Restorative Art Glossary Terms - Complete Set (Funeral Director Studies)

Glossary Terms To Be Used For Facial Reconstructive Use At A Mortuary As Part Of A Restorative Art College Course
Created Feb 28, 2009
by progi
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Side ASide B
antemortem and/or postmortem injuries resulting from friction of the skin against a firm object...
Abrasion
A localized accumulation of pus
Abscess
to bluntly adjoin another structure: for example, the line of the eye closure
Abut
dimethylketone: a colorless liquid which is used to soften and remove scabs: a solvent for...
Acetone
a color not found in the visible spectrum: a neutral color such as white, black, gray, and...
Achromatic color
facial markings that develop during ones lifetime, primarily as a result of repetitious use...
Acquired facial markings
sticking to or adhering closely: substances which may be applied in order to sustain contact...
Adhesive
a colloidal solution dispensed as a mist
Aerosol
psychological: a visual impression remaining after the stimulus has been removed
After-image
a pressured atomizer utilized for spraying liquid paint or cosmetic upon a surface
Airbrush
A bony ridge found on the inferior surface of the Maxilla and the superior surface of the Mandible...
Alveolar process
an abnormal protrusion of the Alveolar Process(es)
Alveolar prognthism
to cut off a limb: to dismember
Amputate
in color harmony, two or more hues which have the same hue in common
Analogous
descriptive references for locating anatomical structures by means of the anatomical structures...
Anatomical guides
the body is erect, feet together, palms facing forward, and thumbs pointed away from the body
Anatomical position
a material or technique employed to secure tissues or restorative materials in a fixed position:...
Anchor
Angulus: a sharp turn formed by the meeting of two borders or surfaces
Angle
a bony angle formed by the junction of the posterior edge of the ramus of the mandible and...
Angle of the mandible
the degree from vertical at which the surface(s) of a prominent feature projects
Angle of projection
the small convex prominence found lateral to the end of the line of closure of the mouth: a...
Angulus oris eminence
the groove found at each end of the line of closure of the mouth: a natural facial marking
Angulus oris sulcus
before death
antemortem
before or in front of: an anatomical term of position and direction which denotes the front...
Anterior
the external nostril openings
Anterior nares
the inner rim of the ear
Antihelix
a small eminence obliquely opposite the Tragus on the superior border of the lobe of the ear
Antitragus
an opening
Aperture
watery: prepared with water as a solvent
Aqueous
a clear, thin, alkaline fluid which fills the anterior chamber of the eyeball
Aqueous humor
curved, as the beak of an eagle: as viewed from the profile, a nose which exhibits a hook or...
Aquiline
a structure which exhibits a curved or bow-like outline
Arch
the inferior margin of the nasal wing which forms a distinct concave arc superiorly
Arch of the wing
containing minute interspaces in a tissue
Areolar
framework: a material, commonly of pliable metal or wood, employed to provide support for a...
Armature
to draw out liquids or gasses by means of suction
Aspiration
lack of symmetry, balance, or proportion
Asymmetry
in cosmetology, the vehicle in a cosmetic (oil base); the initial application of a cream or...
Base
white, yellow, red, and brown: four hues which correspond to the pigments of the skin
Basic pigment
(cross stitch) a network of stitches which cross the borders of a cavity or excision to anchor...
Basket weave suture
the lower part of anything, the supporting part
Base
those areas of the fleshy lips, cheeks, chin, and neck which exhibit hair growth
Beard Area
two sides
Bilateral
dissimilarities existing in the two sides or halves of an object
Bilateral differences
the bilateral view: an inferior or superior viewpoint which permits the comparison of the two...
Bilateral silhouette
an achromatic color: the absence of all color in pigmentation
Black
to whiten by removing color: to make pale
Blanch
a chemical which lightens or blanches skin discolorations
Bleach
the act of lightening a discoloration by hypodermic means or by surface compress
Bleaching
color which escapes at the edge of a mixture
Bleed
to mix or intermingle colors smoothly: to make a gradual change from one color to another
Blend
a thin vesicle on the skin containing liquid matter
Blister
having relatively large patches of color somewhat different from the remainder of the coloring
Blotched
light yellow in coloration: a term commonly employed to describe hair color
Blonde
the horizontal portion of the lower jaw
Body of the mandible
a raised support: the arched portion of the nose which is supported by the nasal bones: a structure...
Bridge
(interrupted suture) a temporary suture consisting of individually cut and tied stitches employed...
Bridge stitch
brightness: in colored illumination, the quantity of illumination passing through a color transparency...
Brilliance
brown or copper-like in coloration
Bronze
the color of tanned leather
Brown
dark brown in coloration: a term commonly employed to describe hair color
Brunette
(ecchymosis) an injury caused by a blow without laceration: a contusion
Bruise
the space between the lips and the gums and teeth: the vestibule of the oral cavity
Buccal cavity
natural, shallow concavities of the cheeks which extend obliquely downward from the medial...
Buccal depressions
the principle muscle of the cheek which compresses the cheeks and forms the lateral wall of...
