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Psych Test 1

Key Words For Chapters 1-3
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Side ASide B
Neurotransmitter that causes the receiving cell to stop firing. 
Inhibitory Transmitter
the cell body of the neuron, responsible for maintaining the life of a cell
Soma
Endocrine gland located near the base of the cerebrum which secretes melatonin
Pineal
Long tube like tructure that carries the neural message to other cells
Axon
Glands that secrete chemicals called hormones directly into the bloodstream
Endocrine
Chemical found in the synaptic vesicles which, when released , his an effect on the next cell.
Neurotransmitter
Bundles of axons coated in the myelin that travel together through the body
Nerves
Branch like structures that receive messages from other neurons.
Dendrites
Thick band of neurons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres 
Corpuscallusum 
Endocrine gland found in the neck that regulates metabolism
Thyroid
Part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
Central
Part of the Limbic system located in the center of the brain, it acts as a relay from the lower part of the brain to the proper areas of the cortex. 
Thalamus 
Endocrine gland that controls the levels of sugar in the blood
Pancreas
Fatty substances produced by certain glial cells that coat the axons of neurons to insulate, protect, and speed up the neural impulse. 
Myelin
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and which receives and sends messages within that system
Neuron
Chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a neurotransmitter on the receptor sites of the next cell
Agonists 
Part of the lower brain that controls and coordinates involuntary, rapid, and fine motor skills 
Cerebellum
Process by which neurotransmitters are taken back into the synaptic vesicles.
Reuptake 
A group of several brain structures located under the cortex and involved in learning, emotion, memory, and motivation
Limbic
Chemicals released into the bloodstream by endocrine glands
Hormones
Brain structure located near the hippocampus, responsible for the fear responses and memory of fear. 
Amygdala


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