Restorative Art Glossary Terms - Complete Set (Funeral Director Studies)


Glossary Terms To Be Used For Facial Reconstructive Use At A Mortuary As Part Of A Restorative Art College Course
  
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antemortem and/or postmortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object resulting in the removal of the epidermis
 
Abrasion
A localized accumulation of pus
 
Abscess
to bluntly adjoin another structure: for example, the line of the eye closure
 
Abut
dimethylketone: a colorless liquid which is used to soften and remove scabs: a solvent for restorative wax, or a stain remover
 
Acetone
a color not found in the visible spectrum: a neutral color such as white, black, gray, and silver and gold (for decorative purposes)
 
Achromatic color
facial markings that develop during ones lifetime, primarily as a result of repetitious use of certain muscles.
 
Acquired facial markings
sticking to or adhering closely: substances which may be applied in order to sustain contact of two surfaces
 
Adhesive
a colloidal solution dispensed as a mist
 
Aerosol
psychological: a visual impression remaining after the stimulus has been removed
 
After-image
a pressured atomizer utilized for spraying liquid paint or cosmetic upon a surface
 
Airbrush
A bony ridge found on the inferior surface of the Maxilla and the superior surface of the Mandible which contains the sockets for teeth
 
Alveolar process
an abnormal protrusion of the Alveolar Process(es)
 
Alveolar prognthism
to cut off a limb: to dismember
 
Amputate
in color harmony, two or more hues which have the same hue in common
 
Analogous
descriptive references for locating anatomical structures by means of the anatomical structures which are known
 
Anatomical guides
the body is erect, feet together, palms facing forward, and thumbs pointed away from the body
 
Anatomical position
a material or technique employed to secure tissues or restorative materials in a fixed position: an armature
 
Anchor
Angulus: a sharp turn formed by the meeting of two borders or surfaces
 
Angle
a bony angle formed by the junction of the posterior edge of the ramus of the mandible and the inferior surface of the body of the mandible
 
Angle of the mandible
the degree from vertical at which the surface(s) of a prominent feature projects
 
Angle of projection
the small convex prominence found lateral to the end of the line of closure of the mouth: a natural facial marking
 
Angulus oris eminence
the groove found at each end of the line of closure of the mouth: a natural facial marking
 
Angulus oris sulcus
before death
 
antemortem
before or in front of: an anatomical term of position and direction which denotes the front or forward part
 
Anterior
the external nostril openings
 
Anterior nares
the inner rim of the ear
 
Antihelix
a small eminence obliquely opposite the Tragus on the superior border of the lobe of the ear
 
Antitragus
an opening
 
Aperture
watery: prepared with water as a solvent
 
Aqueous
a clear, thin, alkaline fluid which fills the anterior chamber of the eyeball
 
Aqueous humor
curved, as the beak of an eagle: as viewed from the profile, a nose which exhibits a hook or convexity in its dorsum
 
Aquiline
a structure which exhibits a curved or bow-like outline
 
Arch
the inferior margin of the nasal wing which forms a distinct concave arc superiorly
 
Arch of the wing
containing minute interspaces in a tissue
 
Areolar
framework: a material, commonly of pliable metal or wood, employed to provide support for a wax restoration
 
Armature
to draw out liquids or gasses by means of suction
 
Aspiration
lack of symmetry, balance, or proportion
 
Asymmetry
in cosmetology, the vehicle in a cosmetic (oil base); the initial application of a cream or cosmetic
 
Base
white, yellow, red, and brown: four hues which correspond to the pigments of the skin
 
Basic pigment
(cross stitch) a network of stitches which cross the borders of a cavity or excision to anchor fillers and to sustain tissues in their proper position
 
Basket weave suture
the lower part of anything, the supporting part
 
Base
those areas of the fleshy lips, cheeks, chin, and neck which exhibit hair growth
 
Beard Area
two sides
 
Bilateral
dissimilarities existing in the two sides or halves of an object
 
Bilateral differences
the bilateral view: an inferior or superior viewpoint which permits the comparison of the two sides or halves of an object or facial feature
 
Bilateral silhouette
an achromatic color: the absence of all color in pigmentation
 
Black
to whiten by removing color: to make pale
 
Blanch
a chemical which lightens or blanches skin discolorations
 
Bleach
the act of lightening a discoloration by hypodermic means or by surface compress
 
Bleaching
color which escapes at the edge of a mixture
 
Bleed
to mix or intermingle colors smoothly: to make a gradual change from one color to another
 
Blend
a thin vesicle on the skin containing liquid matter
 
Blister
having relatively large patches of color somewhat different from the remainder of the coloring
 
Blotched
light yellow in coloration: a term commonly employed to describe hair color
 
Blonde
the horizontal portion of the lower jaw
 
Body of the mandible
a raised support: the arched portion of the nose which is supported by the nasal bones: a structure or span connecting two parts of the mutilated bone
 
Bridge
(interrupted suture) a temporary suture consisting of individually cut and tied stitches employed to sustain the proper position of tissues
 
Bridge stitch
brightness: in colored illumination, the quantity of illumination passing through a color transparency
 
Brilliance
brown or copper-like in coloration
 
Bronze
the color of tanned leather
 
Brown
dark brown in coloration: a term commonly employed to describe hair color
 
Brunette
(ecchymosis) an injury caused by a blow without laceration: a contusion
 
Bruise
the space between the lips and the gums and teeth: the vestibule of the oral cavity
 
Buccal cavity
natural, shallow concavities of the cheeks which extend obliquely downward from the medial or lateral margins of the cheekbones
 
Buccal depressions
the principle muscle of the cheek which compresses the cheeks and forms the lateral wall of the mouth
 