Buccinator
the vertical furrow of the cheek: an acquired facial marking
Bucco-facial Sulcus
to oxidize or to cause to be oxidized by fire or equivalent means: a tissue reaction or injury...
Burn
in cosmetology, a compressed powder
Cake
any malignant neoplasm, marked by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
Cancer
(crimson) purple-red in coloration
Carmine
the yellow pigment of the skin
Carotene
a specialized type of dense connective tissue: attached to the ends of the bones and forming...
Cartilage
Casting: any object which has been made from a mold: the positive reproduction obtained from...
Cast
a chemical capable of drying tissues by searing: caustic
Cauterizing agent
a hollow place or area
Cavity
a substance used to promote the adhesion of two separated surfaces, such as the lips, the eyelids,...
Cement
reduced to carbon: the state of tissues destroyed by burning
Charred
a color having hue: a color of the visible spectrum
Chromatic color
the eyelashes
Cilia
a clear syrup-like liquid which evaporates, leaving a contractile, white film, a liquid sealer
Collodion
a suspension for pigments in a liquid vehicle bound together in such a manner that there is...
Colloid
a visual sensation perceived by the eye and the mind due to the activity of and vibration of...
Color
in cosmetology, a substance used to impart color to an object: dye, pigment, ink or paint
Colorant
colored glass, gelatin, or other substances which transmit light of certain wave lengths while...
Colored Filter
illumination of an identifiable hue
Colored Light
a circle in which the primary, secondary, and intermediate hues are arranged in orderly intervals
Color wheel
the fleshy termination of the nasal septum at the base of the nose: located between the nostrils:...
Columna nasi
directly opposite hues on the color wheel: any two pigmentary hues which, by their mixture...
Complements
the color and texture of the skin, especially that of the face
Complexion
forming a part of ingredient
Component
a broken bone which pierces the skin
Compound fracture
gauze or absorbent cotton saturate with water or an appropriate chemical and placed under or...
Compress
exhibiting a depressed or hollow surface: a concavity
Concave
afacial profile variation in which the forehead protudes beyond the eyebrows while the chin...
Concave-Convex profile
a depressed profile form which may dip concavely from root to tip
Concave nasal profile
a basic facial profile form in which the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows while the chin...
Concave profile
a facial profile in which the forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows while the upper lip and...
Concave-Vertical profile
the concave shell of the ear: the deepest depression of the ear
Concha
treatments of a restorative nature performed during the embalming operation
Concurrent
a rounded prominence at the end of a bone forming an articulation: the posterior process of...
Condyle
sensory nerves in the retina of the eye having to do with color detection
Cones of the eye
to contract or compress
Constrict
the outline or surface form
Contour
a bruise
Contusion
the color of an object being converted or completely destroyed when one color of illumination...
Conversion
curved evenly: resembling a segment of the outer edge of a sphere
Convex
a profile in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin protrudes beyond the...
Convex-concave profile
a nasal profile which exhibits a hump in its linear form
Convex nasal profile
a profile form in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin recedes from...
Convex profile
a profile in which the forehead recedes from the eyebrows while the chin and upper project...
Convex-Vertical profile
Blue, Green, purple or any intermediate pigmentary hue in which they predominate: a receding...
Cool hue
vertical prominences of the neck: an acquired facial marking
Cords of the neck
the transparent structure which constitutes the anterior segment of the external layer of the...
Cornea
the anterior, non-articulating process of the ramus of the mandible which serves as the insertion...
Coronoid process
having an abnormal amount of fat on the body
Corpulence
a cosmetic technique to highlight the face to reduce the appearance of size or deepen a depression
Corrective shaping with cosmetics
a pyramid-shaped muscle of the facial expression which draws the eyebrows inferiorly and medially
Corrugator
a preparation for beautifying the complexion and skin
Cosmetic
a cosmetic medium composed of two, three, or all four basic pigments
Cosmetic compound
the initial application of a cream or paste cosmetic to skin tissues
Cosmetic base
the process of applying cosmetics to a surface
Cosmetizing
(beautician) a professional trained in the application of cosmetics and the styling of hair
Cosmetologist
the study of beautifying and improving the complexion, skin, hair, and nails
Cosmetology
that part of the human skull which encloses the brain
Cranium
a semi-solid cosmetic
Cream cosmetic
the top of a curve (as a wave) where the direction changes
Crest
the horizontal plate of the ethmoid bone separating the cranial cavity from the nasal cavity
Cribriform plate
deep purplish-red in coloration
Crimson
(vertex) the topmost part of the head
Crown
the superior and anterior bifurcating brances of the antihelix of the ear
Crura of the Antihelix
the origin of the helix which is flattened in the concha
Crus of the helix
a commercially-prepared solvent used to remove dead cuticle from the nails and obstinate scabs
Cuticle remover
separation fo the head from the body: to decapitate is the act of such separation
Decapitation
separation of the compounds into simpler substances by the action of microbial or autolytic...
Decomposition
a material employed to fill cavities or excisions and to serves as a foundation for the superficial...
