Psychology Exam

100 cards

This Flashcard Is To Help Me With The Exam For Next Week


 
  
Created Oct 4, 2008
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steveo20

 

 
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1
what is psychology?
 
scientific study of behavior and mental process
2
The conception of apparent relationships among observed events?
 
theory
3
Diagnosing the severity of mental illness and behavior problems is usually the job of a ________...
 
clinical psychologist
4
John B Watson argued for a psychology based on the study of what?
 
measurable behavior or observable behavior
5
Mr. B.F. Skinner made major contributions to the school or psychology known as _________
 
behaviorism
6
At the center of psychodynamic theory of human motivation is the ________ ?
 
unconscious
7
___ oriented psychologists use techniques to show that specific sites in the brain mediate...
 
Biological
8
Cognitive pshchologists are specifically interested in studying human _____ and ____
 
thinking and memory
9
The ____ perspective unites self-fulfillment and free choice as central principles to its approach.
 
humansitic existential
10
The issues of ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status are the concerns of ____ perspective
 
sociocultural
11
Empirical research must be supported by ______.
 
evidence
12
A ____ is a segment of population that is targeted for the study
 
sample
13
_____ studies are information we collect about individuals or small groups.
 
case
14
In___ ___ researchers study behavior where it actually happens, or in the field.
 
naturalistic observation
15
By using the ___ method, researchers investigate whether observed behavior or a measured trait...
 
correlational method
16
The preferred method for asking questions about cause and effect relationships is an _____
 
experiment
17
In psychological research ethical standards ensure that psychologist do not undertake research...
 
harmful all of the above question
18
Each cell in the body contains ___ chromosomes, arranged in __ pairs.
 
46 chromosomes, 23 pairs
19
An extra chromosome on the 21st pair causes a condition known as ___ ___
 
down syndrome
20
Studying twins in adoptive homes attempts to rule out ___ influences.
 
enviromental
21
A ___ is a nerve cell
 
axon
22
If the ___ sheaths of many neurons are not fully developed, within the first year babies have...
 
milan
23
when a section of a neuron is stimulated by neighboring neurons, the cell membrane becomes...
 
permeable
24
The phase following firing during which a neuron's action potential cannot be triggered is...
 
refractory
25
when the neural impulse reaches the axon terminal, the vesicles release varying amounts of...
 
neurotransmitters
26
Indiv's who are deficient in dopamine would exhibit __ movement, because it is an inhibitory...
 
uncontrollable
27
In an emergency, ____ is(are) very abundant in our brain and body
 
endorphins
28
Deficiencies in ___ have been linked to anxiety, mood disorders, eatin disorders, and insominia
 
serotonin
29
The brain and spinal cord make up the ___ ___ system
 
central nervous
30
if you get knocked unconscious by being involved in a serious accident. lack of respnse may...
 
spinal cord
31
what happens when someone has a damaged hippocampus?
 
he/she would be able to recall old memories not new ones
32
The auditory cortex lies within the ___ lobe.
 
temporal
33
If a person is born with an incomplete corpus callosum, we would expect to see deficiencies...
 
transference of info to one hemisphere to another
34
The prenatal life support system includes the ___ ____ and ____
 
amniotic sac, placenta, and umbilical chord
35
What event causes embryos develp into males?
 
testies form and produce androgen
36
A neonate is tested for grasp, startle and sucking responses. These are measures of ____.
 
reflexes
37
In research with 2 month old infants you would probably find they prefer what sort of visual...
 
a human face
38
an infant does not receive tactile stimulation which is impaired? sense of comfort and security,...
 
all the above
39
competent children tend ot have parents who use a ____ parenting style
 
authoritative
40
____ is defined as an enduring emotional tie.
 
attachment
41
in ainsworth procedure a infant is __ attached when an infant mildly protest his mother departure,...
 
securely
42
according to Erikson, the infant parent relationship can affect issues associated with __ during...
 
trust
43
Harry Harlow(1959) demonstrated that attachment in rhesus monkeys was related to __ __
 
contact comfort
44
Formal operations allow children to think ___
 
hypthetically
45
The __ __ approach to cognitive development studies how children store, retrieve, and manipulate...
 
information processing
46
Piget's term for a pattern of action or a mental structure that is involved in acquiring or...
 
scheme
47
According to erikson the major challenge of adolescence is the creation of __ __.
 
ego identity
48
in late adulthood physical decline is experienced in sensory systems such as vision and smell,...
 
all the above
49
Good general health, exercising daily and attending life long learning classes according to...
 
intellectual
50
according to Kubler-ross the __ stage of dying is when you approach death with a quiet acceptance...
 
the final
51
the process by which sensations are organized to form inner representations of the world is...
 
