Respiratory System

65 cards

Answer the questions.


 
  
Created Jun 7, 2009
by
chachboogie

 

 
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1
The singular form of bronchi is...
 
bronchus
2
The smaller segments of the bronchus are called..
 
bronchioles
3
Surgical repair of cartilage...
 
chondroplasty
4
Any disease of cartilage..
 
chondropathy
5
Tumor (or tumor-like growth) of cartiliage..
 
chondroma
6
When an emergency situation warrants the creation of an opening into the trachea, the procedure...
 
tracheostomy
7
The surgical procedure meaning forming an opening (mouth) into the trachea is...
 
tracheostomy
8
Softening of the trachea..
 
tracheomalacia
9
Disease of the trachea
 
tracheopathy
10
Surgical repair of the trachea...
 
tracheoplasty
11
narrowing of the trachea..
 
tracheotomy
12
Tracheolaryngotomy is an incision of the _ and _
 
trachea and larynx
13
Inflammation of the bronchi...
 
bronchitis
14
Involuntary contraction or twitching of the bronchus
 
bronchospasm
15
Narrowing or stricture of the bronchi...
 
bronchostenosis
16
A chronic dilation of the bronchi is called
 
bronchiectasis
17
Chronic pneumonia or flu may result in a chronic dilation of the bronchi. The medical term...
 
bronchiectasis
18
Patients with asthma experience wheezing caused by bronchial spasms. The medical term for this...
 
bronchospasm
19
Small clusters of grapelike air sacs of the lungs..
 
alveoli
20
The clusters of air sacs at the end of the bronchial tree are called
 
alveoli
21
The entire process of gas exchange between the atmosphere and body cells is called...
 
respiration
22
Respiration occurs in two processes
 
1. external respiration 2.internal respiration
23
External respiration..
 
occurs each time we inhale. Process results in a gas exchange between the air-filled chambers...
24
Internal respiration..
 
exchange of gases between the blood and body tissue cells.
25
Gas exchange between the body and the outside environment is called...
 
external respiration
26
Gas exchange at the cellular level between the blood and body tissue cells is called...
 
internal respiration
27
Pneumonitis is an _ of the _
 
inflammation lungs
28
5th leading cause of death in the US. Acute inflammation and infection of the lungs in which...
 
pneumonia
29
pneumon/o means_ or _
 
air, lung
30
-ia means
 
condition
31
A word meaning excision of a lung..
 
pneumonectomy
32
Pneumonocele
 
herniation of the lung
33
Disease of the lung
 
pneumonopathy
34
Abnormal condition of the lungs...
 
pneumonosis
35
Excision of a lung..
 
pneumonectomy
36
-centesis means
 
surgical puncture
37
Pneumocentesis is a surgical puncture to aspirate the
 
lung
38
An abnormal condition of black lung caused by inhalation of black dust, which is a disease...
 
pneumonomelanosis
39
Lungs are divided into _ lobes.
 
5
40
How many lobes are in the right lung?
 
3
41
How many lobes are in the left lung?
 
2
42
A person with lung cancer may undergo a lobectomy, which is an _ of a lobe.
 
excision or removal
43
Inflammation of the lobe
 
lobitis
44
Incision of the lobe..
 
lobotomy
45
Excision of the lobe
 
lobectomy
46
Each  lung is enclosed in a double-folded membrane called the
 
pleura
47
A pain in the pleura is known as
 
pleurodynia or pleuralgia
48
Inflammation of the pleura
 
pleuritis
49
Hernia or swelling of the pleura
 
pleurocele
50
Pleurisy
 
inflammation of the pleura
51
The pleura becomes inflamed when a person has
 
pneumonia
52
-algia and -dynia refer to
 
pain
53
-a
 
without, not
54
brady-
 
slow
55
dys
 
bad, painful, difficult
56
eu
 
good, normal
57
tachy
 
rapid
58
-pnea
 
breathing
59
A term that literally means without breathing...
 
apnea
60
Painful or difficult breathing
 
dyspnea
61
Normal breathing
 
eupnea
62
Rapid breathing
 
tachypnea
63
A condition in which there is labored breathing in any posture except in the erect sitting...
 
orthopnea
64
Incision of the chest
 
thoracotomy
65
To remove fluid from the thoracic cavity, a surgical puncture of the chest..
 
thoracocentesis


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