Deep filler
loss of water from the body or tissues
Dehydrated
the loss of moisture from the body tissue which may occur antemortem or postmortem
Dehydration
having the component parts closely compacted together: relatively opaque
Dense
the thickness of the applied cosmetic
Density
(buck teeth) oblique insertion of the teeth
Dental prognathism
ligature around the superior and inferior teeth employed to hold the mandible in a fixed position
Dental tie
Artificial Teeth
Denture
to lower inferiorly or to reduce projection
Depress
a hollow or concave region: the lowering of a part
Depression
a muscle of facial expression which depresses the angle of the mouth
Depressor anguli oris
a muscle of facial expression which draws the lower lip inferiorly and slightly lateral
Depressor labii inferioris
a state or degree of being deep
Depth
(dermis, skin) the corium, or true skin
Derma
(skin slip) the separation of the epidermis from the dermis as a result of putrefaction
Desquamation
rendered thoroughly dry: exhausted of moisture
Desiccation
a variation from the common or established
Deviations
a frontal-view geometric head shape which is widest across the cheekbones, narrowing in width...
Diamond
a double bellied muscle which draws the hyoid bone superiorly
Digastrcus
a substance thinned or reduced in concentration: a cosmetic lessened in brilliance
Dilution
shallow depression located on the cheek or chin in a rounded or vertical form: natural facial...
Dimples
disjoining of bones
Disarticulate
the act of cutting apart
Dissection
to expand or swell
Distend
a state of stretching out or becoming inflated
Distention
a state of being twisted or pushed out of natural shape or position
Distortion
top: the anterior protruding ridge of the nose from the root to the tip of the lobe
Dorsum
a wooden or metal rod used as a armature
Dowel
a compacted cake-type cosmetic of red coloration
Dry rouge
a non-preserving powder utilized in the setting cosmetics and a wax firming agent. Examples:...
Drying powder
freedom from wetness: a condition of tissues necessary for the adhesion of cement, sealer,...
Dryness
(swarthy) somewhat dark in color: when used to describe the complexion color
Dusky
(pinna) the organ of hearing
Ear
(bruise) a discoloration of the skin caused by the escape of blood within the tissues and generally...
Ecchymosis
Abnormal accumulation of fluids in the tissues or body cavities
Edema
an electrically-heated blade used to dry moist tissues, reduce swollen tissues, and restore...
Electric Spatula
a raised surface or part
Elevation
a relatively long and slightly dipping curve
Elliptical curve
excessive leanness: a wasted condition resulting in sunken surfaces of the face
Emaciation
the process of chemically treating the dead human body to reduce the presence and growth of...
Embalming
to fix or fasten in place
Embed
a prominence or projection of a bone
Eminence
a smoothing agent having the ability to soften tissues: massage cream or a cosmetic possessing...
Emollient
using the same color of light as the color of the object
Emphasis
a permanent misture of two or more immiscible substances (oil and water) which are united with...
Emulsion
the removal of an entire mass or part, especially a tumor or the eyeball, without rupture
Enucleation
the outmost layer of the skin: the cutical or scarf skin
Epidermis
a clear, volatile liquid used as a wax solvent or to remove grease, oil, and adhesive tape...
Ether
turn outward
Evert
the area from which tissue has been removed. Excise - to remove as by cutting out
Excision
any visible surface which is to remain uncovered or unclothed
Exposed area
the opening or passageway of the ear
External auditory meatus
weight applied to a surface
External pressure
drawn or pulled out
Extraction
(supercilium) also the superficial hairs covering the superciliary arches
Eyebrows
a cosmetic in pencil form for coloring the hairs of the eyebrow
Eyebrow pencil
a thin, dome-like shell made of hardened cloth, metal or plastic placed beneath the eyelids...
Eyecap
(palpebrae) two movable flaps of skin which cover and uncover each eyeball
Eyelids
a cosmetic color applied to the upper eyelid: the cosmetic colorant so applied
Eye Shadow
(orbit) the bony region containing the eyeball: the orbital cavity
Eye Socket
anatomically, the region from the eyes to the base of the chin:physiognomically, the region...
Face
the character line of the face and neck: wrinkles, grooves, cords, and dimples
Facial markings
the silhouettes of the face from the side view
Facial profiles
mathematical relationships of the facial features to one another and/or to the head and face
Facial proportions
to reduce gradually to an indistinguishable edge, to taper
Feather
material used to fill a large cavity (eg.. plaster of paris and cotton, liquid sealer and cotton)
Filler
the degree of rigidity or stability: a condition of the tissues necessary for the application...
Firmness
(wound filler) the most viscous type of wax: a putty-like material used to fill in large cavities...
Firm wax
(hyperemia) an injury caused by heat which produces redness of the skin
First Degree Burn
Flushed with red, when describing a complexion: not as vivid as ruddy
Florid
the illumination produced by a tubular electric discharge lamp: the flourescence of phosphors...
