass the social work licensing exam!


 
  
Created Mar 1, 2009
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socialworkprep

 

 
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1
Piaget's Stages (ages)
 
Sensorimotor (birth - 2 yrs); Preoperational (2 - 7 yrs); Concrete Operational (7 - 11 yrs);...
2
Freud's Stages of Psychosexual Devel (ages)
 
Oral (birth to 1 yr); Anal (1 - 3 yrs); Phallic (3 - 6 yrs); Latency (6 - 12 yrs); Genital...
3
Erikson's Final Two Stages (ages)
 
Generativity v. Stagnation (mid-adulthood); Integrity v. Despair (old age)
4
Erikson's First Three Stages (ages)
 
Trust v. Mistrust (infancy); Autonomy v. Shame and Doubt (toddler); Initiative v. Guilt (early...
5
Erikson Stages 4 - 6 (ages)
 
Industry v. Inferiority (school age); Identity v. Role Confusion (teens); Intimacy v. Isolation...
6
Flight of Ideas (MSE)
 
Thoughts not associated by logic
7
Tangential Speech (MSE)
 
Answers don't follow question
8
Loose Associations (MSE)
 
Ideas slip off the track on to another which is obliquely related or unrelated.
9
Circumstantial Speech (MSE)
 
Speech very delayed at reaching its goal. Excessive long windedness/detail.
10
Mental Retardation (DSM)
 
IQ < or = 70; impaired functioning; onset before 18.
11
Rett's D/O (DSM)
 
Females only; head growth decel; lost coordination; social probs.
12
Pica (DSM)
 
Eating non-food (e.g., dirt)
13
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (keywords)
 
Schemas; core beliefs; automatic thoughts; cognitive distortions; thought record; downward...
14
Freud's Structural Personality Theory
 
Id (pleasure principle; primary process thinking); Ego (reality principle; secondary process...
15
Object Relations Phases
 
Normal autism (1st month); Symbiotic (2 - 8 mos); Differentiation (7m - 2y); Integration/Rapproachment...
16
Repression
 
Id's drives out of conscious into unconsious
17
Regression
 
Retreat to earlier stage
18
Projection
 
Unacceptable needs/drives attributed to other
19
Reaction Formation
 
Express opposite of anxiety-forming instinct
20
Displacement
 
Transfer instinct to less threatening target (e.g., angry at dad, mom yells at kid)
21
Sublimation
 
Impulses diverted into socially acceptable outlet (e.g., work, art)
22
Denial
 
Ignore personal relevance or deny existence of an anxiety-provoking impulse
23
Introjection
 
Ascribe thoughts/bx of others to oneself.
24
Rationalization
 
Interpret own bx as rational/acceptable
25
Undoing
 
Bx to undo effect of past action
26
Structural Family Therapy (keywords)
 
alignments; heirarchies; subsystems; boundaries; enmeshment; joining; mimesis; family map;...
27
Strategic Family Therapy (keywords)
 
social/problem/interaction/goal-setting stages; communication; interpersonal phenom; prob solving;...
28
Paradoxical Interventions
 
Milton Erickson/Strategic Family Therapy: restraning (don't change); positioning (exag sx);...
29
Existential Therapy (keywords)
 
death; isolation; freedom; meaninglessness; experience; phenomenology; Yalom; Franl
30
Person-Centered Therapy (keywords)
 
unconditional positive regard; accurate empathy; genuineness; dx = label; incongruence; Carl...
31
Narrative Therapy (keywords)
 
ambiguous experience; externalizing; influence mapping; reauthoring; deconstruction
32
Gestalt Therapy (keywords)
 
awareness; Fritz Perls; boundary disturbances; "I" language; empty chair; here & now; body...
33
Boundary Disturbances (Gestalt)
 
Introjection (swallow w/out understanding); Projection (disowning self); Retroflection (eg...
34
Additive Empathy
 
Reflect expressed and implied content (e.g. “I have the impression that ...”)
35
Reciprocal Empathy
 
Reflection - accurate understanding, non-additive.
36
Reflection Errors (4)
 
Timing (over/under reflection); Stereotyping (SW=robot); Depth (+/-); Language (eg slang)
37
Word Salad
 
