SOC Final

Sociology
 
Created Dec 10, 2012
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brittanyv2011
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Side ASide B
Authority more or less equally divided between people or groups (in marriage, for example,...
Egalitarian
The practice of marrying within one’s group
Endogamy
The practice of marrying outside one’s group
Exogamy
The family in which a person grows up
Family of orientation
The family formed when a couple’s first child is born
Family of procreation
The tendency of people with similar characteristics to marry one another
Homogamy
A society in which women as a group dominate men as a group
Matriarchy
A group in which men as a group dominate women as a group; authority is vested in males
Patriarchy
A family consisting of a husband, wife, and children
Nuclear family
A form of marriage in which women have more than one husband
Polyandry
A form of marriage in which men have more than one wife
Polygyny
A pattern of parenting in which a father, after divorce, reduces contact with his own children,...
Serial fatherhood (divorce-activated fatherhood)
Two or more people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, or adoption
Family
Unmarried couples living together in a sexual relationship
Cohabitation
Beneficial consequences to people’s actions that keep the society balanced or keep people...
Functions
Consequences that harm a society and undermine the balance of society or how people will be...
Dysfunctions
People who find themselves sandwiched between and responsible for two other generations, their...
The Sandwich Generation
A formal system of teaching knowledge, values, and skills
Education
The process of transmitting values from one group to another; often refers to how cultural...
Cutural transmission of values
The use of diplomas and degrees to determine who is eligible for jobs, even though the diploma...
Credential society
Helping people to become part of the mainstream of society
Mainstreaming
Passing students to the next level even though they have not mastered basic materials
Social promotion
The unwritten goals of schools, such as obedience to authority and conformity to cultural norms...
Hidden curriculum
In education, the sorting of students into different educational programs on the basis of perceived...
Tracking
A high school graduate who has difficulty with basic reading and math
Function illiterate
The process by which education opens and closes doors of opportunity; another term for the...
Gatekeeping
The intended beneficial consequences of people’s actions
Manifest functions
Higher grades given for the same work; a general rise in student grades without a corresponding...
Grade inflation
Determined how teacher expectations influenced students’ grades
George Farkas study
The sociological principle that schools correspond to (or reflect) the social structure of...
Correspondence principle
Medical practices done not for the patient’s benefit but in order to protect a physician...
Defensive medicine
An environment that is harmful to health
Disabling environment
The practice of sending unprofitable patients to public hospitals
Dumping
A human condition measured by four components: physical, mental, social, and spiritual
Health
A system in which the wealthy receive superior medical care and the poor inferior medical care...
Two-tier system of medical care
A social role that excuses people from normal obligations because they are sick or injured,...
Sick role
Mercy killing
Euthanasia
Dealing with people as though they were objects; in the case of medical care, as though patients...
Depersonalization
The study of disease and disability patterns in a population
Epidemiology
Sociologically, what is a family? - A man and a woman and their children engaged in a supportive...
Two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption
Frank, Jim, Martha, and Louise occupy the same apartment, sharing routine chores such as cooking,...
Household
John was adopted as an infant by the Smiths, and has always considered them his real family....
It is his family of orientation
In the United States and many other parts of the world, the common practice is for whites to...
Endogamy
Which of the following family situations is most likely to result in emotional overload? -...
John and Diane live in the suburbs with their only child, John Jr.
In the United States, what is the choice of a marriage partner most dependent upon? - It is...
It is influenced by age, education, class, race, and religion
Maria and Brian recently gave birth to their first child. Based on sociological findings, what...
It will decrease
Another name for boomerang children is ______ - Adolescents - Younger adults - Emancipated...
Adultolescents
Of the following, in which group is a woman more likely to marry a man with less education...
African Americans
Sociologically, what is a blended family? - A husband and wife have their own children &...
A husband or wife brings a child into the new family from a prior relationship
Shacking up, or living in sin, are old-fashioned ways to describe ___. - Communal living -...
Cohabitiation
Edgar and Jayne are in their 40s. They are busy raising a family of three children. They also...
Sandwich
Which of the following couples is least likely to divorce within the first ten years of their...
Cathy and TOny who attend the same fundamentalist church and were married in their late 20s
Johnnie’s parents were divorced three years ago. During the first year after the divorce,...
Serial fatherhood
According to the findings of Diana Russell, who are the most common incest offenders? - Uncles -...
Uncles
True or False: The term ‘family’ is one difficult to define because of the many...
True
True or False: The chances of divorce increase as the level of one’s education and income...
False
True or False: Research shows divorced fathers often eventually stop seeing their children...
True
