Respiratory System

Answer The Questions.
Created Jun 7, 2009
by chachboogie
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Side ASide B
The singular form of bronchi is...
bronchus
The smaller segments of the bronchus are called..
bronchioles
Surgical repair of cartilage...
chondroplasty
Any disease of cartilage..
chondropathy
Tumor (or tumor-like growth) of cartiliage..
chondroma
When an emergency situation warrants the creation of an opening into the trachea, the procedure...
tracheostomy
The surgical procedure meaning forming an opening (mouth) into the trachea is...
tracheostomy
Softening of the trachea..
tracheomalacia
Disease of the trachea
tracheopathy
Surgical repair of the trachea...
tracheoplasty
narrowing of the trachea..
tracheotomy
Tracheolaryngotomy is an incision of the _ and _
trachea and larynx
Inflammation of the bronchi...
bronchitis
Involuntary contraction or twitching of the bronchus
bronchospasm
Narrowing or stricture of the bronchi...
bronchostenosis
A chronic dilation of the bronchi is called
bronchiectasis
Chronic pneumonia or flu may result in a chronic dilation of the bronchi. The medical term...
bronchiectasis
Patients with asthma experience wheezing caused by bronchial spasms. The medical term for this...
bronchospasm
Small clusters of grapelike air sacs of the lungs..
alveoli
The clusters of air sacs at the end of the bronchial tree are called
alveoli
The entire process of gas exchange between the atmosphere and body cells is called...
respiration
Respiration occurs in two processes
1. external respiration 2.internal respiration
External respiration..
occurs each time we inhale. Process results in a gas exchange between the air-filled chambers...
Internal respiration..
exchange of gases between the blood and body tissue cells.
Gas exchange between the body and the outside environment is called...
external respiration
Gas exchange at the cellular level between the blood and body tissue cells is called...
internal respiration
Pneumonitis is an _ of the _
inflammation lungs
5th leading cause of death in the US. Acute inflammation and infection of the lungs in which...
pneumonia
pneumon/o means_ or _
air, lung
-ia means
condition
A word meaning excision of a lung..
pneumonectomy
Pneumonocele
herniation of the lung
Disease of the lung
pneumonopathy
Abnormal condition of the lungs...
pneumonosis
Excision of a lung..
pneumonectomy
-centesis means
surgical puncture
Pneumocentesis is a surgical puncture to aspirate the
lung
An abnormal condition of black lung caused by inhalation of black dust, which is a disease...
pneumonomelanosis
Lungs are divided into _ lobes.
5
How many lobes are in the right lung?
3
How many lobes are in the left lung?
2
A person with lung cancer may undergo a lobectomy, which is an _ of a lobe.
excision or removal
Inflammation of the lobe
lobitis
Incision of the lobe..
lobotomy
Excision of the lobe
lobectomy
Each  lung is enclosed in a double-folded membrane called the
pleura
A pain in the pleura is known as
pleurodynia or pleuralgia
Inflammation of the pleura
pleuritis
Hernia or swelling of the pleura
pleurocele
Pleurisy
inflammation of the pleura
The pleura becomes inflamed when a person has
pneumonia
-algia and -dynia refer to
pain
-a
without, not
brady-
slow
dys
bad, painful, difficult
eu
good, normal
tachy
rapid
-pnea
breathing
A term that literally means without breathing...
apnea
Painful or difficult breathing
dyspnea
Normal breathing
eupnea
Rapid breathing
tachypnea
A condition in which there is labored breathing in any posture except in the erect sitting...
orthopnea
Incision of the chest
thoracotomy
To remove fluid from the thoracic cavity, a surgical puncture of the chest..
thoracocentesis


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