Jumble of incoherent speech
38
Neologisms
 
Invented words
39
Clanging
 
Speech driven by word sounds (e.g., rhyming or alliteration).
40
Confabulation
 
Formation of false memories, perceptions, or beliefs--usu. to cover memory loss (Alzheimer's...
41
Proxemics v. Kenesics v. Paralanguage
 
Proxemics = spatial bx; Kinesics = movement; Para = nonverbal vocal cues (e.g. vol, speed,...
42
Ideas of reference
 
Delusional belief that casual events, people's remarks, etc. are referring to oneself when,...
43
Wechsler (testing)
 
Generates an IQ score - WAIS (16+); WISC (6 - 16); WPPSI (@3- @7)
44
Projective Tests
 
Interpretive/subjective personality tests (e.g., Rorschach, DAP (draw a person), sand tray,...
45
Commonly Used Intelligence Tests
 
WAIS, WISC, Vineland, Stanford-Binet, and elements of the MSE
46
Anorexia v. Bulimia (DSM Diff)
 
A.N. = low weight; psychotic flavor (re body); can include purge B.N. = binge/purge; normal...
47
OCD v. OCPD (DSM Diff)
 
OCD = ego dystonic; anxiety driven; rituals/obsessions; OCPD = ego syntonic; rigid; no obses/compuls....
48
Factitious D/O v. Malingering v. Somatoform D/O (DSM DIff)
 
Factitious = sick role Malingering = for goal (e.g., SSI) Somatoform = not faking
49
Personality Disorders (by cluster)
 
A ("weird"): Paranoid, Schizoid, Schizotypal B ("wild"): Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic,...
50
Schizoid PD
 
Loner; minimal rxs; prefers solitude; no pleasure or desire for social interaction; cold; detached
51
Schizotypal PD
 
Eccentric/wild appearance & bx; odd beliefs (magical thinking, ideas of ref, so pho); short...
52
Paranoid PD
 
Distrust and suspiciousness; no trust; holds grudges; questions mate's fidelity; non-delusional
53
Antisocial PD
 
Violates rights of others; present since age 15; fights; irresponsibility; deceitfulness; lack...
54
Borderline PD
 
Probs w/ rx, self-image, affect, impulsivity; idealize/devalue; abandonment fear; self-injurious;...
55
Histrionic PD
 
High emo, attention seeking; inappropriate seductiveness; use of appearance; impressionistic...
56
Narcissistic PD
 
Grandiose, lack of empathy, hypersensitivity to eval; entitlement; exploitive; envious; fantasies...
57
Avoidant PD
 
Social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, hypersensitivity to eval; min rxs; poor self-image;...
58
Dependent PD
 
Submissive, clinging, fear of separation; prob w/ solo decisions; no responsibility for self;...
59
Obsessive-Compulsive PD
 
Rigidity, perfectionism, control; preoc w/ rules, lists; stubborn, miserly, workaholic; moral/ethical...
60
Order of language acquisition
 
crying; cooing; echolalia; holophrastic speech; telegraphic speech; vocab growth; correct grammar;...
61
Echolalia
 
Child's imitation of speech sounds (after cooing, before holophrastic speech)
62
Holophrastic Speech
 
Child expresses sentence meaning with single word (e.g., "milk!")
63
Telegraphic Speech
 
Two or more words in sentence (e.g., "Milk now!")
64
Kohlberg's First Level of Moral Devel (and substages)
 
Preconventional Morality (Punishment & Obdience Orientation); Instrumental Hedonism)
65
Kohlberg's Second Level of Moral Devel (and substages)
 
Conventional Morality (Good Boy/Good Girl Orientation; Law & Order Orientation)
66
Kohlberg's Third Level of Moral Devel (and substages)
 
Postconventional Morality (Morality of Contract, Individual Rights, and Democratically Accepted...
67
Suicide Risk Factors
 
Hx of attempts; old age; males 70+, females 15-24; hopelessness; hx depression; caucasian;...
68
Four levels of acculturation (Berry)
 
Integration (+/+ new culture/o.g. culture); assimilation (+/-); separation (-/+); marginalization...

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