Review for test 2 - first semester nursing

78 cards

Study group questions to review for 2nd test


 
  
Created Sep 21, 2008
by
txblueyes

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Which stage of pressure ulcer involves full thickness skin loss involving necrosis of subcutaneous...
 
Stage 3
2
What is a stressor?
 
Anything that is perceived as challenging, threatening, or demanding.
3
What is your acid and where is it produced?
 
carbon dioxide in the lungs
4
Food sources for vitamin A
 
liver, carrots, egg yolk, fortified milk
5
What are hydrogel dressings used for?
 
partial and full-thickness wounds, necrotic wounds, burns
6
Nursing interventions for pressure ulcers in regards to infection.
 
proper handwashing, aseptic techniques, monitor wound, administer meds, vital signs
7
compensation
 
overcome a perceived weakness
8
signs and symptoms of fliud volume deficit
 
thirst,weight loss weakness fatigue anorexia dry mucous membranes poor skin/tongue turgor sunken...
9
hypertonic solution
 
has a greater osmolarity than plasma. water moves out of the cells and is drawn into the intravascular...
10
norm value range of sodium
 
135 - 145
11
food sources of vitamin d
 
sunlight, fortified milk, fish liver oils
12
which stage pressure ulcer involves intact skin, have a boggy feel and redness in lightly pigmented...
 
Stage 1
13
What are hydrocolloidal dressings used for and how long can they be left in place?
 
shallow to moderate-depth skin ulcers, wounds with drainage, in conjunction with packing for...
14
Nursing interventions for pressure ulcers involving tissue integrity.
 
avoid pressure,reposition,monitor site, sterile dressing,hydration(in&out), increase protein...
15
denial
 
refuses to acknowledge the presence of a condition that is disturbing
16
Physiological stressors
 
chemical (drugs,poisons), physical (heat, cold,trauma) infectious (viruses,bacteria) nutritional...
17
which division of the autonomic nervous system regulates fight or flight response?
 
sympathetic
18
What is your base and where is it produced?
 
bicarbonate in the kidneys
19
what are percussion and vibration used for?
 
to loosen respiratory secretions so they can be more easily expectorated
20
isontonic solution
 
a solution that has about the same concentration of particles or osmolarity as plasma. normal...
21
what is the average insensible loss from the skin and how is it lost?
 
200 to 400 mL from evaporation
22
what is a proporationate deficit of bicarbonate in ECF called?
 
metabolic acidosis
23
what is the normal value range for potassium?
 
3.5 - 5
24
What are some food sources for vitamin E?
 
vegetable oild, wheat germ, whole grain products
25
What stage of pressure ulcer involves partial thickness skin loss and presents as an abrasion,...
 
stage 2
26
What are some nursing interventions for skin ulcers related to immobility?
 
turn every 2 hours, pad, reduce shearing force, ROM, assistive devices
27
displacement
 
transfers of emotional reaction form one object or person to another object or person
28
what are some physical illness stressors in regards to autoimmune disorders?
 
Graves' disease, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, psoriasis, myasthenia gravis
29
Whick branch of the autonomic nervous system functions under normal conditions and at res?
 
parasympathetic
30
Hypotonic solution
 
less osmolarity than plasma. moves out of the intravascular space and into intracellular fluid,...
31
What is the average sensible loss and how is it lost?
 
300 to 400 mL lost through sweat, urine and feces
32
what is the only hypo/electrolyte state that does not occur in seizures?
 
hypokalemia
33
What is the normal value range for calcium?
 
8.5 - 10.5
34
What are some food sources for vitamin K?
 
dark green leafy vegetables
35
what are some treatments for stage 1 pressure ulcers?
 
frequent turning, pressure-relieving devices, positioning
36
Nursing interventions for pressure ulcers in regards to nutrition.
 
increase protein and carbs, hydration, daily weight, skin turgor, food diary, small frequent...
37
introjection
 
a person incorporates qualities or values of another person into his or her own ego sturcture
38
what is the normal value range for magnesium?
 
