PSYCH 3230: Test One

56 cards

test questions


 
  
Created Jan 24, 2012
by
karamcfa

 

 
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  Side A   Side B
1
Which of the following is an example of point prevalence?
 
1% of the population is currently experiencing depressive symptoms.
2
Which of the following strives to describe the location of genes responsible for mental disorders?
 
association studies
3
Who is credited with making the first major steps towards understanding the psychological factors...
 
Sigmund Freud
4
Practically speaking, "abnormal" behavior means
 
unusual behaviors that are not consistent with the norms of the society in which they are displayed....
5
One of Freud's major contribution to current perspectives of mental disorders is
 
the concept of the unconscious and how it can affect behavior.
6
Compared to the West, Chinese views of mental illness
 
 began at a more sophisticated level but regressed, like the West, to belief in the supernatural...
7
 In 1893, Breuer and Freud published a paper on hysteria. In it they announced that
 
unconscious factors can determine behavior and produce mental disorders
8
Brett persistently injects himself with pain killers. This has greatly increased his chance...
 
Yes, because he is persistently acting in a way that harms him.
9
Why are correlational (observational) research designs often used in abnormal psychology?
 
It is often unethical or impossible to directly manipulate the variables involved in abnormal...
10
 All of the following are disadvantages of classifying and diagnosing mental disorders...
 
providing structure.
11
What does DSM stand for?
 
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
12
The loss of a parent may be
 
a diathesis and/or a stressor.
13
Which of the following is NOT a culture-bound syndrome?
 
hoopa
14
Children born with a genetic predisposition to be introverted
 
are likely to be more or less introverted depending on childhood experiences growing up.
15
Freud's view of mental disorders was that they were a result of
 
unresolved conflicts between the id, the ego and the superego.
16
A(n) ________ serves to guide our processing of information and may serve to distort memories....
 
schema
17
Who studied how to deal with mentally ill criminals and concluded that such individuals were...
 
Plato
18
 What is Galen credited with?
 
recognizing that psychological disorders could have both biological and psychological causes ...
19
A contemporary of Pinel's in England who started a Quaker religious retreat for the mentally...
 
William Tuke.
20
Who was one of the first physicians to reject the idea that mental illness was due to demon...
 
Paracelsus
21
All of the following were likely to be part of moral treatment in the 1800's EXCEPT
 
antipsychotic medication.
22
Which of the following approaches to treatment focuses almost exclusively on physical well-being?
 
mental hygiene  
23
Benjamin Rush is credited with all of the following EXCEPT
 
taking a scientific approach to the study and treatment of mental disorders.
24
One of Aristotle's most major contributions to psychology was
 
 his description of consciousness.
25
The disorder Koro, where males fear that their genitals have retracted into their body, possibly...
 
both demonstrated the effect that sociocultural stressors can have on mental functioning of...
26
Which of the following may be safely inferred when a significant negative correlation is found...
 
 as x increases, y decreases 
27
 A researcher interested in the health problems of people with schizophrenia interviews...
 
nonrepresentative sampling.
28
 What makes defining abnormality difficult?
 
There is not a clear dividing line that serves to distinguish different behavior from that...
29
Why would a researcher want to insure that every person in the larger group of study has an...
 
It increases the researcher's ability to generalize findings to the larger group.
30
Maria believes that her dead grandmother occasionally speaks to her.  In deciding if Maria...
 
Is Maria's belief consistent with the beliefs of her culture?
31
What did Seligman find by studying dogs exposed to uncontrollable shock?
 
Seligman found that uncontrollable shock led the dogs to behave much like depressed humans....
32
________ are more or less plausible ideas used to explain something (e.g., a behavior) and...
 
Hypotheses
33
A researcher who studies children who are home-schooled and compares them to children who attend...
 
correlational
34
Comorbidity means
 
that a person has two or more disorders.
35
Fred refuses to speak at school, although he speaks normally at home.  His therapist plans...
 
an ABAB experimental design study. 
36
 In the United States, the standard for defining types of mental disorders is contained...
 
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
37
What is a good control group for a research study on people with eating disorders?
 
A group that is comparable to those with eating disorders except they eat normally
38
A researcher says, "These studies make it too easy for investigators to find the background...
 
 retrospective strategies
39
 What does it mean if a disorder is said to be highly prevalent?
 
 It is common.
40
In what significant way do observational (correlational) research designs differ from experimental...
 
There is no manipulation of variables in observational research
41
Carl is asked to provide information about his drinking.  Despite the fact that he has...
 
 the problems with self-report data.
42
What type of prevalence estimate tends to be lowest?
 
point prevalence
43
Which one of the following increased the availability of treatment for the mentally ill in...
 
Dorothea Dix
44
 In 1983, a large group of West Bank Palestinian girls showed signs of illness. Some thought...
 
 mass madness.
45
 Exorcism is
 
still occasionally practiced today for the treatment of psychological problems, sometimes with...
46
Why was malarial therapy effective in treating general paresis?
 
The fever that was induced killed off the cause of the observed symptoms.
47
The interpersonal perspective
 
emphasizes social rather than inner determinants of behavior.
48
Which of the following is NOT a psychosocial viewpoint?
 
biological
49
reuptake of neurotransmitters is
 
the process by which neurotransmitters are reabsorbed by the axon.
50
According to the DSM, when is deviant behavior viewed as indicative of a mental disorder?
 
when it is a symptom of a dysfunction in the individual
51
A psychologist wishes to test the hypothesis that the experience of chronic physical pain can...
 
analogue
52
The Hill-Burton Act
 
provided funding for mental health treatment in the community
53
Which of the following is NOT a common method for studying genetic influences?
 
the study of specific gene defects
54
Several studies have found that there is a correlation in children between amount of television...
 
It is just as possible that being obese causes children to watch more television.
55
 In the United States, an early treatment involved the belief that
 
patients needed to choose rationality over insanity and treatments were designed to intimidate...
56
 After cheating on her husband, Julia accused her husband of cheating on her. Such behavior...
 
projection


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