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Psychology Chapter 7- Vocab


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Moral Development
 
Thoughts, feelings, and behaviors regarding standards of right and wrong.
Preconventional Reasoning
 
Lowest level of kohlbergs theorymorality is focused on reward and punishment
Conventional Reasoning
 
Second level of kohlbergs theoryabide by certain standards but they are the standards of others such as parents or laws of society
Postconventional Reasoing
 
third & highest level of Kohlbergs theorymorality is internal
Justice Perspective
 
a moral perspective that focuses on the rights of the individual. Individuals independently make moral decisions
Care Perspective
 
moral persepective of Carol Gilligan, views people in terms of their connectedness with others and emphasizes interpersonal communication, relationships with others and concern for others
Social Convention Reasoning
 
What society says is okay
Social Cognitive Theory of Moral Development
 
competence vs. moral performance
altruism
 
unselfish interest in helping another person
forgiveness
 
occurs when an injured person releases the injurer from possible behavioral retalliation
gratitude
 
feeling of thankfullness and appreciation
ego ideal
 
part of the superego that invloves ideal standards approved by parents
conscience
 
part of the superego that is disapproved by parents
empathy
 
put yourself in their shoes
moral identity
 
aspect of personality involving moral notions and commitments that are central to your life
moral exemplars
 
people who have lived moral livesmother theresea
love withdrawl
 
remove attention from child for disiplince
power assertion
 
discipline technique, gain control over resources
induction
 
discipline technique, use reason and explanation of consequences
hidden curriculum
 
moral atmosphere at school
character education
 
teaching students moral literacy to prevent immoral behavior
values clarification
 
helping people clarify what is important to them, what is worth working for, and what purpose their lives are to serve
cognitive moral education
 
students should learn to value things like democracy and justice as their moral reasoning develops
service learning
 
promotes social responsibility and service to the community
values
 
beliefs and attitudes about the way things should be

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