Fluorescent Light
an elongated prominence adjoining a surface
Fold
an opening in the occipital bone through which the spinal cord passes from the brain
Foramen magnum
the quality of a color to draw attention by means of its intensity or advancing characteristics
Force
that part of the face above the eyes
Forehead
a depression: a concavity
Fossa
the complexion cosmetic in ornamental cosmetology
Foundation
Total evacuation (absence) of tissue
Fourth degree burn
broken bone
Fracture
the vertical restraining fold of the mucous membrane on the midline of the inside of each lip...
Frenulum
Anterior: the anterior view of the face or features
Frontal
the anterior third of the cranium, forming the forehead and the anterior portion of the roof...
Frontal Bone
paired, rounded, unmargined prominences of the frontal bone found approximately one inch beneath...
Frontal eminences
the ascending part of the upper jaw which gradually protrudes as it rises beside the nasal...
Frontal process of the maxilla
the quality and quantity of the illumination used for presentation of the casketed remains
Funeral Lighting
(wrinkle) a crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations
Furrow
The ascending process of the upper jaw
Frontal process of the maxilla
a light, open-mesh variety of muslin or similar material
Gauze
the shape of plane figure determined by its outline, such as rounded, oval, square, etc.
Geometric
a single bony prominence of the frontal bone located between the superciliary arches in the...
Glabella
a syrupy, colorless liquid obtained from fats or oils as a by-product of the manufacturing...
Glycerin
a neutral, achromatic color resulting from the mixture of black and white pigments
Gray
(straight nasal profile) a nasal profile form in which the dorsum exhibits a straight line...
Grecian
the hue resulting from the mixture of yellow and blue pigments
Green
an elongated depression in a relatively level plane or surface
Groove
the outline of hair growth on the head or face: the lowest centrally located part of the hair...
Hairline
a grouping of hairs, affixed by suturing, utilized in hair restorations
Hair Patch
the anterior portion of the roof of the mouth
Hard Palate
the outline of the exterior margins of the head
Head shape
the vertical measurement of a feature or part of a feature: the distance above the base
Height
the outer rim of the ear
Helix
red pigment: the protein coloring matter of the red blood corpuscles which serves to convey...
Hemoglobin
a surface lying at the right angles to the source of illumination which reflects the maximum...
Highlight
application fo a color which is lighter or brighter then the complexion and would highlight...
Highlighting with cosmetics
Application of a color darker then the complexion color would shadow the complexion
Shadowing with cosmetics
roughly u-shaped, with the front being narrower than the sweep of the curve
Horseshoe curve
the property of a color by which it is distinguiushed from other colors
Hue
any liquid or semi-liquid of the body, as the aqueous or vitreous humor of the eyeball
Humor
shaped as a bent wood weapon with a central belly: resembling a cupid bow
Hunting bow
the injection of chemicals directly into the tiessues through the use of a syringe and needle
Hypodermic injection
the injection of a special creams of liquids into the tissues through the use of a syringe...
Hypodermic tissue building
giving or casting of light
Illumination
(white light) the illumination resulting from the glowing of a heater filament
Incandescent light
a clean cut into tissue or skin
Incision
the depression between the mental eminence and the inferior incisor teeth
Incisive fossa
the four teeth located anteriorly from the midline of each jaw, used for cutting
Incisor teeth
slope: deviation from the horizontal or vertical: oblique
Inclination
a blue dye: a deep violet blue designated by newton as one of the seven prismatic colors
Indigo
babyish, childlike in regard to much adipose tissue
Infantine
beneath: lower in plane or position, toward the feet
Inferior
the lowermost scroll-shaped bones on the sidewalls of the nasal cavity
Inferior nasal conchae
the furrow of the lower attached border of the inferior palpebra: an acquired facial marking
Inferior palpebral sulcus
the reaction of the tissues to injurious agents, usually characterized by heat, redness, swelling,...
Inflammation
a form of prognathism in which the base of the nasal cavity protrudes abnormally
Infranasal prognathism
the part of the invisible spectrum adjacent to the red end of the visible spectrum
Infrared
to restrain, hinder, or retard
Inhibit
to introduce forcibly into the circulatory system, tissues, etc. with a hypodermic syringe...
Inject
eminence at the inner corner of the closed eyelids
Inner canthus
Superiorly, the skin portion of the upper lip and Inferiorly the skin of the lower lip. (mucous...
Integumentary lips
existing in a high degree or brilliance: vivid
Intense
to beomce more brilliant or more vivid in color
Intensify
(chroma) the brightness or dullness of a hue
Intensity
the vertical or transverse furrows between the eyebrows: acquired facial markings
Interciliary sulci
a pigmentary hue produced by mixing, in equal quanties, a primary hue with its adjacent secondary...
Intermediate hue
a notch or opening between the tragus and the antitragus of the ear
Intertragic notch
(hidden suture) a type of suture used to close incisions in such a manner that the ligature...
Intradermal suture
tissues turned in an opposite direction or folded inward
Inversion
a three side figure whose base is superior to its apex
Inverted triangle
the inferior border of the mandible
Jawline
(simultaneous contrast) any two hues seen together which modify each other in the direction...
