SOC Final

104 cards

Sociology


 
  
Created Dec 10, 2012
by
brittanyv2011

 

 
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1
Authority more or less equally divided between people or groups (in marriage, for example,...
 
Egalitarian
2
The practice of marrying within one’s group
 
Endogamy
3
The practice of marrying outside one’s group
 
Exogamy
4
The family in which a person grows up
 
Family of orientation
5
The family formed when a couple’s first child is born
 
Family of procreation
6
The tendency of people with similar characteristics to marry one another
 
Homogamy
7
A society in which women as a group dominate men as a group
 
Matriarchy
8
A group in which men as a group dominate women as a group; authority is vested in males
 
Patriarchy
9
A family consisting of a husband, wife, and children
 
Nuclear family
10
A form of marriage in which women have more than one husband
 
Polyandry
11
A form of marriage in which men have more than one wife
 
Polygyny
12
A pattern of parenting in which a father, after divorce, reduces contact with his own children,...
 
Serial fatherhood (divorce-activated fatherhood)
13
Two or more people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, or adoption
 
Family
14
Unmarried couples living together in a sexual relationship
 
Cohabitation
15
Beneficial consequences to people’s actions that keep the society balanced or keep people...
 
Functions
16
Consequences that harm a society and undermine the balance of society or how people will be...
 
Dysfunctions
17
People who find themselves sandwiched between and responsible for two other generations, their...
 
The Sandwich Generation
18
A formal system of teaching knowledge, values, and skills
 
Education
19
The process of transmitting values from one group to another; often refers to how cultural...
 
Cutural transmission of values
20
The use of diplomas and degrees to determine who is eligible for jobs, even though the diploma...
 
Credential society
21
Helping people to become part of the mainstream of society
 
Mainstreaming
22
Passing students to the next level even though they have not mastered basic materials
 
Social promotion
23
The unwritten goals of schools, such as obedience to authority and conformity to cultural norms...
 
Hidden curriculum
24
In education, the sorting of students into different educational programs on the basis of perceived...
 
Tracking
25
A high school graduate who has difficulty with basic reading and math
 
Function illiterate
26
The process by which education opens and closes doors of opportunity; another term for the...
 
Gatekeeping
27
The intended beneficial consequences of people’s actions
 
Manifest functions
28
Higher grades given for the same work; a general rise in student grades without a corresponding...
 
Grade inflation
29
Determined how teacher expectations influenced students’ grades
 
George Farkas study
30
The sociological principle that schools correspond to (or reflect) the social structure of...
 
Correspondence principle
31
Medical practices done not for the patient’s benefit but in order to protect a physician...
 
Defensive medicine
32
An environment that is harmful to health
 
Disabling environment
33
The practice of sending unprofitable patients to public hospitals
 
Dumping
34
A human condition measured by four components: physical, mental, social, and spiritual
 
Health
35
A system in which the wealthy receive superior medical care and the poor inferior medical care...
 
Two-tier system of medical care
36
A social role that excuses people from normal obligations because they are sick or injured,...
 
Sick role
37
Mercy killing
 
Euthanasia
38
Dealing with people as though they were objects; in the case of medical care, as though patients...
 
Depersonalization
39
The study of disease and disability patterns in a population
 
Epidemiology
40
Sociologically, what is a family?
- A man and a woman and their children engaged in a...
 
Two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption
41
Frank, Jim, Martha, and Louise occupy the same apartment, sharing routine chores such as cooking,...
 
Household
42
John was adopted as an infant by the Smiths, and has always considered them his real family....
 
It is his family of orientation
43
In the United States and many other parts of the world, the common practice is for whites to...
 
Endogamy
44
Which of the following family situations is most likely to result in emotional overload?
 
John and Diane live in the suburbs with their only child, John Jr.
45
In the United States, what is the choice of a marriage partner most dependent upon?
-...
 
It is influenced by age, education, class, race, and religion
46
Maria and Brian recently gave birth to their first child. Based on sociological findings, what...
 
It will decrease
47
Another name for boomerang children is ______
- Adolescents
- Younger adults
 
Adultolescents
48
Of the following, in which group is a woman more likely to marry a man with less education...
 
African Americans
49
Sociologically, what is a blended family?
- A husband and wife have their own children...
 
A husband or wife brings a child into the new family from a prior relationship
50
Shacking up, or living in sin, are old-fashioned ways to describe ___.
- Communal living
 
Cohabitiation
51
Edgar and Jayne are in their 40s. They are busy raising a family of three children. They also...
 
Sandwich
52
Which of the following couples is least likely to divorce within the first ten years of their...
 
Cathy and TOny who attend the same fundamentalist church and were married in their late 20s
53
Johnnie’s parents were divorced three years ago. During the first year after the divorce,...
 
Serial fatherhood
54
According to the findings of Diana Russell, who are the most common incest offenders?
-...
 
Uncles
55
True or False: The term ‘family’ is one difficult to define because of the many...
 
True
56
True or False: The chances of divorce increase as the level of one’s education and income...
 