Buccinator
the vertical furrow of the cheek: an acquired facial marking
 
Bucco-facial Sulcus
to oxidize or to cause to be oxidized by fire or equivalent means: a tissue reaction or injury resulting from the application of heat
 
Burn
in cosmetology, a compressed powder
 
Cake
any malignant neoplasm, marked by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
 
Cancer
(crimson) purple-red in coloration
 
Carmine
the yellow pigment of the skin
 
Carotene
a specialized type of dense connective tissue: attached to the ends of the bones and forming parts of structures
 
Cartilage
Casting: any object which has been made from a mold: the positive reproduction obtained from a negative impression
 
Cast
a chemical capable of drying tissues by searing: caustic
 
Cauterizing agent
a hollow place or area
 
Cavity
a substance used to promote the adhesion of two separated surfaces, such as the lips, the eyelids, or the margins of an incision
 
Cement
reduced to carbon: the state of tissues destroyed by burning
 
Charred
a color having hue: a color of the visible spectrum
 
Chromatic color
the eyelashes
 
Cilia
a clear syrup-like liquid which evaporates, leaving a contractile, white film, a liquid sealer
 
Collodion
a suspension for pigments in a liquid vehicle bound together in such a manner that there is no separation of particles
 
Colloid
a visual sensation perceived by the eye and the mind due to the activity of and vibration of light
 
Color
in cosmetology, a substance used to impart color to an object: dye, pigment, ink or paint
 
Colorant
colored glass, gelatin, or other substances which transmit light of certain wave lengths while absorbing the others
 
Colored Filter
illumination of an identifiable hue
 
Colored Light
a circle in which the primary, secondary, and intermediate hues are arranged in orderly intervals
 
Color wheel
the fleshy termination of the nasal septum at the base of the nose: located between the nostrils: the most inferior part of the mass of the nose
 
Columna nasi
directly opposite hues on the color wheel: any two pigmentary hues which, by their mixture in equal quantities, produce gray
 
Complements
the color and texture of the skin, especially that of the face
 
Complexion
forming a part of ingredient
 
Component
a broken bone which pierces the skin
 
Compound fracture
gauze or absorbent cotton saturate with water or an appropriate chemical and placed under or upon tissues
 
Compress
exhibiting a depressed or hollow surface: a concavity
 
Concave
afacial profile variation in which the forehead protudes beyond the eyebrows while the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip
 
Concave-Convex profile
a depressed profile form which may dip concavely from root to tip
 
Concave nasal profile
a basic facial profile form in which the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows while the chin protrudes beyond the plane of the upper lip
 
Concave profile
a facial profile in which the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows while the upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line
 
Concave-Vertical profile
the concave shell of the ear: the deepest depression of the ear
 
Concha
treatments of a restorative nature performed during the embalming operation
 
Concurrent
a rounded prominence at the end of a bone forming an articulation: the posterior process of the ramus of the mandible
 
Condyle
sensory nerves in the retina of the eye having to do with color detection
 
Cones of the eye
to contract or compress
 
Constrict
the outline or surface form
 
Contour
a bruise
 
Contusion
the color of an object being converted or completely destroyed when one color of illumination strikes an object of a completely different color
 
Conversion
curved evenly: resembling a segment of the outer edge of a sphere
 
Convex
a profile in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin protrudes beyond the plane of the upper lip
 
Convex-concave profile
a nasal profile which exhibits a hump in its linear form
 
Convex nasal profile
a profile form in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip (most common)
 
Convex profile
a profile in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin and upper project equally to an imaginary vertical line
 
Convex-Vertical profile
Blue, Green, purple or any intermediate pigmentary hue in which they predominate: a receding hue which creates the illusion of distance
 
Cool hue
vertical prominences of the neck: an acquired facial marking
 
Cords of the neck
the transparent structure which constitutes the anterior segment of the external layer of the eyeball
 
Cornea
the anterior, non-articulating process of the ramus of the mandible which serves as the insertion for the temporalis muscle
 
Coronoid process
having an abnormal amount of fat on the body
 
Corpulence
a cosmetic technique to highlight the face to reduce the appearance of size or deepen a depression
 
Corrective shaping with cosmetics
a pyramid-shaped muscle of the facial expression which draws the eyebrows inferiorly and medially
 
Corrugator
a preparation for beautifying the complexion and skin
 
Cosmetic
a cosmetic medium composed of two, three, or all four basic pigments
 
Cosmetic compound
the initial application of a cream or paste cosmetic to skin tissues
 
Cosmetic base
the process of applying cosmetics to a surface
 
Cosmetizing
(beautician) a professional trained in the application of cosmetics and the styling of hair
 
Cosmetologist
the study of beautifying and improving the complexion, skin, hair, and nails
 
Cosmetology
that part of the human skull which encloses the brain
 
Cranium
a semi-solid cosmetic
 
Cream cosmetic
the top of a curve (as a wave) where the direction changes
 
Crest
the horizontal plate of the ethmoid bone separating the cranial cavity from the nasal cavity
 
Cribriform plate
deep purplish-red in coloration
 
Crimson
(vertex) the topmost part of the head
 
Crown
the superior and anterior bifurcating brances of the antihelix of the ear
 
Crura of the Antihelix
the origin of the helix which is flattened in the concha
 
Crus of the helix
a commercially-prepared solvent used to remove dead cuticle from the nails and obstinate scabs
 
Cuticle remover
separation fo the head from the body: to decapitate is the act of such separation
 
Decapitation
separation of the compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial or autolytic enzymes
 
Decomposition
a material employed to fill cavities or excisions and to serves as a foundation for the superficial wax restoration
 