Juxtaposition
Lips
Labia
(furrows of age) the vertical furrows of each lip extending from within the mucous membranes...
labial sulci
the junction of the lower integumentary lip and the superior border of the chin, which may...
Labiomental sulcus
to cut or often tear into irregular segments
Lacerated
an irregularly torn or jagged wound, ranging from the superficial scratches to deep tears in...
Laceration
oil from sheep wool
Lanolin
(peach fuzz) the downy hair of a fetus, children, or women
Lanugo
toward the side
Lateral
escape of blood or fluids
Leak
a vertical dimension
Length
a nasal index common to individuals of Western European descent having a long, narrow, and...
Leptorrhine
a muscle of facial expression which elevates the angle of the mouth
Levator anguli oris
a muscle of the facial expression which elevates the upper lip and dilates the nostril opening:...
Levator labii superioris alaeque nasi
a muscle of facial expression which elevates and extends the upper lip
Levator labii superioris
a muscle of facial expression which raises the upper eyelid
Levator palpebrae superioris
to tie or bind using cord, wire, or thread
Ligate
thread, cord, or wire used for tying vessels, tissues, or bones
ligature
to shine: a form of electromagnetic radiation that acts upon the retina of the eye to make...
light
the line that forms between two structures, such as the lips or the eyelids when in a closed...
Line of closure
eyelid furrows which are short and broken, extending horizontally on the palpebrae themselves...
Linear sulci
a small, flat brush having soft hairs of uniform length
Lip brush
a soft restorative wax, usually tinted, used to surface the mucous membranes or to correct...
Lip wax
a fluid, facial colorant in which pigments are dissolved or suspended
Liquid cosmetic
a quick-drying fluid adhesive
Liquid sealer
an aqueous mixture or powder with a suspending agent
Liquid suspension
the fatty inferior one-third of the ear
Lobe
a single, nose -like suture, not pulled taut before knotting, which stands from the skin and...
Loop Stitch
a red-purple or purplish-red color
Magenta
those requiring a long period of time, are extensive, require advanced technical skill, and...
Major restoration
the cosmetic material: the way in which one is painted: the process of application of a cosmetic
makeup
the horsehoe-shaped bone forming the inferior jaw
Mandible
Glenoid fossa: forms the temporal mandibular joint
Mandibular Fossa
inferior jaw protrudes
Mandibular prognathism
the furrow beneath the jawline which rises vertically on the cheek: an acquired facial marking
Mandibular sulcus
A stitch used to hold the mouth closed: passed through the jaw at the medium plane
Mandibular suture
the boundaries or edges
Margins
a cosmetic preparation used to darken the eyelashes
Mascara
(face mask) anything that hides or conceals, as cosmetics
Mask
a soft, white, oily preparation used as a protective coating for external tissues: a base for...
Massage cream
muscles of mastication which close the mandible
Masseter muscles
the rounded projection on the inferior portion of the temporal bones just posterior to the...
Mastoid process
having a dull finish: as afforded by the application of loose powder, lack of sheen
Matte
a paired bone with several process that form the skeletal base of most of the superior face,...
Maxilla
superior jaw protrudes
Maxillary prognathism
middle: nears the medial plane
Medial
tiny prominence on the midline of the superior mucous membrane
medial lobe
derma-surgery or restorative wax
Medium wax
the brown to black-brown pigment in the epidermis and hair
melanin
a triangular projection on the inferior portion of the anterior mandible
Mental eminence
elevates and protrudes the inferior lip, wrinkles the skin over the chin
Mentalis muscle
a nasal classification which is medium broad and medium-low bridges: common to individuals...
mesorrhine
those requiring a minimum effort, skill or time to complete
Minor restoration
a composition of two or more substances that are not chemically bound to each other
Mixture
constructing a form with a pliable material such as wax or clay
Modeling
variations of one hue: tints, tones, and shades of one hue
Monochromatic
to diversify with spots or blothes of a different color (or shade)
Mottle
a device used in the mouth for shaping the contour of the lips
Mouth former
the visible red surfaces of the lips: the lining membrane of body cavities which communicate...
Mucous membranes
A stitch used to hold the mouth closed: passed through muscle tangent to the inferior jaw
Musculature suture
to reduce the intensity of a color by the addition of another color
Mute
disfigured by a loss of a natural part by force
mutilated
directly inferior to the glabella and forming a dome over the superior portion of the nasal...
Nasal bones
the orifice in the bony face bounded by the margins of the nasal bones and the maxilla
nasal cavity
the sharp, bony projection located medially at the inferior margin of the nasal cavity
Nasal spine of the maxilla
the angular area between the posterior margin of the wing of the nose and the nasolabial fold:...
nasal sulcus
the eminence of the cheek and adjacent to the mouth: extending from the superior / posterior...
Nasolabial fold
the furrow originating at the superior border of the wing of the nose and extending to the...
Nasolabial sulcus
depression superior to the medial portion of the superior palpbrae: an acquired facial marking
Naso-orbital fossa
that that are present at birth, hereditary
Natural facial markings
areas of color in the tissues normally darker then the adjacent areas
Natural shadows
an instrument used to impel specially designed metal pins (with wire attached to each pin)...
