Restorative Art Glossary Terms - Complete Set (Funeral Director Studies)

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Glossary terms to be used for facial reconstructive use at a mortuary as part of a Restorative Art college course


 
  
Created Feb 28, 2009
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progi

 

 
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1
antemortem and/or postmortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object...
 
Abrasion
2
A localized accumulation of pus
 
Abscess
3
to bluntly adjoin another structure: for example, the line of the eye closure
 
Abut
4
dimethylketone: a colorless liquid which is used to soften and remove scabs: a solvent for...
 
Acetone
5
a color not found in the visible spectrum: a neutral color such as white, black, gray, and...
 
Achromatic color
6
facial markings that develop during ones lifetime, primarily as a result of repetitious use...
 
Acquired facial markings
7
sticking to or adhering closely: substances which may be applied in order to sustain contact...
 
Adhesive
8
a colloidal solution dispensed as a mist
 
Aerosol
9
psychological: a visual impression remaining after the stimulus has been removed
 
After-image
10
a pressured atomizer utilized for spraying liquid paint or cosmetic upon a surface
 
Airbrush
11
A bony ridge found on the inferior surface of the Maxilla and the superior surface of the Mandible...
 
Alveolar process
12
an abnormal protrusion of the Alveolar Process(es)
 
Alveolar prognthism
13
to cut off a limb: to dismember
 
Amputate
14
in color harmony, two or more hues which have the same hue in common
 
Analogous
15
descriptive references for locating anatomical structures by means of the anatomical structures...
 
Anatomical guides
16
the body is erect, feet together, palms facing forward, and thumbs pointed away from the body
 
Anatomical position
17
a material or technique employed to secure tissues or restorative materials in a fixed position:...
 
Anchor
18
Angulus: a sharp turn formed by the meeting of two borders or surfaces
 
Angle
19
a bony angle formed by the junction of the posterior edge of the ramus of the mandible and...
 
Angle of the mandible
20
the degree from vertical at which the surface(s) of a prominent feature projects
 
Angle of projection
21
the small convex prominence found lateral to the end of the line of closure of the mouth: a...
 
Angulus oris eminence
22
the groove found at each end of the line of closure of the mouth: a natural facial marking
 
Angulus oris sulcus
23
before death
 
antemortem
24
before or in front of: an anatomical term of position and direction which denotes the front...
 
Anterior
25
the external nostril openings
 
Anterior nares
26
the inner rim of the ear
 
Antihelix
27
a small eminence obliquely opposite the Tragus on the superior border of the lobe of the ear
 
Antitragus
28
an opening
 
Aperture
29
watery: prepared with water as a solvent
 
Aqueous
30
a clear, thin, alkaline fluid which fills the anterior chamber of the eyeball
 
Aqueous humor
31
curved, as the beak of an eagle: as viewed from the profile, a nose which exhibits a hook or...
 
Aquiline
32
a structure which exhibits a curved or bow-like outline
 
Arch
33
the inferior margin of the nasal wing which forms a distinct concave arc superiorly
 
Arch of the wing
34
containing minute interspaces in a tissue
 
Areolar
35
framework: a material, commonly of pliable metal or wood, employed to provide support for a...
 
Armature
36
to draw out liquids or gasses by means of suction
 
Aspiration
37
lack of symmetry, balance, or proportion
 
Asymmetry
38
in cosmetology, the vehicle in a cosmetic (oil base); the initial application of a cream or...
 
Base
39
white, yellow, red, and brown: four hues which correspond to the pigments of the skin
 
Basic pigment
40
(cross stitch) a network of stitches which cross the borders of a cavity or excision to anchor...
 
Basket weave suture
41
the lower part of anything, the supporting part
 
Base
42
those areas of the fleshy lips, cheeks, chin, and neck which exhibit hair growth
 
Beard Area
43
two sides
 
Bilateral
44
dissimilarities existing in the two sides or halves of an object
 
Bilateral differences
45
the bilateral view: an inferior or superior viewpoint which permits the comparison of the two...
 
Bilateral silhouette
46
an achromatic color: the absence of all color in pigmentation
 
Black
47
to whiten by removing color: to make pale
 
Blanch
48
a chemical which lightens or blanches skin discolorations
 
Bleach
49
the act of lightening a discoloration by hypodermic means or by surface compress
 
Bleaching
50
color which escapes at the edge of a mixture
 
Bleed
51
to mix or intermingle colors smoothly: to make a gradual change from one color to another
 
Blend
52
a thin vesicle on the skin containing liquid matter
 
Blister
53
having relatively large patches of color somewhat different from the remainder of the coloring
 
Blotched
54
light yellow in coloration: a term commonly employed to describe hair color
 
Blonde
55
the horizontal portion of the lower jaw
 
Body of the mandible
56
a raised support: the arched portion of the nose which is supported by the nasal bones: a structure...
 
Bridge
57
(interrupted suture) a temporary suture consisting of individually cut and tied stitches employed...
 
Bridge stitch
58
brightness: in colored illumination, the quantity of illumination passing through a color transparency...
 
Brilliance
59
brown or copper-like in coloration
 
Bronze
60
the color of tanned leather
 
Brown
61
dark brown in coloration: a term commonly employed to describe hair color
 
Brunette
62
(ecchymosis) an injury caused by a blow without laceration: a contusion
 
Bruise
63
the space between the lips and the gums and teeth: the vestibule of the oral cavity
 
Buccal cavity
64
natural, shallow concavities of the cheeks which extend obliquely downward from the medial...
 
Buccal depressions
65
the principle muscle of the cheek which compresses the cheeks and forms the lateral wall of...
 
