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The discipline concerned w/ behavior & mental processes & how they are affected by an organism's physical state, mental state, & external environment.
Relying on or derived from observation, experimentation, or measurement.
An early psychological approach that emphasized the function or purpose of behavior and consciousness.
A theory of personality and a method of psychotherapy, originally formulated by Sigmund Freud, which emphasizes unconscious motives and conflicts.
A psychological approach that emphasizes bodily events and changes associated with actions, feelings, and thoughts.
A psych approach that emphasizes how the environment and experience affect a person's or animal's actions.
A psych approach that emphasizes mental processes in perception, memory, language, problem solving, and other areas of behavior.
A psych approach that emphasizes social and cultural influences on behavior.
A psych approach that emphasizes unconscious dynamics within the individual, such as inner forces, conflicts, or the movement of instinctual energy.
The study of psych issues that have direct practical significance; also, the application of psych findings.
The study of psych issues in order to seek knowledge for its own sake rather than for its practical application.
Someone who does any kind of psychotherapy.
A person who practices one certain form of therapy.
A medical doctor (M.D.) who has done a three-year residency is psychiatry to learn to diagnose and treat mental disorders.
The ability and willingness to assess claims and make objective judgments on the basis of well-supported reasons and evidence, rather than emotion.
Principle of Falsifiability
A scientific theory must make prediction that are specific enough to expose theory to the possibility of disconfirmation. Predict what may not happen.
A detailed description of an individual being studied or treated.
A study in which the researcher observes & records behavior without interfering with the behavior; either naturalistic/laboratory observation.
In test construction, to develop uniform procedures for giving and scoring a test.
In test construction, established standards of performance.
In test construction, the consistency of scores derived from a test, from one time and place to another.
The ability of a test to measure what it was designed to measure.
A measure of how strongly two variables are related to one another.
Characteristics of behavior or experience that can be measured or described by a numeric scale; manipulated and assessed in scientific studies.
A variable that an experimenter manipulates.
A variable that an experimenter predicts will be affected by manipulations of the independent variable.
In an experiment, a comparison condition in which subjects are not exposed to the same treatment as in the experimental condition.
A procedure assigning people to experimental & control groups where each individual has the same probability as any other of being assigned in either.
An inactive substance or fake treatment used as a control in an experiment or given by a medical practitioner to a patient.
An experiment in which subjects do not know whether they are in an experimental or a control group.
Unintended changes in subjects' behavior due to cues inadvertently given by the experimenter.
An experiment in which neither the subjects nor the individuals running the study know which subjects are in the control group and which are in experimental.