Psychology Chapter 12

Personality
  
Created Oct 15, 2013
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Davidvac
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Personality
a persons unique and relatively stable behavior patterns
Personality type
style of personality by a group of related traits
4 personality theories- 1. Trait
attempt to learn what traits make up personality and how they relate to actual behavior
2.Psychoanalytic
focus on inner workings of personality, especially internal conflicts and struuggles.
3.Behavioristics and Social Learning
Focus on external environment and learning
4.Humanistics
Focus on private, subjective experience and personal growth
Gordon Allport
found over 4500 traits in the dictionary- Most of these can be catergorized into small number...
Robert Mcrae and Paul Costa
developed the NEO Personality Inventory (the Big Five) which are- Extraoversion, Agreeableness,...
Psychoanalytic Theory- Sigmund Freud
Personality includes the id, ego, and superego
Id
innate biological instincts and urges; self serving, irrational, and totally unconscious- works...
Ego
Decision-making component; directs id energies- partially conscious and partially unconscious-...
Super Ego
Judge or censor for thoughts and actions of the ego- Two parts- Conscience: Reflects actions...
Unconscious
Holds repressed memories and emotions and Id's instinctual drives
Conscious
Everything you are aware of at the given moment including thoughts, perceptions, feelings and...
Preconscious
material that can easily be brought into awareness
Personality forms through 5 stages of psychosexual development
Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, and Genital
Oral Stage
Ages 0-1- Most infants pleasure comes from stimulation from the mouth- Oral dependant personality:...
Anal Stage
Ages 1-3- Attention turns to process of elimination-child express agression by letting go or...
Phallic stage
Ages 3-6. Child now notices and is physically attracted to opposite sex parent- Adult traits-...
Latency
6-puberty. psychosexual development is dormant. Same sex friendship and play occur here- Genital...
Alfred Adler
Disagreed with Freuds emphasis on unconscious and importance of sexuality
Striving for superiority
According to Adler, the basic drive propels us toward perfection
Compensation
Any attempt to overcome feelings of inadaquecy or inferiority
Personal unconsious
mental storehouse for a single individuals unsconsious thoughts- contents are unique to each...
Collective Unconsiousness
mental storehouse for unconscious ideas and images shared by all humans
Behaviorial  personality development
Any model of personality that emphasizes learing and observable behavior..Ex: operant conditioning...
Social Learning theory
Known as Social Cognitive theory: an explanation of personality that combines learning principles,...
Humanisitic theory
an approach that focuses on human experience, problems, potentials and ideals. Emphasizes the...
Self-actualization
The process of fully developing personal potentials. . .EX:Comfortable acceptance of self,...
Carl Rogers Humanistic theory- Self image
total subjective perception of one's body and personality
Incongruence
State that exists when there is a discrepency between ones experience's and self image...
Ideal self
An idealized image of oneself (the person one would like to be)
Personality Questionnaire
Paper and pencil measure consisting questions and reveal personality aspects. . EX: the 16...
Projective tests
Psychological tests that use ambiguous or unstructured stimuli; person needs to make up stories...
Rorschach Technique
Projective test comprised of 10 standardized inkblots
Thematic Apperception test
A projective test consisting of 20 different scenes and life situations about which respondents...


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