Psychology - Parts And Functions Of The Brain

Parts Of The Brain And Their Functions For Pysc 1000 Exam.
Created Oct 14, 2010
by grantnuttall
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Side ASide B
Forebrain (or cerebrum)
2 Large cerebral hemispheres (left and right) Outer portion has thin covering (cortex) 
Midbrain
Just above hindbrainIncludes: Clusters of sensory and motor neurons. Connect higher and lower...
Hindbrain
Includes: brain stem, cerebellum, medulla
Thalamus
L: Above midbrainF: Switchboard, organizes input from sense organs and routes them....
Pons (bridge in Latin)
L: Hindbrain - just above medullaF: Carries nerve impulses between higher and lower...
Medulla
L: Hindbrain - first structureF: Regulates vital functions such as breathing and...
Cerebellum (little brain in Latin) 
L: Hindbrain - rear of brain stem F: Muscular movement also some role in learning and...
Hypothalamus
L: Under thalamusF: Basic bio drives, sexual behaviour, temperature, eating, drinking, aggression and...
Pituitary gland
Regulates growth: controls thyroid, ovaries, or testes, regulates metabolism. "Master...
Limbic System 
L: Deep within cerebral hemiF: Important partner with hypothal, coordinate behav. needed...
Reticular Formation
L: Buried in midbrain, finger shapedF: Alerts higher centers messages are...
Frontal Lobe
Speech and skeletal motor functions
Broca's Area
L: Temporal LobeF: Normal speech production, formulates then sends to motor cortex. 
Temporal Lobe
Auditory system 
Motor Cortex
L: Rear of Frontal LobeF:600+ muscles involved with voluntary , each hemisphere...
Somatosensory Cortex
L: Parietal Lobe, just behind motorF: Sensory input that gives rise to our sensations...
Parietal Lobe
Body sensation
Occipital Lobe
Visual
Wernicke's Area
L: Temporal LobeF: Language comprehension.
Frontal Lobe (Human difference) 
L: FrontF: Plan and carry out a sequence of actions. Emotional experiencePrefrontal...
Corpus Callosum
Connects left and right hemispheres, neural bridge. 
Basal Ganglia
L: Midbrain - surrounds thalamusF: Critical for voluntary motor control. More deliberate...
Cerebral Cortex
Grey stuff around outside. Not essential for living but needed for human quality...
Association Cortex 
Within all lobes. Highest level of mental function. 

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