Deep filler
loss of water from the body or tissues
 
Dehydrated
the loss of moisture from the body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem
 
Dehydration
having the component parts closely compacted together: relatively opaque
 
Dense
the thickness of the applied cosmetic
 
Density
(buck teeth) oblique insertion of the teeth
 
Dental prognathism
ligature around the superior and inferior teeth employed to hold the mandible in a fixed position
 
Dental tie
Artificial Teeth
 
Denture
to lower inferiorly or to reduce projection
 
Depress
a hollow or concave region: the lowering of a part
 
Depression
a muscle of facial expression which depresses the angle of the mouth
 
Depressor anguli oris
a muscle of facial expression which draws the lower lip inferiorly and slightly lateral
 
Depressor labii inferioris
a state or degree of being deep
 
Depth
(dermis, skin) the corium, or true skin
 
Derma
(skin slip) the separation of the epidermis from the dermis as a result of putrefaction
 
Desquamation
rendered thoroughly dry: exhausted of moisture
 
Desiccation
a variation from the common or established
 
Deviations
a frontal-view geometric head shape which is widest across the cheekbones, narrowing in width in both the forehead and the jaws
 
Diamond
a double bellied muscle which draws the hyoid bone superiorly
 
Digastrcus
a substance thinned or reduced in concentration: a cosmetic lessened in brilliance
 
Dilution
shallow depression located on the cheek or chin in a rounded or vertical form: natural facial markings
 
Dimples
disjoining of bones
 
Disarticulate
the act of cutting apart
 
Dissection
to expand or swell
 
Distend
a state of stretching out or becoming inflated
 
Distention
a state of being twisted or pushed out of natural shape or position
 
Distortion
top: the anterior protruding ridge of the nose from the root to the tip of the lobe
 
Dorsum
a wooden or metal rod used as a armature
 
Dowel
a compacted cake-type cosmetic of red coloration
 
Dry rouge
a non-preserving powder utilized in the setting cosmetics and a wax firming agent. Examples: Talcum powder, Cornstarch
 
Drying powder
freedom from wetness: a condition of tissues necessary for the adhesion of cement, sealer, deep filler or wax
 
Dryness
(swarthy) somewhat dark in color: when used to describe the complexion color
 
Dusky
(pinna) the organ of hearing
 
Ear
(bruise) a discoloration of the skin caused by the escape of blood within the tissues and generally accompanied by swelling
 
Ecchymosis
Abnormal accumulation of fluids in the tissues or body cavities
 
Edema
an electrically-heated blade used to dry moist tissues, reduce swollen tissues, and restore contour to natural form
 
Electric Spatula
a raised surface or part
 
Elevation
a relatively long and slightly dipping curve
 
Elliptical curve
excessive leanness: a wasted condition resulting in sunken surfaces of the face
 
Emaciation
the process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of microorganisms
 
Embalming
to fix or fasten in place
 
Embed
a prominence or projection of a bone
 
Eminence
a smoothing agent having the ability to soften tissues: massage cream or a cosmetic possessing this characteristic
 
Emollient
using the same color of light as the color of the object
 
Emphasis
a permanent misture of two or more immiscible substances (oil and water) which are united with the aid of a binder (gum) or emulsifier (soap)
 
Emulsion
the removal of an entire mass or part, especially a tumor or the eyeball, without rupture
 
Enucleation
the outmost layer of the skin: the cutical or scarf skin
 
Epidermis
a clear, volatile liquid used as a wax solvent or to remove grease, oil, and adhesive tape stains
 
Ether
turn outward
 
Evert
the area from which tissue has been removed. Excise - to remove as by cutting out
 
Excision
any visible surface which is to remain uncovered or unclothed
 
Exposed area
the opening or passageway of the ear
 
External auditory meatus
weight applied to a surface
 
External pressure
drawn or pulled out
 
Extraction
(supercilium) also the superficial hairs covering the superciliary arches
 
Eyebrows
a cosmetic in pencil form for coloring the hairs of the eyebrow
 
Eyebrow pencil
a thin, dome-like shell made of hardened cloth, metal or plastic placed beneath the eyelids to restore natural curvature
 
Eyecap
(palpebrae) two movable flaps of skin which cover and uncover each eyeball
 
Eyelids
a cosmetic color applied to the upper eyelid: the cosmetic colorant so applied
 
Eye Shadow
(orbit) the bony region containing the eyeball: the orbital cavity
 
Eye Socket
anatomically, the region from the eyes to the base of the chin:physiognomically, the region from the normal hairline to the base of the chin
 
Face
the character line of the face and neck: wrinkles, grooves, cords, and dimples
 
Facial markings
the silhouettes of the face from the side view
 
Facial profiles
mathematical relationships of the facial features to one another and/or to the head and face
 
Facial proportions
to reduce gradually to an indistinguishable edge, to taper
 
Feather
material used to fill a large cavity (eg.. plaster of paris and cotton, liquid sealer and cotton)
 
Filler
the degree of rigidity or stability: a condition of the tissues necessary for the application of wax
 
Firmness
(wound filler) the most viscous type of wax: a putty-like material used to fill in large cavities or model features
 
Firm wax
(hyperemia) an injury caused by heat which produces redness of the skin
 
First Degree Burn
Flushed with red, when describing a complexion: not as vivid as ruddy
 
Florid
the illumination produced by a tubular electric discharge lamp: the flourescence of phosphors coating the inside of a tube
 
Fluorescent Light
an elongated prominence adjoining a surface
 
Fold
an opening in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes from the brain
 
Foramen magnum
the quality of a color to draw attention by means of its intensity or advancing characteristics
 
