rvt prep questions

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prep question s for th


 
  
Created Aug 18, 2011
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chm150

 

 
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1
How long will a heat-sealed plastic and paper surgical pouch pack remain reliably sterile in...
 
The sterility of items in a heat-sealed plastic and paper surgical pouch pack on open shelves...
2
Which forceps are particularly good for vascular surgery?
A - DeBakey
B...
 
Debakey vascular thumb forceps have multiple delicate teeth and are good for vascular surgery....
3
What is another name for a thrombocyte?
A - Red blood cell parasite
B...
 
Thrombocytes are platelets, which help clot blood.
4
Why are most antibiotics contraindicated in rabbits and hamsters?
A - Highly permeable...
 
Rabbits, hamsters and other rodents are very sensitive to enterotoxemia. Most antibiotics disturb...
5
Which is more severe, periodontitis or gingivitis?
A - Depends on patient
B...
 
Typically, peridontitis is a more chronic and severe problem. Periodontal disease is...
6
A cockatoo has been prescribed 10 mg of Supercillin, s.i.d. for 10 days. How often does the...
 
s.i.d. means once a day. Remember "S" for Single" (s.i.d.), "B for Bi" (twice a day, b.i.d.),...
7
What is a Frick speculum used for in large animal medicine?
A - Teat repair
B...
 
A frick speculum is a blunt ended metal tube about 1.5 feet long and about 2 inches in diameter....
8
What is an iatrogenic medical or surgical problem?
A - A disease secondary to inbreeding
B...
 
An iatrogenic problem is caused by the therapy itself. A common example of an iatrogenic disease...
9
If a cat has a luxated hip, what is the problem?
A - Fracture
B - Dislocation
C...
 
Hip luxation is another name for hip dislocation. A luxated hip is the most common dislocation...
10
Which direction is rostral?
A - Towards the right side
B - Towards the...
 
Rostral means towards the nose. Cranial means towards the head. Caudal means towards the tail/hind...
11
Which statement about the proper storage of fresh or frozen plasma is most correct?
A...
 
Fresh or frozen plasma is stored at -4 F to -22 F (-20 C to -30 C) for up to 1 year. Frozen...
12
Which of the following dog breeds is classified as brachycephalic?
A - English bull...
 
English bull dogs are brachycephalic which means that they have broad short head, and pushed...
13
You are presented with a cat who looks like this (dilated pupils).What is the name of this...
 
Another name for dilated pupils is mydriasis. Two commonly used pre-anesthetics, atropine...
14
What is the total serum protein level in a dog with an albumin of 4.0 g/dl and a globulin level...
 
It is 7.5 g/dl. Serum total protein is made up of globulins (like antibodies) plus albumin....
15
The veterinarian assigns you a dog with a case of conjunctivitis. What is the health problem?...
 
Conjunctivitis is inflammation of the tissues around the eyes. Look for reddening and...
16
What kind of diet could help in preventing struvite formation in cats?
A - Alkaline...
 
Think of acidifying diets with feline urolithiasis (FUS, bladder stones). Acidifying...
17
Roughly what percentage of mammary tumors in dogs are malignant?
A - 10
B...
 
About half, 45%, of canine mammary tumors are malignant. Note that this is DIFFERENT...
18
Which term describes inflammation of the testicle?
A - Phimosis
B - Phlebitis
C...
 
Orchitis is inflammation of one or both testicles characterized by pain, and sensitivity...
19
Which choice is best for an x-ray of a nervous, moving dog?
A - Higher milliamperage...
 
Usually you want a HIGH mA setting, and a very SHORT exposure time (like 1/20 of a second)...
20
Which kind of tissue causes the most x-ray scatter?
A - Thick body parts
B...
 
The thicker the tissue, the more the x-ray scatters. Thick body parts like thorax, abdomen,...
21
Which side effect must you beware of when using ketamine as an anesthetic pre-medication in...
 
Ketamine (and tiletamine) are dissociative anesthetics often used as a pre-med to immobilize...
22
Which two drugs are contraindicated in animals with history of seizures?
A - Morphine,...
 
Acepromazine, ketamine, and xylazine are contraindicated in animals with a history of seizures....
23
A dog is presented with numerous small pinpoint hemorrhages on the mucous membranes of the...
 
Small pinpoint hemorrhages on the skin or mucus membranes are called petechiae. It is found...
24
What does it mean if a disease is zoonotic?
A - Occurs primarily in zoos
B...
 
A zoonotic disease can be transmitted from animals to people. Because of this danger, many...
25
What is the clinical importance of the anatomic area indicated by the red arrow in this image?

...
 
A convenient way to take the pulse of a horse is to place two or three fingers over the facial...
26
Which choice includes only absorbable sutures?
A - Silk, Gut, Nylon
B...
 
