Psych Test 1

21 cards

key words for chapters 1-3


 
  
Created Sep 26, 2010
by
atoombs

 

 
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1
Neurotransmitter that causes the receiving cell to stop firing. 
 
Inhibitory Transmitter
2
the cell body of the neuron, responsible for maintaining the life of a cell
 
Soma
3
Endocrine gland located near the base of the cerebrum which secretes melatonin
 
Pineal
4
Long tube like tructure that carries the neural message to other cells
 
Axon
5
Glands that secrete chemicals called hormones directly into the bloodstream
 
Endocrine
6
Chemical found in the synaptic vesicles which, when released , his an effect on the next cell.
 
Neurotransmitter
7
Bundles of axons coated in the myelin that travel together through the body
 
Nerves
8
Branch like structures that receive messages from other neurons.
 
Dendrites
9
Thick band of neurons that connects the right and left cerebral hemispheres 
 
Corpuscallusum 
10
Endocrine gland found in the neck that regulates metabolism
 
Thyroid
11
Part of the nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
 
Central
12
Part of the Limbic system located in the center of the brain, it acts as a relay from the lower...
 
Thalamus 
13
Endocrine gland that controls the levels of sugar in the blood
 
Pancreas
14
Fatty substances produced by certain glial cells that coat the axons of neurons to insulate,...
 
Myelin
15
The basic cell that makes up the nervous system and which receives and sends messages within...
 
Neuron
16
Chemical substances that mimic or enhance the effects of a neurotransmitter on the receptor...
 
Agonists 
17
Part of the lower brain that controls and coordinates involuntary, rapid, and fine motor skills 
 
Cerebellum
18
Process by which neurotransmitters are taken back into the synaptic vesicles.
 
Reuptake 
19
A group of several brain structures located under the cortex and involved in learning, emotion,...
 
Limbic
20
Chemicals released into the bloodstream by endocrine glands
 
Hormones
21
Brain structure located near the hippocampus, responsible for the fear responses and memory...
 
Amygdala

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