Psychology 101, Personality

Terms From Th E Chapte
Created Dec 7, 2009
by cbrock316
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Personality
The pattern of Enduring Character istics that differentiate people - the behaviors that make...
Psychoanalytis Theory
Freud's theory that unconscious forces act as determinants of personality
Unconscious
A part of the personality of which a person is not aware and which is a potential determinate...
Id
The raw, Unorganized, inborn part of personality whose sole purpose is to reduce tension created...
Ego
The par of the Personality that provides a buffer between the Id and the outside world
Superego
According to Freud, the final personality structure to develop; it represents the rights and...
Oral Stage
According to Freud, a stage from birth to age 12 to 18 months, in which an infant's center...
Fixations
Conflicts or concerns that persist beyond the developmental period in which they first occur
Anal Stage
According to Freud, a stage from age 12 to 18 months to 3 years of age, in which a child's...
Phallic Stage
According to Freud, a period beginning around age 3 during which the child's pleasure focuses...
Oedipal conflict
A child's sexual interest in his or her opposite-sex parent, typically resolve through identification...
Identification
The process of wanting to be like another person as much as possible, imitating that person's...
Latency Period
According to Freud, the period between the phallic stage and puberty during which children's...
Gential Stage
According to Freud, the period from puberty til death, marked by mature sexual behavior
Defense Mechanisms
Unconscious stratagies that people use to reduce anxiety by concealing the source of the anxiety...
Neo-Freudian Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysts who  were trained in traditional Freudian theory but later rejected some...
Collective unconscious
a common set of ideas, feelings, images, and symbols that we inherit from our ancestors , the...
Inferiority complex
According to Adler, a Situation in which adults have not been able to overcome the feelings...
Trait theory
A model of personality that seeks to identify the basic traits necessary to describe personality...
Traits
Enduring dimensions of personality characteristics along which people differ
Social cognitive approaches to personality
Theories that emphasize the influence of a person's cognitions- thoughts, feelings, expectations,...
Biological and evolutionary approaches to personality
Theories that suggest that important components of personality are inherited
Humanistic approaches to personality
Theories that emphasize people's basic goodness and tendency to grow higher levels of function
Self-actualization
A state of self-fulfillment in which people realize their highest potential, each in his or...
Unconditional positive regard
An attitude of acceptance and respect on the part of an observer, no matter what a person says...
Psychological Tests
Standard measures devised to assess behavior objectivity; used by psychologist to help people...
Self-report Measures
A method of gathering data about people by asking them questions about a sample of their behavior
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2(MMPI-2)
A widely used self-report test that identifies people with psychological difficulties and is...
Test Standardization
A technique used to validate in personality tests by studying the responses of people with...
Projective personality test
A test in which a person is shown an ambiguous stimulus and asked to describe it or tell a...
Rorschach test
A test developed by swiss psychiatrist Hermann Rorshach that involves showing a series of symmetrical...
Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
A test consisting of a series of pictures about which a person is asked to write a story
Behavioral Assessment
Direct meassures of an individual's behavior used to describe characteristics indicative of...


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