Force
that part of the face above the eyes
 
Forehead
a depression: a concavity
 
Fossa
the complexion cosmetic in ornamental cosmetology
 
Foundation
Total evacuation (absence) of tissue
 
Fourth degree burn
broken bone
 
Fracture
the vertical restraining fold of the mucous membrane on the midline of the inside of each lip connecting the lip with the gum
 
Frenulum
Anterior: the anterior view of the face or features
 
Frontal
the anterior third of the cranium, forming the forehead and the anterior portion of the roof of the skull
 
Frontal Bone
paired, rounded, unmargined prominences of the frontal bone found approximately one inch beneath the normal hairline
 
Frontal eminences
the ascending part of the upper jaw which gradually protrudes as it rises beside the nasal bone to meet the frontal bone
 
Frontal process of the maxilla
the quality and quantity of the illumination used for presentation of the casketed remains
 
Funeral Lighting
(wrinkle) a crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations
 
Furrow
The ascending process of the upper jaw
 
Frontal process of the maxilla
a light, open-mesh variety of muslin or similar material
 
Gauze
the shape of plane figure determined by its outline, such as rounded, oval, square, etc.
 
Geometric
a single bony prominence of the frontal bone located between the superciliary arches in the inferior part of the frontal bone
 
Glabella
a syrupy, colorless liquid obtained from fats or oils as a by-product of the manufacturing of soaps and fatty acids
 
Glycerin
a neutral, achromatic color resulting from the mixture of black and white pigments
 
Gray
(straight nasal profile) a nasal profile form in which the dorsum exhibits a straight line from the root to the tip
 
Grecian
the hue resulting from the mixture of yellow and blue pigments
 
Green
an elongated depression in a relatively level plane or surface
 
Groove
the outline of hair growth on the head or face: the lowest centrally located part of the hair of the cranium
 
Hairline
a grouping of hairs, affixed by suturing, utilized in hair restorations
 
Hair Patch
the anterior portion of the roof of the mouth
 
Hard Palate
the outline of the exterior margins of the head
 
Head shape
the vertical measurement of a feature or part of a feature: the distance above the base
 
Height
the outer rim of the ear
 
Helix
red pigment: the protein coloring matter of the red blood corpuscles which serves to convey oxygen to the tissues forming oxyhemoglobin
 
Hemoglobin
a surface lying at the right angles to the source of illumination which reflects the maximum amount of light: the brighter part
 
Highlight
application fo a color which is lighter or brighter then the complexion and would highlight the complexion
 
Highlighting with cosmetics
Application of a color darker then the complexion color would shadow the complexion
 
Shadowing with cosmetics
roughly u-shaped, with the front being narrower than the sweep of the curve
 
Horseshoe curve
the property of a color by which it is distinguiushed from other colors
 
Hue
any liquid or semi-liquid of the body, as the aqueous or vitreous humor of the eyeball
 
Humor
shaped as a bent wood weapon with a central belly: resembling a cupid bow
 
Hunting bow
the injection of chemicals directly into the tiessues through the use of a syringe and needle
 
Hypodermic injection
the injection of a special creams of liquids into the tissues through the use of a syringe and needle to restore natural contour
 
Hypodermic tissue building
giving or casting of light
 
Illumination
(white light) the illumination resulting from the glowing of a heater filament
 
Incandescent light
a clean cut into tissue or skin
 
Incision
the depression between the mental eminence and the inferior incisor teeth
 
Incisive fossa
the four teeth located anteriorly from the midline of each jaw, used for cutting
 
Incisor teeth
slope: deviation from the horizontal or vertical: oblique
 
Inclination
a blue dye: a deep violet blue designated by newton as one of the seven prismatic colors
 
Indigo
babyish, childlike in regard to much adipose tissue
 
Infantine
beneath: lower in plane or position, toward the feet
 
Inferior
the lowermost scroll-shaped bones on the sidewalls of the nasal cavity
 
Inferior nasal conchae
the furrow of the lower attached border of the inferior palpebra: an acquired facial marking
 
Inferior palpebral sulcus
the reaction of the tissues to injurious agents, usually characterized by heat, redness, swelling, and pain
 
Inflammation
a form of prognathism in which the base of the nasal cavity protrudes abnormally
 
Infranasal prognathism
the part of the invisible spectrum adjacent to the red end of the visible spectrum
 
Infrared
to restrain, hinder, or retard
 
Inhibit
to introduce forcibly into the circulatory system, tissues, etc. with a hypodermic syringe or the like
 
Inject
eminence at the inner corner of the closed eyelids
 
Inner canthus
Superiorly, the skin portion of the upper lip and Inferiorly the skin of the lower lip. (mucous membrane & Labiomental sulcus)
 
Integumentary lips
existing in a high degree or brilliance: vivid
 
Intense
to beomce more brilliant or more vivid in color
 
Intensify
(chroma) the brightness or dullness of a hue
 
Intensity
the vertical or transverse furrows between the eyebrows: acquired facial markings
 
Interciliary sulci
a pigmentary hue produced by mixing, in equal quanties, a primary hue with its adjacent secondary hue on the color wheel
 
Intermediate hue
a notch or opening between the tragus and the antitragus of the ear
 
Intertragic notch
(hidden suture) a type of suture used to close incisions in such a manner that the ligature remains entirely under the epidermis
 
Intradermal suture
tissues turned in an opposite direction or folded inward
 
Inversion
a three side figure whose base is superior to its apex
 
Inverted triangle
the inferior border of the mandible
 
Jawline
(simultaneous contrast) any two hues seen together which modify each other in the direction of their complements
 
