Rhetorical Toolbox

21 cards

Mrs. Wilsons AP Engli


 
  
Created Nov 10, 2009
by
sglessm388

 

 
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1

Marissa Glessman

AP Language and Composition

Rhetorical Toolbox

 

Marissa Glessman

AP Language and Composition

Rhetorical Toolbox

2

ALLITERATION

Repitition of the same sound beginning several words in sequence

 

Ex. [L]et us go forth to lead the land we love.

3

ALLUSION

Brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to...

 

Ex. Let both sides unitre to heed in all corners of the earth the command of Isaiah.

4

ANAPHORA

repitition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases,...

 

Ex. not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need - not as a call to battle, though embattled...

5

ANTIMETABOLE

repitition of words in reverse order

 

Ex. [A]sk not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country.

6

ANTITHESIS

Opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel...

 

Ex. [W]e shall support any friend, oppose any foe.

7

ARCHAIC DICTION

Old-fashioned or outdated choice of words

 

Ex. beliefs for which our forebears fought

8

ASYNDETON

Omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words

 

Ex. [W]e shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose...

9

CUMULATIVE SENTENCE

Sentence that completes the main idea at the beginning of the...

 

Ex. But neither can two great and powerful groups of nations take comfort from out present...

10

HORTATIVE SENTENCE

Sentence that exhorts, advises, calls to action

 

Ex. Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which...

11

IMPERATIVE SENTENCE

Sentence used to command, njoin, implore, or entreat

 

Ex. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together...

12

INVERSION

Inverted order of words n a sentence (variation of the subject-verb-object...

 

Ex. United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there...

13

JUXTAPOSITION

Placement of two things closely together to emphasize ciomparisons...

 

Ex. [W]e are the heirs of that first revolution. Let the word go forth...that the torh has...

14

METAPHOR

figure of speech that says one thing is another in order to explain by...

 

Ex. And if a beachhead of cooperation may push back the jungle of suspicion.

15

METONYMY

Using a single feature to represent the whole

 

Ex. In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure...

16

OXYMORON

Paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another

 

Ex. but this peaceful revolution

17

PARALLELISM

Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases,...

 

Ex. Let both sides explore...Let both sides, for the first time, formulate serious and precise...

18

PERIODIC SENTENCE

Sentence whose main clause is withheld until the end

 

Ex. To that world assemblye of sovereign stats, the Unites Nations, our last best hope in...

19

PERSONIFICATION

Attribution of a lifelike quality to an inanimate object or idea

 

Ex. with history the final judge of our deeds

20

RHETORICAL QUESTION

Figure of speech in the form of a question posed for thetorical...

 

Ex. Will you join in that historic effort?

21

ZEUGMA

Use of two different words in a grammatically similar way but producting...

 

Ex. Now the trumpet summons us again - not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need -...

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