Needle Injector
a new and abnormal formation of tissue, as a tumor or growth
neoplasm
a birthmark: a congenital skin blemish: any congenital anomaly, including various type of birthmarks...
Nevus
the most common characteristics of each feature: typical, common, average
Norm
a relatively deep indentation, usually between two projections
Notch
slanting or inclined, neither perpendicular nor horizontal
Oblique
the shallow, curing groove below the medial corner of the eyelids: a natural facial marking
Oblique palpebral sulcus
a frontal head form in which the head is long and narrow throughout
Oblong
lowest part of the back and base of the cranium, forming a cradle for the brain
Occipital bone
the prominence at the center of the external surface of the occipital bone
Occipital protuberance
Epicranius: draws the scalp posteriorly and anteriorly and raises the eyebrows
Occipitofrontalis muscle
a coloring medium in which the pigments are combined with petroleum product
Oil-base cosmetics
a yellow-tan of medium value with a greenish tinge
Olive
the state of being opaque
Opacity
not transparent or translucent: not allowing light to pass through a concealing cosmetic
Opaque
(crows feet) the furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye: acquired facial markings
Optic facial sluci
the mouth: the orifice containing the teeth and tongue
Oral cavity
the hue obtained from the mixture of red and yellow: a secondary color of pigments
Orange
close the eyelids: compresses the lacrimal sacs
Orbicularis oculi muscles
closes the lips
Orbicularis oris muscle
(orbit) the Eye socket
Orbital cavity
bags under the eyes: the fullness between the inferior palpebrae and the oblique palpebral...
Orbital pouch
the entrance or outlet of any body cavity: an opening
Orifice
the attachment of a muscle which moves least when the muscle contracts: the beginning
Origin
an adornment or embellishment
ornamental
a frontal head form in which the head is generally egg-shaped, with the cranium slightly wider...
Oval
a coloring modified by an overlying color: a color which visibly predominates more then general...
Overtone
one of the bones forming the posterior part of the hard palate: between the interior pterygoid...
Palatine bone
the eyelids both superior and inferior
Palpebrae
a face powder cosmetic pressed into a flat cake
Pancake
two bones that form the roof and part of the sides of the skull
Parietal bones
the rounded peak of the external convexity of the parietal bones: determines the widest part...
Parietal eminence
a soft, moist opaque cosmetic with the consistency of dough
Paste
a group of hairs of uniform length applied simultaneously as a method of hair replacement
Patch of hair
diseased: due to a disease
Pathological condition
wounds entering the interior of an organ or cavity
Penetrating wounds
superior portion of the bony nasal septum
perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
a semi-solid, yellow mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum
Petroleum jelly
(carbolic acid) an antiseptic/disinfectant employed to dry moist tissues and to bleach discolored...
Phenol
the vertical groove located medially on the superior lips: a natural facial marking
Philtrum
the study of the structures and surface markings of the face and features
Physiognomy
a coloring matter which can be applied to an object, when combined with some type of vehicle
pigment
a powder (usually composed of dry, pulverized pigments and talcum) employed to impart color...
pigment powder
the Prange system: the basis for mortuary cosmetology
Pigment theory
(ear) the auricle or projected part of the exterior ear
Pinna
surface having very little curvature
Planes
calcium sulfate: a white powdery substance which forms a quick setting paste when mixed with...
Plaster of Paris
a nasal classification which is short and broad and has the minimum of projection: common to...
Platyrrhine
thin layer of muscle covering anterior aspect of neck
Platysma muscle
the transverse, dipping furrow of the neck: acquired facial marking
Platysmal sulci
a small ball, cylinder, or tuft often made of cotton
Pledget
any device as cotton, cloth, wood, etc. used to fill or close an opening
Plug
a place (usually invisible) at which access to inner positions may be had
Point of Entry
minute depressions in the surface of the skin, as in the openings of the sweat glands
pores
treatments of a restorative nature performed after the embalming operation
Post-embalming
toward the rear or caudal end: toward the back: dorsal
Posterior
after death
Postmortem
any solid substance in the state of fine, loose particles as produced by crushing or grinding
Powder
a device used to blow powder onto a surface
powder atomizer
a device containing hairs or bristles set in a handle: used to apply and/or remove powder
Powder brush
a soft, circular pad for applying powder
powder puff
treatments of a restorative nature performed before the embalming operation
pre-embalming
three pigmentary hues: red, yellow, and blue, which can be combined to make all other hues
Primary hue
draws the skin of the forhead inferiorly
procerus muscle
a photograph or painting in which the subject has been posed and lighted flatteringly by a...
Professional portrait
the side profile of the human head
Profile
projection of the jaw(s) beyond the projection of the forehead
Prognathism
the act of throwing forward: a part extending beyond the level of its surroundings
Projection
an artifical device used to replace a limb, appendage, or other body part
Prosthetic device
the relationships of the size of one feature as compared with another feature or with the width...
