Psychology 101, Development

52 cards

This set cont ains the


 
  
Created Dec 7, 2009
by
cbrock316

 

 
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1
Developmental Psychology
 
The Branch of Psychology that studies patterns of growth and change that occur throughout life
2
Nature-nurture issue
 
the issue of the degree to which environment and heredity influence behavior
3
Identical Twins
 
Twins who are genetically identical
4
Cross-sectional Research
 
A Research Method that compares people of different ages at the same point in time
5
Longitudinal Research
 
A research method that investigates behavior as participants age
6
Sequential Research
 
A research method that combines cross-sectional and longitudinal research by considering a...
7
Chromosomes
 
Rod-shaped structures that contain all basic hereditary information
8
Genes
 
The parts of the chromosomes through which genetic information is transmitted
9
Zygote
 
The new cell formed by the union of an egg and sperm
10
Embryo
 
A developed zygote that has a heart, a brain, and other organs
11
Fetus
 
A developed individual, from eight weeks after conception til birth
12
Age of viability
 
The point at which a fetus can survive if born prematurely
13
Teratogens
 
Environmental agents such as a drug, chemical, virus, or other factor that produce a birth...
14
Neonate
 
A newborn Child
15
Reflexes
 
Unlearned, involuntary responses that occur automatically in the presence of certain stimuli
16
Habitiuation
 
The decrease in the response to a stimulus that occurs after repeated presentation of the same...
17
Attachment
 
The postive emotional bond that develops between a child and a particular individual
18
Authoritarian Parents
 
Parents who are rigid and punitive and value unquestioning obedience from their children
19
Permissive Parents
 
Parents who give their children relaxed or inconsistent direction and, although warm, require...
20
Authoritative Parents
 
Parents who ar firm, set clear limits, reason with their children and explain things to them
21
Uninvolved Parents
 
Parents who show little interest in their children and are emotionally detached
22
Temperament
 
Basic, innate dispostion
23
Psychosocial development
 
Developments of individuals' interactions and the understanding of each other and of their...
24
Trust-versus-mistrust stage
 
According to Erikson, the first stage of psychosocial development, occuring from brith...
25
Autonomy-versus- shame-and-doubt stage
 
The period during which, according to Erikson,toddlers(Age 1.5-3 years)develop indepedence...
26
Initiative vs Guilt Stage
 
According to Erikson, The period during children ages 3 to 6 experience conflict between indepedence...
27
Industry vs Inferiority Stage
 
According to Erikson, the last stage of childhood, during which children age 6-12 years may...
28
Cognitive Development
 
The process by which child's understanding of the world change as a function of age and experience
29
Sensorimotor Stage
 
According to Piaget, the stage from birth to 2 years, during which a child has little competence ...
30
Object Permanence
 
The awareness that objects- and people- continue to exsist even if they are not in sight
31
Preoperational Stage
 
according to Piaget, the period from 2 to 7 years of age that is characterized by language...
32
Egocentric Stage
 
A way of thinking in which a child veiws the world entirely from his or her own perspective
33
Principle of Conservation
 
The knowledge that quantity is unrelated to the arrangement and physical appearance of objects
34
Concrete Operation Stage
 
According to Piaget, the period from 7-12 years of age that is characterized by logical thought...
35
Fromal Operational Stage
 
According to Piaget, the period from 12 to adulthood that is characterized by abstract thought
36
Information Processing
 
The way in which people take in, use, and store information
37
Metacognition
 
An awareness and understanding of one's own cognitive process
38
Zone of proximal development
 
According to Vygotsky, the level at which a child can almost, but not fully, comprehend or...
39
Adolescence
 
The developmental stage between childhood and adulthood
40
Puberty
 
The period at which maturation of the sexual organs occurs, beginning at about 11 to 12 for...
41
Identity vs role confusion Stage
 
According to Erikson, a time in adolescence of major testing to determine one's unique qualities
42
Identity
 
The distinguishing character of the individual: who each of us is, what our roles are and what...
43
Intimacy vs isolation Stage
 
According to Erikson, a period during early adulthood that focuses on developing close relationships
44
Generativity vs Stagnation Stage
 
According to Erikson, a period during middle adulthood during which we take stock of our contributions...
45
Ego-integrity vs despair Stage
 
According to Erikson, a period during late adulthood until death during which we review life's...
46
Menopause
 
The period during which women stop menstrating and are no longer fertile
47
Genetic preprogramming theories of aging
 
Theories that human cells have a built in time limit to their reproduction, and that after...
48
Wear and Tear theories of aging
 
Theories that suggest that the mechanical functions of the body simply stop working efficiently
49
Alzheimer's Disease
 
A progressive brain disorder that leads to a gradual and irreversible decline in cognitive...
50
Disengagement theory of aging
 
A theory that suggests that aging produces a gradual withdrawal from the world on physical,...
51
Activity Theory of Aging
 
A theory that suggests that the elderly that are most successful while aging are those who...
52
Life Review
 
The process by which people review and evaluate their lives

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