Soc: Exam 3

80 cards

*Race & Ethnicity *Gender Inequality *Work & The Economy


 
  
Created Apr 18, 2009
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daphoneplayer

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Bill Gates @ 29: We'll hire women b/c we can pay them half & give them crap work
 
gender discrimination
2
why do men commit more frequent & harmful acts of agression against women than women against...
 
men have more social power
3
Morton tried to use science to show that Indians & Natiive Americans are peons... was used...
 
the 2 most important forms of domination & injustice: colonization & slavery
4
what has a big impcact on IQ & other standardized test scores?
 
the social conditions in which one is raised & educated
5
Koreans in Japan face discrimination & often pursue careers in entertainment. In America...
 
social circumstances have a big impact on criminal, athletic, & other forms of behavior
6
socially significant physicall differences such as skin color, but no biological differences...
 
race
7
sociologists believe race matters because
 
*perceptions of race affect the lives of most people profoundly *it allows social inequality...
8
people whose percieved cultural markers are deemed sociallly different compose
 
ethnic groups
9
blacks in S. Africa were in the numerical majority, but lacked social advantages. They formed...
 
a minority group
10
geographical concentration of ethnic group members who establish businesses that served to...
 
ethnic enclave
11
former USSR used ethinc quotas to determine
 
where people could reside
12
spatial & institutional seperation of racial / ethnic grousp is...
 
segregation
13
treatment of native Americans by European immigrants in 1800's
 
expulsion
14
Irish Americans began thinking of themselves as whites after 3 or 4 generation in US because...
 
assimilation
15
assimilation:
 
a minority group blends into the majority & eventually disappears
16
one country virtually gaining control over another people in the same country & seeking...
 
internal colonialism
17
intentional extermination of an entire ethnic/ racial population
 
genocide

18
babies born w/ ambiguous genitals due to a hormone imbalance in the womb are known as
 
intersexed AKA hermaphrodite
19
if Jackie thinks of himself as a boy he has formed a
 
gender indentity
20
gender is constructed by
 
culture & society
21
people who identify with & want to live fully as members of the opposite sex...
 
transsexuals
22
people who prefer sexual partners of the same sex
 
homosexuals
23
what contributes to the gender gap in earnings
 
1. gender discrimination 2. impact of heavy domestic responsibilites 3. concentration of women...
24
which strand of feminism advocates nonsexist methods of socialization & employment
 
liberal feminism
25
the instution that organizes the production, distribution, & exchange of goods & services...
 
the market
26
sector of the economy that extracts raw materials & resources?
 
primary AKA producers
27
sector of the economy that turns raw materials into finished goods
 
secondary AKA manufacturing
28
sector of the economy that focuses on buying & selling of services
 
tertiary
29
what device was invented about 5,000 years ago?
 
the plow
30
unions help to develop systems of labor recruitment, training, & promotion in
 
internal labor markets
31
organizations of workers that seek to defend & promore their member's interests are called
 
unions
32
today's dominant economic world system
 
capitalism
33
a distinctive feature of capitalism
 
*private ownership of property *competition in the pursuit of profit
34
a purely capitalist economy in which the gov. does not interfere at any level
 
laissez-faire
35
big companies that operate in several industries at the same time are calledc
 
conglomerate
36
when an individual sits on the board of directors of 2+ non-competing companies, this forms
 
interlocking directorates
37
growing competition between multinational corporations has led big corporations to cut costs...
 
countries where they can take advantage of in expensive labor and low taxes
38
the main characteristics of a "good job"
 
*secure employment *opportunities for promotion *health insurance *pays better *more autonomy...
39
the human relations school of management advocates
 
less authoritarian leadership on the shop floor, careful selection & training personnel,...
40
as one work revolution gave way to the next, work relations...
 
more hierarchical
41
one of the factors that sets prices is how plentiful goods & services are to consumers
 
supply
42
social relations that regulate the exchange of goods and services are called
 
Markets
43
the feeling that one is unalbe to cope with life's demands given one's resources
 
stress
44
clearly defined positions & written goals, rules, & procedures govern the organization...
 
bureaucratic
45
Racial differences are based on
 
one or more physical markers such as skin color, facial features, hair, average height, weight,...
46
gov of former USSR sought to make the country
 
ethnically homogeneous
47
what should we conclude from Thorne's research on a 4th & 5th grade Amercian classroom?
 
*1st: children are actively engaged in the process of constructing gender roles *2nd: although...
48
the appearance of the "White Rock Girl" changed over time. She lost 22 pounds and grew 4 inches...
 
what is considered attractive & desired changes over time
49
in the US, since 1964 gender discrimination
 
has been illegal
50
There is widespread support for women's rights issues. However some men oppose the movement...
 
defend traditional male privileges
51
the ability to control others even against their will
 
power
52
when people regard the use of power as valid or justified
 
legitimate
53
authority that  involves the widespread belief that a family's right to monopolize leadership...
 
traditional authority
54
Modern society: authority derives from respect for law. if someone achieves office by following...
 
legal rational
55
when extraordinary individuals challenge authority because they claim to be inspired by a God...
 
they are claiming CHARISMATIC authority
56
an attempt by many people to ovethrow exsisting political instutions & establish new ones
 
politicial revolution
57
institutions that formulate and carry out a country's laws & public policies
 
the state
58
view that US is a heterogeneous society w/ many competeing interests & no one power center...
 
pluralist societies
59
according to C. Wright Mills elites occupy the command posts of
 
*most influential positions *executive branch of gov.
60
small gorups that occupy the command posts of America's most influential institutions are known...
 
elites
61
voters in the 1988 elections responded to their level of political activity. Researchers concluded....
 
people with higher incomes are more politically active
62
theory that focuses on how variations in the distribution of power affects the fortunes of...
 
power resource theory
63
to create democracies certain conditions must be met. Name one:
 
presence of middle class
64
Charles Perrow coined term
 
normal accidents
65
technological determinism
 
POV that technology is a major foreshaping of society & history
66
technological development has come under the influence of 
 
multination corporations
67
the main negative consequence of technological development
 
wide spread environmental degredation
68
groups in US society that experience more environmental risk?
 
minorities or poor

69
in a risk society danger does not result from technological accidents alone. it is also due...
 
increaseing environmental threats
70
environmental side effect of technology?
 
* global warming *industrial pollution *destruction of biodiversity *genetic pollutions
71
accumulation of CO2 in air allows more solar radiation to enter the atmosphere & less heat...
 
greenhouse effect
72
gradual increase in the world's average temp.
 
global warming
73
emission of various impurities into the air, water, & soil due to industrial processes
 
industrial pollutions
74
illness that plummeted during Olympics in Atlanta
 
asthma attacks
75
enormous variety of plant & animal species inhabiting the earth 
 
biodiversity
76
health risks & ecological danger taht may arise from artificially splicing genes together
 
genentic pollution

77
serious concern in using GMO's is
 
we cannot predict exact consequences
78
oil refineries, chem plants, toxic dumps & other enivronmentally dangerous installations are...
 
in poor communties
79
Darwin: human survivial depends on
 
competition & cooperation
80
"Cancer Alley" is home to mostly racial minorities. this is an example of
 
environmental racism


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