Psychology Chapter 11 Part 1

25 cards

Chapter 11 Part 1


 
  
Created Apr 6, 2011
by
nshah340

 

 
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1
Motivation
 
Urge to move toward ones goals; to accomplish tasks.
2
Drives
 
Perceived state of tension that occurs when our bodies are deficient in some need.
3
Needs
 
Inherently biological state of deficiency (cellular or bodily) that compel drives.
4
Evolutionary Model
(models of motivation)
 
Major motives all involve basic survival and reproduction needs and drives. * Hunger,...
5
Drive Reduction Model
(models of motivation)
 
When our physiological systems are out of balance or depleted, we are driven to reduce this...
6
Homeostasis
 
Physiological equilibrium around an optimal set point
7
Set Point
 
Ideal fixed setting of a particular physiological system
8
Optimal Arousal Model
(models of motivation)
 
Yerkes and Dodson Law (1908)Principle that moderate levels of arousal, lead to optimal performance
9
Hierarchical Model
(models of motivation)
 
Maslow's hierarchy of needs.Needs range from most basic physiological necessities to highest...
10
Maslow's Hierarchical of Needs Triangle
 
                        /...
11
Biology of WHEN we eat
 
-Stomach-Blood     - Glucose-Brain    - Hypothalamus-Hormones...
12
Psychology of WHAT we eat
 
Influenced by external factors- Sight of food- Smell of food- Exposure to certain foods- Cultural...
13
Human Sexual Response (Four Phases)
 
Excitiment  (arrow up)Plateau (arrow to the right)Orgasm (arrow hit top)Resolution (arrow...
14
Hypothalamus
 
The master regulator of almost all major drives and motives we have, such as hunger, thirst,...
15
During an orgasm...
 
Deactivation in the amygdala and hippocampus and parts of the cortex involving consciousness.-...
16
Testosterone
 
- controls sex drive in both men and women- adrenal glands produce testosterone- younger women's...
17
Three Kinds of Societies in Terms of Sexual Attitudes
 
Restrictive- restrict sex before and outside of     marriage.Semi-restrictive-formal...
18
Parental Investment Theory
 
If pregnancy occurs, the cost of having sex is quite different for men and women.Men- only...
19
Sexual Orientation
 
Heterosexual- the opposite sexHomosexual- the same sexBisexual- both sexes* Influenced by both...
20
Need to Belong: Affiliation
 
Humans are social creatures that depend on other people our entire lives. OUr need to belong...
21
Need to Belong: Affiliation cont..
 
Rejection is one of the most painful experiences in life.Lack of belongingness and being rejected...
22
Need to Excel: Achievement
 
Desire to do things well and overcome obstacles.Atkinson (1964) tendency to achieve success...
23
Motivation to Succeed
 
The extent to which you really want to be successful. Ex: what a grade means to you.
24
Expectation of Success
 
An individuals evaluation of the likelihood of succeeding at a task.
25
Incentive Value
 
How important is it to you & the higher difficulty of a task and lowering the odds of succeeding...


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