Proportions
the rounded, anterior projection of the tip of the nose
Protruding lobe
the state or condition of being thrust forward or projecting
Protrusion
a hole or slight wound resulting from piercing
Puncture
a color between blue and red: a secondary hue of pigments
Purple
a suture made around the circumference of a circular opening or puncture to close it or to...
Purse string suture
a secretion from inflamed tissues: usually an opaque, creamy colored matter
pus
a small elevation of the skin with the inflamed base, containing pus
Pustule
an apparently solid structure having a square base and four triangular sides which meet at...
Pyramid
energy traveling through space in the form of electromagnetic waves of various lengths
Radiant energy
to spread out from a common point
Radiate
the vertical portion of the mandible
Ramus
a dark, purplish-red color
Raspberry
a comb with a long, thin handle employed in curling hair
rat-tail comb
a darkened, air-dried area on the skin resulting from removal of the epidermis while shaving
razor burn
redistribution of massage cream or cosmetics to insure a uniform density
reblend
the withdrawal of a part from its normal position
recession
a four-sided figure having four right angles
Rectangular
to dimish in size, mass or projection
Reduce
the return of light waves from surfaces: the blending or folding back of a part upon itself
Reflection
to lay at rest
Repose
the care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color
Restorative art
a nose which is turned up superiorly at its tip
Retrousse
the border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of a circular or curving form, as the rim of...
rim
(laughing muscle) the narrow superficial band of muscle which pull the angle of the mouth laterally
Risorius Muscle
the long, rod-shaped sensory bodies of the retina of the eye responsive to light but not color
Rods of the eye
the aquiline profile of the nose
Roman
the apex (top) of the pyramidal mass of the nose which lies directly inferior to the forehead:...
Root
(infantine) a frontal head form in which the head exhibits maximum curvature
Round
an acronym for red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo and violet
ROYGBIV
red complexion: having a healthy reddish color, said of the the complexion, more vivid then...
Ruddy
a yellowish, sickly color of the complexion
Sallow
a visual aspect indicating the vividness of the hue in the degree of difference from a gray...
Saturation
a crust over a healing sore or wound
scab
fossa between the inner and outer rims of the ear: the shallowest depression of the ear
Scapha
a bright red color inclining toward orange
Scarlet
a quick-drying liquid which leaves a hard, thin transparent coat or layer through which moisture...
sealer
to cauterize tissues by heat or chemical in order to provide a dry foundation
sear(ing)
those resulting in acute inflammation of the skin and blisters
second degree burn
equal mixture of two primary pigmentary hues (orange, green and purple)
Secondary hue
almost opaque: not transparent or translucent
semi-opaque
vertical cartilage dividing nasal cavity into two chambers, responsible for asymmetry of the...
septum
notched on the edge like a saw
Serrated
to have been cut or broken apart: disjoined
severed
a hue into which various quantities of black are mixed: the darkened hue
Shade
surfaces which do not lie at right angles to the source of illumination or are obscured by...
Shadow
shine: as of the reflection of natural oils of the skin
Sheen
the growth of hair located anterior of the ears
sideburns
the lateral walls of the nose between the wings and the bridge
sides of the nose
fractured bone does not pierce the skin
simple fracture
to burn superficially as the hair which shows partial destruction from scorching heat
Singe
surface restorer
Soft wax
a substance (usually liquid) capable of, or used in, dissolving something
Solvent
a flat, blunt, kinfe_like instrument used for mixing cosmetics and modeling: a palette knife
Spatula
visible bands of color, the progressive arrangement of colors
Spectrum
an appliance as of wood, metal, etc.. used to keep in place or protect a displaced or movable...
Splint
a liquid cosmetic so compounded that it can be atomized to provide a means of application to...
Spray cosmetic
an elastic, porous mass of interlacing horny fibers which are permanently attached: used to...
sponge
the vertical surface of the temporal bone
Squama
(strong) a frontal head form in which the head is broad and exhibits very little curvature:...
Square
to discolor with foreign matter: an area so discolored
Stain
any substances or agents which will cause an external discoloration to be removed or lessened
Stain removers
(cornstarch) used as a dusting powder and an absorbent: used to firm wax
Starch
a muscle of the neck that is attached to the mastoid process of the temporal bone and to the...
Sternocleidomastoideus Muscle
a small, rounded, stiff brush, all bristles are the same length, used to simulate pores on...
Stipple brush
(grecian) a nasal profile in which the dorsum exhibits a straight line from the root to the...
Straight nasal profile
situate or occurring beneath the skin
Subcutaneous
lowered in intensity or strength; reduced in fullness or color; muted
Subdued
describing those portions which lie immediately inferior to the mandible
submandibular
the junction of the base of the chin and the submandibular area, which may appear as a furrow;...
submental sulcus
method of diminishing the wave lengths of light by superimposing two or more color transparencies...
subtractive method
situated as a depression; concave
sunken
the inferior part of the forehead just superior to the median ends of the eyebrows
Superciliary arches
eyebrows
Supercilium
anatomically towards the head
Superior
the furrow of the superior border of the upper eyelid: an acquired facial marking
superior palpebral sulcus
region between the supercilium and the superior palpebrae
supraorbital margins
(surface filler) a wax used to fill shallow depressions; which is sofer and more pliable then...
surface restorer
restoration to a normal position or level through surgical excision
surgical reduction
a substance in which particles of ground pigments are mixed with a fluid but are undissolved
suspension
to provide support for; to hold in a fixed position
sustain
act of sewing; also the completed stitch
suture
a bit of cotton or cloth used for removing moisture or discharges from mucous membranes as...
