Rhetorical Toolbox

21 cards

Mrs. Wilsons AP Engli


 
  
Created Nov 10, 2009
by
sglessm388

 

 
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1
Marissa Glessman AP Language and Composition Rhetorical Toolbox
 
Marissa Glessman AP Language and Composition Rhetorical Toolbox
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ALLITERATION Repitition of the same sound beginning several words in sequence
 
Ex. [L]et us go forth to lead the land we love.
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ALLUSION Brief reference to a person, event, or place, real or fictitious, or to a work of...
 
Ex. Let both sides unitre to heed in all corners of the earth the command of Isaiah.
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ANAPHORA repitition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or...
 
Ex. not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need - not as a call to battle, though embattled...
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ANTIMETABOLE repitition of words in reverse order
 
Ex. [A]sk not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country.
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ANTITHESIS Opposition, or contrast, of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction
 
Ex. [W]e shall support any friend, oppose any foe.
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ARCHAIC DICTION Old-fashioned or outdated choice of words
 
Ex. beliefs for which our forebears fought
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ASYNDETON Omission of conjunctions between coordinate phrases, clauses, or words
 
Ex. [W]e shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose...
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CUMULATIVE SENTENCE Sentence that completes the main idea at the beginning of the sentence,...
 
Ex. But neither can two great and powerful groups of nations take comfort from out present...
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HORTATIVE SENTENCE Sentence that exhorts, advises, calls to action
 
Ex. Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which...
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IMPERATIVE SENTENCE Sentence used to command, njoin, implore, or entreat
 
Ex. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together...
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INVERSION Inverted order of words n a sentence (variation of the subject-verb-object order)
 
Ex. United there is little we cannot do in a host of cooperative ventures. Divided there is...
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JUXTAPOSITION Placement of two things closely together to emphasize ciomparisons or contrasts
 
Ex. [W]e are the heirs of that first revolution. Let the word go forth...that the torh has...
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METAPHOR figure of speech that says one thing is another in order to explain by comparison
 
Ex. And if a beachhead of cooperation may push back the jungle of suspicion.
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METONYMY Using a single feature to represent the whole
 
Ex. In your hands, my fellow citizens, more than mine, will rest the final success or failure...
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OXYMORON Paradoxical juxtaposition of words that seem to contradict one another
 
Ex. but this peaceful revolution
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PARALLELISM Similarity of structure in a pair or series of related words, phrases, or clauses
 
Ex. Let both sides explore...Let both sides, for the first time, formulate serious and precise...
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PERIODIC SENTENCE Sentence whose main clause is withheld until the end
 
Ex. To that world assemblye of sovereign stats, the Unites Nations, our last best hope in an...
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PERSONIFICATION Attribution of a lifelike quality to an inanimate object or idea
 
Ex. with history the final judge of our deeds
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RHETORICAL QUESTION Figure of speech in the form of a question posed for thetorical effect...
 
Ex. Will you join in that historic effort?
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ZEUGMA Use of two different words in a grammatically similar way but producting different,...
 
Ex. Now the trumpet summons us again - not as a call to bear arms, though arms we need -...

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