Quiz 2 Chap 3-4

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Quiz 2 Chap 3-4

Med. Term Oct . 13, 20

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Front Back
Which term describes the surgical repair or replacement of a damaged joint?
 
Arthroplasty
The surgical procedure for loosening an ankylosed joint is known as:
 
Arthrolysis
Which procedure is the suturing or wiring together of bone?
 
Osteorrhapy
is an inflammation of the bone marrow and adjacent bone.
 
Osteomyelitis
The term describes an abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side.
 
Kyphosis
Which term describes the partial dislocation of a bone from its joint?
 
Sublexation
When a bone is splintered or crushed this is known as a/an:
 
Comminuted fracture
Which bone tissue is hemopoietic?
 
Red bone marrow
Which condition is a congenital defect in which the spinal canal fails to close around the spinal cord?
 
Spina bifida
Which type of bone marrow transplant use the patient's own bone marrow?
 
Autologous
Which motion turns the palm of the hand downward or backward?
 
Pronation
The term means to move away from the midline.
 
Abduction
Which term is the total paralysis of one side of the body?
 
Hemiplegia
Weakness and wasting away caused by disuse of the muscle over a long period of time is know as .
 
Atrophy
Which term describes the protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath?
 
Myocele
A patient who has suffered a severe laceration to his wrist following a fall through a glass window is unable to move his small finger. What tissue has he probably severed?
 
Tendon
Which condition is a blood disorder in which red blood cells are larger than normal?
 
Megaloblastic anemia
The are only one cell in thickness and are the smallest blood vessels in the body.
 
Capillaries.
The condition of having an abnormally slow resting heartbest is known as .
 
Bradycardia
The pulmonary arteries carry blood.
 
Carbon-dioxide-rich
Which term describes a localized balloon-like enlargement of an artery wall?
 
Aneurysm
The highest pressure against the artery walls, which occurs when the ventricles contract, is known as .
 
Systolic pressure
is the iron-containing pigment of the erythrocytes that transports oxygen.
 
Hemoglobin
is an irregular quivering action of the atrial myocardium.
 
Atrial fibrillation
A is a portable electrocardiograph that is worn by an ambulatory patient to continuously monitor heart rates and rhythms.
 
Holter monitor
The term describes any situation in which the total number of white blood cells in the circulating blood is less than normal.
 
Leukopenia
The chronic condition in which the heart is unable to pump out all of the blood that it receives is known as .
 
Congestive heart failure
Which of the following are the smallest formed elements of the blood and are important in forming clots?
 
Thrombocytes
Which of these medical conditions is commonly known as a heart attack?
 
Myocardial infarction
The term that describes microorganisms and their toxins in the circulating blood is .
 
Septicemia
A is a foreign object, such as a piece of tissue or air bubble that is circulating in the blood.
 
Embolus
Plasma without clotting proteins is called
 
serum
The resistance vessels that determine blood pressure are called
 
arterioles
A patient with red, swollen veins in her legs has
 
phlebitis
are produced in the thymus and contribute to the immune defense by coordinating immune defenses and by killing infected cells on contact.
 
T cells
Which type of bateria form chains
 
Streptococci
Which term means not life threatening and does not recur?
 
Benign
Which of the following is a tumor involving lymph vessels?
 
Lympangioma
A/An occurs when the immune response is weakened, reduced, absent or not functioning properly.
 
Immunodeficiency disorder
is the general term applied to malignancies affecting lymphoid tissues.
 
Lymphoma
is a form of treatment that disrupts the blood supply to the tumor.
 
Antiangiogenesis
To is the process by which cancer spreads from one place to another.
 
Matastasis
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