Buccinator
66
the vertical furrow of the cheek: an acquired facial marking
 
Bucco-facial Sulcus
67
to oxidize or to cause to be oxidized by fire or equivalent means: a tissue reaction or injury...
 
Burn
68
in cosmetology, a compressed powder
 
Cake
69
any malignant neoplasm, marked by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
 
Cancer
70
(crimson) purple-red in coloration
 
Carmine
71
the yellow pigment of the skin
 
Carotene
72
a specialized type of dense connective tissue: attached to the ends of the bones and forming...
 
Cartilage
73
Casting: any object which has been made from a mold: the positive reproduction obtained from...
 
Cast
74
a chemical capable of drying tissues by searing: caustic
 
Cauterizing agent
75
a hollow place or area
 
Cavity
76
a substance used to promote the adhesion of two separated surfaces, such as the lips, the eyelids,...
 
Cement
77
reduced to carbon: the state of tissues destroyed by burning
 
Charred
78
a color having hue: a color of the visible spectrum
 
Chromatic color
79
the eyelashes
 
Cilia
80
a clear syrup-like liquid which evaporates, leaving a contractile, white film, a liquid sealer
 
Collodion
81
a suspension for pigments in a liquid vehicle bound together in such a manner that there is...
 
Colloid
82
a visual sensation perceived by the eye and the mind due to the activity of and vibration of...
 
Color
83
in cosmetology, a substance used to impart color to an object: dye, pigment, ink or paint
 
Colorant
84
colored glass, gelatin, or other substances which transmit light of certain wave lengths while...
 
Colored Filter
85
illumination of an identifiable hue
 
Colored Light
86
a circle in which the primary, secondary, and intermediate hues are arranged in orderly intervals
 
Color wheel
87
the fleshy termination of the nasal septum at the base of the nose: located between the nostrils:...
 
Columna nasi
88
directly opposite hues on the color wheel: any two pigmentary hues which, by their mixture...
 
Complements
89
the color and texture of the skin, especially that of the face
 
Complexion
90
forming a part of ingredient
 
Component
91
a broken bone which pierces the skin
 
Compound fracture
92
gauze or absorbent cotton saturate with water or an appropriate chemical and placed under or...
 
Compress
93
exhibiting a depressed or hollow surface: a concavity
 
Concave
94
afacial profile variation in which the forehead protudes beyond the eyebrows while the chin...
 
Concave-Convex profile
95
a depressed profile form which may dip concavely from root to tip
 
Concave nasal profile
96
a basic facial profile form in which the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows while the chin...
 
Concave profile
97
a facial profile in which the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows while the upper lip and...
 
Concave-Vertical profile
98
the concave shell of the ear: the deepest depression of the ear
 
Concha
99
treatments of a restorative nature performed during the embalming operation
 
Concurrent
100
a rounded prominence at the end of a bone forming an articulation: the posterior process of...
 
Condyle
101
sensory nerves in the retina of the eye having to do with color detection
 
Cones of the eye
102
to contract or compress
 
Constrict
103
the outline or surface form
 
Contour
104
a bruise
 
Contusion
105
the color of an object being converted or completely destroyed when one color of illumination...
 
Conversion
106
curved evenly: resembling a segment of the outer edge of a sphere
 
Convex
107
a profile in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin protrudes beyond the...
 
Convex-concave profile
108
a nasal profile which exhibits a hump in its linear form
 
Convex nasal profile
109
a profile form in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin recedes from...
 
Convex profile
110
a profile in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin and upper project...
 
Convex-Vertical profile
111
Blue, Green, purple or any intermediate pigmentary hue in which they predominate: a receding...
 
Cool hue
112
vertical prominences of the neck: an acquired facial marking
 
Cords of the neck
113
the transparent structure which constitutes the anterior segment of the external layer of the...
 
Cornea
114
the anterior, non-articulating process of the ramus of the mandible which serves as the insertion...
 
Coronoid process
115
having an abnormal amount of fat on the body
 
Corpulence
116
a cosmetic technique to highlight the face to reduce the appearance of size or deepen a depression
 
Corrective shaping with cosmetics
117
a pyramid-shaped muscle of the facial expression which draws the eyebrows inferiorly and medially
 
Corrugator
118
a preparation for beautifying the complexion and skin
 
Cosmetic
119
a cosmetic medium composed of two, three, or all four basic pigments
 
Cosmetic compound
120
the initial application of a cream or paste cosmetic to skin tissues
 
Cosmetic base
121
the process of applying cosmetics to a surface
 
Cosmetizing
122
(beautician) a professional trained in the application of cosmetics and the styling of hair
 
Cosmetologist
123
the study of beautifying and improving the complexion, skin, hair, and nails
 
Cosmetology
124
that part of the human skull which encloses the brain
 
Cranium
125
a semi-solid cosmetic
 
Cream cosmetic
126
the top of a curve (as a wave) where the direction changes
 
Crest
127
the horizontal plate of the ethmoid bone separating the cranial cavity from the nasal cavity
 
Cribriform plate
128
deep purplish-red in coloration
 
Crimson
129
(vertex) the topmost part of the head
 
Crown
130
the superior and anterior bifurcating brances of the antihelix of the ear
 
Crura of the Antihelix
131
the origin of the helix which is flattened in the concha
 
Crus of the helix
132
a commercially-prepared solvent used to remove dead cuticle from the nails and obstinate scabs
 
Cuticle remover
133
separation fo the head from the body: to decapitate is the act of such separation
 
Decapitation
134
separation of the compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial or autolytic...
 
Decomposition
135
a material employed to fill cavities or excisions and to serves as a foundation for the superficial...
 
