Psychology Test 1- Basics Of Psychology

Vocabulary Words
Created Jan 28, 2009
by tzaei
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Psychology
The discipline concerned w/ behavior & mental processes & how they are affected by an organism's...
Empirical
Relying on or derived from observation, experimentation, or measurement.
Functionalism
An early psychological approach that emphasized the function or purpose of behavior and consciousness.
Psychoanalysis
A theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy, originally formulated by Sigmund Freud,...
Biological Perspective
A psychological approach that emphasizes bodily events and changes associated with actions,...
Learning Perspective
A psych approach that emphasizes how the environment and experience affect a person's or animal's...
Cognitive Perspective
A psych approach that emphasizes mental processes in perception, memory, language, problem...
Sociocultural Perspective
A psych approach that emphasizes social and cultural influences on behavior.
Psychodynamic/Psychoanalysis
A psych approach that emphasizes unconscious dynamics within the individual, such as inner...
Applied Psychology
The study of psych issues that have direct practical significance; also, the application of...
Basic/Research Psychology
The study of psych issues in order to seek knowledge for its own sake rather than for its practical...
Psychotherapist
Someone who does any kind of psychotherapy.
Psychoanalyst
A person who practices one certain form of therapy.
Psychiatrist
A medical doctor (M.D.) who has done a three-year residency is psychiatry to learn to diagnose...
Critical Thinking
The ability and willingness to assess claims and make objective judgments on the basis of well-supported...
Principle of Falsifiability
A scientific theory must make prediction that are specific enough to expose theory to the possibility...
Case Study
A detailed description of an individual being studied or treated.
Observational Studies
A study in which the researcher observes & records behavior without interfering with the behavior;...
Standard
In test construction, to develop uniform procedures for giving and scoring a test.
Norms
In test construction, established standards of performance.
Reliable
In test construction, the consistency of scores derived from a test, from one time and place...
Valid
The ability of a test to measure what it was designed to measure.
Correlation
A measure of how strongly two variables are related to one another.
Variables
Characteristics of behavior or experience that can be measured or described by a numeric scale;...
Independent Variable
A variable that an experimenter manipulates.
Dependent Variable
A variable that an experimenter predicts will be affected by manipulations of the independent...
Control Condition
In an experiment, a comparison condition in which subjects are not exposed to the same treatment...
Random Assignment
A procedure assigning people to experimental & control groups where each individual has the...
Placebo
An inactive substance or fake treatment used as a control in an experiment or given by a medical...
Single-bind study
An experiment in which subjects do not know whether they are in an experimental or a control...
Experimenter Effects
Unintended changes in subjects' behavior due to cues inadvertently given by the experimenter.
Double-bind study
An experiment in which neither the subjects nor the individuals running the study know which...


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