Respiratory 2

69 cards

This will por b not he


 
  
Created Apr 15, 2010
by
whiting

 

 
Table View
 
Download
 
Print

Flashcard Set Preview

  Side A   Side B
1
bronchiolitis
 
acute infection of the bronchioles
2
What are the causes of bronchiolitis?
 

RSV- 80 %

 

3
Signs and symptoms of bronchioliits?
 
URI, fever, cough, iritable and respiratory distress, crackles, rales and wheezes, atelectasis,...
4
How do you diagnose bronchiolitis?
 
with a chest x-ray showing infiltrates
5
treatment for bronchiolitis
 
nebulizer, O2 and fluids
6
What are two major interventions for bronchiolitis?
 
oxygen and rid of mucous
7
What are treatments for at home RSV and LTB?
 
Fever meds, rest fluids
8
Treatment for RSV and LTB in the hospital?
 
CPT, neb, suctioning, O2 and IVF's
9

What med is used to treat RSV and LTB?

What type of med is it?

 

Ribaviran

Antiviral/aerosole

10
What med is given to prevent preemies from RSV and LTB?
 
Respigam and Synagis
11
Nasal washing is also an intervention in the hospital for what?
 
RSV and LTB
12
What glands does cystic fibrosis effect?
 
exocrine glands
13
Cystic Fibrosis is recessive or dominant?
 
recessive autonomal
14
Cystic fibrosis causes an increase in what?
 
Mucus
15
What two electrolytes are increased in cystic fibrosis?
 
sodium and chloride
16
What is effected by cystic fibrosis?
 
pancreas, respiratory, GI and bile duct systems
17
How is the respiratory system affected by cystic fibrosis?
 
frequent infections and progressive pulmonary diseases
18
What are respiratory complications of cystic fibrosis?
 
atelectasis, pneumothorax, hemoptysis and clubbing
19
How is the GI system affected by cystic fibrosis?
 
decreased absorption of nutrients, carbs, fats and proteins
20
what are GI complications of cystic fibrosis?
 
Pancreatitis and diabetes
21
what do cystic fibrosis patients have to take before meals? why?
 
pancreatic enzymes; to increase digestion of foods
22
What is going to be in your stools if you have cystic fibrosis?
 
steatorrhea and azotorrhea, fat and protein
23
What could happen to your intestines, rectum and how does it effect your reproductive system?
 

intestinal obstruction

prolapsed rectum

infertility and sterility

24
how do you diagnose cystic fibrosis?
 
sweat chloride test
25
What are treatments for cystic fibrosis?
 
CPT, exercise, DB, vibration vest, percussion and O2, ct's, lung transplant
26
what vitamins should cystic fibrosis patients take?
 
fat soluble vitamins (ADEK)
27
How do you treat respiratory problems at home for cystic fibrosis?
 
Hand held nebulizer
28
Pneummonia is what?
 
inflammation of the pulmonary parenchyma
29
How do you diagnose pneumonia?
 
sputum sample and cxray
30
What is the number one treatment for pneumonia?
 
oxygen
31
what is an indication of a chest xray for pneumonia?
 
wheezes and crackles?
32
The four causes of pneumonia are?
 
viral, bacterial, m-pneumonia, aspiration
33
What is the most common pneumonia in children? what is it associated with?
 
viral pneumonia and it is associated with URI.
34
What are signs and symptoms of pneumonia?
 
fever, slight cough, malaise, whitish sputum, wheezes and crackles
35
what will you see on a cxr for pneumonia?
 
patchy infiltrates, with peribroncial distribution
36
older child signs and symptoms of bacterial pneumonia
 
headache, chills, abd pain, chest pain, meningitis, increased respirations, resp distress,...
37
infant signs and symptoms
 
lethargic, high fever and seizures
38
what is treatment for bacterial pneumonia?
 
hospitalization, cxr, o2, cpt, ivf's, fever meds and antibiotics to treat organisms
39
postural drainage is what?
 
declining head to move mucous up
40
allergic rhinitis
 
seasonal and chronic allergies
41
signs and symptoms of allergic rhinitus
 
nasal inflammation, sneezing, nasal congestion
42
what can the sighs and symptoms lead to?
 
URI, and OM
43
How do you diagnose allergic rhinitus?
 
skin test and PE
44
What is treatment for allergic rhinitis?
 
reduce allergens, antihistamines/decongestant nasal spray and immunotherapy
45
Asthma is a what?
 
chronic inflammation disorder of airways resulting in bronchiolconstriction
46
Asthma is associated with what?
 
triggers such as stress
47
signs and symptoms of asthma include
 
wheezes, chest tightness, cough, dyspnea.
48
What do the signs and symptoms of asthma lead too?
 
airway obstruction, orthopnea, and respiratory distress
49
How do you diagnose asthma?
 

PEFR (peak expiratory flow rate)

PFT (pulmonary function test)

50
When using the PEFR what are the color grades?
 

green is 80-100% of personal best

yellow is 50-79% of personal best

red...

51
What does the PFT measure?
 
lung volume, evaluates lung disease and how it responds to treatments
52
short acting inhalers
 
bronchiodilators, rescue
53
long acting inhalers. why?
 
steroids because they help with inflammation
54
What are two types of long acting inhalers?
 
systemic beta-2 agonist and bronchiodilators that are not rescue
55
what do you teach asthma patients
 
avoid triggers; allergens and use PEFR, take rescue inhalers 20-30 minutes before exercise...
56
What are other treatments for asthma?
 
CPT, hyposensitization, immunotherapy
57
what do preemies get chronic lung disease from? and what does this cause?
 
RDS; poor lung compliance and leads to heart failure
58
What is respiratory failure?
 
bronchopulmonary dysplasia
59
How do you diagnose resp failure?
 
cxr with hyperinflation, atelectasis, fibrosis
60
What is treatment of resp failure?
 
surfactant, prenatal steroids, jet vent, diuretics, steroids, bronchodilators
61
what is home care for respiratory failure?
 
meds, o2, apnea monitor
62
if you have respiratory failure how will your lungs look on the xray
 
never clear, just patchy
63
if you have critical respiratory failure you are on what?
 
egmo
64
what is sinusitis?
 
the blockage of sinus cavities with blockage
65
diagnose sinusitis with?
 
tender sinuses, cold symptoms longer than ten days
66
treatment for sinusitis?
 
amoxicillin 10-14 days is number one treatment
67
other treatments for sinusitis?
 
corticosteroid nasal spray, antihistamines, decongestants, and saline drops or sprays, sinus...
68
sinusitis can be what or what? and if not treated will become what?
 
viral or bacterial. bacterial
69
signs and symptoms of sinusitis
 
headache, periorbital swelling, fever, cough, sore throat, ear pain and popping of ears

No comments yet! Be the first to add a comment below!

Please login to post comments.
After login, we will forward you back to this flashcard.


Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Upgrade    Cancel