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Respiratory System


Respiratory S Ystem
  
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what does respiration exchange and for what?
 
o2 and co2 to produce energy
what are the two distinct types of respiration?
 

ventulation
oxygenation
what is ventilation?
 
air moves through the respiratory tract
what is oxygenation?
 
exchange of gas
upper consists of
 

nasal passages
sinuses
pharynx
lower consists of
 

trachea
lungs
bronchi
bronchhioles
alveoli
the uppers function
 

warming
hummidifying
and filtering air to the LRS
the lowers function
 
"passageway" for air until it reaches the alveoli
right lung
 
3 lobes
left lung
 
2 lobes
what is the pleural cavity lined by?
 
pariental and vesceral pleura
normal repiratory
 
12-20 per min
dysphenea
 
sob
what is tachyphea
 
breathing over 24 per min
bradeyphea
 
breathing under 12 per min
red flags for respiratory disorders
 

labored breathing
use of accesory muscles
abnormal breathing sounds
hemoptysis
prlonged cough
orthophea
deviated trachea
hemoptysis
 
coughing up blood
what is asthma
 
chronic inflammatory disorder
what does asthma cause>
 

mucosal
edema
bronchospasm
asthma leads to
 

airway obstriction
bronchial gyperresponsivness
s/s of asthma
 

sob
wheezing
chest tightness
incresed HR
asthma triggers
 

allergies
stress
anxiety
exersice
temp
pets
excercise induced usually happens withing
 
10 to 15
s/s of excercise indiced asthma
 

sob
chest tighness
what is bronchitis
 
mucus and inflammation of the bronchial passages
acute bronchitis can be cause by
 
viral infection
chronin bronchitis is in
 
smoker
s/s of bronchitis
 

cough
yellow/ green flem
what does bronchitis lead to
 
pneunomia
pneunoma is
 
inflammation of the alveoli caused by an infection
s/s of pneuinoma
 

sob
shest pain
cough
dark discolored sputum
what is pleurisy or pluritis?
 

inflammation of the pleura causing subsequent pain
accumlation of fluid in the pleura
s/s of pleurisy
 

chest pain
fever
cough
malaise
malaise
 
body aches
flu is a
 
viral infection usually during fall or winter
s/s of flu
 

rapid onset
high fever
malaise
loss of appitite
sore throat
allergies are triggered by
 
changing of seasons
s/s of allerhgies
 

ichy eyeas
plugged ears
headaches
runny nosew
thrpoat irritation
s/s of sinusitis
 

nasal congestion
headache
facial
tightness
dark yellow mucus
what is the cold
 
viral
what is another name for the cold?
 
rhonovirus
how long does the flue last ?
 
7-10 days
s/s of the cold
 

mild but annoying
low grade fever
cough
nasal congestion
runny nose
sore throat
what is tuberculosis
 
bacterial infection of lungs
what does tb develop
 
granular tumors
s/s of tuberculosis
 

fever over 100
chills
night sweat
weight loos
fatigue
most common cancer
 
lung
symptoms of lung cnaver
 

fever
fatigue
weight loss
cough
chest pain
sob
what is pnuemothorax`
 
gas or air trapped causing lung to collapse
who are more suseptible to pnemothir.
 
tall,skinny, males
sontaneous pneem.
 
absence of traumatic injury
moi of pneum
 

chest trauma
pressure on lungs
asthna
lung disease
s/s of pneum.
 

sharp chest pain
sob
cough
chest tightness
travhea shift
hemothorax
 
accumilation of bood in the plueral space
moi hemo
 

trauma to chest wall
rib freacture
s/s of hemo
 

sob
chest pain
rapid HR
anxiety

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