Psych Test 5

64 cards

This Is A Flashcard Set For Psych Test 5


 
  
Created Apr 16, 2012
by
briana607

 

 
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1
motivated behavior is an attempt to reduce this unpleasant state of tension in the body and...
 
drive-reduction theory
2
state of tension or arousal that motivates behavior
 
drive
3
unlearned drive, such as hunger, that are based on a physiological state
 
primary drives
4
learned drives, such as ambition, that are not based on a physiological state
 
secondary drives
5
theory of motivation that proposes that organism seek an optimal level of arousal
 
arousal theory
6
states that there is an optimal level of arousal for the best performance of any task; the...
 
yerkes-dadson law
7
a desire to perform a behavior that stems from the enjoyment derived from the behavior itself...
 
intrinsic motivation
8
a desire to perform a behavior to obtain an external reward or avoid punishment
 
extrinsic motivation
9
a theory of motivation advanced by Maslow holding that higher order motives involving social...
 
hierarchy of needs
10
list the 5 hierarchy of needs from higher need to lower
 
1. physiological needs
2. safety needs
3. belongingness needs
4. esteem needs
5....
11
unlearned motives, such as curiosity or contact, that prompts us to explore or change the world...
 
stimulus motives
12
who said that humans have a need for contact
 
Harry Harlow
13
this focuses on a specific object that must be touched, handled, played with, and felt before...
 
manipulation
14
behavior aimed at doing harm to others; also the motive to behave aggressively
 
aggression
15
the need to excel, to overcome obstacles
 
achievement motive
16
the desire to work hard and do a good job
 
work orientation
17
the preference for difficult or challenging feats, with emphasis on improving one's past performance...
 
mastery
18
the enjoyment of pitting one's skills against those of other people
 
competitiveness
19
motivation to be with people
 
affiliation motive
20
emotions that are evident in all cultures, contribute to survival, associated with a distinct...
 
primary emotions
21
emotions that are not found in all cultures, may be thought of as subtle combinations of the...
 
secondary emotions
22
states that stimuli causes physiological changes in our bodies, and emotions result from those...
 
james-lange theory
23
states that the experience of emotion occurs simultaneously with biological changes
 
cannon-bard theory
24
states that emotional experience depends on one's perception or judgement of a situation
 
cognitive theory
25
theory that sees behavior as the product of internal psychological forces that often operate...
 
phsychodynamic theories
26
the study of psychic energy and the way that it is transformed and expressed in behavior
 
physchodynamics
27
best known and most influential of the physhodynamic theorists
 
sigmund freud
28
according to freud, the energy generated by sexual instinct
 
libido
29
in freud's theory of personality, the collection of unconscious urges and desires that continually...
 
ID (pleasure principle)
30
according to freud, the way in which the id seeks immediate gratification of an instinct
 
pleasure principle
31
Freud's term for the part of personality that mediates b/t environmental demands and instinctual...
 
ego (reality principle)
32
according to freud, the way in which the ego seeks to satisfy instinctual demands safely and...
 
realty principle
33
according to freud, the social and parental standards the individual has internalized; the...
 
superego
34
the part of the superego that consists of standards of what one would like to be
 
ego ideal
35
according to freud, a partial or complete halt at some point in the individual's psychosexual...
 
fixation
36
first stage in freud's theory of personality development in which the infant's erotic feelings...
 
oral stage
37
second stage in freud's theory of personality development in which a child's erotic feelings...
 
anal stage
38
third stage in freud's theory of personality in which erotic feeling center on the genitals
 
phallic stage
39
according to freud, a child's sexual attachment to the parent of the opposite sex and jealousy...
 
oedipus complex, and electra complex
40
in freud's theory of personality, a period in which the child appears to has no interest in...
 
latency period
41
in freud's theory of personality of development, the final stage of normal adult sexual development...
 
genital stage
42
any personality theory that asserts the fundamental goodness of people and their striving toward...
 
humanistic personality theory
43
according to rogers, the drive of every organism to fulfill its biological potential and become...
 
actualizing tendency

44
according to rogers, the drive of human beings to fulfill their self-concepts or the images...
 
self-actualization tendency
45
according to rogers, an individual whose self-concept closely resembles his or her inborn capacities...
 
fully functioning person
46
in roger's theory, the full acceptance and love of another person regardless of his or her...
 
unconditional positive regard
47
in roger's theory, acceptance and love that are dependent on another's behaving in certain...
 
conditional positive regard
48
you are attracted to two incompatible goals at the same time
 
approach/approach
49
repelled by two undesirable alternatives at the same time, you are inclined to escape, although...
 
avoidance/avoidance
50
you are both repelled by and attracted to the same goal
 
approach/avoidance
51
intentional efforts to change an uncomfortable situation
 
direct coping
52
acknowledging a stressful situation directly and attempting to find a solution to the problem...
 
confrontation
53
deciding on a more realistic solution or goal when an ideal solution or goal is not practical...
 
compromise
54
avoiding a situation when other forms of coping are not practical
 
withdrawal
55
self-deceptive techniques for reducing stress, including denial, repression, projection, identification,...
 
defense mechanisms
56
refusal to acknowledge a painful or threatening reality
 
denial
57
excluding uncomfortable thoughts, feeling, and desires from consciousness
 
repression
58
attributing one's repressed motives, feelings, or wishes to others
 
projection
59
taking on the characteristics of someone else to avoid feeling incompetent
 
identification
60
reverting to childlike behavior and defenses
 
regression
61
thinking abstractly about stressful problems as a way of detaching oneself from them
 
intellectualization
62
expression exaggerated ideas and emotions that are the opposite of one's repressed beliefs...
 
reaction formation
63
shifting repressed motives and emotions from an original object to a substitute object
 
displacement
64
redirecting repressed motives and feeling into more socially acceptable channels
 
sublimation


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