Juxtaposition
Lips
 
Labia
(furrows of age) the vertical furrows of each lip extending from within the mucous membranes into the integumentary lips: acquired facial markings
 
labial sulci
the junction of the lower integumentary lip and the superior border of the chin, which may appear as a furrow: a natural facial marking
 
Labiomental sulcus
to cut or often tear into irregular segments
 
Lacerated
an irregularly torn or jagged wound, ranging from the superficial scratches to deep tears in the tissues
 
Laceration
oil from sheep wool
 
Lanolin
(peach fuzz) the downy hair of a fetus, children, or women
 
Lanugo
toward the side
 
Lateral
escape of blood or fluids
 
Leak
a vertical dimension
 
Length
a nasal index common to individuals of Western European descent having a long, narrow, and high-bridge
 
Leptorrhine
a muscle of facial expression which elevates the angle of the mouth
 
Levator anguli oris
a muscle of the facial expression which elevates the upper lip and dilates the nostril opening: the common elevator
 
Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi
a muscle of facial expression which elevates and extends the upper lip
 
Levator labii superioris
a muscle of facial expression which raises the upper eyelid
 
Levator palpebrae superioris
to tie or bind using cord, wire, or thread
 
Ligate
thread, cord, or wire used for tying vessels, tissues, or bones
 
ligature
to shine: a form of electromagnetic radiation that acts upon the retina of the eye to make sight possible
 
light
the line that forms between two structures, such as the lips or the eyelids when in a closed position, which marks their place
 
Line of closure
eyelid furrows which are short and broken, extending horizontally on the palpebrae themselves - may fan from both the medial and lateral corners
 
Linear sulci
a small, flat brush having soft hairs of uniform length
 
Lip brush
a soft restorative wax, usually tinted, used to surface the mucous membranes or to correct lip separations
 
Lip wax
a fluid, facial colorant in which pigments are dissolved or suspended
 
Liquid cosmetic
a quick-drying fluid adhesive
 
Liquid sealer
an aqueous mixture or powder with a suspending agent
 
Liquid suspension
the fatty inferior one-third of the ear
 
Lobe
a single, nose -like suture, not pulled taut before knotting, which stands from the skin and which anchors restorative materials
 
Loop Stitch
a red-purple or purplish-red color
 
Magenta
those requiring a long period of time, are extensive, require advanced technical skill, and expressed written consent to perform
 
Major restoration
the cosmetic material: the way in which one is painted: the process of application of a cosmetic
 
makeup
the horsehoe-shaped bone forming the inferior jaw
 
Mandible
Glenoid fossa: forms the temporal mandibular joint
 
Mandibular Fossa
inferior jaw protrudes
 
Mandibular prognathism
the furrow beneath the jawline which rises vertically on the cheek: an acquired facial marking
 
Mandibular sulcus
A stitch used to hold the mouth closed: passed through the jaw at the medium plane
 
Mandibular suture
the boundaries or edges
 
Margins
a cosmetic preparation used to darken the eyelashes
 
Mascara
(face mask) anything that hides or conceals, as cosmetics
 
Mask
a soft, white, oily preparation used as a protective coating for external tissues: a base for cream cosmetics and a wax softener: an emollient
 
Massage cream
muscles of mastication which close the mandible
 
Masseter muscles
the rounded projection on the inferior portion of the temporal bones just posterior to the lobe of the ear
 
Mastoid process
having a dull finish: as afforded by the application of loose powder, lack of sheen
 
Matte
a paired bone with several process that form the skeletal base of most of the superior face, roof of the mouth and sides of nasal cavity
 
Maxilla
superior jaw protrudes
 
Maxillary prognathism
middle: nears the medial plane
 
Medial
tiny prominence on the midline of the superior mucous membrane
 
medial lobe
derma-surgery or restorative wax
 
Medium wax
the brown to black-brown pigment in the epidermis and hair
 
melanin
a triangular projection on the inferior portion of the anterior mandible
 
Mental eminence
elevates and protrudes the inferior lip, wrinkles the skin over the chin
 
Mentalis muscle
a nasal classification which is medium broad and medium-low bridges: common to individuals of asian descent
 
mesorrhine
those requiring a minimum effort, skill or time to complete
 
Minor restoration
a composition of two or more substances that are not chemically bound to each other
 
Mixture
constructing a form with a pliable material such as wax or clay
 
Modeling
variations of one hue: tints, tones, and shades of one hue
 
Monochromatic
to diversify with spots or blothes of a different color (or shade)
 
Mottle
a device used in the mouth for shaping the contour of the lips
 
Mouth former
the visible red surfaces of the lips: the lining membrane of body cavities which communicate with the exterior
 
Mucous membranes
A stitch used to hold the mouth closed: passed through muscle tangent to the inferior jaw
 
Musculature suture
to reduce the intensity of a color by the addition of another color
 
Mute
disfigured by a loss of a natural part by force
 
mutilated
directly inferior to the glabella and forming a dome over the superior portion of the nasal cavity
 
Nasal bones
the orifice in the bony face bounded by the margins of the nasal bones and the maxilla
 
nasal cavity
the sharp, bony projection located medially at the inferior margin of the nasal cavity
 
Nasal spine of the maxilla
the angular area between the posterior margin of the wing of the nose and the nasolabial fold: a natural facial marking
 
nasal sulcus
the eminence of the cheek and adjacent to the mouth: extending from the superior / posterior margin of the wing of the nose to the side of the mouth
 
Nasolabial fold
the furrow originating at the superior border of the wing of the nose and extending to the side of the mouth
 
Nasolabial sulcus
depression superior to the medial portion of the superior palpbrae: an acquired facial marking
 