1.3 - 2.1
39
what are some treatments for stage 2 pressure ulcers?
 
frequent turning, pressure relieving devices, positioning, saline, occlusive dressing that...
40
what stage pressure ulcer involves full thickness skin loss with extensive destruction, tissue...
 
stage 4
41
projection
 
a person's thoughts or impulses are attributed to someone else
42
What are some physical illness stressors related to GI disorders?
 
esophageal reflux, constipation, diarrhea ulcerative colitis
43
If you increase CO2 do you create more acid or base?
 
acid
44
What is the average insensible loss from the lungs?
 
400mL - moisture in exhaled breaths
45
What is the normal value range for chloride?
 
95 - 105
46
What are some treatments for stage 3 pressure ulcers?
 
Wet to dry dressings, surgical intervention, proteolytic enzymes. same treatments as stage...
47
rationalization
 
a person tries to give a logical or socially acceptable explanation for questionable behavior
48
What is hypocalcemia and what are some of the signs and symptoms?
 
calcium
49
what are some treatments for stage 4 pressure ulcers?
 
cover with nonadherent dressing and change every 8 to 12 hours, may require skin grafts. same...
50
during fight or flight what effect does dilation of skeletal muscles have?
 
increases strength
51
what is normal hemoglobin range?
 
12 - 18
52
What is hypokalemia and what are the signs?
 
potassium
53
What is the normal pH of urine?
 
6
54
what is the specific gravity of urine?
 
1.015 - 1.025
55
What is the normal value range for bicarbonate?
 
25 - 29
56
What is the normal range for hematocrit?
 
40 - 50%
57
What is a dietary source of sodium?
 
bacon, ham, sausage, catsup, mustard, processed foods
58
reaction formation
 
a person develops conscious attitudes and behavior patterns that are opposit to what he or...
59
What would an increased hematocrit indicate?
 
dehydration
60
What is hyponatremia?
 
sodium
61
What is the normal value range for phosphate?
 
2.5 - 4.5
62
regression
 
a person returns to an earlier method of behaving
63
What is hypercalcemia? what can it lead to?
 
calcium > 10.5. Often leads to cardiac arrest
64
what would a BUN of 20 indicate?
 
starvation, high protein intake, severe dehydration
65
What are some food sources for potassium?
 
bananas, peaches, kiwi, figs, prunes, broccoli, potatoes
66
In fight or flight what two stages can follow the stage of resistance?
 
recovery or state of exhaustion
67
What is hypophosphatemia and what are the causes?
 
phosphate < 2.5 hyperventilation, insulin release, absorption problems, diuretic
68
sublimation
 
a person substitutes a socially acceptable goal for one whose normal channel of expression...
69
Undoing
 
an act or communication used to negate a previous act or communication
70
What are some of the neuroendocrine activities in the shock phase of fight or flight?
 
^heart rate ^BP ^peripheral vasoconstriction ^metabolism ^water retention ^glucose. dilated...
71
What is metabolic acidosis?
 
deficit of bicarbonate. results from increase in acid
72
What is hyperkalemia?
 
potassium over 5. nerve conduction and muscle contractility can be affected. cardiac irregularities...
73
What are some food sources of calcium?
 
milk, cheese, dried beans
74
What are the causes of hypocalcemia?
 
inadequate calcium intake, impaired calcium absorption, excessive calcium loss
75
the stage of exhaustion in fight or flight will result in either....
 
rest and recovery or death
76
what are some food sources for phosphate?
 
beef, pork, dried peas, dried beans
77
what is hypernatremia? and what can it result from
 
sodium >145 excess water loss, overall excess of sodium
78
what is hyperphosphatemia? what are some of the causes?
 
above normal phosposphorus. impaired kidney excretion, excessive intake of phosphate containg...
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