False
57
True or False: Research shows divorced fathers often eventually stop seeing their children...
 
True
58
Prior to a formal system of education that included schools, teachers, and diplomas how was...
 
Through a process of acculturation
59
What was necessary for education to develop as a separate social institution?
- The feudal...
 
Society had to develop a sufficient surplus so some workers could become teachers
60
What event created the belief that formal education was essential to the well-being of society?
 
The industrialization of society
61
Who was the education from Massachusetts, who in 1837, proposed the “common school”...
 
Horace Mann
62
What is a core value reflected upon by the education system?
- Individual competition...
 
A group-centered approach that stresses uniformity
63
Although cooperation is a core value in Japan, Japanese students are admitted to college only...
 
Cultrual contradiction
64
When employers use diplomas and degrees to determine who is eligible for jobs, even though...
 
Credential
65
Determining which people will enter what occupation is a function of education referred to...
 
Gatekeeping
66
What is the concept that some jobs require few skills and can be performed by people of less...
 
Social placement
67
What do studies demonstrate in regard to the level of social skills home schooled students...
 
Home-schooled students are equal or better than conventional schooled students
68
What do conflict theorists believe is the purpose of the hidden curriculum?
- It encourages...
 
It promotes social inequalities
69
According to sociologist Harry Gracey, kindergarten is somewhat like a boot camp for the entire...
 
Are taught to follow orders without questioning authority
70
What is the correspondence principle?
- The social structure of schools reflects their...
 
The social structure of schools reflects their society
71
Sociologists Rosenthal and Jacobson found that when teachers were told that certain students...
 
Students will respond to their teachers' expectations
72
In a study of teach expectations, sociologist George Farkas found that females and Asian Americans...
 
They knew how to signal the teachers by being more eager and cooperative
73
Renee has difficulty in reading and writing. However, despite her problem with reading and...
 
Social promotion
74
According to a study of 15,000 students in public and Catholic schools, the superior test performance...
 
Higher standards and greater parent involvement
75
Which of the following statements is least accurate based on the results sociologists discovered...
 
There is a trend toward greater school violence
76
True or False: The hunting-gathering societies have no separate social institution called education...
 
True
77
True or False: In Japan, a philosophy based on cooperation and group effort ensures virtually...
 
False
78
True or False: A central sociological principle is that a nation’s education system reflects...
 
True
79
True or False: Because many employers use degrees and diplomas as a sorting device to determine...
 
False
80
True or False: Providing childcare and serving as matchmaking institutions are examples of...
 
False
81
The perception of health varies considerably among societies of the world. The definition of...
 
The culture of society
82
Because the sociology of medicine focuses on how cultural beliefs, lifestyle, and social class...
 
Applied
83
The definition of health and illness varies from culture to culture and group to group. The...
 
Symbolic interactionism
84
Which component of the health continuum did the author add to the three components identified...
 
Spiritual
85
What was the contribution Talcott Parsons made as a sociologist to the understanding of health...
 
He introduced the concept of the sick role
86
Who are the primary gatekeepers of the sick role?
- Parents and physicians
- Teachers...
 
Parents and physicians
87
Of the following nations, which one has the highest infant mortality rate?
- South Korea
 
United States
88
According to symbolic interactionists, how did physicians in the United States work to eliminate...
 
Physicians redefined pregnancy and childbirth as a medical condition
89
What is epidemiology?
- The practice of medicine by indigenous tribes
- How nations...
 
The study of disease and disability patterns in a population
90
Which of the following descriptions best summarizes medical care in the United States?
-...
 
Health care is a commodity to be sold at the highest price
91
In the 1800s, what was the popular medical explanation for the cause of sickness?
- Bacterial...
 
Bad fluids
92
According to your text, how have physicians responded to malpractice suits to protect themselves...
 
They have engaged in ordering additional tests only as a defensive strategy
93
Many of the physical signs of aging such as balding, wrinkles, and a sagging chin or buttocks...
 
Medicalization
94
Mercy killing for terminally ill people is defined as ____ .
- Hospice
- The departmentalization...
 
Euthanasia
95
In an effort to reduce the rising costs of medical care, what has the federal government established...
 
It classified all illnesses into diagnosis-related groups
96
Sabrina went to the emergency room of the Angels Of Mercy Hospital complaining of severe chest...
 
Dumping
97
Some doctors have cut medical costs by meeting several patients who share the same condition,...
 
Group care
98
The area of the world most devastated by the AIDS virus is _____ .
- Southwest Asia
 
Sub-Saharan Africe
99
Matt is a weekend marijuana user. Susie smokes two packs of cigarettes a day. Jackie uses heroin...
 
Susie
100
Today, many individuals are choosing to receive medical assistance _____, rather than taking...
 
On the internet
101
True or False: The concepts of health and illness vary from culture to culture and in a pluralistic...
 
True
102
True or False: Parents and physicians are the primary gatekeepers to the sick role.
 
True
103
True or False: Cancer is the number one cause of death in the United States today.
 
False
104
True or False: Physicians incompetence has been virtually eliminated in modern Western medicine,...
 
False

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