Naso-orbital fossa
that that are present at birth, hereditary
 
Natural facial markings
areas of color in the tissues normally darker then the adjacent areas
 
Natural shadows
an instrument used to impel specially designed metal pins (with wire attached to each pin) into bone. Normal use would be as a mouth closures
 
Needle Injector
a new and abnormal formation of tissue, as a tumor or growth
 
neoplasm
a birthmark: a congenital skin blemish: any congenital anomaly, including various type of birthmarks and all types of moles
 
Nevus
the most common characteristics of each feature: typical, common, average
 
Norm
a relatively deep indentation, usually between two projections
 
Notch
slanting or inclined, neither perpendicular nor horizontal
 
Oblique
the shallow, curing groove below the medial corner of the eyelids: a natural facial marking
 
Oblique palpebral sulcus
a frontal head form in which the head is long and narrow throughout
 
Oblong
lowest part of the back and base of the cranium, forming a cradle for the brain
 
Occipital bone
the prominence at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone
 
Occipital protuberance
Epicranius: draws the scalp posteriorly and anteriorly and raises the eyebrows
 
Occipitofrontalis muscle
a coloring medium in which the pigments are combined with petroleum product
 
Oil-base cosmetics
a yellow-tan of medium value with a greenish tinge
 
Olive
the state of being opaque
 
Opacity
not transparent or translucent: not allowing light to pass through a concealing cosmetic
 
Opaque
(crows feet) the furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye: acquired facial markings
 
Optic facial sluci
the mouth: the orifice containing the teeth and tongue
 
Oral cavity
the hue obtained from the mixture of red and yellow: a secondary color of pigments
 
Orange
close the eyelids: compresses the lacrimal sacs
 
Orbicularis oculi muscles
closes the lips
 
Orbicularis oris muscle
(orbit) the Eye socket
 
Orbital cavity
bags under the eyes: the fullness between the inferior palpebrae and the oblique palpebral sulcus
 
Orbital pouch
the entrance or outlet of any body cavity: an opening
 
Orifice
the attachment of a muscle which moves least when the muscle contracts: the beginning
 
Origin
an adornment or embellishment
 
ornamental
a frontal head form in which the head is generally egg-shaped, with the cranium slightly wider then the jaws: most common geometric head form
 
Oval
a coloring modified by an overlying color: a color which visibly predominates more then general coloring: a wash
 
Overtone
one of the bones forming the posterior part of the hard palate: between the interior pterygoid plate of the spheniod bone / maxillia
 
Palatine bone
the eyelids both superior and inferior
 
Palpebrae
a face powder cosmetic pressed into a flat cake
 
Pancake
two bones that form the roof and part of the sides of the skull
 
Parietal bones
the rounded peak of the external convexity of the parietal bones: determines the widest part of the cranium
 
Parietal eminence
a soft, moist opaque cosmetic with the consistency of dough
 
Paste
a group of hairs of uniform length applied simultaneously as a method of hair replacement
 
Patch of hair
diseased: due to a disease
 
Pathological condition
wounds entering the interior of an organ or cavity
 
Penetrating wounds
superior portion of the bony nasal septum
 
perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
a semi-solid, yellow mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum
 
Petroleum jelly
(carbolic acid) an antiseptic/disinfectant employed to dry moist tissues and to bleach discolored tissues
 
Phenol
the vertical groove located medially on the superior lips: a natural facial marking
 
Philtrum
the study of the structures and surface markings of the face and features
 
Physiognomy
a coloring matter which can be applied to an object, when combined with some type of vehicle
 
pigment
a powder (usually composed of dry, pulverized pigments and talcum) employed to impart color to the skin
 
pigment powder
the Prange system: the basis for mortuary cosmetology
 
Pigment theory
(ear) the auricle or projected part of the exterior ear
 
Pinna
surface having very little curvature
 
Planes
calcium sulfate: a white powdery substance which forms a quick setting paste when mixed with water
 
Plaster of Paris
a nasal classification which is short and broad and has the minimum of projection: common to individuals of African descent
 
Platyrrhine
thin layer of muscle covering anterior aspect of neck
 
Platysma muscle
the transverse, dipping furrow of the neck: acquired facial marking
 
Platysmal sulci
a small ball, cylinder, or tuft often made of cotton
 
Pledget
any device as cotton, cloth, wood, etc. used to fill or close an opening
 
Plug
a place (usually invisible) at which access to inner positions may be had
 
Point of Entry
minute depressions in the surface of the skin, as in the openings of the sweat glands
 
pores
treatments of a restorative nature performed after the embalming operation
 
Post-embalming
toward the rear or caudal end: toward the back: dorsal
 
Posterior
after death
 
Postmortem
any solid substance in the state of fine, loose particles as produced by crushing or grinding
 
Powder
a device used to blow powder onto a surface
 
powder atomizer
a device containing hairs or bristles set in a handle: used to apply and/or remove powder
 
Powder brush
a soft, circular pad for applying powder
 
powder puff
treatments of a restorative nature performed before the embalming operation
 
pre-embalming
three pigmentary hues: red, yellow, and blue, which can be combined to make all other hues
 
Primary hue
draws the skin of the forhead inferiorly
 
procerus muscle
a photograph or painting in which the subject has been posed and lighted flatteringly by a professional photographer or artist
 
Professional portrait
the side profile of the human head
 
Profile
projection of the jaw(s) beyond the projection of the forehead
 
Prognathism
the act of throwing forward: a part extending beyond the level of its surroundings
 
Projection
an artifical device used to replace a limb, appendage, or other body part
 
Prosthetic device
the relationships of the size of one feature as compared with another feature or with the width or length of the face
 
