Social Deviance Test 1

50 cards

1st test for social deviance


 
  
Created Mar 25, 2009
by
ahouse

 

 
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1
Norm
 
rule for appropriate behavior
2
Role
 
behavior expected of certain status/ position
3
types of sanctions
 
formal: fine, jail, expulsion, etc informal: ridicule, gossip Neg: punishment Pos: reward
4
3 forms of norms
 
mores: govern serious behavior folkways: norms govern mundane conduct Laws: written and enforced...
5
Social Order
 
carried out by rules and norms NECESSARY for equilibrium in social relations an idealized...
6
Characteristics of a norm
 
1)associated with roles 2) taught through socialization 3) accompanied by sanctions 4) tend...
7
consequences of social order
 
too much leads to more probs no social order = chaos
8
3 types of variations in deviant behavior
 
- temporal -cultural -situtaional
9
4 ways to conceptualize deviance
 
1) absolutist definiton 2) Statistical definition 3) normative conception 4) Reactivist...
10
Absolutist Definition
 
certain actions qualify as deviant bc they have always been defined that way (Bible, Koran,...
11
Statistical Definition
 
behavior that is rare or strays from statistical average leads to confusion bc logically the...
12
Normative Conception
 
"old conception" deviant behavior violates a norm prob: there are so many norms, everyone...
13
Reactivist Conception
 
"new conception". deviant behavior is labeled that way. act = not important REACTION = important Probs:...
14
Moral Entrepreneurs
 
interest groups promote personal set of moral values in attempt to control social life
15
Argument in Defining Deviance Down- DP Moynihan
 
moral standards have been altered to accommodate amount of deviance overtime. More things have...
16
Durkheim's ideas about crime
 
crime = normal phenomenon "society of saints" collective conscience
17
Collective Conscience
 
totality of beliefs and sentiments common to average citizens of same society -common morality
18
Kai Erikson's Wayward Puritan study
 
Mass. Bay Colony- "witches" group only has so many resources to deal w/ deviants and tries...
19
study of deviance in the academic community..
 
lower prestige field areas because 1) not clearly defined/vast topic 2) deviance - kinda bizarre...
20
benefits and disadvantages of qualitative method
 
pros: deeper understanding, observe subtle comm, looks for meaning
cons: hard to interview...
21
Strain theory
 
Robert Merton- deviant behavior repsonse to structural conditions (nurture)
goals-means...
22
5 adaptations to anomie
 
1) conformity 2) innonvation 3) Ritualism 4) Retreatism 5) Rebellion

23
Conformity
 
conventional goals and means
24
INNOVATION
 
accept goals, reject means
25
Ritualism
 
going through motion by means, no goals in sight
26
Retreatism
 
reject goals and means
27
REbellion
 
alternative set of goals and means
28
SOcial Learnin theory
 
(integrated theory) deviance is LEARNED in context of primary groups
3 components
R2...
29
3 components of social learning theory
 
differntial association
differential reinforcement
definitions
30
differential association
 
socialized by grop of ppl who engage in deviance (techniques and mind set)
31
differential reinforcement
 
balance of actual and anticipated rewards
social (praise) and no -social (effects of drugs/alcohol)
32
definitions
 
attitudes and meanings that a person attatches to behavior
acceptable/ unacceptable
33
conflict theory
 
(richard quinney) class struggles occur in capitalist society
2 types of deviance (crimes):
1)crimes...
34
crimes of domination and oppression
 
committed by capatalists to keep superiority
35
crimes of resistance and accomodation
 
offenses committed by working class as reaction to oppression
36
labeling theory
 
 (Howard Becker) nothing is inherent
ppl are labeled deviant
3 neg consequences
primary...
37
3 neg consequences of being labeled
 
1) restricted opportunities
2) Damaged Intrerpersonal relationships
3) Diminished self-concept
38
primary deviance
 
original norm violations. considered undetected by others.
detection can start labeling...
39
secondary deviance
 
committed as a result of the labeling process
"career deviance"
40
Social Bond Theory
 
"control theory"  (Travis Hirschi) R2 = .14
natural inclination to engage in deviant...
41
4 elements of social bond theory
 
Attatchment - (works with young) school, family, church
Commitment- (legit) (long-term)...
42
Akers criteria for judging a theory
 
1.personal beliefs 2. empirical validity 3. scope (R2) 4. parsimony (how clear) 5. testability
43
functions of deviance
 
1. strengthen the group (reactions) 2. highlights normss 3. catalyst for change 4. entertainment
44
medicalaization of deviance
 
deviance = medical problem. Bad -> Sick.
ex's: addictive behavior, eating disorder, ADHD/ADD,...
45
Assumptions of medical model
 
caused by physical/ biological defect
qualitative difference btwn deviants and normals
need...
46
advantage of medical model
 
humanitarian benefits
less condemnation of deviants
47
disadvnatages of medical model
 
1) expert domination (medical social control)
2)individualizing social problems/ alleviates...
48
Thomas Szasz
 
myth of mental illness
causes lableling
its a psychosocial  deviation not a disease
49
The Rosenhan Study
 
fake patients admitted into mental hospital "hearing voices"
results: all but 1 admitted....
50
criticisms of Rosenhan study
 
"logic in remission"
hearing voices called for no other action but to admit them

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