Soc: exam 2

70 cards

*groups *deviance v. crime


 
  
Created Mar 23, 2009
by
daphoneplayer

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
most people find it difficult to obey authorities b-cuz
 
they fear ridicule, ostracism, & punishment
2
why didn't more ordinary German citizens resist the Nazis
 
*paid more attention to norms than morality *did not want to let down comrades *wanted to maintain...
3
Nazi regime's genocide machine operated efficiently partly b-cuz
 
*it was bureaucratically organized *achieved max efficiency by breaking down large goal one...
4
Milgram's experiment: deadly "shocks" to subjects that answered questions incorrectly, tester/shockers...
 
we are inclined to obey those in power, whether authority structure in new & artificial or...
5
group of people against whom an indiv. evaluates his situation is called...
 
a reference group
6
leadership style that allows subordinates to work largely on their own w/ almost no direction...
 
laissez-faire leadership
7
standard sociological criticisms of bureaucracy? (1,2)
 
*dehumanization (unique to standard) *bureaucratic ritualism (so occupied with rules & regulations...
8
standard sociological criticisms of bureaucracy? (3,4)
 
*oligarchy (rule of few) *bureaucratic inertia (so large & rigid they lose touch w/ reality...
9
proportion of Jews killed during WWII was highest?
 
where nations were bureaucratically organized
10
pressure to conform despite individual misgivings is called?
 
groupthink
11
except for crisis situations, the most effective leadership style is?
 
democratic
12
societies are collectivities of interacting people who share...
 
a culture & territory
13
hellish working conditions & deep social inequality characterized early...
 
industrial societies
14
class & gender inequality...
 
began to decrease as industrial societies matured
15
which country has more people behind bars than any other?
 
United States
16
MLK Jr was considered deviant & criminal in his lifetime, but not today. This illustrates that...
 
what society considers to be deviant and criminal changes over time
17
breaking a norm is known as?
 
Deviance
18
Coca-cola originally contained cocaine. Now cocaine is illegal because...
 
of "perceived harmfulness"; the perceptions of harmfulness changed
19
minor acts of deviance such as participating in fads, fashions, or dying your hair an unusual...
 
social diversions
20
when many people agree that an act is deviant & somewhat harmful & that the act should be subject...
 
social deviations
21
a crime that generates little debate over its seriousness is a type of?
 
consensus crime
22
crucial elements in the social construction of deviance and crime
 
*power
23
leader who tries to include all members in the decision-making process & molds best ideas into...
 
democratic leader
24
rape is associated w/ a low rate of prosecution. rapists often...
 
hold women in contempt & do not regard rape as a real crime
25
a crime "committed by a person of respectibility & high social status in the course of his...
 
white-collar crime
26
crime committed disproportionately by people from the lower classes?
 
street crimes
27
methods of ensuring conformity are known as?
 
social control
28
collective adaptation to social conditions in which people create distinctive norms & values...
 
subcultural theory
29
theory that sees crime/deviance as growing out of social pressures that cause people to deviate
 
strain theory
30
if kids grown up in an env. where the people they care about teach them it is OK to choose...
 
differential association
31
labeling theory holds that deviance results in...
 
response of others who label rule-breaker as deviant, not so much actions of the deviant
32
which theory focuses on the power & influence of wealthy & elites in imposing deviant & criminal...
 
conflict theory
33
Robinson Crusoe, Swept Away & Titanic all illustrate issues of social inequality because they...
 
illustrate social relations that underlie and shape inequaltiy
34
the idea that society is organized in layers or strata is called?
 
social stratification
35
the assets you own & control compose your...
 
wealth
36
a home, car, & some appliances are all examples of...
 
wealth
37
what you are able to earn in a given period of time is know as...
 
your income
38
many members of the upper-upper class...
 
inherit their wealth
39
the meas. of income inequality that ranges from 0 to 1, meas of the level of internal strata...
 
Gini Index
40
variations in income & wealth between countries is known as
 
global inequality
41
in India society was divided into?
 
*castes *born into *determines occupations, who you can marry
42
in medieval Western Europe peasants were bound to land for life; landlord shared in peasants...
 
feudalism
43
what is determined by someone's "relationship to the mean of production?" (Marx)
 
social class/ status
44
those who do not own the "means of production" & work for wages (Marx)
 
proletariat
45
members of the class that own the "means of production" such as factories, land & tools
 
bourgeoisie
46
idea that a judge's work contributes more to society than a janitors?
 
functional theory of stratification
47
people acquire specific cultural tastes associated w/ their ???. This helps to distinguish...
 
subculture
48
(Weber) class is determined by one's
 
market situation: the possession of goods, opportunities for income, level of edu & degree...
49
the movie 'Sweet Home Alabama' achieves a happy ending by denying the often-difficult process...
 
social mobility
50
what has a profound impact on the distribution of opportunities & rewards of society?
 
political life
51
term to describe the simultaneous homogenization of some aspects of life & the strengthening...
 
Glocalization
52
global inequality results from various dysfunctional characteristics of poor societies themselves...
 
Modernization theory
53
views economic development as the result of exploitive relations between rich & poor countries...
 
Dependency theory
54
according 2 dependency theorist, multinational corporations & rich countries continue exploitation...
 
giving military & economic support to authoritarian governments
55
Wallerstein argues that capitalist development has resulted in the creation of tiers, which...
 
*core capitalist countries *peripheral countries *semiperipheral countries
56
semiperipheral countries differ from peripheral countries in all ways except?
 
racial background
57
today which countries are industrializing quickly?
 
China & India
58
UN urges 22 richest nations to contribute .07% or GDP to development of aid of poor nations....
 
USA
59
??? nations are rich, such as US, Japan & Germany that are the major sources of capital & tech...
 
core capitalist countries
60
a ??? is a WW network of labor & production processes whose end result are a finished commodity
 
global commodity chain
61
??? the is the economic domination of one nation by another
 
imperialism
62
??? nations are former nations that are poor & are major sources of raw materials & cheap labor
 
peripheral nations
63
of the 1.3 bil people around the world living on a $1 a day or less, 1 bil are...
 
women
64
antiglobalization activists suggest that globalization is a form of...
 
imperialism
65
30 drive form the capital of the Philippines an estimated 70,000 Filipinos live on...
 
*55acre mt of rotting garbage
66
Was Schindler a whistleblower?
 
No, False
67
Defining a Jew as anyone who has one Jewish GP, the German gov passed laws that supported systematic...
 
*norms of solidarity *obedience to structures of authority *bureaucratic organization
68
Schindler told Stern he does presentation not work. "Smoozing", know who to contact & what...
 
organizational environment/ organizational assets
69
An organized massacred of helpless people often associated w/ the treatment of Jews & other...
 
pogrom
70
Rich & powerful impose criminal labels on less powerful, but use their $$ to escape punishment...
 
conflict theory

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