Deep filler
136
loss of water from the body or tissues
 
Dehydrated
137
the loss of moisture from the body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem
 
Dehydration
138
having the component parts closely compacted together: relatively opaque
 
Dense
139
the thickness of the applied cosmetic
 
Density
140
(buck teeth) oblique insertion of the teeth
 
Dental prognathism
141
ligature around the superior and inferior teeth employed to hold the mandible in a fixed position
 
Dental tie
142
Artificial Teeth
 
Denture
143
to lower inferiorly or to reduce projection
 
Depress
144
a hollow or concave region: the lowering of a part
 
Depression
145
a muscle of facial expression which depresses the angle of the mouth
 
Depressor anguli oris
146
a muscle of facial expression which draws the lower lip inferiorly and slightly lateral
 
Depressor labii inferioris
147
a state or degree of being deep
 
Depth
148
(dermis, skin) the corium, or true skin
 
Derma
149
(skin slip) the separation of the epidermis from the dermis as a result of putrefaction
 
Desquamation
150
rendered thoroughly dry: exhausted of moisture
 
Desiccation
151
a variation from the common or established
 
Deviations
152
a frontal-view geometric head shape which is widest across the cheekbones, narrowing in width...
 
Diamond
153
a double bellied muscle which draws the hyoid bone superiorly
 
Digastrcus
154
a substance thinned or reduced in concentration: a cosmetic lessened in brilliance
 
Dilution
155
shallow depression located on the cheek or chin in a rounded or vertical form: natural facial...
 
Dimples
156
disjoining of bones
 
Disarticulate
157
the act of cutting apart
 
Dissection
158
to expand or swell
 
Distend
159
a state of stretching out or becoming inflated
 
Distention
160
a state of being twisted or pushed out of natural shape or position
 
Distortion
161
top: the anterior protruding ridge of the nose from the root to the tip of the lobe
 
Dorsum
162
a wooden or metal rod used as a armature
 
Dowel
163
a compacted cake-type cosmetic of red coloration
 
Dry rouge
164
a non-preserving powder utilized in the setting cosmetics and a wax firming agent. Examples:...
 
Drying powder
165
freedom from wetness: a condition of tissues necessary for the adhesion of cement, sealer,...
 
Dryness
166
(swarthy) somewhat dark in color: when used to describe the complexion color
 
Dusky
167
(pinna) the organ of hearing
 
Ear
168
(bruise) a discoloration of the skin caused by the escape of blood within the tissues and generally...
 
Ecchymosis
169
Abnormal accumulation of fluids in the tissues or body cavities
 
Edema
170
an electrically-heated blade used to dry moist tissues, reduce swollen tissues, and restore...
 
Electric Spatula
171
a raised surface or part
 
Elevation
172
a relatively long and slightly dipping curve
 
Elliptical curve
173
excessive leanness: a wasted condition resulting in sunken surfaces of the face
 
Emaciation
174
the process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of...
 
Embalming
175
to fix or fasten in place
 
Embed
176
a prominence or projection of a bone
 
Eminence
177
a smoothing agent having the ability to soften tissues: massage cream or a cosmetic possessing...
 
Emollient
178
using the same color of light as the color of the object
 
Emphasis
179
a permanent misture of two or more immiscible substances (oil and water) which are united with...
 
Emulsion
180
the removal of an entire mass or part, especially a tumor or the eyeball, without rupture
 
Enucleation
181
the outmost layer of the skin: the cutical or scarf skin
 
Epidermis
182
a clear, volatile liquid used as a wax solvent or to remove grease, oil, and adhesive tape...
 
Ether
183
turn outward
 
Evert
184
the area from which tissue has been removed. Excise - to remove as by cutting out
 
Excision
185
any visible surface which is to remain uncovered or unclothed
 
Exposed area
186
the opening or passageway of the ear
 
External auditory meatus
187
weight applied to a surface
 
External pressure
188
drawn or pulled out
 
Extraction
189
(supercilium) also the superficial hairs covering the superciliary arches
 
Eyebrows
190
a cosmetic in pencil form for coloring the hairs of the eyebrow
 
Eyebrow pencil
191
a thin, dome-like shell made of hardened cloth, metal or plastic placed beneath the eyelids...
 
Eyecap
192
(palpebrae) two movable flaps of skin which cover and uncover each eyeball
 
Eyelids
193
a cosmetic color applied to the upper eyelid: the cosmetic colorant so applied
 
Eye Shadow
194
(orbit) the bony region containing the eyeball: the orbital cavity
 
Eye Socket
195
anatomically, the region from the eyes to the base of the chin:physiognomically, the region...
 
Face
196
the character line of the face and neck: wrinkles, grooves, cords, and dimples
 
Facial markings
197
the silhouettes of the face from the side view
 
Facial profiles
198
mathematical relationships of the facial features to one another and/or to the head and face
 
Facial proportions
199
to reduce gradually to an indistinguishable edge, to taper
 
Feather
200
material used to fill a large cavity (eg.. plaster of paris and cotton, liquid sealer and cotton)
 
Filler
201
the degree of rigidity or stability: a condition of the tissues necessary for the application...
 
Firmness
202
(wound filler) the most viscous type of wax: a putty-like material used to fill in large cavities...
 
Firm wax
203
(hyperemia) an injury caused by heat which produces redness of the skin
 
First Degree Burn
204
Flushed with red, when describing a complexion: not as vivid as ruddy
 
Florid
205
the illumination produced by a tubular electric discharge lamp: the flourescence of phosphors...
 
