Rapid, Short, Intermediate, And Long Acting Insulins

Insulins
 
Created Feb 6, 2014
by deeptipatel
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Rapid Acting Insulins
Lispro= humalog Aspart= novolog
Rapid Acting Insulin Onset of action peak action duration of action
onset= 5-15 minutes for both peak= lispro: 1 hr; aspart: 40-50 minutes duration= lispro:...
Time for adverse reaction  Rapid Acting Insulin
Midmorning; trembling and weakness
Characteristics of  Rapid Acting Insulin
pt should eat within 5-15 minutes after injection; its also used in insulin pumps 
Short acting Insulin
Regular Insulin (Humalin R, Novolin R, Iletin II Regular)
Short Acting Insulin Onset of action peak action duration of action
onset= 30-60 mins peak= 2-3 hr duration= 4-6 hr
Time of Adverse Reaction Short Acting Insulin
Midmorning Midafternoon= weakness and fatigue
Characteristics of short Acting insulin
its a clear solution given 20-30 minutes before meals, can be given alone or with other insulins.
Intermediate Acting Insulin
NPH (isophane)
Intermediate Acting Insulin Onset of action peak action duration of action
onset= 2-4 hr peak= 6-12 hr duration= 16-20 hr
Time for adverse Reactions intermediate Acting Insulin
Early evening= wekaness and fatigue
Characteristics of Intermediate Acting Insulin
white and clloudy solution, and can be given after meals
Long acting Insulin
Glargine(Lantus)
Long Acting Insulin Onset of action peak action duration of action
Onset= 1 hr Peak= Continous no Peak duration= 24 hr
Characterisitcs for long acting insulin
maintains blood glcose levels regardless of meals, CANNOT BE MIXED WITH OTHER INSULIN. This...
the action of all insulins
to reduce blood glucose levels by increasing glucose tranport to cell membranes; it also enhances...
Education for pts taking Insulins
rotate sites for injections to prevent lipohypertrophy, or fibropatty masses at injection sites....
WHAT HERBS INCREASES BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS THAT HAVE INTERACTIONS
BEE POLLEN, GINKO BILOBA, GLUCOSAMINES
WHAT HERBS DECREASES BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS THAT HAVE INTERACTIONS
BASIL, BAY LEAF, CHROMIUM, ECHINACCA, GARLIC, GINSENG

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