Roots Of Biological, Physiological, And Anatomical Terms


Prefixes And Suffixes Of Biological, Physiological, And Anatomical Terms
  
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a-, an-
 
without
bi-
 
both, two, or double
bio-
 
life
blasto-
 
embryonic layer or cell
cardio-
 
relating to the heart
cata-
 
breaking down
arthro-
 
pertaining to joints
cephalo-
 
relating to the head
chloro-
 
green
chromo-
 
color
cyto-
 
cell
derm-
 
pertaining to the skin
di-
 
two, twice
ecto-
 
outside
endo-
 
inside
epi-
 
above or on top of, upon
exo-
 
outside
hetero-
 
different
homo-
 
same, alike
hydro-
 
water
hyper-
 
too much, excess, above normal, above, over
hypo-
 
too little, below normal, below, under
infra-
 
below or inferior
inter-
 
between
intra-
 
between
iso-
 
same, equal
latero-
 
side
leuco-
 
white or colorless
macro-
 
large (enough to be seen without lenses)
medial
 
middle
meso-
 
in the middle
micro-
 
small (enough to require magnification by lenses)
mono-
 
one, single
myo-
 
pertaining to muscle
nephro-
 
pertaining to the kidney
neuro- or neu-
 
pertaining to the nerves
osteo-
 
pertaining to bone
os-
 
bone
para-
 
along side of
peri-
 
around
photo-
 
light
pneumo-
 
pertaining to the lungs, or containing air
poly-
 
many, multiple
pre- or pro-
 
before
pulmo-
 
pertaining to the lungs
re- or retro-
 
back or again
sarco-
 
pertaining to flesh, or muscle
soma-
 
pertaining to the body
sub-
 
under
supra-
 
above or superior
trans-
 
across
vaso-
 
pertaining to tubes, vessels, or ducts
-ase
 
enzyme
-cyte
 
cell
-logy
 
study of
-lysis
 
dissolve, split or break apart
-motor
 
pertaining to motion or action
-ology
 
scientific study of
-phyll
 
leaf
-phyte
 
plant
-plasm
 
substance
-plast
 
a formed body
-pod, -pode
 
foot
-pseudo
 
false
-scelerosis
 
hardening of
-some
 
body
-stome
 
mouth
-tropic
 
responding to a stimulus
-ule, -ula, -ulus, -ulum
 
small, little
-zoa, -zoo, -zoon
 
animal

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