Swab
dark-colored complexion, as a face made swarthy by the tropical sun
Swarthy
correspondence in size, shape, and relative position of parts that are on opposite sides of...
Symmetry
a form which receded away from a given point; a form which becomes gradually smaller toward...
taper
inferior portion of the sides and base of the cranium, inferior to the parietal bones and anterior...
Temporal bones
the concave surface of the head overlying the temporal bone
Temporal cavity
muscle of mastication which helps to close the mandible (the strongest chewing muscle)
Temporalis muscles
property of holding fast, adhesiveness
tenacity
limit; end; the part which terminates
Termination/Terminal
the hue which results from the mixture of two secondary pigmentary hues
Tertiary hue
a brush with a relatively large tuft of good quality, fine bristles, such as a black sable...
Texturizing brush
destruction of cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues; seared, charred or roasted tissue
third degree burn
in reference to a photograph, a view which reveals the fullness of the cheeks
three quarter view
a hue into which various quantities of white are mixed
Tint
a powder which is lightly colored with non-moisture absorbing pigments
Tinted powders
the extremity of anything which tapers (eg. the tip of the nose)
Tip
a substance used to elevate sunken (emaciated) tissues to normal level by hypodermic injection
Tissue builder
a hue mixed with either a small quantity of gray or the complement of the hue, resulting in...
Tone
a small wig or patch of false hair covering a bald spot; a hairpiece
Toupee
elevation protecting the ear passage (external auditory meatus)
Tragus
transmitting light but causing sufficient diffusion to eliminate perception of distinct image;...
Translucent
having the property of transmitting rays of light through its substance so that bodies situated...
Transparent
furrows which cross the forehead; acquired facial markings
transverse frontal sulci
a physical injury or wound caused by external force or violence
Trauma
a frontal head form in which the face is wider between the angles of the mandible then it is...
Triangular
depression between the crura of the ear; the second deepest depression of the ear
Triangular fossa
a spontaneous new growth of tissue forming an abnormal mass
Tumor
in liquids, muddy with particles of extraneous matter, no clear or transparent
Turbid
invisible rays of the spectrum lying outside the violet end of the visible spectrum
Ultraviolet
a coloring (opaque) applied to an area which, when dry, will be covered with wax or another...
Undercoat
the angled cut of the borders of an excision, made so that the skin surface will overhang the...
Undercut
a part which is, or will be, hidden from view
Unexposed area
the lightness or darkness of a hue
Value
changes in form, extent, etc; things somewhat different from another of the same kind
Variations
a material combined with pigments so they may be applied more easily
Vehicle
the top of the head
Vertex
perpendicular to the plane of the horizon, balanced
Vertical
one in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line and the chin...
Vertical-concave profile
one in which the forehead and the eyebrows project equally to a vertical line and the chin...
Vertical-Convex profile
(balanced) one in which the forehead, upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical...
Vertical profile
the semi-fluid, transparent substance which lies between the retina and the lens of the eyeball
Vitreous humor
brilliance; intensely bright color(s)
Vivid
the degree of brilliance
Vividity
bone of the nasal cavity situate between the nasal passages on the median plane; forms inferior/posterior...
Vomer bone
areas of the skin surface which, during life, are naturally reddened, cosmetics used to restore...
Warm color areas
a color which appears in the spectral band, characterized by long wave-lengths; a color which...
Warm hue
a restorative modeling or surfacing material composed of beeswax
Wax
the line of color change at the junction of the wet and dry portions of each mucous membrane
Weather line
the aspect of physical heaviness associated with different colors
Weight
the color of pure snow
White
a ray of light which contains all the hues of the visible spectrum, in such proportion that...
White light
the dimension of an object measured across from side to side
Width
lateral lobes of the nose
Wings of the nose
the length of wire employed to connect two structures which are undamaged such as remaining...
wire bridging
(inversion, draw stitch) a method of sewing an incision along the edges without entering the...
Worm suture
the processes on the temporal and zygomatic bones; determines the widest part of the face
Zygomatic arch
one of the lesser concavities of the face located on the lateral portion of the cheek inferior...
Zygomatic arch depression
small bones of the cheeks; widest part of the cheek
Zygomatic bones
the lateral rim of the eye socket formed by a process of the frontal bone and the process of...
Zygomaticofrontal process
muscles of the face which draw the superior lip posteriorly, superiorly, and anteriorly
Zygomaticus major muscles
muscles of the face which draw the superior lip posteriorly and anteriorly
Zygomaticus minor muscles


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