Proportions
the rounded, anterior projection of the tip of the nose
 
Protruding lobe
the state or condition of being thrust forward or projecting
 
Protrusion
a hole or slight wound resulting from piercing
 
Puncture
a color between blue and red: a secondary hue of pigments
 
Purple
a suture made around the circumference of a circular opening or puncture to close it or to hold the margins in position
 
Purse string suture
a secretion from inflamed tissues: usually an opaque, creamy colored matter
 
pus
a small elevation of the skin with the inflamed base, containing pus
 
Pustule
an apparently solid structure having a square base and four triangular sides which meet at a central point
 
Pyramid
energy traveling through space in the form of electromagnetic waves of various lengths
 
Radiant energy
to spread out from a common point
 
Radiate
the vertical portion of the mandible
 
Ramus
a dark, purplish-red color
 
Raspberry
a comb with a long, thin handle employed in curling hair
 
rat-tail comb
a darkened, air-dried area on the skin resulting from removal of the epidermis while shaving
 
razor burn
redistribution of massage cream or cosmetics to insure a uniform density
 
reblend
the withdrawal of a part from its normal position
 
recession
a four-sided figure having four right angles
 
Rectangular
to dimish in size, mass or projection
 
Reduce
the return of light waves from surfaces: the blending or folding back of a part upon itself
 
Reflection
to lay at rest
 
Repose
the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color
 
Restorative art
a nose which is turned up superiorly at its tip
 
Retrousse
the border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of a circular or curving form, as the rim of an eye socket
 
rim
(laughing muscle) the narrow superficial band of muscle which pull the angle of the mouth laterally
 
Risorius Muscle
the long, rod-shaped sensory bodies of the retina of the eye responsive to light but not color
 
Rods of the eye
the aquiline profile of the nose
 
Roman
the apex (top) of the pyramidal mass of the nose which lies directly inferior to the forehead: the concave dip inferior to the forehead (profile view)
 
Root
(infantine) a frontal head form in which the head exhibits maximum curvature
 
Round
an acronym for red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet
 
ROYGBIV
red complexion: having a healthy reddish color, said of the the complexion, more vivid then florid
 
Ruddy
a yellowish, sickly color of the complexion
 
Sallow
a visual aspect indicating the vividness of the hue in the degree of difference from a gray of the same lightness
 
Saturation
a crust over a healing sore or wound
 
scab
fossa between the inner and outer rims of the ear: the shallowest depression of the ear
 
Scapha
a bright red color inclining toward orange
 
Scarlet
a quick-drying liquid which leaves a hard, thin transparent coat or layer through which moisture cannot pass
 
sealer
to cauterize tissues by heat or chemical in order to provide a dry foundation
 
sear(ing)
those resulting in acute inflammation of the skin and blisters
 
second degree burn
equal mixture of two primary pigmentary hues (orange, green and purple)
 
Secondary hue
almost opaque: not transparent or translucent
 
semi-opaque
vertical cartilage dividing nasal cavity into two chambers, responsible for asymmetry of the nose
 
septum
notched on the edge like a saw
 
Serrated
to have been cut or broken apart: disjoined
 
severed
a hue into which various quantities of black are mixed: the darkened hue
 
Shade
surfaces which do not lie at right angles to the source of illumination or are obscured by other surfaces and which reflect little or no light
 
Shadow
shine: as of the reflection of natural oils of the skin
 
Sheen
the growth of hair located anterior of the ears
 
sideburns
the lateral walls of the nose between the wings and the bridge
 
sides of the nose
fractured bone does not pierce the skin
 
simple fracture
to burn superficially as the hair which shows partial destruction from scorching heat
 
Singe
surface restorer
 
Soft wax
a substance (usually liquid) capable of, or used in, dissolving something
 
Solvent
a flat, blunt, kinfe_like instrument used for mixing cosmetics and modeling: a palette knife
 
Spatula
visible bands of color, the progressive arrangement of colors
 
Spectrum
an appliance as of wood, metal, etc.. used to keep in place or protect a displaced or movable part
 
Splint
a liquid cosmetic so compounded that it can be atomized to provide a means of application to a surface
 
Spray cosmetic
an elastic, porous mass of interlacing horny fibers which are permanently attached: used to absorb water
 
sponge
the vertical surface of the temporal bone
 
Squama
(strong) a frontal head form in which the head is broad and exhibits very little curvature: the angles of the mandible are usually low as well as wide
 
Square
to discolor with foreign matter: an area so discolored
 
Stain
any substances or agents which will cause an external discoloration to be removed or lessened
 
Stain removers
(cornstarch) used as a dusting powder and an absorbent: used to firm wax
 
Starch
a muscle of the neck that is attached to the mastoid process of the temporal bone and to the sternum and clavical
 
Sternocleidomastoideus Muscle
a small, rounded, stiff brush, all bristles are the same length, used to simulate pores on wax: stencil brush
 
Stipple brush
(grecian) a nasal profile in which the dorsum exhibits a straight line from the root to the tip: the most common nasal profile
 
Straight nasal profile
situate or occurring beneath the skin
 
Subcutaneous
lowered in intensity or strength; reduced in fullness or color; muted
 
Subdued
describing those portions which lie immediately inferior to the mandible
 
submandibular
the junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area, which may appear as a furrow; a natural facial marking
 
submental sulcus
method of diminishing the wave lengths of light by superimposing two or more color transparencies over the same light source
 
subtractive method
situated as a depression; concave
 
sunken
the inferior part of the forehead just superior to the median ends of the eyebrows
 
