Processes Of Science

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Processes Of Science

Vocabulary For The Grade 10 Provincial Exam

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• the difference between a measurement and its accepted value
• the explanation of the results of an experiment as it applies to the hypothesis being tested
• scientific experiment: a standard to which the results are compared
• often necessary in order to draw a valid conclusion
• ensures a fair test
controlled experiment
• an independent variable is the only factor that is allowed to be adjusted, with the dependent variable as the factor that the independent variable will affect
dependent variable
• experiment: the factor that changes in response to a change in the independent variable
• to estimate the value of a quantity that falls outside the range in which its values are known
• to predict the outcome of an experiment
• a testable proposal used to explain an observation

"If... then..." statement
independent variable
• experiment: the factor that is selected or adjusted to see what effect the change will have on the dependent variable
• the estimation of a middle value by reference to known values on each side
• the process of watching something or someone carefully to find information / see changes / etc.
• the accuracy to which a calculation is performed, indicated as a specific value
• a forecast about what you expect to observe when you do an investigation
• a theory, rule or natural / scientific law
• a method of way of doing something, especially the usual / expected way
• a series of marks at fixed intervals used as a reference standard in measurement
scientific literacy
• the knowledge and understanding of scientific concepts and processes required for personal decision making, participation in civic and cultural affairs, and economic productivity
• the direction of a line on a graph
• calculated by determining the ratio of rise

horizontal = zero
slanting up = positive
slanting down = negative
• greater accuracy of measurement for one observable variable entails less accuracy of measurement for another
• establishes whether the results obtained meet all of the requirements of the scientific research method
• a factor that can influence the outcome of an experiment
Venn diagram
• a graphical illustration of the relationship between various sets of data
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