perception
52
the difference threshold for light is defined as _____
 
the smallest difference in intensity required to percieve a difference in intensity 50% of...
53
the background noise,the perceiver's motivation, ant the sharpness of the perceiver's sensory...
 
signal detection
54
what sensory system is dominant for most individuals?
 
vison
55
what is a photoreceptor?
 
cells that respond to light
56
what is the source of all color?
 
light
57
the laws of __ organization in gestalt pshchology refers to the way humans integrate bits and...
 
perceptual
58
the gestalt rule describing the perceptual tendency to see objects that are near each other...
 
proximity
59
the gestalt rule describing the perceptual tendency to see like objects as belonging together...
 
similarity
60
relative size, interposition, or texture or monocular cues used by artists to make objects...
 
all the above
61
depth perception is enhanced when each eye projects an image of an object to the brain from...
 
retinal desparitive
62
frequency of sound waves determines __, and amplitude determines ___.
 
frequency of sound waves determines pitch, and amplitude determines loudness.
63
place theory advances the idea that pitch discrimiation depends upon what?
 
area of the basilar membrane that vibrates to the cell.
64
frequency theory of pitch discrimination predicts that high-pitched sounds fire __ often and...
 
high-pitched sounds fire more and low-pitched sounds fire less
65
the receptor neurons for smell are located in the _ __ __
 
o factory membrane
66
uncle bob had brain surgery last week. you were told that he was only given a local anesthetic....
 
there are no nerve endings for pain in the brain
67
the view that pain messages may not get through to the brain when the switchboard that transmits...
 
gate
68
possible solutions for chronic pain include which of the following? relaxation training exercises,...
 
all the above
69
when we say that we are conscious of seeing somenthing or hearing a sound, we are refering...
 
sensory awareness
70
according to freud, some impulses and painful memories are so unacceptable that we exclude...
 
repress
71
according to freud, the ___ contains events are unavailable to us under almost all circumstances.
 
unconscious
72
the totality of our impressions, thoughts, and feelings that makes up our conscious existence...
 
the self
73
the __ state is when consciousness is referred as not being sleep, a trance, meditation, or...
 
waking
74
which of the following is considered an altered state of consciousness? Sleep, hypnotic trance,...
 
all the above
75
the amount of sleep tends to go up during periods of stress, in an episode of depression, or...
 
all the above
76
what effect does deprivation of REM sleep have on human memory?
 
interferes with memory
77
which of the following is an explanation of the phenomenon of trance. dissociation, role playing,...
 
all the above
78
using ones conscious to alter ones relationship to the world, suspending thinking and allowing...
 
all the above
79
in a study by neal miller rats were stimulated in the pleasure centers when their heart rates...
 
bio feedback
80
heart rate, blood pressure, or sweat in the palm of the hand once thought to be beyond voluntary...
 
all the above
81
the most popular drug on high-school and college campuses in the usa is __
 
alchol
82
cirrhosis of the liver, cardiovascular disorders, or cancer are conditions linked to chronic...
 
all the above
83
smoking during pregnancy can lead to a higher risk of miscarriage, pre-term births, or low...
 
all the above
84
according to behaviorist __ is any relatively permanent change in an orgainism's behavior that...
 
learning
85
Ivan Pavlov provvided evidence that reflexes can be learned through ___
 
association
86
the __ theory of classical conditioning suggests that learning occurs only when the conditioned...
 
contingency
87
this question is to long. its about systematic desensitization
 
systematic desensitization
88
in operant condiotioning an orgainism learns to respond because of the ___ of the behavior
 
consequences
89
Any stimulus that, when presented, increases the likelihood that an operant will continue is...
 
positive reinforcer
90
Any stimulus that, when removed, increases the lkelihood that an operant will continue is called...
 
negative reinforer .
91
spontaneous recovery describes the event in which an orgainism performs a previously ___ response
 
extinguished
92
punishment is not very effective because it suppresess the unacceptable behavior, does not...
 
all the above
93
reinforcing successive steps towards a behavioral goal is called __
 
shaping
94
describe token economy.
 
reinforcing behavior with something like poker chips that can be exchanged for a pleasurable...
95
cognitive psychologist use structures and schemas, templates and information processing, or...
 
all the above
96
a rat that was allowed to roam freely in a maze without reinforcement, will later find food...
 
mapping
97
the significance of Tolman's research on latent learning was that.
 
rats could learn a maze in the absence of reinforcement, suggesting they acquired a cognitive...
98
bandura's research suggest that we can learn through __ learning.
 
observational
99
What do studies of children and adults who view violence in the media reveal in terms of whether...
 
later show more agression than those not exposed
100
all the above question
 
all the above question

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