Fluorescent Light
206
an elongated prominence adjoining a surface
 
Fold
207
an opening in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes from the brain
 
Foramen magnum
208
the quality of a color to draw attention by means of its intensity or advancing characteristics
 
Force
209
that part of the face above the eyes
 
Forehead
210
a depression: a concavity
 
Fossa
211
the complexion cosmetic in ornamental cosmetology
 
Foundation
212
Total evacuation (absence) of tissue
 
Fourth degree burn
213
broken bone
 
Fracture
214
the vertical restraining fold of the mucous membrane on the midline of the inside of each lip...
 
Frenulum
215
Anterior: the anterior view of the face or features
 
Frontal
216
the anterior third of the cranium, forming the forehead and the anterior portion of the roof...
 
Frontal Bone
217
paired, rounded, unmargined prominences of the frontal bone found approximately one inch beneath...
 
Frontal eminences
218
the ascending part of the upper jaw which gradually protrudes as it rises beside the nasal...
 
Frontal process of the maxilla
219
the quality and quantity of the illumination used for presentation of the casketed remains
 
Funeral Lighting
220
(wrinkle) a crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations
 
Furrow
221
The ascending process of the upper jaw
 
Frontal process of the maxilla
222
a light, open-mesh variety of muslin or similar material
 
Gauze
223
the shape of plane figure determined by its outline, such as rounded, oval, square, etc.
 
Geometric
224
a single bony prominence of the frontal bone located between the superciliary arches in the...
 
Glabella
225
a syrupy, colorless liquid obtained from fats or oils as a by-product of the manufacturing...
 
Glycerin
226
a neutral, achromatic color resulting from the mixture of black and white pigments
 
Gray
227
(straight nasal profile) a nasal profile form in which the dorsum exhibits a straight line...
 
Grecian
228
the hue resulting from the mixture of yellow and blue pigments
 
Green
229
an elongated depression in a relatively level plane or surface
 
Groove
230
the outline of hair growth on the head or face: the lowest centrally located part of the hair...
 
Hairline
231
a grouping of hairs, affixed by suturing, utilized in hair restorations
 
Hair Patch
232
the anterior portion of the roof of the mouth
 
Hard Palate
233
the outline of the exterior margins of the head
 
Head shape
234
the vertical measurement of a feature or part of a feature: the distance above the base
 
Height
235
the outer rim of the ear
 
Helix
236
red pigment: the protein coloring matter of the red blood corpuscles which serves to convey...
 
Hemoglobin
237
a surface lying at the right angles to the source of illumination which reflects the maximum...
 
Highlight
238
application fo a color which is lighter or brighter then the complexion and would highlight...
 
Highlighting with cosmetics
239
Application of a color darker then the complexion color would shadow the complexion
 
Shadowing with cosmetics
240
roughly u-shaped, with the front being narrower than the sweep of the curve
 
Horseshoe curve
241
the property of a color by which it is distinguiushed from other colors
 
Hue
242
any liquid or semi-liquid of the body, as the aqueous or vitreous humor of the eyeball
 
Humor
243
shaped as a bent wood weapon with a central belly: resembling a cupid bow
 
Hunting bow
244
the injection of chemicals directly into the tiessues through the use of a syringe and needle
 
Hypodermic injection
245
the injection of a special creams of liquids into the tissues through the use of a syringe...
 
Hypodermic tissue building
246
giving or casting of light
 
Illumination
247
(white light) the illumination resulting from the glowing of a heater filament
 
Incandescent light
248
a clean cut into tissue or skin
 
Incision
249
the depression between the mental eminence and the inferior incisor teeth
 
Incisive fossa
250
the four teeth located anteriorly from the midline of each jaw, used for cutting
 
Incisor teeth
251
slope: deviation from the horizontal or vertical: oblique
 
Inclination
252
a blue dye: a deep violet blue designated by newton as one of the seven prismatic colors
 
Indigo
253
babyish, childlike in regard to much adipose tissue
 
Infantine
254
beneath: lower in plane or position, toward the feet
 
Inferior
255
the lowermost scroll-shaped bones on the sidewalls of the nasal cavity
 
Inferior nasal conchae
256
the furrow of the lower attached border of the inferior palpebra: an acquired facial marking
 
Inferior palpebral sulcus
257
the reaction of the tissues to injurious agents, usually characterized by heat, redness, swelling,...
 
Inflammation
258
a form of prognathism in which the base of the nasal cavity protrudes abnormally
 
Infranasal prognathism
259
the part of the invisible spectrum adjacent to the red end of the visible spectrum
 
Infrared
260
to restrain, hinder, or retard
 
Inhibit
261
to introduce forcibly into the circulatory system, tissues, etc. with a hypodermic syringe...
 
Inject
262
eminence at the inner corner of the closed eyelids
 
Inner canthus
263
Superiorly, the skin portion of the upper lip and Inferiorly the skin of the lower lip. (mucous...
 
Integumentary lips
264
existing in a high degree or brilliance: vivid
 
Intense
265
to beomce more brilliant or more vivid in color
 
Intensify
266
(chroma) the brightness or dullness of a hue
 
Intensity
267
the vertical or transverse furrows between the eyebrows: acquired facial markings
 
Interciliary sulci
268
a pigmentary hue produced by mixing, in equal quanties, a primary hue with its adjacent secondary...
 
Intermediate hue
269
a notch or opening between the tragus and the antitragus of the ear
 
Intertragic notch
270
(hidden suture) a type of suture used to close incisions in such a manner that the ligature...
 
Intradermal suture
271
tissues turned in an opposite direction or folded inward
 
Inversion
272
a three side figure whose base is superior to its apex
 
Inverted triangle
273
the inferior border of the mandible
 
Jawline
274
(simultaneous contrast) any two hues seen together which modify each other in the direction...
 
