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Respiratory System


Respiratory S Ystem
  
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what does respiration exchange and for what?
 
o2 and co2 to produce energy
what are the two distinct types of respiration?
 
ventulation oxygenation
what is ventilation?
 
air moves through the respiratory tract
what is oxygenation?
 
exchange of gas
upper consists of
 
nasal passages sinuses pharynx
lower consists of
 
trachea lungs bronchi bronchhioles alveoli
the uppers function
 
warming hummidifying and filtering air to the LRS
the lowers function
 
"passageway" for air until it reaches the alveoli
right lung
 
3 lobes
left lung
 
2 lobes
what is the pleural cavity lined by?
 
pariental and vesceral pleura
normal repiratory
 
12-20 per min
dysphenea
 
sob
what is tachyphea
 
breathing over 24 per min
bradeyphea
 
breathing under 12 per min
red flags for respiratory disorders
 
labored breathing use of accesory muscles abnormal breathing sounds hemoptysis prlonged cough orthophea deviated trachea
hemoptysis
 
coughing up blood
what is asthma
 
chronic inflammatory disorder
what does asthma cause>
 
mucosal edema bronchospasm
asthma leads to
 
airway obstriction bronchial gyperresponsivness
s/s of asthma
 
sob wheezing chest tightness incresed HR
asthma triggers
 
allergies stress anxiety exersice temp pets
excercise induced usually happens withing
 
10 to 15
s/s of excercise indiced asthma
 
sob chest tighness
what is bronchitis
 
mucus and inflammation of the bronchial passages
acute bronchitis can be cause by
 
viral infection
chronin bronchitis is in
 
smoker
s/s of bronchitis
 
cough yellow/ green flem
what does bronchitis lead to
 
pneunomia
pneunoma is
 
inflammation of the alveoli caused by an infection
s/s of pneuinoma
 
sob shest pain cough dark discolored sputum
what is pleurisy or pluritis?
 
inflammation of the pleura causing subsequent pain accumlation of fluid in the pleura
s/s of pleurisy
 
chest pain fever cough malaise
malaise
 
body aches
flu is a
 
viral infection usually during fall or winter
s/s of flu
 
rapid onset high fever malaise loss of appitite sore throat
allergies are triggered by
 
changing of seasons
s/s of allerhgies
 
ichy eyeas plugged ears headaches runny nosew thrpoat irritation
s/s of sinusitis
 
nasal congestion headache facial tightness dark yellow mucus
what is the cold
 
viral
what is another name for the cold?
 
rhonovirus
how long does the flue last ?
 
7-10 days
s/s of the cold
 
mild but annoying low grade fever cough nasal congestion runny nose sore throat
what is tuberculosis
 
bacterial infection of lungs
what does tb develop
 
granular tumors
s/s of tuberculosis
 
fever over 100 chills night sweat weight loos fatigue
most common cancer
 
lung
symptoms of lung cnaver
 
fever fatigue weight loss cough chest pain sob
what is pnuemothorax`
 
gas or air trapped causing lung to collapse
who are more suseptible to pnemothir.
 
tall,skinny, males
sontaneous pneem.
 
absence of traumatic injury
moi of pneum
 
chest trauma pressure on lungs asthna lung disease
s/s of pneum.
 
sharp chest pain sob cough chest tightness travhea shift
hemothorax
 
accumilation of bood in the plueral space
moi hemo
 
trauma to chest wall rib freacture
s/s of hemo
 
sob chest pain rapid HR anxiety

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