Psychology Chapter 12

36 cards

Personality


 
  
Created Oct 15, 2013
by
Davidvac

 

 
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1
Personality
 
a persons unique and relatively stable behavior patterns
2
Personality type
 
style of personality by a group of related traits
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4 personality theories- 1. Trait
 
attempt to learn what traits make up personality and how they relate to actual behavior
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2.Psychoanalytic
 
focus on inner workings of personality, especially internal conflicts and struuggles.
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3.Behavioristics and Social Learning
 
Focus on external environment and learning
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4.Humanistics
 
Focus on private, subjective experience and personal growth
7
Gordon Allport
 
found over 4500 traits in the dictionary- Most of these can be catergorized into small number...
8
Robert Mcrae and Paul Costa
 
developed the NEO Personality Inventory (the Big Five) which are- Extraoversion, Agreeableness,...
9
Psychoanalytic Theory- Sigmund Freud
 
Personality includes the id, ego, and superego
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Id
 
innate biological instincts and urges; self serving, irrational, and totally unconscious- works...
11
Ego
 
Decision-making component; directs id energies- partially conscious and partially unconscious-...
12
Super Ego
 
Judge or censor for thoughts and actions of the ego- Two parts- Conscience: Reflects actions...
13
Unconscious
 
Holds repressed memories and emotions and Id's instinctual drives
14
Conscious
 
Everything you are aware of at the given moment including thoughts, perceptions, feelings and...
15
Preconscious
 
material that can easily be brought into awareness
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Personality forms through 5 stages of psychosexual development
 
Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital
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Oral Stage
 
Ages 0-1- Most infants pleasure comes from stimulation from the mouth- Oral dependant personality:...
18
Anal Stage
 
Ages 1-3- Attention turns to process of elimination-child express agression by letting go or...
19
Phallic stage
 
Ages 3-6. Child now notices and is physically attracted to opposite sex parent- Adult traits-...
20
Latency
 
6-puberty. psychosexual development is dormant. Same sex friendship and play occur here- Genital...
21
Alfred Adler
 
Disagreed with Freuds emphasis on unconscious and importance of sexuality
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Striving for superiority
 
According to Adler, the basic drive propels us toward perfection
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Compensation
 
Any attempt to overcome feelings of inadaquecy or inferiority
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Personal unconsious
 
mental storehouse for a single individuals unsconsious thoughts- contents are unique to each...
25
Collective Unconsiousness
 
mental storehouse for unconscious ideas and images shared by all humans
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Behaviorial  personality development
 
Any model of personality that emphasizes learing and observable behavior..Ex: operant conditioning...
27
Social Learning theory
 
Known as Social Cognitive theory: an explanation of personality that combines learning principles,...
28
Humanisitic theory
 
an approach that focuses on human experience, problems, potentials and ideals. Emphasizes the...
29
Self-actualization
 
The process of fully developing personal potentials. . .EX:Comfortable acceptance of self,...
30
Carl Rogers Humanistic theory- Self image
 
total subjective perception of one's body and personality
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Incongruence
 
State that exists when there is a discrepency between ones experience's and self image...
32
Ideal self
 
An idealized image of oneself (the person one would like to be)
33
Personality Questionnaire
 
Paper and pencil measure consisting questions and reveal personality aspects. . EX: the 16...
34
Projective tests
 
Psychological tests that use ambiguous or unstructured stimuli; person needs to make up stories...
35
Rorschach Technique
 
Projective test comprised of 10 standardized inkblots
36
Thematic Apperception test
 
A projective test consisting of 20 different scenes and life situations about which respondents...

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