Juxtaposition
275
Lips
 
Labia
276
(furrows of age) the vertical furrows of each lip extending from within the mucous membranes...
 
labial sulci
277
the junction of the lower integumentary lip and the superior border of the chin, which may...
 
Labiomental sulcus
278
to cut or often tear into irregular segments
 
Lacerated
279
an irregularly torn or jagged wound, ranging from the superficial scratches to deep tears in...
 
Laceration
280
oil from sheep wool
 
Lanolin
281
(peach fuzz) the downy hair of a fetus, children, or women
 
Lanugo
282
toward the side
 
Lateral
283
escape of blood or fluids
 
Leak
284
a vertical dimension
 
Length
285
a nasal index common to individuals of Western European descent having a long, narrow, and...
 
Leptorrhine
286
a muscle of facial expression which elevates the angle of the mouth
 
Levator anguli oris
287
a muscle of the facial expression which elevates the upper lip and dilates the nostril opening:...
 
Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi
288
a muscle of facial expression which elevates and extends the upper lip
 
Levator labii superioris
289
a muscle of facial expression which raises the upper eyelid
 
Levator palpebrae superioris
290
to tie or bind using cord, wire, or thread
 
Ligate
291
thread, cord, or wire used for tying vessels, tissues, or bones
 
ligature
292
to shine: a form of electromagnetic radiation that acts upon the retina of the eye to make...
 
light
293
the line that forms between two structures, such as the lips or the eyelids when in a closed...
 
Line of closure
294
eyelid furrows which are short and broken, extending horizontally on the palpebrae themselves...
 
Linear sulci
295
a small, flat brush having soft hairs of uniform length
 
Lip brush
296
a soft restorative wax, usually tinted, used to surface the mucous membranes or to correct...
 
Lip wax
297
a fluid, facial colorant in which pigments are dissolved or suspended
 
Liquid cosmetic
298
a quick-drying fluid adhesive
 
Liquid sealer
299
an aqueous mixture or powder with a suspending agent
 
Liquid suspension
300
the fatty inferior one-third of the ear
 
Lobe
301
a single, nose -like suture, not pulled taut before knotting, which stands from the skin and...
 
Loop Stitch
302
a red-purple or purplish-red color
 
Magenta
303
those requiring a long period of time, are extensive, require advanced technical skill, and...
 
Major restoration
304
the cosmetic material: the way in which one is painted: the process of application of a cosmetic
 
makeup
305
the horsehoe-shaped bone forming the inferior jaw
 
Mandible
306
Glenoid fossa: forms the temporal mandibular joint
 
Mandibular Fossa
307
inferior jaw protrudes
 
Mandibular prognathism
308
the furrow beneath the jawline which rises vertically on the cheek: an acquired facial marking
 
Mandibular sulcus
309
A stitch used to hold the mouth closed: passed through the jaw at the medium plane
 
Mandibular suture
310
the boundaries or edges
 
Margins
311
a cosmetic preparation used to darken the eyelashes
 
Mascara
312
(face mask) anything that hides or conceals, as cosmetics
 
Mask
313
a soft, white, oily preparation used as a protective coating for external tissues: a base for...
 
Massage cream
314
muscles of mastication which close the mandible
 
Masseter muscles
315
the rounded projection on the inferior portion of the temporal bones just posterior to the...
 
Mastoid process
316
having a dull finish: as afforded by the application of loose powder, lack of sheen
 
Matte
317
a paired bone with several process that form the skeletal base of most of the superior face,...
 
Maxilla
318
superior jaw protrudes
 
Maxillary prognathism
319
middle: nears the medial plane
 
Medial
320
tiny prominence on the midline of the superior mucous membrane
 
medial lobe
321
derma-surgery or restorative wax
 
Medium wax
322
the brown to black-brown pigment in the epidermis and hair
 
melanin
323
a triangular projection on the inferior portion of the anterior mandible
 
Mental eminence
324
elevates and protrudes the inferior lip, wrinkles the skin over the chin
 
Mentalis muscle
325
a nasal classification which is medium broad and medium-low bridges: common to individuals...
 
mesorrhine
326
those requiring a minimum effort, skill or time to complete
 
Minor restoration
327
a composition of two or more substances that are not chemically bound to each other
 
Mixture
328
constructing a form with a pliable material such as wax or clay
 
Modeling
329
variations of one hue: tints, tones, and shades of one hue
 
Monochromatic
330
to diversify with spots or blothes of a different color (or shade)
 
Mottle
331
a device used in the mouth for shaping the contour of the lips
 
Mouth former
332
the visible red surfaces of the lips: the lining membrane of body cavities which communicate...
 
Mucous membranes
333
A stitch used to hold the mouth closed: passed through muscle tangent to the inferior jaw
 
Musculature suture
334
to reduce the intensity of a color by the addition of another color
 
Mute
335
disfigured by a loss of a natural part by force
 
mutilated
336
directly inferior to the glabella and forming a dome over the superior portion of the nasal...
 
Nasal bones
337
the orifice in the bony face bounded by the margins of the nasal bones and the maxilla
 
nasal cavity
338
the sharp, bony projection located medially at the inferior margin of the nasal cavity
 
Nasal spine of the maxilla
339
the angular area between the posterior margin of the wing of the nose and the nasolabial fold:...
 
nasal sulcus
340
the eminence of the cheek and adjacent to the mouth: extending from the superior / posterior...
 
Nasolabial fold
341
the furrow originating at the superior border of the wing of the nose and extending to the...
 
Nasolabial sulcus
342
depression superior to the medial portion of the superior palpbrae: an acquired facial marking
 
Naso-orbital fossa
343
that that are present at birth, hereditary
 
Natural facial markings
344
areas of color in the tissues normally darker then the adjacent areas
 
Natural shadows
345
an instrument used to impel specially designed metal pins (with wire attached to each pin)...
 