Dexon, Vicryl, PDS (and catgut and Maxon) are all absorbable.
Surgical gut (also known as...
27
If an IV set dispenses 60 drops/ml, what is the IV drip rate (drops per minute) needed to give...
 
50 drops/min.
Drip rate =(Volume of solution in ml X drops/ml)/time in minutes.
300...
28
What is the clinical significance of the femoral triangle in dogs and cats?
A -...
 
The femoral triangle is a good place from which to take the femoral pulse inside the medial...
29
Which anatomic area do these three surgical approaches access in the horse?
Modified Whitehouse,...
 
Think of the guttural pouch area when you hear the names of these surgical approaches, especially...
30
In which species do you typically AVOID using Atropine (anti-cholinergic) as a premedication...
 
Atropine slows the gut, so there is concern that they might cause colic in HORSES. This is...
31
A basset hound with galloping halitosis has been prescribed with medicated mint dog treats...
 
prn or PRN means "as needed". Remember "S" for Single" (s.i.d.), "B for Bi" (twice a day, b.i.d.),...
32
While examining a high-producing dairy cow that is off-feed, the vet puts her stethoscope on...
 
This is the musical ping of a left displaced abomasum. Normally the abomasum lies more or less...
33
What is a nosocomial infection?
A - An upper respiratory infection
B -...
 
A nosocomial infection is hospital-acquired. Typically, a stressed or sick animal is more vulnerable...
34
If a dog has a neurologic problem and she is adducting her front legs, what is she doing with...
 
ADDuct means moving a limb TOWARDS the midline (ie: underneath). ABduct means movement of a...
35
If a vet says she wants to do an abaxial sesamoid nerve block on a horse's lower foot, where...
 
ABaxial means laterally AWAY from the middle of the digit (remember the hoof of a horse...
36
A 1 year-old, 12-pound, female neutered cat has been caught in the last ten minutes eating...
 
Xylazine for CATS. 0.5 mg/kg IV (Merck) or 0.44 mg/kg IM (Plumb), will stimulate vomiting,...
37
What kind of splint/bandage apparatus is this?
 
A - Schroeder-Thomas splint
B...
 
This is a (very large) example of a Schroeder-Thomas splint, which can be used to facilitate...
38
What side effect is often seen in horses tranquilized with acepromazine?
A - Penis...
 
Acepromazine can cause penis protrusion in large animals, especially horses.
Remember...
39
What is the primary use of formaldehyde in veterinary practice?
A - Hard surface...
 
Formaldehyde is commonly used as tissue preservative. Formaldehyde and glutaraldehyde are aldehydes;...
40
What color is an oxygen tank supposed to be in the U.S.?
A - Yellow
B -...
 
No matter what color the tank is, ALWAYS read the tag or label on the tank first to verify...
41
Why is the brachioradialis muscle clinically significant in dogs and cats?
A - Lies...
 
The brachioradialis muscles runs adjacent to the cephalic vein on the medial aspect of the...
42
A cat that weighs 11 lb (5 kg) is prescribed antibiotics at a dosage of 0.2 mg/lb (0.44 mg/kg)....
 
0.2 mg*11 lb = 2.2 mg, which is closest to one tablet. The best choice in this question is...
43
How long after birth does gut closure typically occur in calves and foals?
(when protective...
 
Gut closure typically occurs with 18-24 hours after birth. During this time, a newborn can...
44
In temperate North America, one species is seasonally polyestrous (multiple estrus cycles)...
 
Sheep cycle in cold weather (winter) and horses cycle in warm weather (Spring-summer). Horses...
45
Which drug family is most associated with nephrotoxicity (kidney damage) as an adverse effect?...
 
Aminoglycosides , like gentamicin and amikacin, are most often associated with NEPHROTOXICITY,...
46
The major active ingredient in most IV euthanasia solutions is:
A - Potassium chloride
B...
 
Pentobarbital is one of the most commonly used drugs in IV euthanasia solutions. The AVMA report...
47
Which two drugs might make your dog look like this?

 
A - Glycopyrrolate, Demecarium...
 
Pilocarpine and Demecarium bromide are MIOTICs, sometimes used to treat glaucoma. Miosis...
48
A client brings in her dog who ate a box of rat poison in the last 2 days. What symptoms would...
 
Think uncontrolled bleeding and collapse with RAT POISON; It interferes with vitamin...
49
Which choice is often used in combination with ketamine and thiopental to induce anesthesia...
 
Guaifenesin is an anti-tussive (anti-cough) and decongestant med that also works...
50
Which species has 30 teeth (the least) in its adult dental formula?
A - Horse
B...
 
Adult CATS have the least teeth (30), followed by ruminants (32), Horses (24-42), dogs (42)...
51
A 3 year-old domestic longhair female spayed cat presents at your clinic with hypersalivation,...
 
Permethrin toxicity in cats is relatively common occurrence after being treated with...
52
Which choice lists these species in order of gestation length, from longest to shortest pregnancy?...
 