Prior to a formal system of education that included schools, teachers, and diplomas how was...
Through a process of acculturation
What was necessary for education to develop as a separate social institution? - The feudal...
Society had to develop a sufficient surplus so some workers could become teachers
What event created the belief that formal education was essential to the well-being of society? -...
The industrialization of society
Who was the education from Massachusetts, who in 1837, proposed the “common school”...
Horace Mann
What is a core value reflected upon by the education system? - Individual competition and achievement -...
A group-centered approach that stresses uniformity
Although cooperation is a core value in Japan, Japanese students are admitted to college only...
Cultrual contradiction
When employers use diplomas and degrees to determine who is eligible for jobs, even though...
Credential
Determining which people will enter what occupation is a function of education referred to...
Gatekeeping
What is the concept that some jobs require few skills and can be performed by people of less...
Social placement
What do studies demonstrate in regard to the level of social skills home schooled students...
Home-schooled students are equal or better than conventional schooled students
What do conflict theorists believe is the purpose of the hidden curriculum? - It encourages...
It promotes social inequalities
According to sociologist Harry Gracey, kindergarten is somewhat like a boot camp for the entire...
Are taught to follow orders without questioning authority
What is the correspondence principle? - The social structure of schools reflects their society -...
The social structure of schools reflects their society
Sociologists Rosenthal and Jacobson found that when teachers were told that certain students...
Students will respond to their teachers' expectations
In a study of teach expectations, sociologist George Farkas found that females and Asian Americans...
They knew how to signal the teachers by being more eager and cooperative
Renee has difficulty in reading and writing. However, despite her problem with reading and...
Social promotion
According to a study of 15,000 students in public and Catholic schools, the superior test performance...
Higher standards and greater parent involvement
Which of the following statements is least accurate based on the results sociologists discovered...
There is a trend toward greater school violence
True or False: The hunting-gathering societies have no separate social institution called education...
True
True or False: In Japan, a philosophy based on cooperation and group effort ensures virtually...
False
True or False: A central sociological principle is that a nation’s education system reflects...
True
True or False: Because many employers use degrees and diplomas as a sorting device to determine...
False
True or False: Providing childcare and serving as matchmaking institutions are examples of...
False
The perception of health varies considerably among societies of the world. The definition of...
The culture of society
Because the sociology of medicine focuses on how cultural beliefs, lifestyle, and social class...
Applied
The definition of health and illness varies from culture to culture and group to group. The...
Symbolic interactionism
Which component of the health continuum did the author add to the three components identified...
Spiritual
What was the contribution Talcott Parsons made as a sociologist to the understanding of health...
He introduced the concept of the sick role
Who are the primary gatekeepers of the sick role? - Parents and physicians - Teachers and work...
Parents and physicians
Of the following nations, which one has the highest infant mortality rate? - South Korea -...
United States
According to symbolic interactionists, how did physicians in the United States work to eliminate...
Physicians redefined pregnancy and childbirth as a medical condition
What is epidemiology? - The practice of medicine by indigenous tribes - How nations are stratified...
The study of disease and disability patterns in a population
Which of the following descriptions best summarizes medical care in the United States? - Health...
Health care is a commodity to be sold at the highest price
In the 1800s, what was the popular medical explanation for the cause of sickness? - Bacterial...
Bad fluids
According to your text, how have physicians responded to malpractice suits to protect themselves...
They have engaged in ordering additional tests only as a defensive strategy
Many of the physical signs of aging such as balding, wrinkles, and a sagging chin or buttocks...
Medicalization
Mercy killing for terminally ill people is defined as ____ . - Hospice - The departmentalization...
Euthanasia
In an effort to reduce the rising costs of medical care, what has the federal government established...
It classified all illnesses into diagnosis-related groups
Sabrina went to the emergency room of the Angels Of Mercy Hospital complaining of severe chest...
Dumping
Some doctors have cut medical costs by meeting several patients who share the same condition,...
Group care
The area of the world most devastated by the AIDS virus is _____ . - Southwest Asia - Sub-Saharan...
Sub-Saharan Africe
Matt is a weekend marijuana user. Susie smokes two packs of cigarettes a day. Jackie uses heroin...
Susie
Today, many individuals are choosing to receive medical assistance _____, rather than taking...
On the internet
True or False: The concepts of health and illness vary from culture to culture and in a pluralistic...
True
True or False: Parents and physicians are the primary gatekeepers to the sick role.
True
True or False: Cancer is the number one cause of death in the United States today.
False
True or False: Physicians incompetence has been virtually eliminated in modern Western medicine,...
False

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