Needle Injector
346
a new and abnormal formation of tissue, as a tumor or growth
 
neoplasm
347
a birthmark: a congenital skin blemish: any congenital anomaly, including various type of birthmarks...
 
Nevus
348
the most common characteristics of each feature: typical, common, average
 
Norm
349
a relatively deep indentation, usually between two projections
 
Notch
350
slanting or inclined, neither perpendicular nor horizontal
 
Oblique
351
the shallow, curing groove below the medial corner of the eyelids: a natural facial marking
 
Oblique palpebral sulcus
352
a frontal head form in which the head is long and narrow throughout
 
Oblong
353
lowest part of the back and base of the cranium, forming a cradle for the brain
 
Occipital bone
354
the prominence at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone
 
Occipital protuberance
355
Epicranius: draws the scalp posteriorly and anteriorly and raises the eyebrows
 
Occipitofrontalis muscle
356
a coloring medium in which the pigments are combined with petroleum product
 
Oil-base cosmetics
357
a yellow-tan of medium value with a greenish tinge
 
Olive
358
the state of being opaque
 
Opacity
359
not transparent or translucent: not allowing light to pass through a concealing cosmetic
 
Opaque
360
(crows feet) the furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye: acquired facial markings
 
Optic facial sluci
361
the mouth: the orifice containing the teeth and tongue
 
Oral cavity
362
the hue obtained from the mixture of red and yellow: a secondary color of pigments
 
Orange
363
close the eyelids: compresses the lacrimal sacs
 
Orbicularis oculi muscles
364
closes the lips
 
Orbicularis oris muscle
365
(orbit) the Eye socket
 
Orbital cavity
366
bags under the eyes: the fullness between the inferior palpebrae and the oblique palpebral...
 
Orbital pouch
367
the entrance or outlet of any body cavity: an opening
 
Orifice
368
the attachment of a muscle which moves least when the muscle contracts: the beginning
 
Origin
369
an adornment or embellishment
 
ornamental
370
a frontal head form in which the head is generally egg-shaped, with the cranium slightly wider...
 
Oval
371
a coloring modified by an overlying color: a color which visibly predominates more then general...
 
Overtone
372
one of the bones forming the posterior part of the hard palate: between the interior pterygoid...
 
Palatine bone
373
the eyelids both superior and inferior
 
Palpebrae
374
a face powder cosmetic pressed into a flat cake
 
Pancake
375
two bones that form the roof and part of the sides of the skull
 
Parietal bones
376
the rounded peak of the external convexity of the parietal bones: determines the widest part...
 
Parietal eminence
377
a soft, moist opaque cosmetic with the consistency of dough
 
Paste
378
a group of hairs of uniform length applied simultaneously as a method of hair replacement
 
Patch of hair
379
diseased: due to a disease
 
Pathological condition
380
wounds entering the interior of an organ or cavity
 
Penetrating wounds
381
superior portion of the bony nasal septum
 
perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
382
a semi-solid, yellow mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum
 
Petroleum jelly
383
(carbolic acid) an antiseptic/disinfectant employed to dry moist tissues and to bleach discolored...
 
Phenol
384
the vertical groove located medially on the superior lips: a natural facial marking
 
Philtrum
385
the study of the structures and surface markings of the face and features
 
Physiognomy
386
a coloring matter which can be applied to an object, when combined with some type of vehicle
 
pigment
387
a powder (usually composed of dry, pulverized pigments and talcum) employed to impart color...
 
pigment powder
388
the Prange system: the basis for mortuary cosmetology
 
Pigment theory
389
(ear) the auricle or projected part of the exterior ear
 
Pinna
390
surface having very little curvature
 
Planes
391
calcium sulfate: a white powdery substance which forms a quick setting paste when mixed with...
 
Plaster of Paris
392
a nasal classification which is short and broad and has the minimum of projection: common to...
 
Platyrrhine
393
thin layer of muscle covering anterior aspect of neck
 
Platysma muscle
394
the transverse, dipping furrow of the neck: acquired facial marking
 
Platysmal sulci
395
a small ball, cylinder, or tuft often made of cotton
 
Pledget
396
any device as cotton, cloth, wood, etc. used to fill or close an opening
 
Plug
397
a place (usually invisible) at which access to inner positions may be had
 
Point of Entry
398
minute depressions in the surface of the skin, as in the openings of the sweat glands
 
pores
399
treatments of a restorative nature performed after the embalming operation
 
Post-embalming
400
toward the rear or caudal end: toward the back: dorsal
 
Posterior
401
after death
 
Postmortem
402
any solid substance in the state of fine, loose particles as produced by crushing or grinding
 
Powder
403
a device used to blow powder onto a surface
 
powder atomizer
404
a device containing hairs or bristles set in a handle: used to apply and/or remove powder
 
Powder brush
405
a soft, circular pad for applying powder
 
powder puff
406
treatments of a restorative nature performed before the embalming operation
 
pre-embalming
407
three pigmentary hues: red, yellow, and blue, which can be combined to make all other hues
 
Primary hue
408
draws the skin of the forhead inferiorly
 
procerus muscle
409
a photograph or painting in which the subject has been posed and lighted flatteringly by a...
 
Professional portrait
410
the side profile of the human head
 
Profile
411
projection of the jaw(s) beyond the projection of the forehead
 
Prognathism
412
the act of throwing forward: a part extending beyond the level of its surroundings
 
Projection
413
an artifical device used to replace a limb, appendage, or other body part
 
Prosthetic device
414
the relationships of the size of one feature as compared with another feature or with the width...
 
