Psy 301 Exam One

60 cards

Social Psychology


 
  
Created Feb 26, 2009
by
kswestfa

 

 
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1
development is BEST defined as a pattern of growth that:
 
begins at birth and ends when the person begins to decline due to age
2
The field of human development is an interdisciplinary body of knowledge based on:
 
biology, psychology, neuroscience, education, medicine, and other relevant fields
3
Theories differ from opinions in that:
 
A theory's continued existence depends on scientific verification.
4
Piaget's theory of cognitive development proposed that development is
 
discontinuous, stating that children's perceptions are unique in each stage
5
According to the newest research on genetics, the ansxwer to the nature-nurture controversy...
 
that one's genetic predisposition is influenced constantly by the environment, and can be changed...
6
History-graded influences on development are those that:
 
explain why people born the same year tend to be more alike
7
The developmental concept that children are neither innately good nor evil, but are shaped...
 
Tabula rasa.
8
According to Piaget's congnitive-developmental theory,
 
children actively construct knowledge as they interact with their world
9
Piaget believed that:
 
in each stage of development, children have qualitatively distinct ways of understanding the...
10
The developmental cognitive neuroscience approach to understanding development asks such questions...
 
How do early experiences influence the growth and orginization of the young child's bran?
11
The greatest advantage of naturalistic observation is that it:
 
allows investigators to see directly how people actually behave in everyday life
12
The advantage or correlation research is that it can be used to study:
 
variables that actually exist, and that would be impossible or unethical to arrange or control...
13
Random assignment to groups means that:
 
participants' characteristics or differences will be equally distributed across all treatment...
14
An independent variable is:
 
the aspect of the environment that the experiemtner manipulates in order to measure its impact...
15
When the same indi in a study r studied wen they r at 1 age,&then again when they r at a later...
 
congitudinal study
16
To examine agechanges in memory strategy use,a resrchr present a group of 567yrolds various...
 
cross-sequential method
17
the difference between an individual's genotype and hos or her phenotype becomes clear when:
 
brown-eyed parents have a blue-eyed child
18
Research shows that humans possess about _____________ genes
 
20,000 - 25,000
19
The genetic sex of a baby is determind by
 
whether and x bearing or y bearing sperm fertilized the ovum
20
for eyes, brown color is dominant and blue recessive. they have brown eyes and their child...
 
they must be carrying a recesive gene for blue eyes
21
According to typical genetic transmission in which only the father has an autosomal dominant...
 
each child has a 50% chance of inheriting the disorder
22
Males are more likely than females to be negatively affected by x linked disorders because
 
the y chromosome lacks many corresponding alleles to override those carried on the x chromosome
23
down syndrome is most commonly caused by
 
failure of the 21st pair of chromosomes to separate properly during meiosis
24
a zygote that separates into two clusters of cells instead of just one produces
 
monozygotic or identical twins
25
this is a prenatal medical procedure where a sample of amniotic fluid is withdrawn by syringe...
 
amniocentesis
26
of all the prenatal diagnostic procedures, which two are the least invasive to the fetus and...
 
maternal blood analysis, ultrasound
27
a period of the embryo lasts from:
 
implantation through the eighth week of pregnancy
28
the age of viability occurs sometime between
 
22 and 26 weeks
29
the period of the ______ is the time when the most serious major defects from teratogens are...
 
embryo; the structural foundations for all organs and body parts are laid down during
30
exposure to a variety of substances prenatally, especially to illicit drugs, most often results...
 
prematurity and low birth weight
31
the most serious complications for offspring ofwomen who smoke cigarettes throughout pregnancy...
 
low birth weigh, infant death, and childhood asthma and cancer
32
if a prego woman decides to stop smoking during pregnancy,
 
the benefits are immediate, the fetus gets more oxygen, and is less likely to be born underweight...
33
_______ is/are typical of children born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
 
Mental retardation and learning problems
34
Children with Fetal Alcohol Effects show:
 
poor motor coordination, slower speed of information processing, poor judgment, and lower achievement...
35
the average newborn baby weights ____ and is ___ inches long
 
7.5 ; 20
36
the APGAR scale rates characteristics of a newborn, including the baby's
 
heart rate, activity, color, and muscle tone
37
how did childbirth customs change after industrial revolution
 
drs assumed primary responsibility,
38
as a result of the natural birth, or nurse-midwife assisted, childbirth movement,
 
all of the above
39
the rooting reflex
 
helps a breastfed baby turn toward and find the mothers nipple
40
diane notices that lound sounds causes her baby to arch her back, throw head and arms back...
 
moro reflex
41
research has shown that breast feeding
 
provides the infant with the correct balance of fat and protein for a rapidly myelinating nervous...
42
at birth, the ____ is nearer than any brainother psysical structure to its adult size
 
brain
43
the presence of reflexes at birth indicate -,however,when reflexes persist longer than expected,they...
 
a healthy, intact nervous system p brain damage
44
studies of children living in extremly deprived romanian orphanages have demonstrated that:
 
cognitive catch-up growth was most impressive for those children who were adopted before 6...
45
cross-cultural research shows that
 
cosleeping is the norm for apporximately 90 perccent of the worlds population
46
One possible explanation for the high frequency of bed time struggles in american homes is...
 
young children feel stressed when required to fall asleep alone without comfort or assistance
47
bottle-fed babies, compared to breast-fed babies:
 
have more allergic reactions and respiratory and intwestinal illnesses
48
if a baby first habituates to a green circle, and thenn recovers to habituate again to a blue...
 
can distinguish between green and blue
49
infants from 2 days to several weeks old are able to imitate a whide variety of adult
 
facial expressions
50
rsrchrs agree that an infants cryin is communication,should be responded to,& responding to...
 
all of the above
51
at 6-7 mos,issac can pull himself to a sittin position and drag himself around by his arms.by...
 
the cephalocaudal trend
52
at 6 mos, sophia uses her whole hand to grasp objects. by 9 mos, she can reach for a cube...
 
the poximodistal trend
53
research on hearing demonstrates that newborns:
 
can distinguish nearly all sounds in human languages
54
vision reaches a near adult level of about 20/20 by:
 
6 months
55
as the result of synaptic pruning,
 
seldom stimulated neurons lose their synspses
56
which motor activity typically develops first
 
grasps a cube
57
12 mo old landon methodically picks grass and places them in his toy dump truck. he is probably...
 
the pincer grasp
58
research has shown when babies are placed on a visual cliff, 2-3 mo babies _ the depth, but...
 
will fear, no longer fear
59
research indicates that _____ strengthens neural conncections involved in ____
 
crawling; understanding of space
60
which of the following demonstrates intermodal perception
 
an infant hears the sound of a train and then says the word train

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