Here is a list of gestation length for the major species, in order: Llama 1 year (350d), Horse...
53
A canine vaginal smear looks like the image below through a microscope.  What stage of...
 
Estus....cornified superficial cells with no nucleus Diestrus smear will be dominated by nucleated...
54
A stress leukogram is characterized by: A-neutrophilia, lymphopenia, eosinopenia B-neutrophilia,...
 
A....typically you would expect to see an increase in neutorphils, a decrease in lymphocytes...
55
From which species was this blood sample taken? A- reptiles B- Camelids C-...
 
B- Camelids have ellipsoid red blood cells that lack central pallor. 
56
From which species was this blood sample taken from? A- Avian or reptile B- Equine...
 
A- avian or reptile have elliptical nucleated RBC's
57
What will happen if you hit the oxygen flush button on an anesthetic machine?

A - Oxygen...
 
The oxygen flush sends pure oxygen into the breathing circuit, BYPASSING the vaporizer. Anesthetic...
58
 
All types of scissors can have blunt or sharp blades (A: Sharp:Sharp, B: Blunt:Blunt).
59
 
All types can have either straight or curved blades
60
 
Mayo scissors (B) are used for cutting heavy fascia and sutures  Metzenbaum scissors...
61
 
Rat Tooth: A Tissue ForcepsInterdigitating teeth hold tissue without slipping  Used to...
62
 
Adson Tissue ForcepsSmall serrated teeth on edge of tips.   The Adsons tissue forceps...
63
 
Allis: An Intestinal Tissue Forceps Intestinal Tissue Forceps: Hinged (locking) forceps...
64
 
Babcock: An Intestinal Tissue ForcepsMore delicate that Allis, less directly traumatic ...
65
 
Sponge ForcepsSponge forceps can be straight or curved.  Sponge forceps can have smooth...
66
 
Hemostatic forceps: Hinged (locking) Forceps. Many hemostatic forceps bear the name of the...
67
 
Comparison of Kelly and Mosquito tipsMosquito hemostats (A) have a smaller, finer tip
68
 
CarmaltHeavier than Kelly. Preferred for clamping of ovarian pedicals during an ovariohysterectomy...
69
 
 
Doyen Intestinal ForcepsDoyen intestinal forceps are non-crushing intestinal occluding forceps...
70
 
 
Payr Pylorus Clamps Payr pylorus clamp is a crushing intestinal instrument. Used to occlude...
71
What is the function of the McMaster chamber
 
parasite ova count
72
What is a metarubricyte?
 
an immature, nucleated erythrocyte
73
What disease is detected by Bang's testing in the bovine
 
Brucellosis
74
What is the status of the epithelial cells during estrus in a canine vaginal smear?...
 
large number of cornified cells
75
What is the suggested procedure of a hematoma?
 
slight distal pressure
76
What procedure is used to make accurate differential counts on blood smears?
 
count 100 nucleated WBCs
77
What anticoagulant inhibits glycolysis by the erythrocytes in a drawn blood sample?
 
sodium fluoride
78
What size needle should be used in a 40lb. dog?
 
20 ga
79
What is the source of material analyzed from an aspirate and found to have high numbers of...
 
exudate
80
What needle size is used in cats and small dogs for obtaining blood samples?
 
22ga
81
What device is used to elevate the cephalic vein of the dog for venipuncture?
 
Nye tourniquet
82
nucleated red blood cells
 
An adjusted total leukocyte count needs to be made in the presence of what cells?
83
What microbiology procedure is frequently done to determine the type of antibiotic used to...
 
culture and sensitivity
84
What is the normal temperature necessary to incubate a pathogenic bacterial culture?
 
37°C
85
Why are viruses difficult to isolate?
 
they are reproduced in living tissue
86
What is another name for reticulocyte?
 
immature red blood cell
87
A supravital stain is used to demonstrate what type of blood cell?
 
reticulocytes
88
Casts in urine may be demonstrated by what stain?
 
Sedi-Stain
89
What is hemoglobinuria?
 
the presence of hemoglobin in the urine
90
What is a type of crystal commonly seen in alkaline urine of the cat?
 
struvite
91
What is the increased number of circulating leukocytes termed?
 
leukocytosis
92
What are the reported volume units for WBC and RBC counts?
 
microliter
93
What is the anticoagulant of choice for a differential count?
 
EDTA
94
What is within the buffy coat layer?
 
leukocytes
95
Which commonly-used anesthetic circuit is made up of a tube within a tube?
A - Semi-closed...
 
B - Bain system
A Bain system is a tube within a tube. New oxygen and anesthetic gas is...
96
Which choice correctly lists the order in which gasses pass through a typical circular anesthetic...
 
Pressure regulator, flowmeter, vaporizer, patient, CO2 canister. Gas passes from the high pressure...

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