Proportions
415
the rounded, anterior projection of the tip of the nose
 
Protruding lobe
416
the state or condition of being thrust forward or projecting
 
Protrusion
417
a hole or slight wound resulting from piercing
 
Puncture
418
a color between blue and red: a secondary hue of pigments
 
Purple
419
a suture made around the circumference of a circular opening or puncture to close it or to...
 
Purse string suture
420
a secretion from inflamed tissues: usually an opaque, creamy colored matter
 
pus
421
a small elevation of the skin with the inflamed base, containing pus
 
Pustule
422
an apparently solid structure having a square base and four triangular sides which meet at...
 
Pyramid
423
energy traveling through space in the form of electromagnetic waves of various lengths
 
Radiant energy
424
to spread out from a common point
 
Radiate
425
the vertical portion of the mandible
 
Ramus
426
a dark, purplish-red color
 
Raspberry
427
a comb with a long, thin handle employed in curling hair
 
rat-tail comb
428
a darkened, air-dried area on the skin resulting from removal of the epidermis while shaving
 
razor burn
429
redistribution of massage cream or cosmetics to insure a uniform density
 
reblend
430
the withdrawal of a part from its normal position
 
recession
431
a four-sided figure having four right angles
 
Rectangular
432
to dimish in size, mass or projection
 
Reduce
433
the return of light waves from surfaces: the blending or folding back of a part upon itself
 
Reflection
434
to lay at rest
 
Repose
435
the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color
 
Restorative art
436
a nose which is turned up superiorly at its tip
 
Retrousse
437
the border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of a circular or curving form, as the rim of...
 
rim
438
(laughing muscle) the narrow superficial band of muscle which pull the angle of the mouth laterally
 
Risorius Muscle
439
the long, rod-shaped sensory bodies of the retina of the eye responsive to light but not color
 
Rods of the eye
440
the aquiline profile of the nose
 
Roman
441
the apex (top) of the pyramidal mass of the nose which lies directly inferior to the forehead:...
 
Root
442
(infantine) a frontal head form in which the head exhibits maximum curvature
 
Round
443
an acronym for red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet
 
ROYGBIV
444
red complexion: having a healthy reddish color, said of the the complexion, more vivid then...
 
Ruddy
445
a yellowish, sickly color of the complexion
 
Sallow
446
a visual aspect indicating the vividness of the hue in the degree of difference from a gray...
 
Saturation
447
a crust over a healing sore or wound
 
scab
448
fossa between the inner and outer rims of the ear: the shallowest depression of the ear
 
Scapha
449
a bright red color inclining toward orange
 
Scarlet
450
a quick-drying liquid which leaves a hard, thin transparent coat or layer through which moisture...
 
sealer
451
to cauterize tissues by heat or chemical in order to provide a dry foundation
 
sear(ing)
452
those resulting in acute inflammation of the skin and blisters
 
second degree burn
453
equal mixture of two primary pigmentary hues (orange, green and purple)
 
Secondary hue
454
almost opaque: not transparent or translucent
 
semi-opaque
455
vertical cartilage dividing nasal cavity into two chambers, responsible for asymmetry of the...
 
septum
456
notched on the edge like a saw
 
Serrated
457
to have been cut or broken apart: disjoined
 
severed
458
a hue into which various quantities of black are mixed: the darkened hue
 
Shade
459
surfaces which do not lie at right angles to the source of illumination or are obscured by...
 
Shadow
460
shine: as of the reflection of natural oils of the skin
 
Sheen
461
the growth of hair located anterior of the ears
 
sideburns
462
the lateral walls of the nose between the wings and the bridge
 
sides of the nose
463
fractured bone does not pierce the skin
 
simple fracture
464
to burn superficially as the hair which shows partial destruction from scorching heat
 
Singe
465
surface restorer
 
Soft wax
466
a substance (usually liquid) capable of, or used in, dissolving something
 
Solvent
467
a flat, blunt, kinfe_like instrument used for mixing cosmetics and modeling: a palette knife
 
Spatula
468
visible bands of color, the progressive arrangement of colors
 
Spectrum
469
an appliance as of wood, metal, etc.. used to keep in place or protect a displaced or movable...
 
Splint
470
a liquid cosmetic so compounded that it can be atomized to provide a means of application to...
 
Spray cosmetic
471
an elastic, porous mass of interlacing horny fibers which are permanently attached: used to...
 
sponge
472
the vertical surface of the temporal bone
 
Squama
473
(strong) a frontal head form in which the head is broad and exhibits very little curvature:...
 
Square
474
to discolor with foreign matter: an area so discolored
 
Stain
475
any substances or agents which will cause an external discoloration to be removed or lessened
 
Stain removers
476
(cornstarch) used as a dusting powder and an absorbent: used to firm wax
 
Starch
477
a muscle of the neck that is attached to the mastoid process of the temporal bone and to the...
 
Sternocleidomastoideus Muscle
478
a small, rounded, stiff brush, all bristles are the same length, used to simulate pores on...
 
Stipple brush
479
(grecian) a nasal profile in which the dorsum exhibits a straight line from the root to the...
 