Superciliary arches
eyebrows
 
Supercilium
anatomically towards the head
 
Superior
the furrow of the superior border of the upper eyelid: an acquired facial marking
 
superior palpebral sulcus
region between the supercilium and the superior palpebrae
 
supraorbital margins
(surface filler) a wax used to fill shallow depressions; which is sofer and more pliable then wound filler
 
surface restorer
restoration to a normal position or level through surgical excision
 
surgical reduction
a substance in which particles of ground pigments are mixed with a fluid but are undissolved
 
suspension
to provide support for; to hold in a fixed position
 
sustain
act of sewing; also the completed stitch
 
suture
a bit of cotton or cloth used for removing moisture or discharges from mucous membranes as well as for applying bleaches or liquid disinfectants
 
Swab
dark-colored complexion, as a face made swarthy by the tropical sun
 
Swarthy
correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of the face
 
Symmetry
a form which receded away from a given point; a form which becomes gradually smaller toward one end; to reduce gradually from the center
 
taper
inferior portion of the sides and base of the cranium, inferior to the parietal bones and anterior to the occipital bone
 
Temporal bones
the concave surface of the head overlying the temporal bone
 
Temporal cavity
muscle of mastication which helps to close the mandible (the strongest chewing muscle)
 
Temporalis muscles
property of holding fast, adhesiveness
 
tenacity
limit; end; the part which terminates
 
Termination/Terminal
the hue which results from the mixture of two secondary pigmentary hues
 
Tertiary hue
a brush with a relatively large tuft of good quality, fine bristles, such as a black sable or finch
 
Texturizing brush
destruction of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues; seared, charred or roasted tissue
 
third degree burn
in reference to a photograph, a view which reveals the fullness of the cheeks
 
three quarter view
a hue into which various quantities of white are mixed
 
Tint
a powder which is lightly colored with non-moisture absorbing pigments
 
Tinted powders
the extremity of anything which tapers (eg. the tip of the nose)
 
Tip
a substance used to elevate sunken (emaciated) tissues to normal level by hypodermic injection
 
Tissue builder
a hue mixed with either a small quantity of gray or the complement of the hue, resulting in a dulling the hue
 
Tone
a small wig or patch of false hair covering a bald spot; a hairpiece
 
Toupee
elevation protecting the ear passage (external auditory meatus)
 
Tragus
transmitting light but causing sufficient diffusion to eliminate perception of distinct image; somewhat transparent
 
Translucent
having the property of transmitting rays of light through its substance so that bodies situated beyond or behind can be distinctly seen
 
Transparent
furrows which cross the forehead; acquired facial markings
 
transverse frontal sulci
a physical injury or wound caused by external force or violence
 
Trauma
a frontal head form in which the face is wider between the angles of the mandible then it is at the forehead (least common geometric head form)
 
Triangular
depression between the crura of the ear; the second deepest depression of the ear
 
Triangular fossa
a spontaneous new growth of tissue forming an abnormal mass
 
Tumor
in liquids, muddy with particles of extraneous matter, no clear or transparent
 
Turbid
invisible rays of the spectrum lying outside the violet end of the visible spectrum
 
Ultraviolet
a coloring (opaque) applied to an area which, when dry, will be covered with wax or another colorant
 
Undercoat
the angled cut of the borders of an excision, made so that the skin surface will overhang the deeper tissues
 
Undercut
a part which is, or will be, hidden from view
 
Unexposed area
the lightness or darkness of a hue
 
Value
changes in form, extent, etc; things somewhat different from another of the same kind
 
Variations
a material combined with pigments so they may be applied more easily
 
Vehicle
the top of the head
 
Vertex
perpendicular to the plane of the horizon, balanced
 
Vertical
one in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line and the chin protrudes more then the superior mucous membrane
 
Vertical-concave profile
one in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line and the chin recedes less then the superior mucous membrane
 
Vertical-Convex profile
(balanced) one in which the forehead, upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line
 
Vertical profile
the semi-fluid, transparent substance which lies between the retina and the lens of the eyeball
 
Vitreous humor
brilliance; intensely bright color(s)
 
Vivid
the degree of brilliance
 
Vividity
bone of the nasal cavity situate between the nasal passages on the median plane; forms inferior/posterior portion of the septum
 
Vomer bone
areas of the skin surface which, during life, are naturally reddened, cosmetics used to restore the warmth that the red gives
 
Warm color areas
a color which appears in the spectral band, characterized by long wave-lengths; a color which makes an object appear closer and larger
 
Warm hue
a restorative modeling or surfacing material composed of beeswax
 
Wax
the line of color change at the junction of the wet and dry portions of each mucous membrane
 
Weather line
the aspect of physical heaviness associated with different colors
 
Weight
the color of pure snow
 
White
a ray of light which contains all the hues of the visible spectrum, in such proportion that the light appears colorless or natural
 
White light
the dimension of an object measured across from side to side
 
Width
lateral lobes of the nose
 
Wings of the nose
the length of wire employed to connect two structures which are undamaged such as remaining parts of a bone
 
wire bridging
(inversion, draw stitch) a method of sewing an incision along the edges without entering the opening, whereby the suture becomes invisible
 
Worm suture
the processes on the temporal and zygomatic bones; determines the widest part of the face
 
Zygomatic arch
one of the lesser concavities of the face located on the lateral portion of the cheek inferior to the zygomatic arch
 
Zygomatic arch depression
small bones of the cheeks; widest part of the cheek
 
Zygomatic bones
the lateral rim of the eye socket formed by a process of the frontal bone and the process of the zygomatic bone
 
Zygomaticofrontal process
muscles of the face which draw the superior lip posteriorly, superiorly, and anteriorly
 
Zygomaticus major muscles
muscles of the face which draw the superior lip posteriorly and anteriorly
 
Zygomaticus minor muscles

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