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The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
an empirical investigation that is structured so that it answers questions about the world
a systematic approach to answering scientific questions
study the course of human growth and development from conception until death
study how and why learning occurs in humans and animals
study personality traits, motivation, and individual differences
sensation and perception psychologists
investigate how we discern the world through our senses
study and compare the behavior of different species, especially animals.
study how behavior relates to biological processes, especially activities in the nervous system
interested in thinking.
study differences between females and males
explore human social behavior, such as attitudes, persuasion, riots, conformity, leadership,...
study the ways in which culture affects human behavior
are interested in how our behavior is guided by patterns that evolved during the long history...
apply psychological principles to legal issues.
in research, an animal whose behavior is used to derive principles that may apply to human...
in scientific research, the process of naming and classifying
in psychology, understanding is achieved when the causes of a behavior can be stated
psychology's 1st goal
psychology's 2nd goal
understanding and explanation
psychology's 3rd goal
psychology's 4th goal
4 principles of critical thinking
1. few "truths transcend the need for empirical thinking.2. judging the quality of evidence...
an ability to evaluate, compare, analyze, critique, synthesize, and reflect on information
any false and unscientific system of beliefs and practices that is offered as an...
what are the six steps of the scientific method?
1. making observations2. defining a problem3. proposing a hypothesis 4. gathering evidence/testing...
the tendency to believe generally positive or flattering descriptions of oneself
fallacy of positive instances
the tendency to remember or notice information that fits on's expectations, while forgetting...
the tendency to consider a personal description accurate if it is stated in general terms
a form of critical thinking based on careful measurement and controlled observation
the predicted outcome of an experiment or an educated guess about the relationship between...
defining a scientific concept by stating the specific actions or procedures used to measure...
a system of ideas designed to interrelate concepts and facts in a way that summarizes existing data...
any physical energy sensed by an organism
to look within; to examine on's own thoughts, feelings, or sensations
the school of thought concerned with analyzing sensations and personal experiences in...
the school of psychology concerned with how behavior and mental abilities help people adapt...
darwin's theory that evolution favors those plants and animals best suited to their living...
the school of psychology that emphasizes the study of overt, observable behavior
any muscular action, glandular activity, or other identifiable aspect of behavior
an approach that combines behavioral principles with cognition (perception,...
a school of psychology emphasizing the study of thinking, learning, and perception in whole...
contents of the mind that are beyond awareness, especially impulses and desires not...
the unconscious process by which memories, thoughts, or impulses are held out of awareness
a freudian approach to psychotherapy emphasizing the exploration of unconscious conflicts
a psychologist who accepts the broad features of freud's theory but has revised the theory...
any theory of behavior that emphasizes internal conflicts, motives, and unconscious forces
an approach to psychology that focuses on human experience, problems, potentials,...
the idea that all behavior has prior causes that would completely explain one's choices...
the idea that human beings are capable of freely making choices or decisions
the ongoing process of fully developing one's personal potential
the attempt to explain behavior in terms of underlying biological principles
the traditional view that behavior is shaped by psychological processes occurring at the level...
the study of human strengths, virtues, and effective functioning
the focus on the importance of social and cultural contexts in influencing the behavior...
the focus on the importance of social and cultural contexts in influencing the behavior of...
the idea that behavior must be judged relative to the values of the culture in which it occurs
rules that define acceptable and expecte behavior for the members of a group
a person highly trained in the methods, factual knowledge, and theories of psychology
a psychologist who specializes in the treatment of psychological and behavioral disturbances...
a psychologist who specializes in the treatment of milder emotional and behavioral disturbances
a medical doctor with additional training in the diagnosis and treatment of mental...
a mental health professional (usually a medical doctor) trained to practice psychoanalysis
a mental health professional who specializes in helping people with problems not involving...
psychiatric social worker
a mental health professional trained to apply social science principles...