Straight nasal profile
480
situate or occurring beneath the skin
 
Subcutaneous
481
lowered in intensity or strength; reduced in fullness or color; muted
 
Subdued
482
describing those portions which lie immediately inferior to the mandible
 
submandibular
483
the junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area, which may appear as a furrow;...
 
submental sulcus
484
method of diminishing the wave lengths of light by superimposing two or more color transparencies...
 
subtractive method
485
situated as a depression; concave
 
sunken
486
the inferior part of the forehead just superior to the median ends of the eyebrows
 
Superciliary arches
487
eyebrows
 
Supercilium
488
anatomically towards the head
 
Superior
489
the furrow of the superior border of the upper eyelid: an acquired facial marking
 
superior palpebral sulcus
490
region between the supercilium and the superior palpebrae
 
supraorbital margins
491
(surface filler) a wax used to fill shallow depressions; which is sofer and more pliable then...
 
surface restorer
492
restoration to a normal position or level through surgical excision
 
surgical reduction
493
a substance in which particles of ground pigments are mixed with a fluid but are undissolved
 
suspension
494
to provide support for; to hold in a fixed position
 
sustain
495
act of sewing; also the completed stitch
 
suture
496
a bit of cotton or cloth used for removing moisture or discharges from mucous membranes as...
 
Swab
497
dark-colored complexion, as a face made swarthy by the tropical sun
 
Swarthy
498
correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of...
 
Symmetry
499
a form which receded away from a given point; a form which becomes gradually smaller toward...
 
taper
500
inferior portion of the sides and base of the cranium, inferior to the parietal bones and anterior...
 
Temporal bones
501
the concave surface of the head overlying the temporal bone
 
Temporal cavity
502
muscle of mastication which helps to close the mandible (the strongest chewing muscle)
 
Temporalis muscles
503
property of holding fast, adhesiveness
 
tenacity
504
limit; end; the part which terminates
 
Termination/Terminal
505
the hue which results from the mixture of two secondary pigmentary hues
 
Tertiary hue
506
a brush with a relatively large tuft of good quality, fine bristles, such as a black sable...
 
Texturizing brush
507
destruction of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues; seared, charred or roasted tissue
 
third degree burn
508
in reference to a photograph, a view which reveals the fullness of the cheeks
 
three quarter view
509
a hue into which various quantities of white are mixed
 
Tint
510
a powder which is lightly colored with non-moisture absorbing pigments
 
Tinted powders
511
the extremity of anything which tapers (eg. the tip of the nose)
 
Tip
512
a substance used to elevate sunken (emaciated) tissues to normal level by hypodermic injection
 
Tissue builder
513
a hue mixed with either a small quantity of gray or the complement of the hue, resulting in...
 
Tone
514
a small wig or patch of false hair covering a bald spot; a hairpiece
 
Toupee
515
elevation protecting the ear passage (external auditory meatus)
 
Tragus
516
transmitting light but causing sufficient diffusion to eliminate perception of distinct image;...
 
Translucent
517
having the property of transmitting rays of light through its substance so that bodies situated...
 
Transparent
518
furrows which cross the forehead; acquired facial markings
 
transverse frontal sulci
519
a physical injury or wound caused by external force or violence
 
Trauma
520
a frontal head form in which the face is wider between the angles of the mandible then it is...
 
Triangular
521
depression between the crura of the ear; the second deepest depression of the ear
 
Triangular fossa
522
a spontaneous new growth of tissue forming an abnormal mass
 
Tumor
523
in liquids, muddy with particles of extraneous matter, no clear or transparent
 
Turbid
524
invisible rays of the spectrum lying outside the violet end of the visible spectrum
 
Ultraviolet
525
a coloring (opaque) applied to an area which, when dry, will be covered with wax or another...
 
Undercoat
526
the angled cut of the borders of an excision, made so that the skin surface will overhang the...
 
Undercut
527
a part which is, or will be, hidden from view
 
Unexposed area
528
the lightness or darkness of a hue
 
Value
529
changes in form, extent, etc; things somewhat different from another of the same kind
 
Variations
530
a material combined with pigments so they may be applied more easily
 
Vehicle
531
the top of the head
 
Vertex
532
perpendicular to the plane of the horizon, balanced
 
Vertical
533
one in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line and the chin...
 
Vertical-concave profile
534
one in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line and the chin...
 
Vertical-Convex profile
535
(balanced) one in which the forehead, upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical...
 
Vertical profile
536
the semi-fluid, transparent substance which lies between the retina and the lens of the eyeball
 
Vitreous humor
537
brilliance; intensely bright color(s)
 
Vivid
538
the degree of brilliance
 
Vividity
539
bone of the nasal cavity situate between the nasal passages on the median plane; forms inferior/posterior...
 
Vomer bone
540
areas of the skin surface which, during life, are naturally reddened, cosmetics used to restore...
 
Warm color areas
541
a color which appears in the spectral band, characterized by long wave-lengths; a color which...
 
Warm hue
542
a restorative modeling or surfacing material composed of beeswax
 
Wax
543
the line of color change at the junction of the wet and dry portions of each mucous membrane
 
Weather line
544
the aspect of physical heaviness associated with different colors
 
Weight
545
the color of pure snow
 
White
546
a ray of light which contains all the hues of the visible spectrum, in such proportion that...
 
White light
547
the dimension of an object measured across from side to side
 
Width
548
lateral lobes of the nose
 
Wings of the nose
549
the length of wire employed to connect two structures which are undamaged such as remaining...
 
wire bridging
550
(inversion, draw stitch) a method of sewing an incision along the edges without entering the...
 
Worm suture
551
the processes on the temporal and zygomatic bones; determines the widest part of the face
 
Zygomatic arch
552
one of the lesser concavities of the face located on the lateral portion of the cheek inferior...
 
Zygomatic arch depression
553
small bones of the cheeks; widest part of the cheek
 
Zygomatic bones
554
the lateral rim of the eye socket formed by a process of the frontal bone and the process of...
 
Zygomaticofrontal process
555
muscles of the face which draw the superior lip posteriorly, superiorly, and anteriorly
 
Zygomaticus major muscles
556
muscles of the face which draw the superior lip posteriorly and anteriorly
 
Zygomaticus minor muscles


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